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  1. Francisco Pizarro and the Conquest of the Inca (Explorers of the New World) by Gina De Angelis, 2000-11

81. Untitled
francisco pizarro, another Spaniard, was ambitious to do in and his friends brokeinto pizarro s palace and He came to the new world, searching vainly for the
SPANISH EXPLORERS OF THE NEW WORLD 106. Why America Was Named for Americus Vespucius. The New World should have been named for (See map) Columbus, and it is, sometimes, called the "Land of Columbia." History, however, takes the name of this fair country from one who, probably, least deserved it— Americus Vespucius. It is not certain how many voyages he made to this country, when he made them, where he made them, or that he ever commanded an expedition. Why then should he be honored by having his name given to America? It is said that Vespucius coasted along South America as far south as Brazil. He wrote letters telling his friends very fully about what he had seen. He declared that the regions he saw went far beyond any parts of the Old World in animals, plants, and men, and that the climate of these regions was better than anything he had ever known. The printing press spread this story of Americus. One day a professor of geography in what is now France proposed that this new region, which Americus described so fully, be called "Amerige." The suggestion was taken up, and after a short time that name was applied to the whole of the New World. 107. Balboa Discovers the Pacific.

82. BBC News | AMERICAS | Peru's New Machu Picchu
You are in world Americas. Tuesday, 19 March, 2002, 1225 GMT Peru s new Machu Picchu. fromColombia to Chile, but Spanish conqueror francisco pizarro and his
CATEGORIES TV RADIO COMMUNICATE ... INDEX SEARCH You are in: World: Americas Front Page World ... AudioVideo
SERVICES Daily E-mail News Ticker Mobiles/PDAs Feedback ... Low Graphics Tuesday, 19 March, 2002, 12:25 GMT Peru's new Machu Picchu
The lost city is high in the Andes
Peruvian and British explorers say they have discovered a lost Inca city on a peak in the Andes that was used as a place of resistance against Spanish conquerors.
This site may ultimately yield a record of Inca civilisation from the very beginning to the very end, undisturbed by European contact - an unparalleled opportunity
British explorer Peter Frost They say the site, which was already known to local people, may provide an unparalleled record of Inca civilisation, as the area was hardly touched by conquistadors. The ruins, about 40 kilometres (25 miles) from the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, are in an area where an Inca army held out against the 16th Century invaders. The expedition leader, British explorer Peter Frost, said the site was the biggest of its kind found since 1964 and could have been occupied by the Incas when they took to the hills after the Spanish conquest. Sacred platform It may also hold evidence that could shake up theories of Inca expansion and may force scholars to rethink their ideas about when the Incas first expanded their empire.

83. Colony4
not Hernan Cortes found the Kingdom of the Aztecs and francisco pizarro that of broughtover by the Spaniards and other European explorers to the new world.
Colonial America
Quest for Gold
Spanish Explorers Follow Their Dreams
Furnished by the New Mexico Magazine, State of New Mexico
by Dr. Adrian Bustamante, Professor Univ Colo.
According to legend, sometime during the Moorish invasion of Spain, seven bishops together with their congregations, sailed west seeking to escape the infidel. By the 16th century the seven cities they purportedly founded became the "Seven Cities of Gold" and were thought to be somewhere in the New World. Another legend with a life of its own was that of Sierra Azul, the Blue Mountains, which were heavily laden with silver. If that were not enough, there was the story of Dorado, the golden man who would cover himself with gold dust and then bathe in a lake as an offering to his gods. Mythical geography suggested that the Strait of anian, the waterway connecting the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean, existed somewhere north of New Spain. Whoever found and fortified it could control Commerce between nations and oversee the richest nation in the world. There were tales of kingdoms galore, like the Kingdo of Quivira where streets were paved with gold. The Kingdom of Teguayo was another wealthy Indian area that was waiting to be found. These kingdoms had to exist. After all, had not Hernan Cortes found the Kingdom of the Aztecs and Francisco Pizarro that of the Incas?

