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         Pony Express American History:     more books (29)
  1. Landmarks of American History The Pony Express (8) by samuel hopkins adams, 1950
  2. The Pony Express in American History (In American History) by Anita Louise McCormick, 2001-05
  3. The Pony Express (Reading American History) by Melinda Lilly, 2003-10
  4. The Pony Express in American History (In American History) by Sue Hurwitz, 2000-01
  5. Pony Express (Wild West in American History) by A. I. Lake, 1990-04
  6. Orphans Preferred: The Twisted Truth and Lasting Legend of the Pony Express by Christopher Corbett, 2003-09-09
  7. On the Trail of the Pony Express (American West)
  8. The Pony Express (The American West) by John Riddle, 2002-08
  9. The Pony Express (American Moments) by Alan Pierce, 2005-01
  10. Stagecoaches and the Pony Express (American Adventure Series,) by Sally Senzell Isaacs, 2004-06
  11. Pony Bob's Daring Ride: A Pony Express Adventure (Highlights from American History) by Joe Bensen, 1995-06
  12. The Saga of the Pony Express by Joseph J. Di Certo, 2002-05
  13. The Pony Express and Its Death-Defying Mail Carriers (The Wild History of the American West) by Jeff C. Young, 2006-06
  14. The Pony Express: A Primary Source History of the Race to Bring Mail to the American West (Primary Sources in American History) by Simone Payment, 2004-08-30

1. American West - Pony Express Information
sale 7. pony express history 8. Another PE link MOVIES made on the subject (Hollywoodstyle) Return to FRONTIER TRAILS. Return to the american West homepage.
To provide the fastest mail delivery between St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California. To draw public attention to the central route in hope of gaining the million dollar government mail contract for the Central Overland California and Pikes Peak Express Company.
April 3, 1860, to late October 1861.
Relay of mail by horses and riders. The Pony Express ran day and night, summer and winter.
183 men are known to have ridden for the Pony Express during its operation of just over 18 months. One of the riders was Broncho Charlie . This is a great page all about him.
Rider Qualifications:
Ad in California newspaper read: "Wanted. Young, skinny, wiry fellows. Not over 18. Must be expert riders. Willing to risk death daily. Orphans preferred." Most riders were around 20. Youngest was 11. Oldest was mid-40s. Not many were orphans. Usually weighed around 120 pounds.
Riders Pay
$100 per month.
First Riders:
Johnny Fry was first westbound rider from St. Joseph. Billy Hamilton was first eastbound driver from Sacramento.
Rider Relay:
New riders took over every 75 to 100 miles.

2. Reader's Companion To American History - -PONY EXPRESS
The Reader s Companion to american history. pony express. The pony expresswas a system of delivering mail to the american West. Although
Entries Publication Data Advisory Board Contributors ... World Civilizations The Reader's Companion to American History
The Pony Express was a system of delivering mail to the American West. Although short-lived and unprofitable, it captivated the popular imagination. It was developed by William H. Russell, who handled promotion, William B. Waddell, in charge of finances, and Alexander Majors, founder of an important freighting business between Independence, Missouri, and Santa Fe, New Mexico. Seeking publicity and federal aid for an overland mail service, Russell induced his partners to go along with his plans for the Pony Express, which would operate between St. Joseph, Missouri, and San Francisco. The first run was on April 3, 1860, and the Pony Express functioned on a semiweekly basis for nearly two years. A rider would cover two hundred miles a day for ten days, changing horses approximately every ten miles. The route followed a settlers' trail across the present-day states of Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada to California, carrying mail as well as some small freight for the young Wells Fargo Company. The Pony Express contributed to the economy of the towns on its route, especially Salt Lake City. But Russell, Waddell, and Majors made no money from it and went bankrupt in 1862. After originally advancing money to the firm, Ben Holladay, who operated a freight business and was later a power in stagecoaches, steamships, and railroads, took over the Pony Express at a foreclosure sale in 1862. Although it had served a need by providing mail service, the Pony Express was rendered obsolete by the Western Union Telegraph Company and the coming of the transcontinental railroad.

