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41. BBC - Science & Nature - Conservation - Primates
They are threatened by habitat loss and are hunted for food throughout much of theirrange. The top 10 most endangered primates are the Greater bamboo lemur
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11th June 2004
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Animals Prehistoric Life Genes ...
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In Animals Birds Mammals UK wildlife ...
Like this page? Send it to a friend! You are here: BBC Animals Conservation A third of the world's primate species now face extinction. Scientists warn that our closest relatives, the great apes, could be extinct in 20 years' time. The commercial bushmeat trade, human population growth, the tropical hardwood industry, war, deforestation and habitat loss all threaten their survival. There are probably fewer than 100,000 gorillas in world. The most endangered are the eastern or mountain gorillas. There are around 670 left, a slight increase from 620 in 1989, thanks to conservation efforts. Two isolated mountain gorilla populations remain, one in the Bwindi National Park, south-west Uganda, and the other situated near the borders of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Rwanda and Uganda. Following the Rwandan civil war, a million refugees settled in camps on the edge of the Virunga National Park. Besides being a disaster for the people involved, this crisis put considerable pressure on natural resources and disrupted wildlife. Gorilla conservation programmes focus on rural development activities that promote the sound use of natural resources. Gorilla-based tourism, for example, provides a valuable source of revenue and is carefully monitored.

42. - ECO-nexus [Endangered Species]
primates in the world. Over 100 species, approaching half of all primates,are threatened or endangered. The tropical forests where
CATS - Feline Species Animal Shelters and Welfare E-mail
Cats - Feline Species
Big Cats Online Big Cats Online offers a general introduction to the various species of cat living in the wild today. It not only covers the 'Big Cats' - Leopard, Lion, Tiger, Jaguar, Cheetah and Puma, but also introduces all of the lesser known 'Wild Cat' species.
Cat Specialist Group The Cat Specialist Group is an international panel of over 170 scientists, wildlife managers and other specialists from 40 countries, who have volunteered their expertise to the Species Survival Commission of IUCN - The World Conservation Union, which is based in Switzerland. This site provides detailed information on many species including survival status.
World Lynx

43. UF Smathers Libraries Subject Guide: Endangered Species
Rare and endangered Biota of Florida MSL Ref QL84.22.F6.R37; threatened of Africaand Related Islands MSL Ref QL692.A1.C65; threatened primates of Africa
George A. Smathers Libraries Subject Guide: Endangered Species
Marston Science Library
Introduction Information is provided here on endangered and threatened animals and plants, as well as species of special concern.
Internet Resources

44. Endangered & Threatened Animals Of North America -, Posters, Prints And
primates. Rabbits. Raccoon. Reptiles Amphibians. Rhinoceros. Wild Cats. Wolves.Zebras. endangered threatened Animals of North America. Size 24 x 36 inches.
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  • 45. IPS 2004 25 Most Endangered Species
    International and the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, entitled “The World’sTop 25 Most endangered primates” a list of threatened prosimians, monkeys
    The World’s Top 25 Most Endangered Primates – 2004
    Mittermeier R.A., Valladares-Pádua C.V., Rylands A.B. In January 2000, Conservation International and the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group released a report, prepared by William R. Konstant and Russell A. Mittermeier on behalf of Conservation International and the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, entitled “The World’s Top 25 Most Endangered Primates”: a list of threatened prosimians, monkeys and apes whose survival beyond the present century will depend heavily on actions taken now by our own species. At the time, approximately 120 of the world’s estimated 620 primates were registered as being in serious danger of extinction. The “Top 25” named in 2000 were merely the tip of the iceberg. The idea behind the production of this list was not merely to record the absolutely most endangered species, but to draw attention to those which are extremely (most) endangered and currently lacking national and international attention for their conservation - those most in need of research and protective measures.

