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as embodied in the spiritual traditions of indigenous peoples, whose ecological metaphors of the sacred are with the Venda Princesses at Domba in South africa. rendille specialist.
A film by David Cherniack Productions in association with Global Vision Corporation and Mystic Fire Video
INTRODUCTION Fire on the Mountain: A Gathering of Shamans is a documentary about the connection between consciouness and nature, as embodied in the spiritual traditions of Indigenous Peoples, whose ecological metaphors of the sacred are so relevant to the modern world. We shot the project in 1997 at an historic 10-day gathering of shamans from five continents, who travelled to Karma Ling , a Tibetan Buddhist retreat centre in the Val Saint Hugon in Savoy, in the French Alps, to discuss their concerns with H.H. the Dalai Lama and high-level representatives of the world's religions. This documentary embodies the wish of these Indigenous People - all traditional wisdom-keepers, shamans and medicine-women - who requested us to communicate their message to the world. The film was co-executive produced by Michael O'Callaghan , President of Global Vision Corporation in London, and Sheldon Rochlin, President of Mystic Fire Video in New York. It was produced and directed by the award-winning filmmaker

2. Kenya And Africa Links - Traditional Music & Cultures Of Kenya
Kuria, Maasai, Makonde, Meru, rendille, Taita, and Turkana. information on various "untouched" peoples of africa. moonweb/Santeria/TOC.html. Science indigenous Knowledge (superb
Kenya and Africa Links
Kenya links:
Portals and link sites

News and current affairs


Artists and galleries

Africa links:
News and current affairs


Music (general sites)
Museums ... Miscellaneous This page is part of Jens Finke's Traditional Music and Cultures of Kenya . If you can't see a map on the left of the screen, click here to access the rest of the site.
Kenya links: portals and link sites
BellaOnline Huge and informative portal covering the whole world. The Kenyan sections are excellent and include many well chosen outside links. Columbia University Small selections of categorised sites, including politics, development, human rights, history, education and culture. D. Formenti Huge collection of links to both Africa and Kenya, including - to its credit - some pretty obscure ones, as well as individual pages from online journals. Index on Africa Small but growing catagorized collection of good quality Kenyan links.

3. LTC Library Acquisitions - January-March 2001 - Articles, Africa And The Middle
development assistance to indigenous peoples a case study in amoung rendille of northern Kenya ." (In The poor are not us poverty pastoralism in Eastern africa. Oxford
Anderson, David M.
"Rehabilitation, resettlement & restocking ideology & practice in pastoralist development." (In: Oxford ; Nairobi ; Athens : J. Curry : E.A.E.P. : Ohio University Press, 1999, p. 240-256)
Memorial Library: GN658 P66 1999 Arnfred, Signe.
"Rethinking law in a gender perspective." (In: A Place to live : gender research on housing in Africa. Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 1996, p. 32-46)
Memorial Library: HD7288.76 A35 P58 1996 Beck, T., and C. Nesmith.
"Building on poor people's capacities : the case of common property resources in India and West Africa." (In: World development, 29:1, 2001, p. 119-134)
Memorial Library: AP W926 D511
Also available on the Internet to UW WiscWorld Users:
Biru, Urgessa.
"Land tenure regimes in suh-Saharan Africa." (In: Issues and responses : land use planning in eastern and southern Africa.

4. IPACC - Regional Information: East Africa
Groups claiming indigenous identity include huntinggathering and fishing peoples, including the include Maasai, Samburu, rendille, Pokot and Borana.

5. Africa Book Centre Ltd Photography
are the Maasai, The Samburu, the rendille, the Pokot, the peoples OF THE SOUTH A Visual Celebration of South africa s indigenous Cultures Glossy
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document.write(getCartItem(3)); document.write(getCartItem(1)); Quick search Online Catalogue Photography

2004 Hardback
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1990 Hardback
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2002 Hardback with CD
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2002 Hardback Our Price: FARM 2002 Hardback Our Price: 2001 paperback Our Price: THE HOTAZEL YEARS 2002 Hardback Our Price: 2003 Paperback Our Price: LIVING TRIBES 2003 Hardback Our Price: 2003 Hardback Our Price: 2001 hardback Our Price: 2002 Hardback Our Price: THE SOUL THINKS IN IMAGES 2002 Hardback Our Price: SPIRIT OF THE BUSH 2000 Hardback Our Price: SURVIVING THE LENS 2001 Hardback Our Price: TIME ZERO GROUND ZERO 2002 Hardback Our Price: 2002 Hardback Our Price: 2001 hardback Our Price: 2002 Paperback Our Price: Online Catalogue Photography