84. Spain's Conquests In The New World
important Spanish expeditions in the new world was commanded In 1541 and 1542, Franciscode Orellana YAH nah), another veteran of pizarro s expedition, sailed

Seeking a route to the Indies

Sailing around Africa

Finding a new world

Columbus reaches America
Early explorations in the New World

Spain's conquests in the New World
The French and English in the New World

The search for a Northwest Passage

Legendary places in America
Magellan goes around the globe
Spain's conquests in the New World
During the early 1500's, Spanish explorers pushed across most of Central and South America. They unintentionally brought with them smallpox and other diseases that were unknown in the Americas. As a result, thousands of Native Americans, who had no resistance to these diseases, sickened and died from them. The Spanish explorers established colonies in the new lands. Royal officials, Roman Catholic priests, and settlers arrived soon after the explorers. The Indians typically were forced to work for the Spaniards. The Spaniards also brought sugar cane, wheat, and other new plants to the Americas, as well as horses, cattle, sheep, and other domestic animals. The Spaniards took back to Europe many plants that were unknown there, such as corn and potatoes.
One of the most important Spanish expeditions in the New World was commanded by Hernando Cortes (kawr TEHZ), who left Cuba in 1519 with more than 600 men. He sailed to what is now the Mexican state of Yucatan, which was a center of Maya civilization. Cortes moved along the coast of Mexico and then inland to Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City), the capital of the Aztec empire. Along the way, he met an Indian woman named Malinche, whom the Spaniards called Dona Marina. Malinche, who knew both the Maya and the Aztec languages, served as an interpreter for Cortes.

85. Conquistadors: Francisco Pizarro - World History Lesson Plan (grades 9-12) - Dis
Learn how francisco pizarro's dream of finding an El Dorado led him and his conquistadors high into the Andes mountain range. pizarro, an illiterate Spanish soldier, would orchestrate the fall of

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Use our free online Teaching Tools to create custom worksheets, puzzles and quizzes on this topic! Students will
  • determine the reasons for Francisco Pizarro's success in vanquishing the Incas; and
  • write a paper explaining their conclusions.
  • Computer with Internet access
  • Paper, pens, pencils
  • Print materials on Francisco Pizarro
  • Hold a class discussion on some of the strategies Francisco Pizarro used to conquer the Inca. Ask students to share their first impressions of the Inca culture and of Pizarro's dealings with the Inca people.
    • European diseases such as smallpox contributed significantly to diminishing the population of the Inca Empire.
    • Pizarro's cavalry had distinct advantages over Inca fighting techniques.
  • 86. Conquistadors - Peru
    With full curriculum resources focusing on issues related to the Conquistadors' exploration and conquest of the new world, this online learning adventure for students and teachers retraces the in
    pathDepth("../../images/") pathDepth2("../../images/") headerPeru('../../','../','ad2') Born in Trujillo, Spain in about 1471, Francisco Pizarro was the illegitimate son of a military captain. After fighting in the Spanish wars in Italy, Francisco Pizarro arrived in the New World in 1502. While in the New World, Pizarro served in the military on the island of Hispaniola and then joined an expedition to the north coast of South America.
    Learn more about Pizarro's first expeditions to the New World at:
    Atahualpa was the absolute ruler of the largest and most advanced empire in the New World, but Francisco Pizarro, commanding only a ragtag army of 160 Spanish soldiers, captured him in a matter of minutes. It was a decisive moment in history. How did this happen?
    The Ransom and Betrayal of Atahualpa
    Once he was taken prisoner, Atahualpa quickly offered history's largest ransom to his captor, Pizarro. For a promise to free him, Atahualpa offered to deliver enough gold to fill a room 22 feet long by 17 feet wide, to a height of over 8 feet. Pizarro agreed. [more]

