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         Calculus:     more books (100)
  1. Cracking the AP Calculus AB & BC Exams, 2008 Edition (College Test Prep) by David S. Kahn, 2007-12-26
  2. Calculus for Dummies by Mark Ryan, 2003-05-01
  3. Barron's AP Calculus 2008 (Barron's How to Prepare for Ap Calculus Advanced Placement Examination) by Shirley O. Hockett, David Bock, 2007-12-14
  4. Calculus (With Analytic Geometry)(8th edition) by Ron Larson, Robert P. Hostetler, et all 2005-01-11
  5. Calculus by James Stewart, 2002-12-24
  6. Calculus: Early Transcendentals (Stewart's Calculus Series) by James Stewart, 2007-06-07
  7. Calculus Made Easy by S.P. Thompson, 1999-03-22
  8. The Humongous Book of Calculus Problems: For People Who Don't Speak Math by W. Michael Kelley, 2007-01-02
  9. How to Ace Calculus: The Streetwise Guide (How to Ace) by Colin Adams, Joel Hass, et all 1998-07-15
  10. Calculus Workbook For Dummies (Dummies Series) by Mark Ryan, 2005-09-02
  11. Applied Calculus by Deborah Hughes-Hallett, Patti Frazer Lock, et all 2006-05-30
  12. Stochastic Calculus for Finance II: Continuous-Time Models (Springer Finance) by Steven E. Shreve, 2004-06-03
  13. The Complete Idiot's Guide to Calculus, 2nd Edition (Complete Idiot's Guide to) by W. Michael Kelley, 2006-06-27
  14. Schaum's Outline of Calculus (Fourth Edition) by Elliott Mendelson, Frank Ayres, 1999-06-28

161. Calculus Made Easier: A Calculus Tutorial
A tutorial covering limits, derivatives and integrals. Includes related resource links.
Calculus Made Easier
by Angela Olson
Earth Image by NASA
Math Graphics by Douglas N.Arnold at

There are two components to calculus. One is the measure the rate of change at any given point on a curve. This rate of change is called the derivative. The simplest example of a rate of change of a function is the slope of a line. We take this one step further to get the rate of change at a point on a line. The other part of calculus is used to measure the exact area under a curve. This is called the integral. If you wanted to find the area of a semicircle, you could use integration to get the answer.
The two parts; the derivative and the integral are inverse functions of each other. That is, they cancel each other out.
Just as (x =x,
the derivative of (integral (x)) = x and
derivative of (integral (f (x)) = f(x). The derivative is a composite function. This means it is a function acting on another funcion. In fact, the function, is the input instead of just x. The derivative, then takes a type of formula and turns it into another simiilar type of formula. So, a polynomial will always yield a polynomial derivative. A trigonomic function will always yield a trigonomic derivative. There are a few exceptions, but this is generally the case. This is also true for the integral. Back To Top Geometrically, the derivative can be perceived as the slope of the tangent line to a curve at a given point. This is roughly how steep the curve is at a given point. We can easily find the rate of change of a line just by finding the slope. But, most formulas are not as simple as a line and they're usually curved. We use the basic formula of a line to get the derivative. If you remember the slope of a line is:

162. Math Index
Covers derivative and integral conversions as well as calculus rules. Includes practice exercises.

163. Calculus Solutions
a collection of solutions to typical calculus problems. indexed to major textbooks. Sorry, this document can be viewed only with a frames capable browser.
Sorry, this document can be viewed only with a frames capable browser. Nonframes version:

164. Math Notes
Quick reference for basic algebra, trigonometry, geometry, calculus, and physics formulas. Includes online calculators.
Please get a browser that supports frames.