6. National Geographic News: People & Culture
as members of the seminomadic rendille tribe in of San, among the last of africa s most ancient International, a British-based indigenous peoples rights group
Sign up for our free e-mail newsletter Also see: Today's Top Stories
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More News

Kids News

The Environment


National Geographic Channel

Special Series
Emerging Explorers


National Geographic Out There
Oceans ... Anthropologist on Living With a Remote Amazon Tribe The modern world is closing in fast on the indigenous peoples of the Amazon. Flora Lu Holt has spent more than ten years studying an ancient and remote tribe in Ecuador. She talks about their challenges and her experience living with them on Inside Base Camp With Tom Foreman GO First Teams Summit as Everest Season Begins Seven mountaineers reached the pinnacle of Mount Everest today, the first to summit the world's highest mountain this climbing season. The summit followed days of severe winds that hindered the effort. GO Washington State Eighth Grader Wins National Geographic Bee James Williams, a homeschooled 14-year-old 8th grader from Vancouver, Washington, won the 2003 National Geographic Bee today. Nearly five million students from more than 15,000 schools across the United States participated in the competition. James wins a $25,000 scholarship and lifetime membership in the National Geographic Society. Full Story and Photo Gallery.

7. Information On Kenya - Africa On Fire
Information about Kenya and africa On Fire Missions programs in Kenya and africa. Garreh 50 000; rendille 36 000. Khoisan 0.3%. 12 peoples. Asian 0.63%. Mainly Growth 7.5%. indigenous Marginal 11%. Affil 10.08%. Growth 4.3%. RETURN TO AOF HOME//africa INFO//TOP
Return or Go TO:
AOF Home Page

Kenya Programs

How to Partner

AOF Missions Inc.

PO Box 716
Midway, GA USA 31320
Ministry Report:
T ourist publications describe Kenya's beauty in glowing terms that the skeptic could naturally suspect. In this case, though, they tell the truth, maybe even under estimate a bit. From stars that hang like small moons, to lakes pink with flamingos; from the Obedears Mountains to the valleys where elephants, ibis, and wild antelope play, to the view from the mountains around the Rift Valley; Kenya took our breath away. Kenya is a land of contrasts, both in geography and population. Her topography includes stark desert in the north, lush farmland in the central and western regions, thick forest in the mountains. And among its people, though some have attained and are attaining wealth, most Kenyans still live in great poverty. But as our team traveled through this nation, the thing that struck us most is that Kenya is facing a crucial hour. For 34 years since her independence, God has kept Kenya politically safe from the turmoil that has swirled around her. God has blessed her with stability and with a government that has been friendly to the Church. You may have heard of some turmoil arising as scheduled elections once again draw near. Yet we were constrained by the Holy Spirit that Kenya's future does not rest in the hands of her political leaders, it rests with the Church.

8. Untitled Document
his journey in India; South africa is his with the conservative strategies of the rendille and Gabra are the ones where today s indigenous peoples were confined
Paul Goldsmith This is the journal of the journeys of a Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) team studying natural resource management in Marsabit District. Our missionto assess environmental degradation, and how sedentarisation may be contributing to desertification around settlements and on the range. As we zoom across the flat hardpan of the Chalbi desert, the sun is spreading its soft, brilliant blanket over the silhouette of Mt. Kulal. We pass small Rendille camels from the fora satellite camps, grazing in the twilight, unfazed by our speed. We are in no hurry, and on a twilight break we inspect the Chalbi's crusty, salt-impregnated surface. When precipitation exceeds evaporation, insoluble minerals and salts are leached out of the soil. Eons of rainfall have concentrated soda in the wind-scoured floor of this former inland sea. Once upon a time, this was a very lush land. It is early June, 2000. Kenya is hurtling toward a massive combined crisis of power shortfalls, water rationing, and shrinking informal sector employment. The drought-crippled economy is fueling new and unique expressions of social tension: rioting school children in Nairobi capture a Tusker beer truck, and drink it dry.

