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         Water Systems & Oceans Geography:     more detail
  1. Living Geography: Explore the World's Oceans, Rivers, Weather and Maps Through Exciting Activities and Experiments (Geography)

1. Internet Resources For Physical Geography
Internet Resources for Physical geography. Last updated understanding of karst water systems through sound scientific research to the atmosphere, land and oceans. NASA Subject Index
Internet Resources for Physical Geography
Last updated September 7, 2001
Choose one of the topics listed below:
Biogeography and Ecology

2. Earth's Water
The water features of the earth's surface. oceans An Introduction - from Earth's water - Games - over 50 games and quizzes from geography River systems of the World
Earth's Water
About Earth - lots of facts from PlanetPals
All About Oceans and Seas
- great stuff from
American Oceans Campaign
- Issues
American Rivers
- The nation's most endangered rivers of 2003
Aquatic Network
- news, events, resources and more
Chesapeake Bay Program
- America's Premier Watershed Restoration Partnership
Clickable Map of World
- for Space Photos
Corals and Coral Reefs
- lots of information from SeaWorld
Earth and Moon Viewer
- view from many different angles and positions
earth fast facts
- lots of facts from PlanetPals
Earth Pictures and Radar Images from Space
- from NASA. See any area, even oceans EARTHFORCE - Volcanoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, avalanches Earth's Oceans - An Introduction - from Earth's Water - Games - over 50 games and quizzes from Geography World Explore the Ocean - ocean and animal facts, endangered animals, sea world, and more Floods - 7 categories of info from the USGS GeoTopics - Rivers - from Internet Geography Get to Know Our Ocean Planet - ocean topography and more from NASA satellite GOES Hot Stuff - satellite photos and movies of places and events 1994-1998 Highest Waterfalls of the World - ranked by height from FactMonster How Much of Your State is Wet?

3. Hydrosphere Rivers, Groundwater, Oceans/Coasts, Aquatic Ecology -
ESS 205. Earth systems and Global Change. ESS 301 oceans and Seas Oceanography/geography water Resources/water Quality/Issues

4. EPA > Water > Wetlands, Oceans, & Watersheds > Oceans, Coasts, & Estuaries > Inv
Environmental Protection Agency's oceans, Coasts, and Estuaries. map of the US showing the expanding geography of the zebra mussel invasion. agenda include ballast water and antifouling systems. The Office of Wetlands, oceans and watersheds (OWOW

Contact Us
Print Version Search: EPA Home Water Partnerships Habitat Protection ...
for Children, Students and Teachers
Invasive Species
Zebra Mussel
Sea Lamprey Animated map of the US showing the expanding geography of the zebra mussel invasion. What's New
  • U.S. Coast Guard to hold ballast water discharge public meetings around the country (August 25, 2003) EPA and USCG sign Memorandum of Understanding
    On August 21, 2003, EPA Assistant Administrator for Water Tracy Mehan and Rear Admiral Thomas Gilmour, United States Coast Guard (USCG), signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) identifying EPA as a cooperating agency in the development of the Environmental Impact Statement for the Coast Guard's ballast water discharge standard rule. In signing the MOU, Tracy Mehan emphasized the serious environmental and economic consequences of aquatic invasive species and pledged EPA support to assist the Coast Guard in development of the regulations. This MOU complements other activities in which the two agencies currently work together, with other federal agencies, to address invasive species introduced via ships into U.S. waters. These areas include evaluation of potential ballast water treatment technologies, and development of an international convention to address ballast water. A copy of the MOU can be viewed at

5. Geography
geography. Environment. Exploration. Gazetteers. Geographic Information systems oceans. Remote Sensing. Rivers Streams. Surveying. Temperature. Tides. Travel. Tsunamis. Volcanoes. water
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... Advanced Search
General Resources See also names of specific places, such as Galapagos Islands
or the main Science page.