    46. [enviro-vlc] One In Every Three Primates Now Threatened With Extinction
    Indonesian Nature Conservation List 9. One in every three primates now threatenedwith extinction New report on 25 most endangered primates documents increased
    UN UNDP Forum ENVIRO-VLC ... Recent messages
    [enviro-vlc] One in every three primates now threatened with extinction
    From: Vern Weitzel Date: Mon, 02 Sep 2002 07:26:23 +0700 Subject: [enviro-vlc] One in every three primates now threatened with extinction Mailing List: ENVIRO-VLC sent to enviro-vlc by "Vern Weitzel"
    Subject: INCL 5-35a
    Date: Sun, 01 Sep 2002 14:07:12 +0200
    From: Ed Colijn
    To: Indonesian Nature Conservation List
    9. One in every three primates now threatened with extinction
    New report on 25 most endangered primates documents increased pressures o=
    n mankind's closest living relative
    Washington, DC/Johannesburg, South Africa, August 30, 2002
    New evidence of the peril facing the world's apes, monkeys, lemurs and ot=
    her primates, with one in every three now endangered with extinction, is revealed in a new report - The World's Top= 25 Most Endangered Primates-2002 released today by Conservation International (CI) and the Primate Specialist Group= of IUCN-The World Conservation Union.

    47. Endangered Primates : Order Primates : Subclass Placental Mammals
    primates are also threatened by collection for the Convention on International Tradein endangered Species of forbids the export of many primates, although not
    Website navigation : home PARTICULAR BIOLOGY Superkingdom Eukaryotae Kingdom Animalia ...
    Order primates
    Endangered primates
    According to figures published by the World Conservation Union (IUCN), more than 110 species of primates—nearly half of the world's total—are currently under threat of extinction. This makes the primates among the most vulnerable animals on earth. The species most under threat are those that have been affected by deforestation. This has been particularly severe in Madagascar, the only home of the lemurs, and it is also taking place at a rapid rate in Southeast Asia, threatening gibbons and orangutans. The almost total destruction of Brazil's Atlantic rainforest has proved catastrophic for several species, including the lion tamarins, which are found only in this habitat. Primates are also threatened by collection for the pet trade and by hunting. Illegal hunting is the chief threat facing the mountain gorilla, a rare African subspecies that lives in the politically volatile border region straddling Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In the face of these threats, urgent action is currently underway to protect many of these endangered species. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) currently forbids the export of many primates, although not all countries have chosen to follow this law. More direct methods of species preservation include habitat protection and captive breeding programs. In some cases—for example, the lion tamarin—these programs have met with considerable success. However, without the preservation of extensive and suitable natural habitats, many primate species are destined for extinction.

    48. Link-bibliography-ateles
    endangered and threatened Wildlife and Living New World Monkeys (Platyrrhini) withan Introduction to primates, Vol 1. University of Chicago Press, Chicago
    Web site consulted : About Ateles geoffroyi Animal diversity World of Ethology Bosque Seco Virtual (Spanish) Oaklandzoo About Ateles paniscus Szgdocent Animaldiversity Uakari About Ateles belzebuth Bristolzoo Sanmartinzoo About Ateles fusciceps robustus Sedgwick couty zoo About Ateles chamek Damisela (Spanish) Ateles in captivity Isis Bibliography Aiello LC and Wheeler P (1995) The expensive-tissue hypothesis. Current Anthropology 36(2):199-221.
    Alloparental behaviour in Auckland Zoo spider monkeys Ateles geoffroyi. AUSTRALIAN PRIMATOLOGY 11(2): 6, 1997.
    Bourne and Geoffrey H. 1974. Primate Odyssey. G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York.
    Burton, Frances. 1995. The Multimedia Guide to the Non-human Primates. Prentice-Hall Canada Inc.
    Campbell CJ, Fur rubbing behavior in free-ranging black handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) in Panama. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 49(1): 40, 1999. (Abstract)
    Chapman, C.A. 1989. Spider Monkey Sleeping Sites: Use and Availability. American Journal of Primatology. Vol.18, 53-60.