3. U.S. History Lesson Plans
The Colonies and Independence (3rd) Peg's american history Unit Colonies. When Transportation. pony express Overland Stage UNIT. The First Transcontinental Railroad (a pictorial
Mr Donn's U.S. History
Other 20th Century
The Fifty States Native Americans Primary Documents ... Big Bunch of Links
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Mr Donn's Site Index

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  • 4. American West - Frontier Trails
    Brief history. The Old Spanish Trail The National Oregon/California Trail Center.The american Dream National Oregon/California Trail. pony express Information
    FRONTIER TRAILS - A Brief History
    The Old Spanish Trail The National Oregon/California Trail Center The American Dream - National Oregon/California Trail Pony Express Information (AMWEST) The Gothenburg Pony Express Station (AMWEST) XP Pony Express Home Station The Interactive Santa Fe Trail - This is a great page with many links The Oregon Trail (AMWEST) The Mormon Pioneer Trail (AMWEST) The Oregon Trail , the Wagon Train of 1843 - Lots of links Movies made on the subject Hollywood-style. Some are listed directly on the trail pages.
    The ones listed here feature the actor Tex Ritter. Arizona Trail (1943) Lone Star Trail (1943) The Old Chisholm Trail (1943) Ridin' The Cherokee Trail (1941) ... Red River (1948) - Several trails - , John Wayne Return to the AmericanWest Frontier Transportation Page. Return to the AmericanWest Home Page.

    5. Welcome To The St. Joseph Museum
    Exhibits and information on the pony express, Jesse James, Native american history, Oregon and California Trails, Lewis and Clark, and natural history of Northwest Missouri.
    Welcome to The St. Joseph Museum Inc.
    Visit any of our sites:

    The Black Archives of St. Joseph
    (Temporarily Closed)
    The Fire Museum
    Missouri Valley Trust Bank Building
    Mount Mora Cemetery
    Wyeth-Tootle Mansion St. Joseph Museum Inc.,
    PO Box 128
    St. Joseph, MO 64502-0128
    e-mail at 816-232-8471 or 800-530-8866 Visit Us Exhibits Events Museum Store ... Pioneer Wall Completed list of pioneers who jumped off from St. Joseph headed towards Oregon or California Through the Camera's Eye Volkswalk Fun Stuff Coming Soon! ... Traveling Exhibits Click below for related sites Limited Handicap Accessibility Accredited by the American Association of Museums Home Page Events Exhibits ... Visit Us © 2004 St. Joseph Museum Inc. Last updated by the Staff of St. Joseph Museum Inc.

    6. Reader's Companion To American History - -entries In Order Of Appearance
    Entries Publication Data Advisory Board Contributors ... World Civilizations The Reader's Companion to American History

    Site Map
    I Partners I Press Releases I Company Home I Contact Us
    Terms and Conditions of Use
    Privacy Statement , and Trademark Information

    7. History
    The Need. The Founders. pony express Route. The Schedule. Stations salute, the first pony express rider was off and one of the most colorful chapters in american history began.

    8. Pony Express West United States North America By Region History
    in Business Chapman, Arthur Learn about The pony express The Record of a RomanticAdventure in Business pony express (Wild West in american history) Lake, AI
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    9. History Of The Pony Express
    history of the pony express. THE STORY OF THE pony express surrounding the pony express made it a part of the legend of the american West. Back to pony express
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    History of the Pony Express
    Pony Express, mail service operating between Saint Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California, inaugurated on April 3, 1860, under the direction of the Central Overland California and Pike's Peak Express Company. At that time, regular mail delivery took up to three weeks to cross the continent. The Pony Express carried mail rapidly overland on horseback the nearly 2000 miles between St. Joseph and Sacramento; the schedule allowed ten days for the trip. The mail was then carried by boat to San Francisco. Stations averaging at first 40 km (25 mi) apart were established, and each rider was expected to cover 120 km (75 mi) a day. Pony Express riders were usually lightweight young men, often teenagers. Special saddle bags that could be moved to a fresh horse very quickly at a change station were used. Buffalo Bill was a famous Pony Express rider.
    Eventually, the Pony Express had more than 100 stations, 80 riders, and between 400 and 500 horses. The express route was extremely hazardous, but only one mail delivery was ever lost. The Pony Express is credited with helping to keep California in the Union by providing rapid communication between the two coasts. News of the election of Abraham Lincoln to the United States presidency in 1860 and of the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861 reached California via the Pony Express. The regular Pony Express service was discontinued in October 1861, after the Pacific Telegraph Company completed its line to San Francisco.