6. ED381480 1995-03-00 The National Geography Content Standards. ERIC Digest.
geography for Life National geography Standards 1994" is a major the hydrosphere (oceans, water cycle), and biosphere (ecosystems, vegetation) are the physical systems that shape
ERIC Identifier:
Publication Date:
Stoltman, Joseph P.
Source: ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education Bloomington IN.
The National Geography Content Standards. ERIC Digest.
THIS DIGEST WAS CREATED BY ERIC, THE EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES INFORMATION CENTER. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ERIC, CONTACT ACCESS ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards 1994" is a major contribution to social studies and geographical education. It specifies what students in American schools should learn and be able to do with regard to geography. There are six essential elements of geography into which 18 standards are grouped. ELEMENT 1: THE WORLD IN SPATIAL TERMS Maps, photographs, and satellite images are principal tools for investigating the relationships between people, places, and environments. When information is shown using those tools, it is in a spatial context. The spatial context for geography is the Earth. The geographically informed person knows and understands: (Standard 1) How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective. (Standard 2) How to use mental maps to organize information about people, places, and environments in a spatial context. (Standard 3) How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface.

7. National Geographic Geography Awareness Week
Visit a page highlighting the sponsors and partners for geography Action! Habitats Home Sweet Home, and those who helped build the site. Forests. Fresh water. oceans and Coasts. Prairies geography Awareness Week. In 1987, U.S. President Ronald Reagan Geographic Information systems (GIS) Day. In this grassroots
Home Site Index Customer Service Shop MAGAZINES: National Traveler Adventure NG Kids NG Explorer TV AND FILM: Channel (U.S.) Channel (Intl) Explorer GUIDES: Adventure and Animals and History and Maps and News Photography Travel For Kids For Students For Teachers Complete Site Complete Site Index Subscribe Shop Habitats Home Habitats Introduction Cities and Suburbs Deserts and Tundra Forests ... Prairies
More on Habitats Explore Your Habitat Games and Activities Photo Galleries Tell Us! ... Geography Action!
Geography Awareness Week
In 1987, U.S. President Ronald Reagan signed legislation establishing the third week in November as Geography Awareness Week (GAW). Every year since then, the National Geographic Society has promoted the importance of geography to the public and to schools throughout the United States and in Canada during Geography Awareness Week. During that time approximately 1.5 million students have participated in geography-related activities.
Geography Awareness Week 2003 is November 16-22.
Here are ways to take part:
Kids Take Action!

Be a Habitat Hero! Complete one of the Kids Take Action! conservation activities and take the Be a Habitat Hero Pledge.
Professional Development for Educators

Want to get more involved? Get in touch with the Geography Alliance in your state for teacher workshops and other professional-development activities, as well as Geography Awareness Week activities.

8. Geographic Information Systems Geographic Information Systems...
you to draw conclusions about the oceans environmental sensitivity. To avoid pulling water from these streams into the only one of many sensor systems used for
Home Donate Search Links document.write("Contact"); Geographic Information Systems Geographic information systems... Geographic Information Systems Geographic information systems (GIS) technology can be used for scientific investigations, resource management, and development planning. For example, a Electronic scanning devices will also convert map lines and points to digits. A High Resolution Radiometer or AVHRR produces the satellite sensor output used to generate the vegetation graphic. This sensor system detects the amounts of energy reflected from the Earth's surface across various bands of the spectrum for surface areas of about 1 square kilometer. The satellite sensor produces images of a particular location on the Earth twice a day. AVHRR is only one of many sensor systems used for Earth surface analysis. More sensors will follow, generating greater amounts of data. With this type of technology, scientist not only have the resources to help preserve our earth, they also have the proof of destruction at a global scale derived from GIS. Bibliography Magazine: GIS World October 98, February 99 Internet:

9. Canadian Geographic Magazine: Maps, Travel, Photography, Geography Contests, And
the Earth s systems, going from one reservoir to another in complex cycles. The whole process works only because more water evaporates from the oceans than