    49. Endangered Species
    specific animals or plants (ie, parrots, cetaceans, primates), and are controlsover trade in certain species of endangered and threatened wildlife and
    International Zoological Conservation Organizations and Computer Systems
    A. International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)/World Conservation Union.
    1. Organization profile. The IUCN/World Conservation Union is the only worldwide conservation organization. Established in 1948 and based in Gland, Switzerland, it links together government agencies, non-government agencies, and independent states to encourage a worldwide approach to conservation. In 1993, its membership included 655 organizations, representing 103 countries. The IUCN/World Conservation Union endorses captive breeding in addition to habitat protection to maintain viable populations in the wild. Its mission is "to provide leadership and promote a common approach for the world conservation movement in order to safeguard the integrity and diversity of the natural world, and to ensure that human use of natural resources is appropriate, sustainable, and equitable." 2. How does the IUCN/World Conservation Union categorize animals? The term threatened is used to describe animals protected by the IUCN/World Conservation Union. The IUCN/World Conservation Union divides threatened animals into five categories:

    50. Scientific Alliance - Challenging And Informed Scientific Debate
    One in Every Three primates Now threatened with Extinction apes, monkeys, lemurs andother primates, with one in every three now endangered with extinction
    ARCHIVE NEWS Our Planet

    Climate Change
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    Miscellaneous BIODIVERSITY One in Every Three Primates Now Threatened with Extinction
    9th October 2002
    Conservation International News release New evidence of the peril facing the world's apes, monkeys, lemurs and other primates, with one in every three now endangered with extinction, is revealed in a new report - The World's Top 25 Most Endangered Primates-2002 released today by Conservation International (CI) and the Primate Specialist Group of IUCN-The World Conservation Union. Primate species and sub-species classified as "critically endangered" and "endangered" jumped nearly 63 percent from 120 to 195 since the initial report was issued in January 2000. The report was finalized during a recent gathering of the International Primatological Society, at its 19th Congress in Beijing, China. Asia now accounts for almost 45 percent of the world's most endangered primates, with 11 listed in the top 25, including six that are new additions. Africa (8), the Neotropics (3) and Madagascar (3) are home to the other primates represented on the list. These include the Sumatran orangutan of Indonesia, the mountain gorilla of Africa, and northern muriqui of Brazil.

    51. World Species List - Endangered, Expanded Index Databases
    animals mammals,primates,whales,marsupials,ungulates,endangered checklist Argentia plantsmacrolichens, endangered, threatened checklist University of Oslo, NO
    Add url - Email WSL World Species List Home Envirolink
    World Species List - Endangered, expanded index
    Items in this list: 111
    Note: Some categories have url items that last for a very short time (i.e. "Species For Sale"). Sorted by server name without any www. Format is as follows: WHAT species list group (animals, conifers, bacteria, fossils, etc.)?
    WHY_ nature of list (checklist, collection, sales, book index, etc)?
    WHERE_ list target (Amazon, Ohio, world, Canada, fossil site, etc.)?
    WHO_ originator or inheritor of list (WSL is not the owner)?
    WHEN (not yet)
    ho(W)_ (not yet)
  • animals endangered threatened by country WORLD 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals,
  • plants and animals endangered information afn
  • animals fish,freshwater/saltwater list and images Amazon Basin Pisces Conservation and the University of Oxford, UK uk
  • animals rare, threatened and endangered alpha list WORLD Animal Info, US ... Envirolink A World Species List (WSL), Animals, Plants and Microbes, Established April, 1994,, USA Nonprofit 501(c)3, conservation, Richard Stafursky,
  • 52. CBC News:Great Apes Among Species Threatened By Extinction: Red List
    The World Conservation Union s (IUCN) 2002 Red List of threatened Species liststhe world s 25 most endangered primates and more than 11,000 other plants and
    document.write(""); document.write("");
    Great apes among species threatened by extinction: Red List
    Last Updated Tue, 08 Oct 2002 15:24:38 GENEVA - Humans have hunted and deforested land to the point where one in every three of the world's apes, monkeys, lemurs and other primates is in danger of extinction, conservationists said Tuesday. Primates aren't the only species threatened. The wild Bactrian camel could soon take its last drink and the nomadic Saigo antelope in the deserts of Central Asia may take its last leap, joining long-departed creatures like the Dodo bird and dinosaurs.
    Saiga antelope lives on the steppe grasslands and semi-arid deserts of Central Asia
    Courtesy: Anna Lushchekina
    The World Conservation Union's (IUCN) 2002 Red List of Threatened Species lists the world's 25 most endangered primates and more than 11,000 other plants and animals threatened with extinction. Almost 7,000 experts, working in almost every country in the world, produce the Red List. They've added 121 threatened species since 2000, and added five to the extinct list over the past two years. The union, based in Gland, Switzerland, said the freshwater gastropod mollusk shed its last salty tears. Two hippo species, the sea mink and Reunion Island Sheldgeese, were all last seen more than 100 years ago, and were added to the list after enough proof was gathered to prove they no longer exist, the IUCN said.