9. Untitled Document
These peoples are bounded in the north by desert and Spencer contends that there existed an indigenous concept of the case study of the rendille by Fratkin
Contemporary Perspectives on East African Pastoralism
The Pastoral Continuum: The Marginalization of Tradition in East Africa . Paul Spencer. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2000. Pp. 302. The recent severe drought in northern Kenya dramatically illustrates the need to broaden our understanding about African pastoralism. According to the United Nations World Food Program, nearly thirty-five percent of children under five are suffering from malnutrition in the region. The food aid agency describes Wajir District as virtually without cattle, and other sources have put the loss of cattle in the north as high as seventy percent. As donor agencies consider what they can do to alleviate the hunger and suffering of the millions affected by the catastrophe, they would do well to consult the two volumes discussed here. Spencer's impressive monograph is the product of more than forty years work by one of the doyens of British anthropology and The Poor are Not Us represents the discerning contributions of leading scholars in Europe and the United States ably integrated by its two editors. Both books speak to the related issues of poverty and development.

10. World Food Habits Bibliography: Africa
dietary change; nomads; East africa; Kenya; Ariaal; rendille. Middle Eastern Food and Dietary Change of indigenous peoples. 12(3)3449. africa; Middle East
FOOD AND CULTURE Africa Aborampah O. 1985. Determinants of Breast-feeding and Post-partum Sexual Abstinence: Analysis of a Sample of Yoruba Women, Western Nigeria. Journal of Biosocial Science . 17:461-9. [infant feeding; Africa] Aboud FE; Alemu T. 1995. Nutrition, Maternal Responsiveness and Mental Development of Ethopian Children. Social Science and Medicine [child nutrition; Africa] Acho-Chi C. 2002. The Mobile Street Food Service Practice in the Urban Economy of Kumba, Cameroon. Singpore Journal of Tropical Geography . 23(2):131-48. [food distribution; Africa] Almedom AM. 1991. Infant Feeding in Urban Low-income Households in Ethiopia. Ecology of Food and Nutrition . 25:97-109. [infant nutrition; Africa] Anigbo OA. 1987. Commensality and Human Relationship among the Igbo. University of Nigeria Press. [social relations; African; Nigeria; Igbo] Aunger R. 1994. Sources of Variation in Ethnographic Interview Data: Food Avoidances in the Ituri Forest. Ethnology . 33(1):65-99. [food proscriptions; Africa; Zaire] Aunger R. 1994. Are Food Avoidances Maladaptive in the Ituri Forest of Zaire?

11. World Food Habits Bibliography: Food Habit Change
change; nomads; East africa; Kenya; Ariaal; rendille. and Traditional Food Systems of indigenous peoples. 16 acculturation and change; indigenous food systems
FOOD AND CULTURE Food Habit Change, Acculturation, Urbanization Abada TSJ; Trovato F; Lalu N. 2001. Determinants of Breastfeeding in the Philippines: A Survival Analysis. Social Science and Medicine. 52:71-81. [breastfeeding; social change; economy; East Asia] Amorozo CD. 1984. The Effect of Income and Length of Urban Residence on Food Patterns, Food Intake and Nutrient Adequacy. Ecology of Food and Nutrition. 14:307-23. [food habit change; urbanization; poverty; South America; Brazil; Amazonia] Appadurai A. 1988. Cookbooks and Cultural Change: The Indian Case. Comparative Studies in Society and History. 30:3-24. [change; globalization; South Asia; India] Barsh R. 1999. Chronic Health Effects of Dispossession and Dietary Change: Lesson From North American Hunter-gatherers. Medical Anthropology. 18(2):135 [dietary change; nutrition and health; North American Indians] Bennett J. 1943. Food and Culture in Southern Illinoisa Preliminary Report. American Sociological Review. 7:645-60. [ethnic and regional foodways; dietary patterns; food habit change; North America; United States; American South; German tradition] Bentley M; Pelto G. 1991. The Household Production of Nutrition. Social Science and Medicine. 33:1101-2. [change; household; child nutrition; Africa; Nigeria]

