Science Timeline oenopides of chios probably created the first three of what became Euclid's 'postulates' or About 440 bce, oenopides of chios probably created the first three of what became http://www.sciencetimeline.net/prehistory.htm
Extractions: use checkboxes to select items you wish to download About 10,000 bce, wolves were probably domesticated. [added 02/01/03] By 9000 bce, sheep were probably domesticated in the Middle East. About 7000 bce, there was probably an hallucinagenic mushroom By 7000 bce, wheat was domesticated in Mesopotamia. The intoxicating effect of leaven on cereal dough and of warm places on sweet fruits and honey was noticed before men could write. By 6500 bce, goats [added 02/01/03] maces [added 02/01/03] walled communities [added 02/01/03] About 4800 bce, there is evidence of astronomical calendar stones on the Nabta plateau, near the Sudanese border in Egypt. A parade of six megaliths mark the position where Sirius About 4000 bce, horses were being ridden on the Eurasian steppe by the people of the Sredni Stog culture (Anthony et al. About 4000 bce, light wooden plows were used in Mesopotamia. Between 4000 and 3500 bce, copper smelting in minute quantities was introduced in Mesopotamia. [added 02/01/03] Between 4000 and 3500 bce, copper smelting in minute quantities was introduced in Mesopotamia.
History Of Mathematics: Chronology Of Mathematicians oenopides of chios (c. 450?) *SB; Leucippus (c. 450) *SB *MT; Hippocratesof Chios (fl. c. 440) *SB; Meton (c. 430) *SB; Hippias of Elis (fl. http://aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/mathhist/chronology.html
Extractions: Note: there are also a chronological lists of mathematical works and mathematics for China , and chronological lists of mathematicians for the Arabic sphere Europe Greece India , and Japan 1700 B.C.E. 100 B.C.E. 1 C.E. To return to this table of contents from below, just click on the years that appear in the headers. Footnotes (*MT, *MT, *RB, *W, *SB) are explained below Ahmes (c. 1650 B.C.E.) *MT Baudhayana (c. 700) Thales of Miletus (c. 630-c 550) *MT Apastamba (c. 600) Anaximander of Miletus (c. 610-c. 547) *SB Pythagoras of Samos (c. 570-c. 490) *SB *MT Anaximenes of Miletus (fl. 546) *SB Cleostratus of Tenedos (c. 520) Katyayana (c. 500) Nabu-rimanni (c. 490) Kidinu (c. 480) Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (c. 500-c. 428) *SB *MT Zeno of Elea (c. 490-c. 430) *MT Antiphon of Rhamnos (the Sophist) (c. 480-411) *SB *MT Oenopides of Chios (c. 450?) *SB Leucippus (c. 450) *SB *MT Hippocrates of Chios (fl. c. 440) *SB Meton (c. 430) *SB
Diodorus On The Greek Cultural Debt also Pythagoras of Samos and the mathematician Eudoxus, as well as Democritus of Abdera and oenopides of chios. As http://academic.reed.edu/humanities/110Tech/Diodorus1.96-98.html
Extractions: Diodorus on the Greek Cultural Debt to Egypt (based on Oldfather's tr.) But now that we have examined these matters we must enumerate what Greeks, who have won fame for their wisdom and learning, visited Egypt in ancient times in order to become acquainted with its customs and learning. For the priests of Egypt recount from the records of their sacred books that they were visited in early times by Orpheus, Musaeus, Melampus, and Daedalus, also by the poet Homer and Lycurgus of Sparta, later by Solon of Athens and the philosopher Plato, and that there came also Pythagoras of Samos and the mathematician Eudoxus, as well as Democritus of Abdera and Oenopides of Chios. As evidence for the visits of all these men they point in some cases to their statues and in others to places or buildings which bear their names, and they offer proofs from the branch of learning which each one of these men pursued, arguing that all the things for which they were admired among the Greeks were borrowed from Egypt. (1.96) Orpheus, for instance, brought from Egypt most of his mystic ceremonies, the orgiastic rites that accompanied his wanderings, and his fabulous account of his experiences in Hades. For the rite of Osiris is the same as that of Dionysus, and that of Isis very similar to that of Demeter, the names alone having been interchanged; and the punishments in Hades of the unrighteous, the Fields of the Righteous, and the fantastic conceptions, current among the many, which are figments of the imagination Ð all these were introduced by Orpheus in imitation of Egyptian funeral customs. (1.96)
