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         Probability:     more books (100)
  1. Applied Longitudinal Analysis (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics) by Garrett M. Fitzmaurice, Nan M. Laird, et all 2004-07-01
  2. Probability Models for Computer Science by Sheldon M. Ross, 2001-07
  3. Probability: Elements of the Mathematical Theory by C. R. Heathcote, 2000-04-11
  4. Probability Through Problems by Marek Capinski, Tomasz Jerzy Zastawniak, 2003-03-18
  5. The Probability Tutoring Book: An Intuitive Course for Engineers and Scientists (and Everyone Else!) (And Everyone Else!) by Carol Ash, 1996-10-31
  6. Chances Are . . .: Adventures in Probability by Michael Kaplan, Ellen Kaplan, 2006-03-23
  7. Probability Theory in Finance: A Mathematical Guide to the Black-Scholes Formula (Graduate Studies in Mathematics) by Sean Dineen, 2005-11-22
  8. The Option Trader's Guide to Probability, Volatility and Timing (A Marketplace Book) by Jay Kaeppel, 2002-08-16
  9. Introduction to Probability and Mathematical Statistics (Duxbury Classic) by Lee J. Bain, Max Engelhardt, 2000-03-17
  10. The Emergence of Probability: A Philosophical Study of Early Ideas about Probability, Induction and Statistical Inference (Cambridge Series on Statistical and Probabilistic Mathematics) by Ian Hacking, 2006-07-31
  11. Concepts in Probability and Stochastic Modeling (An Alexander Kugushev Book) by James J. Higgins, Sallie Keller-McNulty, 1994-09-01
  12. Probability, Statistics and Truth by Richard von Mises, 1981-09-01
  13. Theory of Probability (Oxford Classic Texts in the Physical Sciences) by Harold Jeffreys, 1998-11-12
  14. Student Manual for Mathematics for Business Decisions: Probability and Simulation by David Williamson, Marilou Mendel, et all 2005-06

121. Probability Lessons, Tutorials And Homework Help.
Search. Mathematics, probability Guide picks. A variety of resources to support theconcept of probability (the deegree of evidence, the likelihood of an event).
zJs=10 zJs=11 zJs=12 zJs=13 zc(5,'jsc',zJs,9999999,'') About Homework Help Mathematics Math Help and Tutorials Probability Home Essentials Grade By Grade Goals Math Formulas ... Math Tutors zau(256,152,145,'gob',''+gs,''); Math Help and Tutorials Math Formulas Math Lesson Plans Math Tutors ... Help zau(256,138,125,'el','','');w(xb+xb);
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A variety of resources to support the concept of probability (the deegree of evidence, the likelihood of an event). Resources for early elementary - college level.
Recent Up a category 'Layman's' Guide to Probability Theory An in-depth but easily readable guide on probability theory, covering various aspects of theory with a bias to gambling games. An Introduction To Probability An excellent starting place to enhance and extend your understanding of probability. 11 online tutorials. Comprehensive Overview of Probability and Statistics An excellent series of examples for understanding the laws of probability. Probability Activities (Middle/High School) Middle and High School probability activities complete with the solutions.

122. Probability Theory In Linguistics II
Symposium at the LSA meeting in Atlanta, Georgia. Includes slides, handouts and abstracts.
Probability Theory in Linguistics II Integrated Frameworks Symposium at the LSA Annual Meeting 2003 Atlanta, Georgia 3 January 2003 ORGANIZERS Rens Bod Jennifer Hay and Stefanie Jannedy BACKGROUND It has long been accepted that many linguistic phenomena display properties of continua and show remarkedly gradient behavior. In attempts to model and account for the gradience of linguistic behavior, increasingly many researchers in all areas of linguistics have adopted the insights and tools of probability theory. At the LSA in Washington D.C. in 2001 we organized a first workshop on "Probability Theory in Linguistics" , which aimed to make this body of work more widely accessible. The workshop combined an introduction to relevant vocabulary, aspects and motivations of probability theory with a sequence of presentations focusing on various sub-areas of linguistics. It resulted in our book "Probabilistic Linguistics" released by MIT Press in early 2003. For the LSA in 2003 in Atlanta SLIDES/HANDOUTS OF THE TALKS Probabilistic Modeling of Language: An Introduction and Apologia Dan Jurafsky Exemplar Theory Janet Pierrehumbert ... Rens Bod 6. General discussion