165. Pi-Calculus Links.
Picalculus Links. Pi-calculus People. Miscellaneous. The Bibliography on Mobile Processes and the pi-calculus maintained by Björn Victor and Uwe Nestmann.
Pi-Calculus Links.
Pi-Calculus People
Institutes and Groups

166. A Semantic View Of Classical Proofs. - Type-theoretic, Categorical, And Denotati
Article by C.H. Luke Ong presenting the semantics of classical proof theory from three prespectives a formulae-as-types characterisation in a variant of Parigot's lambda-mu calculus, a denotational characterisation in game semantics, and a categorical semantics as a fibred CCC.
A semantic view of classical proofs. type-theoretic, categorical, and denotational characterizations (Extended Abstract) (1996) (Make Corrections)
C.-H. L. Ong
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Abstract: Classical logic is one of the best examples of a mathematical theory that is truly useful to computer science. Hardware and software engineers apply the theory routinely. Yet from a foundational standpoint, there are aspects of classical logic that are problematic. Unlike intuitionistic logic, classical logic is often held to be non-constructive, and so, is said to admit no proof semantics. To draw an analogy in the proofsas -programs paradigm, it is as if we understand well the theory of... (Update)
Active bibliography (related documents): More All A Curry-Howard foundation for functional computation with control - Ong, Stewart (1997) (Correct) ... (Correct)

167. CyberCalc Index
QuickMath Automatic Math SolutionsQuickMath allows students to get instant solutions to all kinds of math problems, from algebra and equation solving right through to calculus and matrices.
Chapter 1: Review of Needed Topics
1.1 Graphing with Coordinates in the Plane
1.2 Slope and Line Equations
1.3 Functions and Graphs ...
3.6 Implicit Differentiation
Michele Williams, Saint Michael's College,, also T. J. Willis, Ed Bogucz,

168. Analysis 2.3
Analysis is a tool that can draw 2D and 3D graphs of functions with different characteristics. Implicit f(x,y)=g(x,y)form curves are plot in a xy plane. Free download for all Windows versions
Analysis 2.3beta2
by Davide Bucci
Analysis 2.3beta2 is the last version of a computer program to which I have worked for more than five years. Initially conceived as a simple tool for function plotting in high school, by now it has become a really powerful instrument that can be used on first and second year calculus courses at the university. The program sources can be downloaded on the web under the terms of the GNU General Public License v. 2.
Analysis is obviously more little and less powerful of a lot of terrible math program that you can find (and pay!), but it requires a fraction of the time necessary to be skilled in and it is really smart, rapid and easy to use: you can run it by a 1.44 MB diskette on old computers!
Is that the thing that is more interesting: it is really good for helping you in verifying your exercises without forcing you in using complex functions on terrible computer programs. This document is part of the official documentation and can be printed if you want to have a short resume of the principal possibilities of Analysis.
Who used a previous version of the software, will find a lot of news that would probably appreciate; there is also the possibility of choosing the language used by the program between English, French and Italian. Whoever would like to help me and translate Analysis in other languages can find me at

169. The Join-calculus Language
The Joincalculus. Go to the The JoCaml page. The join-calculus is an experimental language based on the homonymous process calculus.
Moscova Project
The Join-Calculus
Go to the The JoCaml page The join-calculus is an experimental language based on the homonymous process calculus. It provides a simple support for distributed programming. The join-calculus programming model features concurrent processes running on several machines, static type-checking, global lexical scope, transparent remote communication, agent-based mobility, and some failure-detection.
We have developped two implementations of the Join-Calculus in the Objective-CAML envirronment.
  • The join calculus language : this system contains a compiler and an interpreter written in Objective-CAML. The language is the join-calculus, with basic types, most Objective-CAML libraries as primitives (even graphical ones), and a simple interface to incorporate any other Objective-CAML module. The JoCaml system : This system is based on the standard Objective-CAML distribution, completed with a "join-calculus" library. The language is Objective-CAML syntactically extended with join-calculus definitions and locations. The system can not only run any Objective-Caml program (after recompilation), but integrate all powerful join-calculus constructs (concurrency, synchronization, distribution and mobiles agents).
Related Papers on the WEB