Oenopides oenopides of chios. Very little is known about the life of Oenopidesof Chios except that his place of birth was the island of Chios. http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Oenopides.html
Extractions: Very little is known about the life of Oenopides of Chios except that his place of birth was the island of Chios. We believe that Oenopides was in Athens when a young man but there is only circumstantial evidence for this. In Plato 's Erastae Oenopides is described as (see for example [1]):- ... having acquired a reputation for mathematics... and Plato also describes a scene where Socrates comes across two young men in the school of Dionysius who was Plato 's teacher. The young men were discussing a question in mathematical astronomy which had been tackled by Oenopides and Anaxagoras . This question was certainly that of the angle that the ecliptic makes with the celestial equator . Bulmer-Thomas writes in [1]:- ... it was probably Oenopides who settled on the value of , which was accepted in Greece until refined by Eratosthenes . Indeed, if Oenopides did not fix on this or some other figure it is difficult to know in what his achievement consisted, for the Babylonians no less than the Pythagoreans and Egyptians must have realised from early days that the apparent path of the sun was inclined to the celestial equator.
Greek Mathematics Index Heron Hipparchus Hippias Hippocrates, Hypatia Hypsicles Leucippus Marinus of NeapolisMenaechmus Menelaus Nicomachus Nicomedes oenopides of chios Pappus Perseus http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Indexes/Greeks.html
Extractions: Squaring the circle Doubling the cube Trisecting an angle Greek Astronomy ... The teaching of mathematics in Ancient Greece. Full list Mathematicans/Philosophers Mathematicians/Astronomers Mathematicians/Astronomers/Philosophers ... Later circle squarers Click on a name below to go to that biography. Anaxagoras
History Of Mathematics: Greece 480411) oenopides of chios (c. 450?) Leucippus (c. 450) Hippocrates of Chios (c. 450) Meton (c http://aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/mathhist/greece.html
Greek Index Marinus of Neapolis. Menaechmus. Menelaus. Nicomachus. Nicomedes. oenopides of chios. Pappus. Perseus. Philon of Byzantium Dinostratus. Hippias. Hippocrates. Nicomedes. Oenopides. Sporus. Later http://stm21645-01.k12.fsu.edu/Greek_Index.htm
Oenopides Biography of Oenopides (490BC420BC) oenopides of chios. Born about 490 BC in Chios (now Khios), Greece known about the life of oenopides of chios except that his place of birth was the island http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Oenopides.html
Extractions: Very little is known about the life of Oenopides of Chios except that his place of birth was the island of Chios. We believe that Oenopides was in Athens when a young man but there is only circumstantial evidence for this. In Plato 's Erastae Oenopides is described as (see for example [1]):- ... having acquired a reputation for mathematics... and Plato also describes a scene where Socrates comes across two young men in the school of Dionysius who was Plato 's teacher. The young men were discussing a question in mathematical astronomy which had been tackled by Oenopides and Anaxagoras . This question was certainly that of the angle that the ecliptic makes with the celestial equator . Bulmer-Thomas writes in [1]:- ... it was probably Oenopides who settled on the value of , which was accepted in Greece until refined by Eratosthenes . Indeed, if Oenopides did not fix on this or some other figure it is difficult to know in what his achievement consisted, for the Babylonians no less than the Pythagoreans and Egyptians must have realised from early days that the apparent path of the sun was inclined to the celestial equator.
