Arabian Nights: 15 Tale 5 - THE LOVES OF AL-HAYFA AND YUSUF> his rest in haste and anxiety until Allah caused the morn to morrow and break in its sheen and it shone, whereupon the King summoned the mathematicians and the http://www.wollamshram.ca/1001/Sn_5/15tale5.htm
Extractions: I had a familiar in the Northern region who was called 'Adb al-Jaw d and he was one of the greatest of merchants there and made of money; also he loved voyage and travel, and at whatever time I visited him and we forgathered, I and he, we exchanged citations of poetry. Now one day my heart yearned to visit him, so I repaired to his place and found him there; and as we came together we both sat down in friendly converse, I and he; and he said to me "O my brother, do thou hear what happened and was accomplished for me in these times. I travelled to the land of Al-Yaman and therein met a familiar who, when we sat down to talk, I and he, said, 'O my brother, verily there befel me and betided me in the land of Al-Hind a case that was strange and an adventure that was admirable and it ran as follows. There was erewhile a King of the kings of India and one of her greatest, who was abundant in money and troops and guards and he was called Al-Mihrj n. [FN#178] [FN#179] [FN#180] for her seemlihead. Then he gifted the midwife'"And Shahrazad was surprised by the dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted say. Then quoth her sister Dunyazad, "How sweet is thy story, O sister mine and how enjoyable and delectable!" Quoth she, "And where is this compared with that I would relate to you on the coming night an the King suffer me to survive?" Now when it was the next night and that was
Famous Mathematicians (Reference) The following list contains some of the great mathematicians through history. AlKhowârizmî, Muhammed (about 780850); arabian; Algebra. http://www.teachervision.fen.com/lesson-plans/lesson-4360.html
The Mathematical Principles Of Urbàntasm star, and the ubiquitous threes that infect everything from The arabian Nights to This is why mathematicians rolled their eyes and grumbled about fractals for http://urbantasm.topcities.com/math.html
Extractions: Having said all this, and possibly alienated some aesthetically minded readers with references to math, and scientifically minded readers with my cheek, I will have to spend the rest of this essay explaining what these statements mean, why I am justified in making them, and how such an application of mathematics is essential to this project. The Inadequacy of a Brief Explanation I recall one particularly unsuccessful attempt to describe the math in Urbàntasm . I was talking to a friend I had run into at a coffee shop. He was a Physics major at the University of Chicago, and was preparing to move to Berkeley for grad school. I was asking for help, but after stammering out a few questions, I realized he thought I was wasting my time.
Extractions: Problem One In this problem you will use what mathematicians call Modular Arithmetic. That means you may answer the question by thinking about the numbers on a clock face. If it is now 10:45 AM, what time will it be in (a.) 96 hours? (b.) 15 hours? (c.) 32 hours? Problem Two I would like one gold coin on the first square; two gold coins on the second square; four gold coins on the third square; and eight gold coins on the fourth square. Please, continue the pattern until all of the squares are filled? The king accepted his Ministers request as a reasonable one. How many gold pieces, was the Noble King obligated to give his minister? Problem Three The numbers in this problem form a Magic Square about 30. Notice the sum of the numbers in the fourth row. Continue around the outside of the square. Make the sum of the first column 30. Then complete the first row and the fourth column so that each sum is 30. Complete each remaining row and column. How many different ways can you find 30 in this Magic Square?