12. Environmental Anthro--Faculty
(2000) Female Circumcision in africa Culture, Controversy and planning amng the rendille of northern Contested Arctic indigenous peoples, Nation States,
Core Faculty Students in the EA program must have supervisory committees chaired by a member of the core faculty in EA. These faculty are all members of the graduate faculty in Anthropology, and include the following (listed in alphabetical order): Donald K. Grayson (PhD 1973, U of Oregon) email: Research interests: Human paleoecology , environmental change, biogeography, western North America and western European Paleolithic. "My interests focus on the interrelationships between environmental change and human uses of those environments in the past. I am currently conducting research in both the Great Basin of the western United States and in France . In the Basin I am studying deep, stratified sequences of small mammals from Homestead Cave Utah , in order to address issues concerning both mammalian biogeographic history and the nature of Great Basin environments during the past 12,000 years. In France , I am analyzing a series of Middle and Upper Paleolithic faunas from cave sites in order to better understand relationships between climatic change and human foraging strategies through time." Selected Publications:
  • The Archaeological Record of Human Impacts on Animal Populations.

13. Biocultural Anthro - Faculty
members of the formerly nomadic rendille tribe. eds.) Female Circumcision in africa Culture, Change Contested Arctic indigenous peoples, Nation States,
Biocultural Faculty Gerald G. Eck (PhD 1977, UCal Berkeley) email: Research interests: Physical anthropology, paleontology, primatology, methodology; Africa. "Presently, I work in the Hadar Formation as a member of a team organized by the Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University. As one of the project's senior paleontologists, I lead the general paleontological surface survey. The aims of this survey are to document in which sediments and geographical locations fossils occur and to recover those of scientific importance. My crew and I now work in sediments generally geologically younger than those explored during the 1970s. In the Department of Anthropology, I serve as Coordinator of the Biocultural Anthropology Program." Selected Publications:
  • Bobe, R. and G. G. Eck 2001 Patterns of abundance and diversity in Pliocene Bovidae from the Shungura Formation, lower Omo Valley, Ethiopia. Paleobiology
  • Kramer, P. A., and G. G. Eck 2000 Locomotor energetics and leg length in hominid bipedality.

14. Maasai History - Traditional Music & Cultures Of Kenya
along the Nile Valley or even in North africa. as the present day Somali, Borana and rendille peoples. or as clients like many indigenous hunter-gather
Maasai - History In this page:
The migration from the Nile Valley

The early nineteenth century

1830-1890: Internecine conflict

The arrival of "those who confine their farts"
Looking forward

This page is part of Jens Finke's Traditional Music and Cultures of Kenya . If you can't see a map on the left of the screen, click here to access the rest of the site.
The migration from the Nile Valley
The Maasai are the southernmost of the Nilotic-speaking peoples, and are linguistically and well as physically related to the Samburu, Turkana and Kalenjin, among others.
Their distant history is unknown beyond a wealth of unsubstantiated conjecture and dreams proposed by often romantically-minded Western scholars. Some say that they are one of the lost tribes of Israel. Others that they came from North Africa. Still others believe that they are the living remnants of Egyptian civilisation, primarily, it seems, on account of their warriors' braided hairstyles. Suffice to say that if any of these theories have any truth, it would be just as likely that the ancient cultures of Egypt and Israel were influenced by the Maasai's ancestors, rather than the other way around.
What is
The Maasai eventually entered Kenya to the west of Lake Turkana, and quickly spread south through the Rift Valley, whose fertile grasslands were ideal for their cattle. They reached their present-day territories in Kenya and Tanzania around the seventeenth or eighteenth centuries.

15. Jilali
began his journey in India; South africa is his the conservative strategies of the rendille and Gabra the ones where today’s indigenous peoples were confined
For trade
inquiries, contact:

kensta nairobi:
tel 339621-6; fax 222652;
kensta mombasa:
tel 225399, 226954;
fax 314316;
The East African Environment and Development Magazine THE LAND OF JILALI Travel through Kenya's drought-stricken north By Paul Goldsmith A s we zoom across the flat hardpan of the Chalbi desert, at the fastest speeds I have ever experienced in This is the journal of project three point one-five, the journeys of a Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) team studying natural resource management in Marsabit District. Our mission - to assess environmental degradation, and how sedentarisation may be contributing to desertification around settlements and on the range. It is early June, 2000. Kenya is hurtling towards a massive combined crisis of power shortfalls, water rationing, and shrinking informal sector employment. The drought-crippled economy is fueling new and unique expressions of social tension: rioting school children in Nairobi capture a Tusker truck, and drink it dry.