Ancient Greece Mathematics Timeline oenopides of chios probably created the first three of what became Euclid s postulates or assumptions. What is postulated guarantees http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/TLMathematics.htm
Extractions: the Cretan poet Epimenides is attributed to have invented the linguistic paradox with his phrase "Cretans are ever liars" - the Liar's Paradox. 2500 years later, the mathematician Kurt Gödel invents an adaptation of the Liar's Paradox that reveals serious axiomatic problems at the heart of modern mathematics. About 600 BC Thales of Miletus , He brings Babylonian mathematical knowledge to Greece and uses geometry to solve problems such as calculating the height of pyramids and the distance of ships from the shore. About 530 BC Pythagoras no common rational measure is discoverable About 480 BC Parmenides of Elea founded the Eleatic School where he taught that 'all is one,' not an aggregation of units as Pythagoras had said, and that to arrive at a true statement, logical argument is necessary. Truth "is identical with the thought that recognizes it" (Lloyd 1963:327). Change or movement and non-being, he held, are impossibilities since everything is 'full' and 'nothing' is a contradiction which, as such, cannot exist. "Parmenides is said to have been the first to assert that the Earth is spherical in shape...; there was, however, an alternative tradition stating that it was Pythagoras" (Heath 1913:64). Corollary to Parmenides' rejection of the existence of 'nothing' is the Greek number system which, like the later Roman system, refused to use the Babylonian positional number system with its marker for 'nothing.' Making no clear distinction between nature and geometry, "mathematics, instead of being a science of possible relations, was to [the Greeks] the study of situations thought to subsist in nature" (Boyer 1949:25). Moreover, "almost everything in [Greek] philosophy became subordinated to the problem of change.... All temporal changes observed by the senses were mere permutations and combinations of 'eternal principles,' [and] the historical sequence of events (which formed part of the 'flux') lost all fundamental significance" (Toulmin and Goodfield 1965:40).
TMTh:: OENOPIDES OF CHIOS MATHEMATICIAN, ASTRONOMER. oenopides of chios (fl. 5th century BC)Life Cited by Diodorus Siculus and by Proclus in his Commentary http://www.tmth.edu.gr/en/aet/1/73.html
Extractions: Cited by Diodorus Siculus and by Proclus in his "Commentary on Euclid", Oenopides travelled widely through Egypt and acquired considerable skill in astronomy. His work focused on studies of the lunar and solar years. The discoveries he made were engraved on a bronze tablet which he offered to Olympia. The introduction into Greece the "Great Year" of 59 years. Oenopides accepted a year of 365 days and a month of 291/2 days. 59 is the largest whole number of years that contains an exact number of lunar months (730). Since 730 lunar months correspond to 21,557 days, each year in the Great Year would have 365.373 days, or a little less than 365 days and 9 hours.
8th Grade 480411) *SB *MT ·. oenopides of chios (c. 450?) * SB 450) *SB *MT ·. Hippocrates of Chios (fl. c. 440) *SB http://mslombardo.freehosting.net/catalog.html
Euclid's Elements, Book I, Proposition 12 Incidentally, Proclus explains in his commentary on Book I that the problem of constructingthe perpendicular was investigated by oenopides of chios who lived http://aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/java/elements/bookI/propI12.html
Extractions: Proposition 12 To draw a straight line perpendicular to a given infinite straight line from a given point not on it. Let AB be the given infinite straight line, and C the given point which is not on it. It is required to draw a straight line perpendicular to the given infinite straight line AB from the given point C which is not on it. Take an arbitrary point D on the other side of the straight line AB, and describe the circle EFG with center C and radius CD. Bisect the straight line EG at H, and join the straight lines CG, CH, and CE. Post.3 Post.1 I say that CH has been drawn perpendicular to the given infinite straight line AB from the given point C which is not on it. Since GH equals HE, and HC is common, therefore the two sides GH and HC equal the two sides EH and HC respectively, and the base CG equals the base CE. Therefore the angle CHG equals the angle EHC, and they are adjacent angles. I.Def.15