    53. Encyclopedia Smithsonian: List Of References On Endangered, Threatened, And Rece
    Thornback, and EL Bennett 1988 threatened primates of Africa problems facing allnonhuman primates in Africa Loginov, O. 1995 Elusive and endangered the Snow
    Smithsonian Institution
    List of References on Endangered, Threatened, and Recently Extinct Mammals
    T his section focuses on a specific vertebrate group: MAMMALS. The publications listed below are not available from the Smithsonian Institution. They can be obtained from most large public libraries or can be requested through an interlibrary loan. Many are currently in print and can be ordered from local bookstores. Ackerman, D.
    The Rarest of the Rare: Vanishing Animals, Timeless Worlds . Vintage Books, New York. 184 pp. (Monk seals, short-tailed albatrosses, golden lion tamarins)
    Allen, D.
    Wolves of Minong. Their Vital Role in a Wild Community. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 499 pp. (Account of wolves on Isle Royale; predator prey relationships, particularly with moose.)
    Allen, G.M.
    Extinct and Vanishing Mammals of the Western Hemisphere. American Committee on International Wildlife Protection, Washington, DC 620 pp. l972 reprint. (This book and a companion volume by Harper list and discuss mammals whose populations are seriously depleted or have become non existent; includes marine mammals having world wide distribution.)
    Arnold, C.

    54. Encyclopedia Smithsonian: GENERAL List Of References On Endangered, Threatened,
    gov/wildlife.html(The official US List of endangered and threatened Wildlife Apesin Captivity; Vol.17, 20, 24/25, Breeding endangered Species in 36, primates.
    Smithsonian Institution
    General List of References on Endangered, Threatened, and Recently Extinct Vertebrates
    I n this section, you will find citations for publications that cover the broad spectrum of rare wildlife and wildlife conservation in various parts of the world. Ackerman, D.
    The Rarest of the Rare : Vanishing Animals, Timeless Worlds. Vintage Books, New York. 184 pp. (Monk seals, short-tailed albatrosses, golden lion tamarins) Beacham, W. and K. H. Beetz (Editors)
    Beacham Publishing, Osprey, Florida. 2 vols. Burgess, B. B.
    Fate of the Wild: The Endangered Species Act and the Future of Biodiversity . University of Georgia Press, Athens. 211 pp. Burton, J.(Editor)
    The Atlas of Endangered Species nd edition. Macmillan Reference Library, New York. 256 pp. (Accounts of endangered plants and wildlife by region; new maps, current status.) Caughley, G. and A. Gunn
    Conservation Biology in Theory and Practice . Blackwell Science. Cambridge, Massachusetts. 459 pp. (Includes historic extinctions and near extinction, case histories and international and national treaties, conventions and legislation.) Chandler, W.J. (Editor)

    55. Earth Changes TV - Experts Say 138 World Primate Species Endangered
    species are endangered, according to an analysis by the World Conservation Union,a group made up of 10,000 scientists. Among the threatened primates are the
    Experts Say 138 World Primate Species Endangered...05/12/00
    By Andrew Stern CHICAGO (Reuters) - More than 130 of the world's 600 primate species are endangered, from mountain gorillas of war-torn central Africa killed for their mythical powers to orphaned orangutans from Sumatra sold into the pet trade, experts said on Thursday. But the habitat loss caused by logging, mining and encroachment by man may ultimately prove more devastating to the 138 threatened species of apes, monkeys and other primates than the outright slaughter of the animals in some cases for food or exotic medicines. ``You've got to have protected areas to ensure the survival of these animals,'' said Russell Mittermeier, a biologist with a specialty in primates and head of Conservation International. He was among 400 primate experts from conservation groups, research organizations and zoos meeting sponsored by Brookfield Zoo near Chicago to discuss primates and their survival. Fifty primate species are considered critically endangered and could become extinct within a few decades, and 88 other species are endangered, according to an analysis by the World Conservation Union, a group made up of 10,000 scientists.