16. Elliot M. Fratkin (Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts)
ecology, traditional medicine, indigenous peoples policies, and development policies in East africa. the Ariaal rendille (africa 1991) Traditional,Eliot.htm
Elliot M. Fratkin (Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts)
Submitted: Mon, 25 August 2003 Elliot M. Fratkin Professor Department of Anthropology Smith College Northampton, Massachusetts 01063 USA phone: 413-585-3338 fax: 413-585-3389 E-mail:

17. SOAS: Centres
uk Lecturer in Anthropology, SOAS indigenous medicine and in East africa; Maaspeaking peoples (Samburu, Maasai Chamus, Dorobo) and the rendille; maturation and

18. Togdheer Online - History
ethnicity with their neighbors in the Horn of africa Oromos, Afar, and rendille. At about the same time, the indigenous Cushitic peoples had been
Chat Room Discussion Board Guestbook Feedback ... Cimilada Laascaanood
In the 1990s, the democratic movements worldwide grew by leaps and bounds. The expansion
was unruly and preciptuous and multilayered, with different developments appearing and
disappearing in a matter of few years. These developments told us that the already weak
contemporary state structures in Africa had become more liquid and unsettled. Aside from the
break-ups within the old Yugoslavia, no other region than the Horn of Africa had imploding state
power struggles turn whole swaths of countries into modern junkyards of human wreckage. The
collapse of Somalia, in 1991, is now considered the most dramatic example of state failure and

19. Profile Of The Mukogodo People Of Kenya
settlers we know of following the indigenous San (Bushmen Cushite group, related to the Somali and rendille. they are monotheist, as are most peoples of africa
Profiles Menu Orville Jenkins Home People Profile
The Mukogodo of Kenya Population
: A few hundred
Religion : Traditional Monotheism
Status Location : The Mukogodo live in the Mukogodo Forest of west central Kenya. They were originally an Eastern Cushite group, predating the Nilotes and Bantu in this area. There are no remaining speakers of the original language, called Yaaku. History : The Mukogodo represent a second wave of Cushite immigration into the Rift Valley area of East Africa. The earlier Southern Cushites were the first settlers we know of following the indigenous San (Bushmen). The San were here first before the time of Christ. Then came the Southern Cushites in the first millennium AD, then Eastern Cushites, followed by the Highland Nilotes (Kalenjin Cluster), then the early Bantu. Later came intermingled waves of Plains Nilotes (Maasai-Teso-Karamojong-Turkana), later Bantu (Logoli-Kuria-Ganda, etc.) and River-Lake Nilotes (Luo and related Uganda peoples still stretching up into the Waa River marshes in Sudan). Identity : Various old Cushite groups in the Rift Valley of Kenya and Tanzania have become affiliated with various Nilotic tribes as clients, mostly as a self-defense for their own preservation under the various waves of Nilotic migration into their ancestral area.

20. Untitled Document
have split ecosystems as well as indigenous groups not hostile, but the tribal peoples have centuries the 1700s displacing resident Pokot, rendille, Merille, and
In this Chapter: Next Chapter A. Administrative and political international boundaries Return to TOC B. A historical overview of cooperation in the region ... Return to BSP Publications
Chapter III. The Eastern Africa Region: The Political Context
A . Administrative and political international boundaries The countries of Eastern Africa (defined here as comprising Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, Somalia, and Tanzania) have a number of features in common. First, most countries were colonies. While Burundi and Rwanda were colonized by the Germans and then by the Belgians, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania were British colonial territories (Tanganyika was taken from Germany at the end of the First World War). Ethiopia was colonized by Italy but only for a short while. Eritrea was part of Ethiopia up to 1993. Djibouti was French, Somalia was Italian (though a part of it was colonized by Britain). Map 1 shows the countries and capital cities, and Table 3 summarizes their key statistics. These countries’ boundaries were established by their colonial regimes, and are largely political constructs. Although they might appear fixed, international boundaries have been fluid and have gone through some adjustments over the past 150 years. Border conflicts are unfortunately still common in parts of Africa—witness the Eritrea-Ethiopia conflict of 1998–2000. These adjustments have seriously impacted the inter-connectedness of cultural and natural systems. Borders resulting from the colonial legacy have split ecosystems as well as indigenous groups. Borders were decided arbitrarily by colonialists using simple geographic features rather than ecosystems’ structures and human and wildlife movements. Rivers, mountains, and straight lines such as longitude and latitude were used to demarcate national boundaries (Griffin

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