About Karl J. Smith Hindu and arabian Period 500 to 1199. Indian Mathematics. Al-Khwarizmi http//www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/mathematicians/Alberti.html. http://www.mathnature.com/geometry/links/history.htm
Extractions: http://aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/mathhist/chronology.html#toc We have divided this history of mathematics into six chronological periods, many of which are included at the following world wide web sites Egyptian, Babylonian and Native American Periods - 3000 BC to 601 BC Mesopotamian Mathematics Egyptology Mathematics www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/Babylonian_and_Egyptian.html
Vedic Mathematics Indians used when one of the Indian palmist and fortuneteller happened to visit the arabian lands. So impressed were the Arab mathematicians with Indian http://www.cs.uml.edu/~asaxena/vedic-maths.html
Extractions: Vedic - Mathematics This interesting article was forwarded by a friend. I wanted to share this with you. Mathematics is the queen of subjects. Rightly so, then, Vedic Mathematics is the glowing crown that adorns its proud forehead. Very few of the masses today are aware today, of Vedic mathematics, the magnanimity of its profound implications, and of its origins which guided the rest of the world towards purer and more intricate branches of mathematics and which, laid the foundations for number theory and arithmetic, the teeny-weeny part of which we are taught during our alma-mater days with hardly any reference made to its rightful owners ? our very own ancestors ?who pursued the study of mathematics with no less finesse than that of a fine art. A well-known fact it is, as every one knows now, for he/she has seen himself/herself or his friend, being answered by his teacher, during the primary years of his education, in response to his/her query full of childish criticism What has India given to Mathematics? that the numeral was indeed the creation of Indian mathematicians. Introduction of zero brought about a new revolution into the world of mathematics. It was zero that gave rise to the idea of representing numbers using base 10, as it is commonly used today. And it is zero because of which you are able to read this article. But why? How would a computer work without zeros and ones!!! So thats the zero there, right! Though the Arabs are given the credit of taking mathematics into broader frontiers, they had begun their work with the help of Indian manuscripts. The story goes something like this. It was in 773 that the Arabs were able to set their eyes on the astounding developments of numerical methods Indians used when one of the Indian palmist and fortune-teller happened to visit the Arabian lands. So impressed were the Arab mathematicians with Indian inventions that the Arab mathematician Muhammed-Ibna-Musa-Abu-Jafar-Al-Khwarizmi himself came to India to study Indian mathematics. After stating here for some time after learning the subjects to his satisfaction, he wrote his manuscript Algebra b-e-Mukabla? This is how Algebra?was born. His works, which were nothing but a translation of his Indian studies, left the European mathematicians spell-bound, especially by the use of base 10 to represent numbers. The idea of representing numbers by base 10, is thus, originally Indian.
Newsletter 50 July, 2002: History And Culture In Mathematics Education Translate this page be included in the maghrebian symposiums on the history of arabian mathematics in investigated and thereby gave rise to some problems for the mathematicians. http://www.hpm-americas.org/nl50/nl50reviews.html
Extractions: Most people arrived in the afternoon/late evening at the Gimlekollen Mediasenter on Tuesday 11 June. There was an excellent spread of food available every day, made all the more palatable by the superb companionship of those present. A total of 27 participants represented 11 countries - Norway, Sweden, Iceland, UK, Germany, Italy, France, USA, Peru, Taiwan and Chile. Since 1988, when the "Learn from the Masters" conference was organized, Kristiansand has developed considerably as a centre for the study of relations between education and the history of mathematics. In 1994 Agder University College was founded, a masters degree for mathematical education (including history) was introduced and a doctor program in the field is in progress.