170. Multivariable Calculus
Pic 20. Java Applets. calculus. 131A Problems. Exam 1, Math 31A, Oct 24, 2002. Sample Final 31A. Questions or comments? Send them to
Pic 20
Java Applets Calculus 131A Problems Exam 1, Math 31A, Oct 24, 2002 Sample Final 31A
Questions or comments? Send them to

171. Webmath |
Offers interactive homework help in prealgebra, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, calculus, statistics, and real world math. From
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172. Charles Stewart
Technische Universit¤t Berlin, Theory and Formal Specifications group Proof theoretic semantics, lambda calculus, linear logic, theoretical computer science, philosophy of language.
Charles Alexander Stewart
Personal Information
I am a postdoctoral researcher in theoretical computer science associated with the Institute of Artifical Intelligence at Technische Universitaet Dresden. In the past, I have been associated with the Theory and Formal Specifications group of Technische Universitaet Berlin, the Linear Naming and Computation section of the Church Project at Boston University, the Department of Computer Science at Brandeis University, and the Foundations of Computation section of the Programming Research Group at Oxford University.
Research Interests
My research interests include:
  • Structural proof theory:
    • Deep inference and the Calculus of structures;
    • Natural deduction, sequent calculus, and applications to programming language design and implementation;
    • Modal logic and display logic;
  • Programming language theory:
    • Optimal reductions in the lambda calculus;
    • Linear naming and graph reduction, interaction nets;
    • Continuations in theory and practice;
    • Relationships between functional and logic programming;
  • Graph transformation:
    • Graph transformation and the design of distributed algorithms;

173. Inductive Theorem Prover INKA 4.0
Firstorder theorem prover with induction based on the explicit induction paradigm. It is based on a full first-order calculus, a special variant of the resolution calculus with paramodulation.
The Inductive Theorem Prover INKA, Version 4.0
Visit also the description of the new INKA 5.0 system
The INKA-system 4.0 is a first-order theorem prover with induction which is based on the explicit induction paradigm. It is based on a full first-order calculus (a special variant of the resolution calculus with paramodulation)
Main Features:
  • The system possesses a powerful predicate-logic prover component which (as already mentioned) is based on an order- sorted variant of a resolution calculus with paramodulation. A variety of definition principles are offered to define data types (with free constructors as well as with non-free constructors), functions and predicates. For functions and predicates additional definition principles are offered for algorithmic specifications. A built-in recursion analysis ensures the termination of the above mentioned algorithms. The encoded well-founded order relation can then be used to formulate the induction axioms. Sophisticated heuristics based on the notions of rippling and of colouring formulas are used to guide the proof search by proof plans. In either way, if the proof search succeeds or if the proof search fails, the user is offered a (graphical) representation of the proof attempt. The user can interact with the system by giving the system some advice for filling the gap in the proof sketch.

174. AP Central - Welcome To AP Central
help, search, shop, news, home, AP Central is the official online home for anyone interested in or involved with the PreAP or AP Programs®.
General information about the AP Program is available from this page. To access the most up-to-date and comprehensive information on AP courses and exams, as well as unique resources and tools, register now Announcing AP Italian
The College Board recently announced that AP Italian will be offered in 2005-06.
AP Update

Find the latest information about the AP Program, courses, and exams.
CB Fellows and Pre-AP Fellows

Apply now to attend an AP Summer Institute as a Fellow in 2004.
2004 AP National Conference

Save the date for the 2004 AP National Conference in Florida.
Use of the "AP" Designation

Read Lee Jones' letter to AP professionals with detailed information about which courses can be designated as "AP."
Members have access to: Personalized Content Delivery AP Course Descriptions Free-Response Questions Reviews of Classroom Resources ... Features and News Stories Click the links above to see samples, then click here to register. It's free and easy! AP For Students and Parents College Board Store Electronic Discussion Groups About Us ... Site Terms and Conditions and Contact us MY AP CENTRAL Personal Profile THE COURSES ... Exam Tips

175. Information Of Products
Information of Products.
Information of Products
Information of Products

176. Limits
Limits. Derivatives. Integrals.

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