    56. Why Are Baboons Vermin?
    Text and Images Copyright 2003 Charles F. Cooper. threatened, endangered,and Vermin. Of all the primates, baboons have certainly gotten a bad rap.
    A Most Merry and Illustrated History If Monkeys are Threatened and Gorillas are Endangered, Then Why are Baboons Just Plain VERMIN? Threatened, Endangered, and Vermin Of all the primates, baboons have certainly gotten a bad rap. After all, when the scriptwriter of "The Sands of the Kalahari" wanted the bad guy to get eaten up, he called in a troop of baboons. When the creators of a popular animated cartoon series needed a moronic sidekick for an articulate and intellectual weasel, they picked a baboon. Then there's the hit prime time series where the young daughter yelled that her father was a "stupid, ugly baboon", which caused her dad to lament that she had branded him as the "smelliest and ugliest of the apes." A triple insult, considering baboons are neither smelly, ugly, nor apes. But probably the biggest slap on the snout came when the African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources was drafted in 1968. When it came time to classify the species - whether vulnerable, threatened, or endangered - monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees were all dutifully listed. But just how did baboons rate? Endangered? Threatened? Vulnerable?

    57. Most Endangered Great Ape Threatened
    1973 WORKING TO PROTECT GIBBONS AND ALL LIVING primates Urgent Action Alert Immediate Action Needed! Most endangered Great Ape threatened November 2002.
    International Primate Protection League
    Urgent Action Alert - Immediate Action Needed!
    Most Endangered Great Ape Threatened
    November 2002 Some of Sumatra's most critically endangered species, including the Sumatran orangutan, elephant, tiger, and rhinoceros are facing a serious and desperate new threat to their survival due to a government plan to build several major new roads that will drastically fragment a crucial part of their current range. Orangutan mother and baby Road will split ecosystem
    Viable alternatives to the plan remain, but the local government of the province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD) is likely to continue with its intention to construct these roads and further destroy and fragment large, and in some cases critical, parts of the habitat of these species. Furthermore, they will irreparably damage the livelihoods of the local human communities. The proposed roads will divide up what is known as the Leuser Ecosystem, a unique conservation area that is the only place in the world where the above species can still be found living side by side. Sumatran orangutan - great ape closest to extinction
    It is also the only area where the Sumatran orangutan still occurs in anything even approaching viable numbers. This species is well-recognized as the great ape that is likely to become extinct in the wild first, probably within the next 5 to 10 years, if not sooner.

    58. > Biodiversity > Newsfile > Action Needed To Combat Global E
    Since the last assessment in 1996, the number of Critically endangered primates hasincreased from 13 to 19, and the number of threatened albatross species has

    59. Friends Of Washoe - "Next Of Kin" - Excerpts - Origins
    AESOP Project - Allied Effort to Save Other primates is an appropriate solutionsto the commercial exploitation of endangered and threatened species.
    Important Chimpanzee Links
    Animal Legal Defense Fund - ALDF is the country's leading animal rights law organization working nationally to defend animals from abuse and exploitation. Animal Welfare Institute - The Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) is a non-profit charitable organization founded in 1951 to reduce the sum total of pain and fear inflicted on animals by humans. AESOP - Project - [Allied Effort to Save Other Primates] is an international coalition of individuals and organizations dedicated to protecting monkeys and apes. The Ape Alliance - An international coalition of organizations and individuals, working for the conservation and welfare of apes. The Arcus Great Apes Fund - provides support for conservation efforts that promote the survival of the Great Apes in the wild and provides support for sanctuaries that offer safety and freedom from invasive research and other forms of human exploitation. As its name implies, this fund supports only activities that specifically impact gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, bonobos and gibbons. David Bohnett Foundation - Supporting animal language research, animal companions and eliminating rare animal trade We extend a special thank-you for general operating support to CHCI from this organization.

    60. EnvironmentNEPAL - BIODIVERSITY
    are extremely vulnerable with many threatened fish, reptile The species raised to“critically endangered” — the closest NEW primates REPORT The number of

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