All.info: Science And Health / Math / Mathematicians / Sir Isaac Newton s Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy Check out the NEW Hotbot Tell me The Electronic Literature Foundation presents The arabian http://all.info/directory/Science_and_Health/Math/Mathematicians/2.html
Stephen Wolfram: A New Kind Of Science -- Relevant Books The Cambridge Library of Ornamental Art arabian Ornament from the 12th to the of Japan Proceedings of the International Congress of mathematicians, Kyoto, 1990 http://www.wolframscience.com/reference/books/t.html
Artlandia Wonderland Symmetry And Pattern Design Resources and terminology of symmetry and pattern analysis for nonmathematicians. Assyrian, Persian, Greek, Pompeian, Roman, Byzantine, arabian, Turkish, Persian, Indian http://www.artlandia.com/wonderland/
Mathematics Course List Attention will be given to the early EgyptiansBabylonian period, the geometry of Greek mathematicians, the Hindu and arabian contribution, the evolution of http://www.math.hope.edu/courses.html
Extractions: Note: This page is intended to provide an accurate reproduction of the information in the Hope College 2003-04 Catalog , pp. 214-217. Please see the Catalog for Hope College policies relating to changes in this information. A study of functions including polynomial, rational, exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions. These will be explored in their symbolic, numerical, and graphic representations, and connections between each of these representations will be made. A graphing calculator is required. A student cannot receive credit for both MA 123 and MA 125. Four Credits, Spring Semester This course covers the material typically taught in the first half of a Calculus I (MA 131) course. The calculus material is supplemented by reviewing topics of high school mathematics as needed. The calculus topics are also taught at a slower pace. Topics include function review, limits and continuity, the concept (and definition) of a derivative, and differentiation rules (product rule, quotient rule, and chain rule are included). A student cannot receive credit for both MA 125 and MA 123. Four Credits, Fall Semester
News 9 San Antonio 24 Hour Local News Mike S Notes Yet, had it not been for arabian and Indian mathematicians and their ability to envision the existence of cipher we might never have heard of the http://www.news9sanantonio.com/content/weather/mikes_notes/?ArID=6134&SecID=81
1200.00 NUMEROLOGY 1230.30 Origin of Scheherazade Myth I think the arabian priestmathematicians and their Indian Ocean navigator ancestors knew that the binomial effect of http://www.rwgrayprojects.com/synergetics/s12/p2200.html
Princeton Club Of Northern California A Thousand and One arabian Nights is filled with colorful, exotic stories that will as John Nash, one of the most brilliant and haunted mathematicians of his http://www.pcnc.org/newsletters/2002/newsletter082002.shtml
Extractions: The Princeton Club of Northern California is open to all Graduate and Undergraduate Alumni and Princeton Parents. PCNC sponsors events in the San Francisco Bay Area (Peninsula, South Bay, and East Bay), the Monterey Bay Area, and Sacramento. Inquiries about membership and dues can be made by contacting us via e-mail, by phone at (415) 845-8120, or by mail at last updated July 1st, 2002 PCNC Newsletter, August 2002 Event Date Time Location RSVP PCNC Golf Outing San Francisco Michael Culver Golf Tournament for All Abilities Play at one of the Bay Area's prized golf resources the Presidio Golf Course. It's in great shape, under management by Arnold Palmer Golf Resorts. They're giving the PCNC a tournament for a special rate (golf carts included).
COURSE SYLLABUS Course Number MATH3010 Course Title HISTORY OF Chinese, Hindu, and arabian mathematics (before global communication merged them Some mathematicians of this period Fermat, Descartes, Pascal, Leibniz, Newton http://www.auburn.edu/~smith01/txtsyll/syl3010.txt
Extractions: COURSE SYLLABUS Course Number: MATH3010 Course Title: HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS Credit Hours: 3 Prerequisites: MH 1620 or departmental approval. Corequisite: Objectives: To enhance the student's mathematical perspective through a discussion of the evolution of mathematical concepts and the contributions of outstanding mathematicians, and to enhance the student's appreciation for and facility with deductive reasoning through exercises related to these mathematical concepts and contributions. Course content: Numeral systems , Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics (1 week). Ancient Greek geometry and number theory; deductive reasoning (2 weeks). Chinese, Hindu, and Arabian mathematics (before global communication merged them with European mathematics) (2 weeks). European mathematics in the 12th, 13th, and 14th centuries: translation of Arabic works and the ancient Greek texts; universities established; contributions of Fibonacci. (2 weeks). European mathematics of the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries: Beginnings of algebraic symbolism, solutions of the general cubic and quartic, logarithms, beginnings of number theory, analytic geometry, projective geometry, and probability, and