    10. Today In History: October 24
    Search on the term pony express or mail in history of the american West, 18601920to see images which include Seth Hathaway, a pony express rider who appeared
    The Library of Congress The Pony Express
    Saddled Horse

    Ninety-Six Ranch,
    Paradise Valley, Nevada,
    Carl Fleischhauer, photographer,
    Buckaroos in Paradise, 1945-1982
    On October 24 , 1861, the first transcontinental telegraph system was completed, making it possible to transmit messages rapidly (by mid-19th-century standards) from coast to coast. This technological advance, pioneered by inventor Samuel F.B. Morse , brought an end to the Pony Express, the horseback mail service which had previously provided the fastest communication between the East and the West. Established in April 1860 as a subsidiary of a famous freight company, the Pony Express operated between St. Joseph, Missouri , and Sacramento, California, using a continuous relay of the best riders and horses. The nearly 2000 mile route running through present-day Kansas , Nebraska, the northeast corner of Colorado , Wyoming, Utah , Nevada, and California included vast stretches of rugged terrain once thought impassable in winter. Pushing the physical limits of man and beast, the Pony Express ran nonstop. Summer deliveries averaged ten days, while winter deliveries required twelve to sixteen days, approximately half the time needed by stagecoach. When delivering President Lincoln's Inaugural Address, the Express logged its fastest time ever at seven days and seventeen hours.

    11. Today In History: June 11
    Words and Deeds in american history. Western Union s completion of the firsttranscontinental telegraph line in October 1861 doomed the pony express.
    The Library of Congress Lindbergh Honored
    Charles Lindbergh

    (with woman handing him a compact?)

    Prints and Photographs Division
    On June 11 , 1927, Charles Lindbergh received the first Distinguished Flying Cross ever awarded. Since 1927, aviators honored with this medal have included World War II pilots President George Bush and Senator George McGovern and astronaut Virgil "Gus" Grissom for flying one hundred missions during the Korean War. Lindbergh's nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic on May 20-21, 1927 made aeronautical history. The stunt-flyer-turned-airmail-pilot's flight was underwritten by a group of St. Louis businessmen. Flying his monoplane, Spirit of St. Louis , Lindbergh captured the $25,000 prize offered for the first flight between New York and Paris. "Lucky Lindy's" arrival in Paris after thirty-three-and-one-half hours in the air was celebrated on both sides of the Atlantic. Feted at a June 1927 reception in Washington, D.C., he was praised by the president of the United States: On a morning just three weeks ago yesterday, this wholesome, earnest, fearless, courageous product of America rose into the air from Long Island in a monoplane christened "The Spirit of St. Louis" in honor of his home and that of his supporters. It was no haphazard adventure. After months of most careful preparation, supported by a valiant character, driven by an unconquerable will and inspired by the imagination and the spirit of his Viking ancestors, this reserve officer set wing across the dangerous stretches of the North Atlantic. He was alone. His destination was Paris.

    12. History Of The United States Postal Service 1775-1993
    automobile between the Buffalo Post Office and a postal station in the Pan american Exposition grounds decades before the pony express galloped into postal history, the "iron horse
    The Postal Role in U.S. Development Between the Revolutionary period and the first World War, United States postal officials applied themselves to improving transportation of the mails. From those early days to the present, the Postal Service has helped develop and subsidize every new mode of transportation in the United States. The postal role was a natural one; apart from postal employees themselves, transportation was the single most important element in mail delivery, literally, the legs of communication. Even when the general public was skeptical or fearful of a new means of transportation, postal officials experimented with inventions that offered potential for moving the mail faster, occasionally suffering embarrassment, ridicule, or even abuse in the process. As mail delivery evolved from foot to horseback, stagecoach, steamboat, railroad, automobile, and airplane, with intermediate and overlapping use of balloons, helicopters, and pneumatic tubes, mail contracts ensured the income necessary to build the great highways, rail lines, and airways that eventually spanned the continent. By the turn of the 19th century, the Post Office Department had purchased a number of stagecoaches for operation on the nation's better post roads a post road being any road on which the mail traveled and continued to encourage new designs to improve passenger comfort and carry mail more safely.