123. Probability Puzzles
probability. amoeba. You sample one hundred balls with replacement and they are allwhite. What is the probability that all the balls are white? Solution bayes.
A jar begins with one amoeba. Every minute, every amoeba turns into 0, 1, 2, or 3 amoebae with probability 25% for each case ( dies, does nothing, splits into 2, or splits into 3). What is the probability that the amoeba population eventually dies out? Solution
An urn contains one hundred white and black balls. You sample one hundred balls with replacement and they are all white. What is the probability that all the balls are white? Solution
One urn contains black marbles, and the other contains white or black marbles with even odds. You pick a marble from an urn; it is black; you put it back; what are the odds that you will draw a black marble on the next draw? What are the odds after n black draws? Solution
At a movie theater, the manager announces that they will give a free ticket to the first person in line whose birthday is the same as someone who has already bought a ticket. You have the option of getting in line at any time. Assuming that you don't know anyone else's birthday, that birthdays are distributed randomly throughtout the year, etc., what position in line gives you the greatest chance of being the first duplicate birthday? Solution

124. The 2003 New Reseachers Conference Web Page HAS MOVED
A meeting of recent Ph.D. recipients in Statistics and probability. Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; 31 July 3 August 2001.

The 2003 New Reseachers Conference web page HAS MOVED
Please go to

125. 9 -12 Data Analysis And Probability
Here is a list of resources in Data Analysis and probability including lessonsand useful data sets. Data Analysis and probability. Expectation
Here is a list of resources in Data Analysis and Probability including lessons and useful data sets. The links are organized to follow the NCTM Standards.
Data Analysis and Probability goals can be found on page 48 of the NCTM Principles and Standards for School Mathematics.
The Data Analysis and Pobability goals can also be found on the NCTM website Data Analysis and Probability
Expectation: Instructional Programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect, organize, and displya relevant data to answer them. TITLE: Buffon's Needle AUTHOR: George Reese DESCRIPTION: A simulation of this problem by George Reese that finds an esitmate of pi through a random process TITLE: Exponential Fit AUTHOR: Ed Malczewsk DESCRIPTION: A lesson by that explores the process for finding the best fitting exponential curve to sets of data TITLE: The World Series Problem AUTHOR: Jay Hill DESCRIPTION: A project that aids students in an exploration of expected value Best place to find data for any lesson!

126. NetSkool - Statistics Help, Mathematics Help, Finance Homework Help, Accounting
Offers assistance with calculus, algebra, trigonometry, differential equations. computer science, statistics, and probability. Includes sample question and answer.
Home About Netskool Samples and Testimonials Take a Tour Help Center World's Premier Anonymous Homework Help Service .
Since 2001, NetSkool has been offering online tutoring to students by giving them access to carefully screened Experts educated at top universities such as Harvard, Stanford, MIT, UC Berkeley, Yale, Princeton, Columbia, Cornell, and Penn.
NetSkool's Experts provide comprehensive explanations and clarifications on the problems you are stuck with. Post Questions. Set your Deadline. Interact with your personal Tutor online. online form or fax your order toll-free to For fax orders, you still need to fill the online form. We will then scan your fax and attach it to your question ID. Mention your ID on top of the fax. We do not offer any custom quotes. Step 2: We will look over the problem set and determine if we can help you. If an tutor is willing to assist you, payment instructions will be included in the e-mail. We accept major credit cards through PayPal, a secure way to transfer money online. Step 3: After you make the payment, you can having tutoring sessions with the Tutor within the deadline set by you. You

127. Probability Of Abiogenesis FAQs
Lies, Damned Lies, Statistics, and probability of Abiogenesis Calculations How likelyis it that even a single bacterium could form by chance in the primordial
Probability of Abiogenesis FAQs
biogenesis is the field of science dedicated to studying how life might have arisen for the first time on the primordial young Earth. Despite the enormous progress that has been made since the Miller-Urey experiment, abiogenesis is under constant attack from creationists, who continually claim that the origin of life by random natural processes is so unlikely as to be, for all practical purposes, impossible. Following are some articles that challenge this claim and demonstrate the fundamental misconception at the core of the creationists' arguments.
Lies, Damned Lies, Statistics, and Probability of Abiogenesis Calculations
How likely is it that even a single bacterium could form by chance in the primordial sea? Not very likely, that's for sure, and creationists have been only too happy to provide ludicrously huge numbers purporting to be the odds against such a thing. However, even if these calculations are correct, they are irrelevant, as modern theories of abiogenesis require nothing of the kind to happen. This article briefly illustrates what abiogenesis really is and shows why the creationists' probability calculations do not matter.
Borel's Law and the Origin of Many Creationist Probability Assertions
Creationists have asserted that a statistical principle called "Borel's Law" mathematically demonstrates that abiogenesis is impossible. This article explains what Borel's Law is and shows that Borel himself clearly understood that his law was not relevant to the probability of the origin of life.