the discovery of the calculus. Some mathematicians of this period: Fermat, Descartes, Pascal, Leibniz, Newton. (3 weeks). Mathematics of the 18th and 19th centuries: further development of calculus and it's evolution into analysis. Infinite series including Fourier series, the notion of a limit, the notion of a function, the Riemann integral. Non-Euclidean geometry. Abstract algebra and the impossibility of solution by radicals of 5th degree equations. Impossibility of certain constructions by straightedge and compass such as trisecting an angle and squaring a circle. Some mathematicians of this period: Bernoulli brothers, Lagrange, Euler, Gauss, Riemann, Galois, Abel, Cauchy, Fourier. (3 weeks). Mathematics of the 20th century. Evolution of the axiomatic method. Set theory and logic, Russell paradox, Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms, axiom of choice, continuum hypothesis. Godel's incompleteness theorem and other contributions. Topology, measure theory, dynamical systems and chaos, computers and computer science. Solutions of famous problems such as the four color problem and Fermat's Last Theorem. (2 weeks). Text: Howard Eves, An Introduction to the History of Mathematics, 6th Ed. Sample Grading and Evaluation Procedures Students will be expected to have prepared the daily homework assignments. Homework will occasionally be collected. This will be part of the participation grade. Reading the text and working the exercises are an important part of this course. A paper will be assigned; it should be on the history of some mathematician (with emphasis on his mathematical discoveries) or on some mathematical concept; check with the instructor about the topic. Grade Calculation Participation grade (includes: blackboard presentation and classwork, attendance, homework or projects): 10% Reading Quizzes (quizzes are approximately 10-minutes long and may be announced or unannounced): 10% Term paper 15% Hour Tests (three tests): 35% Final Exam: 30% Tentative Test Schedule Hour tests are given at the end of appropriate units and will be announced a week ahead of time. Quizzes may or may not be announced; at least four quizzes will be given in the course of the semester. Friday is typically a good day for quizzes. Sample Statement Re: Accommodations Students who need accommodations are asked to arrange a meeting during office hours the first week of classes, or as soon as possible if accommodations are needed immediately. If you have a conflict with my office hours, an alternate time can, be arranged. To set up this meeting, please contact me by E-mail. Bring a Copy of your Accommodation Memo and an Instructor Verification Form to the meeting. If you do not have an Accommodation Memo but need accommodations, make an appointment with The Program for Students with Disabilities, 1244 Haley Center, 844-2096 (V/TT). (Note: Instructor office room, office hours and email address will be made available on the course syllabus and on the first day of class.) JUSTIFICATION Education majors specializing in mathematics are required to take a History of Mathematics course. This course satisfies this requirement. The course can also be used as a free elective by mathematics majors.
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LEONARDO OF PISA Leonardos works are mainly developments of the results obtained by his predecessors; the influences of Greek, arabian, and Indian mathematicians may be clearly http://91.1911encyclopedia.org/L/LE/LEONARDO_OF_PISA.htm
Extractions: LEONARDO OF PISA (LEONARDUS PISANUS or FIB0NAcCI), Leonardos works are mainly developments of the results obtained by his predecessors; the influences of Greek, Arabian, and Indian mathematicians may be clearly discerned in his methods. In his Practica geometriae plain traces of the use of the Roman agrimensores are met with; in his Liber abaci old Egyptian problems reveal their origin by the reappearance of the very numbers in which the problem is given, though one cannot guess through what channel they came to Leonardos knowledge. Leonardo cannot be regarded as the inventor of that very great variety of truths for which he mentions no earlier source. The Liber cibaci, which fills 459 printed pages, contains the most perfect methods of calculating with whole numbers and with fractions, practice, extraction of the square and cube roots, proportion, chain rule, finding of proportional parts, averages, progressions, even compound interest, just as in the completest mercantile arithmetics of our days. They teach further the solution of problems leading to equations of the first and second degree, to determinate and inde~ terminate equations, not by single and double position only, but by real algebra, proved by means of geometric constructions, and including the use of letters as symbols for known numbers, the unknown nul5ntt,j h,-0,~ ,slIs,-i r~ ~rnl ~ As for the influence he exercised on posterity, it is enough to say that Luca Pacioli, about 1500, in his celebrated Summa, leans so exclusively to Leonardos works (at that time known in manuscript only) that he frankly acknowledges his dependence on them, and states that wherever no other author is quoted all belongs to Leonardus Pisanus.