In this issue



On the

Online exclusives

Shapes of

I T IS EASY tland, but eventually, it seeps away and becomes a creek and, joined by others, a stream, a lake and then ... well, you know the rest. It may be dammed and used and reused and diverted for a variety of purposes, but in the end, it fetches up in the sea, where it lives for a while. The hydrological cycle is the way water circulates through the Earth's systems, going from one "reservoir" to another in complex cycles. The whole process works only because more water evaporates from the oceans than returns to it directly, the balance falling on land as rain or snow. This imbalance is what makes our lives possible, for when the rain falls, it falls as freshwater. The interconnectedness of the hydrological cycle is not something that the editorialists of The Globe and Mail or the National Post like to contemplate, imprisoned as they are in their touching but essentially naive faith in the endless efficacy of market capitalism; to them, water is just another commodity that can be owned, sold and disposed of by anyone. But the reality is that water is different. It might rise on your property, but it is not yours - it is just passing through. You can use it and abuse it, but it is not "property." It is a basic part of our life-support system. I grew up in the arid centre of the South African plains. It seldom rained there (though when it did, the clouds burst), and for most of the year, the rivers were dry, dusty places where thorn bushes grew and weaver birds made their nests. And then I came to Canada, where there seemed to be water ... everywhere.

10. 1(b). Elements Of Geography
Atmosphere. Political systems. Rivers and Other water Bodies. Social Traditions. Human Migration. Climate and Weather. Agricultural systems. oceans. Urban systems.
GLOSSARY ... ABOUT CHAPTER 1: Introduction to Physical Geography (b). Elements of Geography In the previous section, we discovered that Geography consists of at least two different sub-fields of knowledge with similar methodology: Physical Geography and Human Geography . The following table also helps to make the differences between these two types of Geography more apparent. This table describes some of the phenomena or elements studied by each of these sub-fields of knowledge. Knowing what kinds of things are studied by Geographers provides us with a better understanding of the differences between Physical and Human Geography. Table 1b-1 Some of the phenomena studied in Physical and Human Geography. Physical Geography Human Geography Rocks and Minerals Population Landforms Settlements Soils Economic Activities Animals Transportation Plants Recreational Activities Water Religion Atmosphere Political Systems Rivers and Other Water Bodies Social Traditions Environment Human Migration

11. Section 4 Lecture 5
GeogCal interactive computer learning package on Catchment systems. In what ways can water be temporarily stored land surface before returning to the oceans? files/sect4
This lecture provides an introduction to the hydrological system. The lecture outlines the hydrological cycle, its various pathways and mechanisms and its importance to geomorphological systems. Hydrological Cycle; Infiltration;Throughflow; Percolation; Groundwater; Hortonian; Saturation
Global Hydrological Cycle

In depth examination by Eugene S. Tackle
Hydrological Cycle

Simple, interactive resource. Nice definitions. From Purdue University
Hydrological Cycle

More polished than above. Interactive resource a bit of fun.
The Hydrological Cycle

Excellent short essay from UNESCO.
Water day 2000

Stimulating site by Unesco Hydrological Cycle Issues and concerns, by Phillip M. Ball Global Water Cycle Well illustrated, annoying site. ('Cos of adverts. Try it for a while). Hydrological Cycle Learning module College of Alamada. A good site. Glossary This week's topic will explore the nature of the hydrological cycle, describe the nature of aquatic pathways on the surface of the Earth and how those pathways are formed. The lecture will also explore the influence of earth urface characteristics upon pathways adn illustrate the importance of the hydrological cycle and associated phenomena within global geomorphology. The lecture will therefore cover the following topics:

12. David Powell JACHS Earth Science/Geography
soil,Soil loss,Gravity,Running water,erosion Glaciers,wind water on Earth,river systems. 912, AIR WEATHER AND CLIMATE OCEAN water,EXPLORING oceans.
David Powell
Earth Science/Geography
Period Class Time st Earth Science nd Earth Science rd Earth Science th Geography th Planning th Earth Science
Course Syllabus
Chapter Topic Core Content Academic Expectations Time/Weeks THE NATURE OF SCIENCE MATTER AND IT'S CHANGES
What is earth Science and Technology Solving Problems Measurement and Salty Atoms. Combinaton of atoms,Matter,Supercondors.
Minerals Identication of Minerals Uses of Minerals Asbestos Removal. The Rock Cycle,Igneous Metamorphic. Sedimentary. Eqvironmental Effects of Coal Mines WETHERING AND SOIL EROSION AND DEPOSITION
Weathering soil,Soil loss,Gravity,Running Water,erosion Glaciers,wind water on Earth,river Systems. the action of Groundwater,Water Wars,Landforms,Viewpoints,maps,Secret Maps. PLATE TECTONIC-EARTHQUAKES-VOLCANOES
Structure of Earth Science and New Ideas. Evidence for Continental Drit. Theory of Plate Tectonics,Earthquakes and Plate Tectonics.Earthquake Information. Destruction by Earthquakes.Living on a Faul,Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics Geothermal Energy. Eruptions and Types of Volcanoes Volcanic Features. ENERGY-YOU AND THE ENVIROMENT-YOU AIR AND WATER. Nonrenewable Energy Sources Reneable Energy Sources Nuclear Energy Population Impact on the Environment. Using the Land Recycing Air Pollution Acid Rain Water Pollution.