Extractions: Eusebius of Caesarea: Praeparatio Evangelica (Preparation for the Gospel). Tr. E.H. Gifford (1903) Book 10 BOOK X CONTENTS I. How the serious branches of learning passed from Barbarians to Greeks: also concerning the antiquity of the Hebrews p. 460 a II. Of the plagiarism of the Greek writers, from Clement p. 461 d III. That the Greeks were plagiarists. From Porphyry, The Lecture on Literature, Bk. i p. 464 a IV. That, not unreasonably, we have preferred the theology of the Hebrews to the Greek philosophy p. 468 d V. That in all things the Greeks have profited by the Barbarians p. 473 d VI. On the same subject, from Clement p. 475 b VII. On the same subject, from Josephus p. 477 a VIII. Diodorus, the author of the Bibliotheca, on the same subject p. 480 a IX. On the antiquity of Moses and the Hebrew Prophets p. 483 b X. From Africanus p. 487 d XI. From Tatian p. 491 c XII. From Clement p. 496 d
History Of Astronomy: Persons (O) Find more about Odierna with Alta Vista. oenopides of chios (c. 490BC c. 420 BC) Short biography and references (MacTutor Hist. http://www.astro.uni-bonn.de/~pbrosche/persons/pers_o.html
Extractions: Odierna [Hodierna; Adierna], Gioanbatista [Giovan/Giovanni Battista] (1597-1660) Oenopides of Chios (c. 490 BC - c. 420 BC) Yngve Oja, Tarmo (20th c.) Oken, Lorenz (1779-1851) Olbers, Heinrich Wilhelm Short biography and links (in German) Short biography (infoplease.com) Very short biography Olbers' Paradox Das Olberssche Paradoxon , von Peter H. Richter (in German) Warum wird es nachts dunkel? Wissenschaftstheoretische Lehren aus dem Olbersschen Paradoxon
Science Timeline Translate this page Odling, William, 1864. Oefner, Peter J., 2000. oenopides of chios, 440 bce.oersted, Hans Christian, 1820, 1825. Ohm, EA, 1961. Ohm, Georg Simon, 1827. http://www.sciencetimeline.net/siteindex_n-o.htm
Extractions: a b c d ... w-x-y-z Nagaoka, Hantaro, 1904 Nambu, Yoichiro, 1960, 1961, 1965 Nanney, David L., 1958 Napier, John, 1614 Narlikar, Jayant V., 1965 NASA, 1970, 1990 Nash, John Forbes, 1950 Nasse, Christian Friedrich, 1820 Naur, Peter, 1958 Needham, Joseph, early 1930s, 1954 Negus, Victor, 1949 Neidergerke, R., 1954 Nernst,1906, Walther Hermann, 1906, 1915 Neugebauer, Gerry, 1968 Neumann, Franz Ernst, 1831 Newell, Allen, 1956 Newlands, John Alexander Reina, 1864, 1869 Newton, Isaac, 1350, 1619, 1662, 1666, 1669, 1672, 1684, 1687, 1687, 1687, 1687, 1692, 1704, 1704, 1710, 1710, 1713, 1715, 1737, 1738, 1742, 1744, 1788, 1799, 1801, 1801, 1814, 1883, 1894, 1905, 1915, 1916 Nicholson, William, 1800
ThinkQuest : Library : A Taste Of Mathematic Zeno of Elea (c. 490c. 430); Antiphon of Rhamnos (the Sophist) (c. 480-411);oenopides of chios (c. 450?) Leucippus (c. 450); Hippocrates http://library.thinkquest.org/C006364/ENGLISH/history/historygreece.htm
Extractions: Index Math Welcome to A Taste of Mathematics.You will find the taste of mathematics here.The history of Mathematics,famous mathematicians,cxciting knowledge,the world difficult problems and also mathematics in our life... Browsing,thinking,enjoying,and have a good time here! Visit Site 2000 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge Languages English Chinese Students fangfei Beijing No.4 High School, Beijing, China ziyan Beijing No.4 High School, Beijing, China Coaches Tife Zesps3 Szks3 Ogslnokszta3c9cych Numer 1, Beijing, China xueshun Beijing No.4 High School, Beijing, China Want to build a ThinkQuest site? The ThinkQuest site above is one of thousands of educational web sites built by students from around the world. Click here to learn how you can build a ThinkQuest site. Privacy Policy
Encyclopædia Britannica myth.), Oenone (Gr. myth.), oenopides of chios (Gr. philos.), Oenothera (bot.)see evening primrose, Oenothera biennis (bot.), Oenothera lamarckiana (bot.), http://www.britannica.com/eb/index?search=Oe