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81. The Atomistic Philosophy Of Leucippus And Democritus
Leucippus and democritus abdera, 460 370 BC. With the work of Leucippusand democritus ancient Greek philosophy reaches its zenith
Leucippus and Democritus
[Abdera, 460 - 370 BC]
With the work of Leucippus and Democritus ancient Greek philosophy reaches its zenith when the initial question of Thales after the true nature of matter culminated 180 years later in the subtle concept of atoms, which bears an amazing resemblance to the twentieth century's view of chemistry. For this reason, Leucippus and Democritus have undoubtedly deserved the first price for the best guess in antiquity, as far as natural science is concerned. Unfortunately their contemporaries did not share their views with the same enthusiasm. Leucippus is a very shadowy figure; his exact dates are unknown, some even say he never existed, but it is likely that he was a contemporary of Empedocles (around 440 BC) and that he came either from Miletus or from Elea. Democritus, who was a disciple of Leucippus, is a more certain figure. He was born 460 BC in Abdera in the north of Greece and died at the age of 90 years, after leaving an expansive work elaborating his philosophy including the atomistic theory in great detail. Democritus has written approximately 70 books and hence overshadows his master by far. Unfortunately none of his writings remained intact, but a great deal of what he said has survived in Epicurus. The atomistic theory began as an endeavor to overcome the odd logical consequences of the Eleatic school. Leucippus and Democritus did not accept the Eleatic hypothesis that "everything is one" and that change and motion is an illusion. Parmenides had said the void is a fiction, because saying the void exists would mean to say there is something that is nothing, which he thought is a contradiction in itself, but he was deceived by thinking of "being" in the sense of "material being". Thinking of the void as real would have overthrown Parmenides' theory, because allowing the void to exist as "space bereft of body" (Aristotle) with adjoining plenums implies the opposite of classical monism.

democritus travelled widely, visiting Egypt, Babylon, Persia, possibly India, andAthens and great wealth in the process; so that he returned to abdera a poor

Ancient Greek Scientists
Democritus was a man with an all-embracing mind, as is evident from the scope of his writings, of which unfortunately only fragments remain. His philosophy incorporates virtually the entire body of knowledge of his age, while in their impressively comprehensive range his works can only be compared with those of Aristotle.
According to Diogenes Laertius, Democritus wrote some 70 treatises; of these, only fragments survive in the works of later writers. His most important works (by general category) are:
1. PHYSICS (books 25): "Great World System (Megas Diakosmos) ", ""Lesser World System" (Micros Diakosmos), ", "Cosmography", "On the planets", "On nature", "On the nature of man", "On the mind", "On senses", "On flavours", "On colours", "On the different states", "On successions of states", "Determining forces", "On images", "On the rules of logic´", "On disputed points", "Celestial causes" (celestial mechanics), "Causes relating to air" (aerostatics), "Causes relating to the plane" (statics), "Origins of fire and of fiery states" (heat and thermodynamics), "Origin of sounds" (acoustics), "Origin s f seeds and plants and fruits" (biology), "Origins of animals a, b, c" (zoology), "Origins of divers things" (miscellany), "On minerals" (mineralogy).
2. MATHEMATICS (5 books): "On a difference of opinion or on the contact between a circle and a sphere", "On geometry", "Geometry", "Numbers", "On irrational lines and solids".

83. ThinkQuest : Library : Quanta And Atoms - The Elementary Approach
democritus from abdera (460 370 BC) the greatest, the most importantGreek philosopher engaged with the problem of world s structure.
Index Physical Science
Quanta and Atoms - the elementary approach
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84. Griffioen: Alles Over Het Vermaarde Latijn En De Eeuwenoude Romeinen
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85. Dorlands Medical Dictionary
democritus (demok¢ribreve-tschwas) of abdera (De·moc·ri·tus (de-mok¢ribreve-tschwas)of abdera) c. 460–c. 370 B.C. a Greek philosopher who

86. Democritus (ca. 460-371 BC) - By Miles Hodges
We know that he came from a very respected (and wealthy) family from abdera inThrace. democritus was well traveled (certainly to Egypt and possibly Babylon
(ca. 460 to 371 BC)
Democritus: An Overview
His Life and Works
His Major Ideas
His Legacy
Links to Democritus' Writingsand More Information
DEMOCRITUS: AN OVERVIEW Less well known to us today than Socrates, Plato or Aristotle is Democritus (mid-late 400s: a contemporary of Socrates) of Abdera (Thrace). In his own day he was widely recognized as a brilliant thinker who brought to the ancient Greek world the atomic theory of the cosmos. Basically his view was that all life is merely the composite structure of invisibly minute particles of hard matter: atoms. These atoms (eternal in their being) are structured into the more visible material we observe in our worldthrough laws of motion (also eternal in their existence). Democritus was also a profound materialist in his view of human life. To him life is simply patterns of motion of these soul-less atomsoperating in accordance with equally soul-less laws. The human soul itself is simply a brief pattern in the working of the atomsa pattern which forms in the human womb, developing and then breaking down over a human lifetime until it simply ceases to exist when we draw our last breath. To Democritus there was no such thing as eternal life. Likewise, God or Divinity was to him simply a construct of human thoughtand had no real existence in the cosmos. In so many ways Democritus anticipatedby thousands of yearsthe direction science would take in its development within the modern West!