13. Puerto Rico Geography
Rico offers astonishing variety rain forest, deserts, beaches, caves, oceans and rivers. the east are the rivers basins which form the water systems and these
The island of Puerto Rico is almost rectangular in shape, and is the smallest and the most eastern island of the Greater Antilles . Its coasts measures approximately 580 km, and if the adjacent islands Vieques and Culebra are included the coast measures approximately 700 km. To the north and south seas capes measure 8.525 m for the Grave of Puerto Rico and 5.000 m for the Grave of Tanner. In addition to the principal island, the Commonwealth includes: Vieques, Culebra, Culebrita, Palomino (known by some by the Spanish Virgin Islands), Mona, Monito and various others isolated islands. Deep oceans waters fringe Puerto Rico. The Mona Passage, which separates the island from Hispaniola to the west, is about 75 miles (120 km) wide and more that 3,300 feet (1,000 meters) deep. Off the northern coast is the 28,000 feet (8,500 meters) deep Puerto Rico Trench, and to the south the sea bottom descends to the 16,400 feet (5,000 meters) deep Venezuelan Basin of the Caribbean. Ecology:
The territory is very mountainous (cover 60%), except in the regional coasts, but Puerto Rico offers astonishing variety: rain

14. Geography 40: Global Environmental Change
Some short clips of these systems In addition to Most importantly, water in form of vapor and clouds. Global Hydrologic Cycle oceans cover 70% of Earth surface
Geography 40
Global Environmental Change
Fall 2002
Return to Geography 40 Course Page Jump to Lecture 7 Jump to Lecture 8 Lec. 6: Atmospheric Circulation System
Reading: finish chap. 3, skip urban heat island section (last) and focus box.
Ch. 4,
Latitudinal differences in Energy: The tropics receive a surplus of radiant energy and the poles run a deficit.
Movement of Air:
Buoyancy is the tendency of an object to float in a fluid and is controlled by differences in density between the fluid and the object.
Density is the mass of a substance within a unit volume (the greater the mass, then, the greater the density).
Horizontal movements of air result from essentially a vacuum left behind when a heated parcel rises, so that surrounding, denser air, flows in to replace that which rose.
Convection and subsidence. DRIVING FORCE: GLOBAL ENERGY DISTRIBUTION Convergence: rising: The converging air masses meeting at the tropics make up the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ).

15. Geography 40: Global Environmental Change
there is o inadequate supply of water (interior of ward of the midlatitude low pressure systems, because they OCEAN CIRCULATION Movement of the oceans is tied
Geography 40
Global Environmental Change
Fall 2002
Return to Geography 40 Course Page Jump to Lecture 10
Jump to Lecture 11

Relative Humidity.
Relative actual water vapor content of the air
Humidity max. water vapor capacity of the air
Bringing vapor pressure to saturation point:
o Evaporation increases as unsaturated air moves over lakes or the ocean
o And temperatures can decrease as air moves over cooler surfaces.
o Uplift - any process by which air is raised to a higher altitude. We can appreciate where precipitation is distributed around the g lobe, therefore, by understanding that most ppt occurs as air cools when it is forced to rise. Uplift can result from 3 processes, o mixing of air masses of different densities (as along the polar front o convection o Orographic movement of air up and over mountains Deserts occur where there is o inadequate supply of water (interior of large land masses)