128. The Second Law Of Thermodynamics, Evolution, And Probability
The Second Law of Thermodynamics, Evolution, and probability Copyright © 19951997by Frank Steiger This document may be reproduced without royalty for non
The Second Law of Thermodynamics,
Evolution, and Probability
Frank Steiger

This document may be reproduced without royalty for non-profit, non-commercial use. reationists believe that the second law of thermodynamics does not permit order to arise from disorder, and therefore the macro evolution of complex living things from single-celled ancestors could not have occurred. The creationist argument is based on their interpretation of the relationship between probability and a thermodynamic property called "entropy." By way of background, and in order to clarify the creationist position, let me quote from the creationist literature: The Remarkable Birth of Planet Earth , by Henry Morris: (p. 14) All processes manifest a tendency toward decay and disintegration, with a net increase in what is called the entropy, or state of randomness or disorder, of the system. This is called the Second Law of Thermodynamics. (p. 19) There is a universal tendency for all systems to go from order to disorder, as stated in the Second Law, and this tendency can only be arrested and reversed under very special circumstances. We have already seen, in Chapter I, that disorder can never produce order through any kind of random process. There must be present some form of code or program, to direct the ordering process, and this code must contain at least as much "information" as is needed to provide this direction.
Furthermore, there must be present some kind of mechanism for converting the environmental energy into the energy required to produce the higher organization of the system involved. ...

129. Probabilistic Learning Activities Network - Homepage.
probability activities and simulations in the form of applets and spreadsheets. This site advocates a Question/Hypothesis/Experiment approach to learning probability.
If you had it all to do over, would you change anything? 'Yes, I wish I had played the black instead of the red at Cannes and Monte Carlo'. Winston Churchill .....................................June 2003................New distributions and hypotheses section opens...................................................................June 2003................New distributions and hypotheses section opens...................................................................June 2003................New distributions and hypotheses section opens.............................. Concept Information Support 30 + Activities Why planetqhe? The Essential Questions Teacher's notes Last update; Recommended links What's new? IB Mini-Projects Student projects ... Technical Support Don't have Microsoft Excel installed on your computer? Download a free Excel viewer here Random Behaviour Experimental vs Theoretical Probability Compound Events I ... Probability in the 'real world' - links

130. 1.3.6. Probability Distributions
EDA Techniques 1.3.6. probability Distributions. probability Distributions,probability distributions are a fundamental concept in statistics.

Exploratory Data Analysis

EDA Techniques
Probability Distributions Probability Distributions Probability distributions are a fundamental concept in statistics. They are used both on a theoretical level and a practical level. Some practical uses of probability distributions are:
  • To calculate confidence intervals for parameters and to calculate critical regions for hypothesis tests.
  • For univariate data, it is often useful to determine a reasonable distributional model for the data.
  • Statistical intervals and hypothesis tests are often based on specific distributional assumptions. Before computing an interval or test based on a distributional assumption, we need to verify that the assumption is justified for the given data set. In this case, the distribution does not need to be the best-fitting distribution for the data, but an adequate enough model so that the statistical technique yields valid conclusions.
  • Simulation studies with random numbers generated from using a specific probability distribution are often needed.
Table of Contents
  • What is a probability distribution?
  • 131. John Kingman Symposium
    This meeting is organised to mark the occasion of Sir John Kingman leaving Bristol to take up the Directorship of the Isaac Newton Institute in Cambridge. The programme will focus on topics of current interest in probability and related fields where John Kingman's own work has been particularly influential. University of Bristol, UK; 16 May 2001.
    Symposium in honour
    of Sir John Kingman, FRS
    16 May 2001
    This meeting is organised to mark the occasion of Sir John Kingman leaving Bristol to take up the Directorship of the Isaac Newton Institute in Cambridge. The programme will focus on topics of current interest in probability and related fields where John Kingman's own work has been particularly influential. The programme of talks will include:
  • Simon Tavare' (Departments of Biological Sciences, Mathematics and Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California) The coalescent and other GEMs: adventures in population genetics
  • David Williams (Swansea) Achievements and challenges
  • Wilfrid Kendall (Department of Statistics, University of Warwick) Evolving backwards into the past: a retrospective
    The meeting will be held in lecture theatre SM2 in the School of Mathematics at the University of Bristol, and will conclude at about 6pm; attendance is free of charge. To assist us in planning, please send an email to Peter Green, via Email link , mentioning JFCK in the subject field, if the probability of your attending is at least 0.5.
  • 132. StudyWorks! Online : Probability And Statistics
    probability and Statistics. How Big Is the Ozone Hole? The Ozone Hole overAntarctica Why is ozone important to life on earth? How is it measured?,,NAV2-76,00.html