87. Ref: Ancient Greece (1500 To 300 BC) By Miles Hodges
Not much is known directly about Leucippus except that he lived in Thrace, in thetown of abdera, and was democritus teacher and, with him, developed the the
People of Ideas in
(1500 to 325 BC)
The Early Poets (750-600 BC)
The Thinkers of Ionia and Magna Graecia (600-450 BC)
Periclean Athens (450-325 BC)
Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
Ancient Greek History: General Sources
THE EARLY POETS (750 to 600 BC)
Homer (700s BC?) Poetic compiler of Greek traditions about the Olympian Gods (supposedly in ascendancy over the pre-Greek mysteries: Dionysian, Orphic, Elusian) Homer's major works or writings: Links to other information on Homer:
Hesiod (c. 700 BC)
A systematizer of the (more orderly) Olympian pantheon Hesiod's major works or writings: Links to other information on Hesiod:
    Hesiod (Perseus Encyclopedia)
Sappho (c. 620-565 BC)

88. History_chinese
SCH3U Grade 11 Chemistry The History of Alchemy and Chemistry democritus ofabdera Born about 460 BC in abdera, Thrace, Greece Died about 370 BC,
SCH3U Grade 11 Chemistry The History of Alchemy and Chemistry Democritus of Abdera
Born: about 460 BC in Abdera, Thrace, Greece
Died: about 370 BC Democritus asserted that space, or the Void, had an equal right with reality, or Being, to be considered existent. He conceived of the Void as a vacuum, an infinite space in which moved an infinite number of atoms that made up Being (i.e. the physical world). These atoms are eternal and invisible; absolutely small, so small that their size cannot be diminished (hence the name atomon, or "indivisible"); absolutely full and incompressible, as they are without pores and entirely fill the space they occupy; and homogeneous, differing only in shape, arrangement, position, and magnitude. With this as a basis to the physical world, Democritus could explain all changes in the world as changes in motion of the atoms, or changes in the way that they were packed together. This was a remarkable theory which attempted to explain the whole of physics based on a small number of ideas and also brought mathematics into a fundamental physical role since the whole of the structure proposed by Democritus was quantitative and subject to mathematical laws. Another fundamental idea in Democritus's theory is that nature behaves like a machine, it is nothing more than a highly complex mechanism. Next Previous History of Chemistry Menu SCH3U Course Outline Main Menu ...

89. Democritus
democritus, from abdera in Thrace, saw nature as the ceaseless motion of small,material,indivisible and eternal particles which he called atomos. history/democritus/democrit
The ancient Greeks (@400 B.C.) are recognized for the earliest attempts to describe the micro-structure of our Universe. However, their research was usually confined to logical considerations. Conclusions were rarely based on either observa-tions or experimental data. Some Greek thinkers, known as atomists, had the idea that matter could be divided into smaller and smaller particles until a basic particle of matter was reached that could not be divided further . Democritus, from Abdera in Thrace, saw nature as the ceaseless motion of small, material,indivisible and eternal particles which he called atomos. This means "uncuttable or indivisible parts which can not be broken down further". He believed that the atom was the basic building block of matter - it had shape, a place in space, and could move. It also had mass. For Democritus, the Universe was an act of perpetual gathering and diffusing of atoms kept in everlasting motion. His views, ignored during the Middle Ages, prevail again in contemporary times to influence scientists.

90. Index Of Ancient Greek Philosophers - Scientists
Also belonged to the school of Sophists. His pupils include Socrates andEuripides. democritus (abdera, Thrace, 470380 BC). Greek philosopher.
PreSocratics (7th - 5th century B.C.)
Period marking the begining of science, as well as the development of literature, arts, politics, and philosophy. During these years, the city-states (polis in Greek) flourish. These include the Sparta and Athens. Within this period the Ionian school of natural philosophy was founded by Thales of Miletus . This is considered the first school for speculating about nature in a scientific way, hence signifies the birth of science.
The Pythagorean brotherhood is formed by Pythagoras of Samos . This society performed a great deal of progress in mathematics, but also had mystical beliefs. In addition to the Ionian and Pythagorian, other schools of this period include the Eleatic , the Atomists, and the Sophists
All philosophers - scientists up to Democritus are considered to be PreSocratics.
  • Thales of Miletus (624-560 B.C.). Astronomer, mathematician and philosopher. Learned astronomy from the Babylonians. Founder of the Ionian school of natural philosophy. Predicted the solar eclipse on May 28, 585. Proved general geometric propositions on angles and triangles. Considered water to be the basis of all matter. He believed that the Earth floated in water. Used the laws of prospectives to calculate the height of the pyramids.
    Links: Thales of Miletus, Encyclopedia Britannica

91. À§´ëÇѼöÇÐÀÚ ¸ñ·Ï
19 Oct 1903 in Fourmies, France Died 28 Nov 1968 in Nancy, France democritus, democritusof abdera Born about 460 BC in abdera, Thrace, Greece Died about

92. Atomism Of Democritus (The)
Atomism of democritus (The) This is an introduction to the tenets of atomism in its presocratic form, connecting the metaphysical claim of atomism to democritus' concept of "illegitimate knowledge

93. Biography-center - Letter D
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