16. What Is Physical Geography? Earth As A Celestial Body
weather is studied by meteorology, oceans and rivers knowledge about the internal works of Earth systems. hydrology describes in detail how water flows through
What is Physical Geography?
Earth as a Celestial Body What is Physical Geography?
1. Fundamental questions of physical geography

2. The 4 spheres of the Earth
Earth as a Celestial Body ...
4. Time on the globe
What is Physical Geography? 1. Fundamental questions of physical geography So, what is Physical/Environmental Geography about? If you think about the world we live in (the material aspect of the world, to be specific), you'll probably agree that it may be roughly divided into (1) things of natural origin, and (2) things of cultural origin, i.e. created by people. Natural things are also called physical (in the broad sense, meaning non-human) or environmental. One way to answer the question above physical geography is about the physical elements of our world: landforms, soils, rivers, air masses, ecosystems, and so on. The problem with this definition is that every major environmental phenomenon is also studied by its own respective branch of science. Indeed, as the table below shows, landforms are the subject of geomorphology, weather is studied by meteorology, oceans and rivers - by hydrology, etc. Physical Elements of the Environment Science Rocks Geology Landforms Geomorphology Soils Pedology Flora, Fauna

17. EOLSS - Natural Resource System Challenge: Oceans And Aquatic Ecosystems - Relat
Dondeyne, Institute for Land and water Management, Catholic Other Land Evaluation systems. Foundation Flanders Belgium and geography Department, University of Home Search Contact Us
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Kit for Editors
Join Our Mailing List Land Cover and Land Use Edited by : Willy H. Verheye National Science Foundation Flanders- Belgium and Geography Department, University of Gent, Belgium 1. Land Cover, Land Use and Global Change Willy H. Verheye, National Science Foundation Flanders- Belgium and Geography Department, University of Gent, Belgium Land Use, Land Cover Including their Classification Christophe Duhamel, Landsis g.e.i.e., Luxemburg Land Cover and Land Use Mapping Gerd Eiden, LANDSIS g.e.i.e., Luxemburg Factors Influencing Land Use and Land Cover Change Helen Briassoulis, Department of Geography, University of the Aegean, Greece Land Use Changes During the Past 300 Years Kees Klein Goldewijk, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Department for Environmental Information Systems (CIM), The Netherlands Navin Ramankutty, Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment (SAGE), Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, USA

18. 11.Geography / Environment Of The Oceans
Hydrothermal activities in the Indian Ocean; Some apparent paradoxically it is liquid water which drives ecosystem processes in these desert systems.

19. Earth Science/Physical Geography Links
Service NatureNet (Air, Geology, water, Wildlife, Plants USDA Forest Service Data and Information systems. planet s Atmosphere, Land and oceans Geology Hotlist
last modified 25 March 2004 GENERAL NEWS OF THE EARTH:
Earthweek - updated each week

Earth Watch recent stories

Weather Digest from USA Today

World Weather News
Asian Dust Clouds - more
Utah's Earthquake Threat - U of U

Earthquakes Maps of Utah - U of U
Seismo-Watch Earthquakes in Southern California ... USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory UTAH WEATHER/CLIMATE and OTHER STUFF: Tornadoes and Waterspouts in Utah Utah Tornado and Waterspout Photos Aug. 1999 Tornado in SLC Floods and Flash Floods in Utah ... Utah Geological Survey - Notes OTHER METEOROLOGY/WEATHER LINKS David James' Weather Links Online Weather Almanac from USA Today World Weather Extremes United States Severe Storm Events ... Floods from American Red Cross ENVIRONMENT/RESOURCES: Great Salt Lake, Utah (from USGS) Wind Energy Hotlist Water Resources of the U.S. (from USGS) Water Education Posters (from USGS) ... USDA Forest Service Data and Information Systems OTHER EARTH/PHYSICAL SCIENCE: Movies, Images, etc. of our planet's Atmosphere, Land and Oceans

20. Search Results
Ontario. by Ylvisaker, Anne. Land and water systems have a oceans with Puzzle Compare. The oceans with Puzzle. rivers play in the history, geography, culture, and

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