    Algebra Explorations
    Astronomy Biology Chemistry ...
    Probability and Statistics
    How Big Is the Ozone Hole?
    Why is ozone important to life on earth? How is it measured? Use statistical analysis to determine for yourself if the ozone hole is getting larger. Rating a Quarterback in Football
    Where do football statistics come from? Football statistics are simple enough to understand so that you can compute them for your favorite quarterbacks and even strategize what they must do to improve their ratings. The Birthday Problem
    Given a group of people, what is the probability of two people in the group having the same birthday? You may be surprised by the answer! Understanding Polls
    It's impossible to go a day without reading about polling results in the newspaper or hearing about them on the evening news. Polls seem to be everywhere, but do you really know who is going to win the election? What does margin of error mean and does it affect the predictions you see? Explore these and other questions while learning how to interpret the news.

    133. High School Math Lessons
    Joe Mercer's lessons, worksheets and tests. Most are revisions made for condensing material to a summerschool format, independent of a particular textbook. The material covers algebra (1 and 2), geometry, analysis (trig and analytic geometry), AP calculus, statistics, and probability.
    Main Math htmlAdWH('7002737', '234', '60');
    High School Math Lessons
    by Joe Mercer
    All lessons have been transferred to Microsoft Word 4.0 on a Macintosh, can be downloaded, and are readable by both Macs and PC's that have a version of MS Word or Microsoft Word installed.
    I retired in June, 1993, from teaching math and computer science at Glenbrook North High School (Northbrook, IL) and am currently living in Albuquerque, NM, where I finally went back to teaching at West Mesa High School. Since retirement I have organized my lessons and hand-outs for easy transfer to other teachers. That's what these pages are all about. Help yourself to anything you find useful! My Credentials

    Select a category by clicking in the left column Category Contents Java Demos Sample Java programs I wrote to demonstrate important concepts in learning mathematics Algebra 1 Areas and Perimeters, Algebraic Notation, The Distributive Property through Areas, FOIL through Areas, Generalizing tho Negative Numbers, Simple Fractions, Algebraic Fractions, Solving Word Problems by Guess-and-Check, Solving Word Problems With Algebra, Understanding Exponents, Radicals Geometry Basic Postulates, Angle Sum in Triangles, Congruence, Similarity, Pythagorean Theorem

    134. Center For Applied Probability
    Center for Applied probabilityColumbia University in the City of New York

    135. Rudolf Carnap, The Function And Design Of Explications; & Boardman's Notes.
    Excerpt from the 1950 paper by Carnap.
    [reposted March 24, 1997] Boardman's Notes: The Criteria of Adequacy of An Explication, illustrated by a discussion of Ayer's Language, Truth and Logic [Original pagination is shown in square brackets;
    except for this, comments surrounded by brackets are Carnap's.] FROM pages 3-15 of:
    Logical Foundations of Probability
    [p. 3:] § 2. On the Clarification of an Explicandum By the procedure of explication we mean the transformation of an inexact, prescientific concept, the explicandum, into a new exact concept, the explicatum. Although the explicandum cannot be given in exact terms, it should be made as clear as possible by informal explanations and examples. The task of explication consists in transforming a given more or less inexact concept into an exact one or, rather, in replacing the first by the second. We call the given concept (or the term used for it) the explicandum , and the exact concept proposed to take the place of the first (or the term proposed for it) the explicatum . The explicandum may belong to everyday language or to a previous stage in the development of scientific language. The