    13. TeachPDLaw's American History To 1870
    America s Westhistory Development Wonderful site on the history of theWest. Ghost Towns Visit the Ghost Towns of the Old West. The pony express.
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    14. -- History Library -- Pony Express
    Extensive Web site focusing primarily on how newspapers and the press covered major, and not so major, events in american history. Also information for newspaper collectors. Library. Primary Source Material. history Library. State Facts April 3, 1860, the pony express was launched as a daring The first journey by pony express was on April 3, 1860
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    Historybuff Poll In your opinion, is the media biased in reporting the war in Iraq? About 50/50 Almost totally biased None at all Somewhat Poll It v2.0 by CGI World Pony Express By Steve Goldman NCSA Member #9 On April 3, 1860, the Pony Express was launched as a daring private carrier to improve the terrible U.S. Postal Service to California. For most of the first half of the 19th century, mail carried by the federal government from New York to California went by ocean south from New York, overland across the Isthmus of Panama and north to California. It took from 26 to 30 days. In 1855 Congress, with the blessing of the post office, appropriated $30,000 for the purchase of camels to take the mail from Texas to California. That experiment failed when the camels arrived and Americans soon discovered that there is a big difference between the Sahara Desert and the southwestern part of the U.S. The post office next turned to businessman John Butterfield to carry the mail westward under federal contract. But Butterfield's Overland Mail Company took the much longer southern route from Fort Smith, Arkansas, through Missouri, El Paso, Los Angeles, and San Francisco 2,800 miles in 22 to 25 days.

    15. Enslow Publishers, Inc.
    In american history The pony express in american history, Author AnitaLouise McCormick. State Affiliation of Author ME. ISBN 07660-1296-4.

    16. Pony Express
    the pony express made it a part of the legend of the american West. pony expressHome Station http// Learn about the history, the riders
    The Topic:
    Pony Express Easier -The pony express was a mail service where riders on horseback traveled from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California. Riders changed horses at stations placed about ten to fifteen miles apart. A rider handed the mail pack over to another rider after completing about 75 miles. Young, often teenage lightweight riders, orphans preferred, were hired for the job. One of the most famous was Buffalo Bill Cody. The pony express lasted only nineteen months, from April 3, 1860 to October 24, 1861. The pony express ended when the telegraph first crossed the continent. Harder - The pony express was developed by William H. Russell, William B. Waddell, and Alexander Majors. Plans for the pony express were spurred by the impending cloud of the Civil War and the need for faster communication with California and the West. The pony express consisted of relays of men riding fast ponies or horses that carried letters and small packages across a 1,966-mile (3,164-kilometer) trail. The service opened officially on April 3, 1860, when riders left simultaneously from St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California. The first westbound trip was made in 9 days and 23 hours and the eastbound journey in 11 days and 12 hours. The pony riders covered 250 miles in a 24-hour day as compared with 100 to 125 miles by the stage coaches.

    17. Pony Express History
    about 700pm on April 3, 1860, as a canon boomed in salute, the first pony Expressrider was off and one of the most colorful chapters in american history began
    This History Page is a compilation of People, Places, Vocabulary, and Dates of the Pony Express.
    The Overland Mail
    The idea behind the Pony Express—a horseback relay mail service—goes back at least as far as thirteenth-century China, where Marco Polo saw “post stations twenty-five miles apart.” Oregon missionary Marcus Whitman proposed in 1843 using a relay of “fresh horses” to deliver mail from the Missouri to the Columbia in forty days. In 1845 it took President James K. Polk six months to get a message to California, which dramatically pointed up the need to improve communications in the expanding nation. After the Gold Rush brought hundreds of thousands of Americans to the far west, getting the mail between the nation’s coasts became an increasingly important problem. Source: National Park Service Pony Express National Historic Trail Brochure
    The Need
    With the discovery of gold followed by statehood, the population of California exploded. Half a million Americans lived in the regions west of the rocky mountains. At that time, St. Joseph, Missouri, was the westernmost point which the railroad and telegraph had reached. It was the strategic starting point over the heart of the "great American desert" by way of the direct "Central" route to the west. Except for a few forts and settlements the route beyond St. Joseph was a vast, silent wilderness inhabited primarily by Indians. Transportation across this area on a year-round bases was believed impossible because of weather.