    87. Rob Ossian's Pirate's Cove
    most dramatic episodes in the history of the new world. was nearly 50 years old, Franciscopizarro, serving as Indian empire to the south, pizarro enlisted the
    Francisco Pizarro
    Spanish adventurer, explorer, conqueror
    Born: c. 1475
    Died: 1541
    The conquest of Peru by an obscure adventurer is one of the most dramatic episodes in the history of the New World. Until he was nearly 50 years old, Francisco Pizarro, serving as a minor Spanish official on the Isthmus of Panama, had nothing to show for years of toil and peril but a small holding of land. Little more than a decade later, he had conquered the fabulously wealthy empire of the Incas and had bestowed on Spain the richest of its American possessions. He also founded the city of Lima, now the capital of Peru.
    Pizarro was born in about 1475 in Trujillo, a small town near Caceres, Spain. The illegitimate son of a Spanish captain, he spent his childhood with his grandparents in one of Spain's poorest regions. He apparently never learned to read or write.
    Pizarro traveled to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola in 1502 with the governor of that Spanish colony. He took part in an expedition to Colombia in 1510, and three years later, he accompanied Vasco Nunez de Balboa in a journey that ended in the discovery of the Pacific Ocean. From 1519 to 1523 he served as mayor of the town of Panama.
    In 1523, hearing of a vast and wealthy Indian empire to the south, Pizarro enlisted the help of two friends to form an expedition to explore and conquer the land. A soldier named Diego de Almagro provided the equipment, and the vicar of Panama, Hernando de Luque, furnished the funds.

    88. LookSmart - Directory - History Of The Conquest Of The New World
    explorers and soldiers, including Cortez, pizarro, Cabeza de Vaca world CivilizationsPresents a list of primary and to the Spanish conquest of the new world.
    @import url(/css/us/style.css); @import url(/css/us/searchResult1.css); Home
    IN the directory this category
    YOU ARE HERE Home Library Humanities History ... Latin America
    History of the Conquest of the New World - Learn about the European explorers and conquistadores who helped conquer the Americas in the C16th.
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  • Cortes, Hernan - Second Letter to Charles V
    Modern History Sourcebook presents the text of this letter written by Hernan Cortes in which he describes the city of Temixtitlan, the seat of Moctezuma's power.
    Historian - Native Resistance

    Susan Schroeder examines revolutionary resistance and the fragile pax colonial in New Spain. Kevin Terraciano assesses her work.
    History of the Conquest of Mexico

    Read William Hickling Prescott's famous history of the Conquest of Mexico, first published in the 1840s. Find the complete text.
    History of the Conquest of Peru

    Download the Project Gutenberg Edition of William Hickling Prescott's history of the Conquest of Peru, first published in 1847. MSN Encarta - Arawak Profiles the history and culture of this aboriginal community, and hosts related multimedia resources.
  • 89. MSN Encarta - United States (History)
    By 1533 pizarro had conquered the Incas of Peru. They sent expeditions under Hernandode Soto, francisco Vásquez de Coronado, and Álvar Núñez B, new France.
    MSN Home My MSN Hotmail Shopping ... Money Web Search: logoImg(''); Encarta Subscriber Sign In Help Home ... Upgrade to Encarta Premium Search Encarta Tasks Find in this article Print Preview Send us feedback Related Items American Revolution, event that established the United States Civil War, event that ended slavery in the United States more... Magazines Search the Encarta Magazine Center for magazine and news articles about this topic Further Reading Editors' Picks
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    90. HighBeam Research: ELibrary Search: Results
    EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN EXPLORERS The world Almanac for coasts of northeast Canada andNew England. 153235 francisco pizarro (Spanish) explored the west coast

    91. Pizarro, Gonzalo
    In 1546, aided by francisco de Carvajal, he defeated Núñez pardon as well as repealof the new Laws Related content from HighBeam Research on Gonzalo pizarro.
    in All Infoplease Almanacs Biographies Dictionary Encyclopedia
    Infoplease Tools