    136. Probability Textbooks
    An online course by Wlodzimierz Bryc in DVI, PS and HTML format.
    Topics in Probability
    Wlodzimierz Bryc
    The counter indicates that you are visitor No
  • Normal Distribution: characterizations with applications (LNS vol 100, 1995)
  • Varadhan Functionals and Large Deviations (in preparation)
  • Large Deviations: Performance analysis W. Bryc Department of Mathematics
    University of Cincinnati
  • 137. Cover1
    Textbook offers examples and problems, along with explanations on how to solve them. Includes table of contents and sample views.

    • Over 1500 problems solved step-by-step O
      Ideal as a textbook or for independent study
      Teaches effective problem solving
      Only elementary algebra is used
      Supplementary problems at the end of each lesson to provide advanced learning
    This book is ideal for independent study as well as a text book. All major areas of elementary statistics and probability theory are covered.
    An innovative book that teaches in a tutorial manner. Acting as tutor, examples are presented, explained and solved in detail, providing the student with ample opportunity for reinforcement of the material. The book consists of 46 lessons covering descriptive statistics, set theory, probability theory and inference theory. Over 1500 examples and problems are given throughout the book in a clear and concise presentation. The book is printed double-spaced. Students have found it helpful for note taking, and their test scores show that they are indeed learning from this tutorial approach. It is recommended that the student have some knowledge of elementary algebra. Website developed by MC Communications

    138. Let's Make A Deal Math: Probability
    to win? What is the probability of winning? The purpose than others. BenchmarksGrade 6. Strand 8 Data Analysis and probability. SLC 24
    Linda D. Resch
    Task Process Resources ... Conclusion Introduction
    "Heads, you go first; tails, I do." "I need to roll a seven to win." "If I can spin and land on a green slot the jackpot is mine." How many times have you played a game and hoped to win? What is the probability of winning? The purpose of this WebQuest is to introduce you to some interesting problems and learn about probable outcomes. At the conclusion of the WebQuest you will be able to explain why some choices are better than others. Benchmarks: Grade 6 Strand 8: Data Analysis and Probability SLC 24: Make predictions of outcomes of experiments based upon theoretical probabilitities and explain actual outcomes. Strand 4: Data Analysis and Probability SLC 14: Represent and interpret the possible outcomes for a mathematical situation and calculate probabilities. Task Your task is to solve and analyze several problems about probability. After you have completed this task and understand how probability works, design a game or activity that will show others what you have learned. Your final project will include:
    • A tally sheet showing the results of coin flipping
    • A printed copy showing your results while playing one of the Monty Hall simulation games
    • An explanation about whether or not you should switch your door selection during the Monty Hall game
    • A probability game
    • Answers to the Skill Level and Concept Level questions
    Skill Level
    • What is the definition of probability?

    139. - Theme Units, Lesson Plans, Worksheets And Teacher Tools!
    Print worksheets and puzzles. Includes Basic Math, Decimals, Fractions, Percents, Ratios, Measurement, probability, Statistics, Algebra, First Grade Worksheets, and Number Puzzles.
    mathbuilder has moved to mathbuilder has moved to

    140. Quake: 2003 Earthquake Probability Study
    of research conducted since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, US Geological Survey(USGS) and other scientists conclude that there is a 62% probability of at
    Latest Quake Info General Quake Info Earthquake Research Special Features ... Search You are here: Home Earthquake Research Seismology 2003 Earthquake Probability Study
    2003 Earthquake Probability Study
    Fact Sheet
    Summary of Findings Earthquake Planning Scenario ShakeMaps Estimated Earthquake Losses for the Bay Region ... How to Prepare for Earthquakes
    Major Quake Likely to Strike San Francisco Bay Region Between 2003 and 2032
    On the basis of research conducted since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and other scientists conclude that there is a 62% probability of at least one magnitude 6.7 or greater quake, capable of causing widespread damage, striking the San Francisco Bay region before 2032. Major quakes may occur in any part of this rapidly growing region. This emphasizes the urgency for all communities in the Bay region to continue preparing for earthquakes. Fact Sheet printer friendly PDF version
    Is a Powerful Quake Likely to Strike in the Next 30 Years?

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