    18. Pony Express Trail National Back Country Byway |
    during the Civil War thanks to correspondence carried by the pony express. In all,a dramatic thundering page had been written in american history, and on a
    The origins and the reason for a horse-and-rider mail delivery system between east and west can be summed up in two words: slow mail. Prior to the Coach and Pony Express mail delivery, time from the east to the westby ship down the Gulf of Mexico, across Panama by mule, then by ship again up to San Franciscomight take six weeks, and if the winds were off, eight weeks. With the discovery of gold in California in 1848, and the increasing political tensions of the 1850s which led to the Civil War, it became imperative to keep the far West in the Union by providing a more dependable source of information from the East. News was very slow in reaching eager California readers, and a standing joke of the time was that events in the East had already been forgotten by the time they were known by those out West.
    The Vision
    The solution to this problem came from a businessman of vision, William Russell. Russell owned a stage and freight company based in Leavenworth, Kansas (with partners A. Majors and W.B. Waddell). While on a promotional trip to Washington to help his ailing freight line, Russell and Senator William Gwin of California discussed the possibilities of an Express Mail Company to deliver mail to California by the Central Route along the Oregon and California Trail. Initially the stage express line was comprised of fifty coaches and extended about eight hundred miles. By February 1860, when the line was extended from Salt Lake City across Utah and Nevada to California, efficiency had improved the mail delivery time to a respectable number of days. However, financial losses were staggering, no government subsidies came through, and something was needed to promote the Central Route.

    19. 19th Century America
    Custer was the youngest General in US history, he was promoted at the age THE ponyexpress pony express Poetry of The pony express american West pony
    19th Century America
    Updated July 16, 2003
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    Primary Documents - Timelines - Maps
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    Frederick Jackson Turner: The Frontier In American History
    - the "Father of Western History" - complete text! For a specific chapter, check Turner: Table of Contents
    A Literary History of the American West

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    ... 1807 New England Primer Contents More Documents are listed below that relate to each topic. Also, check out my main General U.S.A. History . For Civil War documents, check out my Civil War Primary Documents webpage. TIMELINES OF THE 19TH CENTURY 1815-1841: The Age of Jackson and Ante-Bellum Reform Timeline 1845-1916: Gilded Age: From Frontier to Factory Timeline 1854 - 1919: Imperialism and World War I Timeline 1869 - 1921: Populism and Progressivism Timeline ... Historical Timeline of Transcontinental Railroads For many more timelines, check out each topic below or visit the timeline section on my General U.S.A. History

    20. FL Social Studies Curr Framework Matched To American History For Kids
    GRADES Pre K2. Component american history for Kids - The pony express. Reference Componentamerican history for Kids - The pony express. Reference
    FL Social Studies Curr Framework
    matched to
    American History for Kids
    Benchmark SS.A.2.1.1 knows methods of communication from long ago and the technological developments that facilitated communications (e.g., speaking by gestures; transmitting stories orally; the use of pictographs, hieroglyphics and different alphabets; writing by hand and printing with machines). A. Time, Continuity, and Change (History) : 2. The student understands the world from its beginnings to the time of the Renaissance. : GRADES Pre K-2 Component: American History for Kids - The Pony Express Reference: Required: K-2 Suggested: Interested: Component: The Oregon Trail Reference: NA Required: K-2 Suggested: Interested: Component: America's First Transcontinental Railroad Reference: Required: K-2 Suggested: Interested: Component: The Great Steamboat Race Reference: Required: K-2 Suggested: Interested: Benchmark SS.A.2.1.2 understands the differences in the methods of travel from various times in human history and the advantages and disadvantages of each (e.g., the use of animals such as horses and camels; nonmotorized vehicles such as chariots and travoises). A. Time, Continuity, and Change (History) : 2. The student understands the world from its beginnings to the time of the Renaissance. : GRADES Pre K-2

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