    92. 5th Grade Explorer Reports/Pictures
    by Leona Waller. Living In Spain francisco pizarro was born up for a voyage to theNew world that was Unlike most explorers pizarro only came back to Spain once
    Pizarro Report Francisco Pizarro Fact Pages by Leona Waller Living In Spain
    Exploring The New World
    When Pizarro learned of all the gold and riches there were to be found in the New World he got very excited! He heard all those stories from Spanish sailors who had been there and back. Pizarro signed himself up for a voyage to the New World that was headed by Alonso de Ojeda and navigated by Amerigo Vespucci in 1502, only a decade after Columbus sailed east from Spain. Unlike most explorers Pizarro only came back to Spain once more and that was 28 years later.
    Dates Of Exploration
    v 1502 Pizarro went on a galleon from Spain to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola with Alonso de Ojeda, the governor of the Spanish colony. v 1510 He on a ship from Hispaniola to Colombia. v 1513 He went to on foot and horseback with Balboa to what was to become Panama. Pizarro was reported to have been the second European to see the Pacific Ocean. v 1523 Pizarro, hearing of the vast and wealthy Inca Empire, sailed to Peru, then back to Panama. v 1526 He sailed again from Panama down the west side of Peru, until he found the Inca Empire. v 1530 He sailed to Spain to ask permission from the king and queen to conquer Peru. This was granted. v 1531 Pizarro sailed back to Panama and onto the north reaches of the Inca Empire (near Gallo Island) on the west coast of Peru. From there he traveled by horse and foot as far south as Cuzco in the southern Inca Empire.
    Discovering And Conquering The Incas
    Pizarro was looking for the Inca Empire because he wanted all its gold and riches. Unlike some explorers he found what he was looking for and got what he wanted. After Pizarro conquered the Incas he was a very wealthy man, but his greed also lead him to his death.

    93. Fransisco
    francisco never went to school, so he never learnt how Ang- Az 2 (1989) new York Lexicon Lexicon UNIVERSAL
    FRANCISCO PIZARRO Introduction
    Francisco Pizarro was a Spanish explorer and a conqueror of Peru. He was noted for audacity, cruelty, courage and unscrupulousness. Also for his abilities as a military leader. Biography
    Pizarro was born in Trujillo, Spain in 1470. Francisco never went to school, so he never learnt how to sign his name. In 1510 Pizarro and Vasco de Balboa went to America and took part in a number of exploratory expeditions. These expeditions resulted in the discovery of the Pacific Ocean in 1513. In 1519, Pizarro settled in Panama, and here resolved to conquer the empire of the Incas. The faithful few waited for Almagro who had once more been sent for reinforcements. When Almagro returned his expedition (now reduced to one vessel) he sailed to Gulf Gaugaquil. There they found civilisation and they did indeed exist. In 1528, he contracted to cooperate in the conquest of Peru. In 1528 he also went to Spain to enlist Royal aid for the venture. The following year, Charles 1, King of Spain granted Pizarro the authority to conquer and rule Peru. Pizarro raised a military force in Spain. In 1530, Pizarro sailed to Panama where he enlisted additional recruits. In 1531, with about 180 men and 27 horses, Pizarro sailed to Peru, landing there in 1532. Here Pizarro founded the town of San Miguel. In 1532, they set to Andes. The crossing of the vast mountain range by a tiny group of Spaniards in totally alien country was one remarkable event of exploration. Here, pretending he wished for a conference to be held, he captured the Inca ruler and killed most of his guards. When the Indians tried to resist the treacherous act, the Spaniards killed a great number of them and put the rest to flight. With the ruler in his hands, Pizarro demanded Indians should fill a large room with gold before he released Atahulpa. The Indians obeyed the instructions and the Spaniards were in possession of a fortune in gold. Pizarro then had Atahualpa strangled.

    94. ReferenceResources:FamousExplorers
    Peary, Martin Alonzo Pinzon, Vicente Yáñez Pinzón, francisco Pizarroz, MaffeoPolo early civilizations and their desire to explore the world around them.
    Reference Resources: Famous Explorers
    Explorer Sites A Treasure Trove of North American Exploration Accounts of European voyages and explorations to North America, from Columbus's Atlantic crossing in 1492 to the famous trip through the Northwest Passage by Roald Amundsen in 1905. Alphabetical Navigation permits browsing by explorers' names Discovery and Exploration Maps from the Library of Congress Documents the discovery and exploration of the Americas with both manuscripts and published maps. Many of these maps reflect the European Age of Discoveries, dating from the late 15th century to the 17th century when Europeans were concerned primarily with determining the outline of the continents as they explored and mapped the coastal areas and the major waterways. Also included are 18th and 19th century maps documenting the exploration and mapping of the interior parts of the continents, reflecting the work of Lewis and Clark and subsequent government explorers and surveyors. SEARCHABLE by Keyword or Creator Index

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