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         Paralympics Olympic History:     more detail
  1. U.S. Olympic and Paralympic training site.(Lakeshore Foundation): An article from: Palaestra by Jeff Underwood, 2003-09-22
  2. Special Olympics and Paralympics: A First Book by Lorraine Henriod, 1979-04
  3. Athlete First: A History of the Paralympic Movement by Steve Bailey, 2008-02-25
  4. Carving a trail: A history of skiing in Utah by Sally Graves Jackson, 2001

81. Bayer Sport, Paralympics 2004
the were previously known, have been staged on a regular basis and now the “paralympics”are staged every four years within a few weeks of the olympic Games

82. - 2000 Paralympics - A Brief History Of The Paralympics - Wednesday Oc
paralympics history. But for all their similarities to the Olympics, right down tosharing venues this year in Sydney, the paralympicsnow more than 4,000
World Sports Paralympics Home Schedule ...
Swimsuit 2001

Fantasy Central

Inside Game

Multimedia Central

Work in Sports GROUP
Sports Illustrated
Life of Reilly Television SI Women ... CNN Languages COMMERCE SI Customer Service SI Media Kits Get into College Sports Memorabilia ... TeamStore Paralympics history
Click here for more on this story Posted: Wednesday October 18, 2000 11:42 AM Courtesy of, Official Webcaster of the 2000 Paralympic Games By David Rosner The Paralympic Games parallel the story of disability sports not just in terms of evolution (from rehabilitation to competition), but of revolution (to high-performance sport). It's the story of a movement that knows no limits, no confines, no boundaries, only ever-expanding possibilities. Of course, the Paralympic Games weren't always the peak of elite competition, weren't always the world's largest sports event after the Olympics, weren't always the fastest-growing movement in international sports. But they were always, even before the first Olympic-style competition for athletes with disabilities debuted in 1960, infused with the Paralympic spirit. That Paralympic spirit can be traced to 1948 when Sir Ludwig Guttmann, a German-born neurosurgeon who emigrated to England in 1939 as a refugee from Nazi occupation, organized an athletic competition in Stoke Mandeville for World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries. Four years earlier, at the British government's request to open Stoke Mandeville Hospital's National Spinal Injury Centre, mainly to treat wounded servicemen, Dr. Guttmann had introduced a new medical approach embracing sport as a paramount therapy in the total rehabilitation of paralyzed patients. What began as rehabilitative recreation evolved into athletic competition-with Guttmann emerging as "The Father of Disabled Sport."

83. Paralympic History Gets Study - 2002 Winter Olympics Coverage
Paralympic history gets study. M. Dunn credits DollTepper for spearheading the effortto hold the paralympics in the same city as the Olympics, which has,3949,70001902,00.html

Events schedule

Format story for printing
E-mail a copy of this story Paralympic history gets study By Brady Snyder
Deseret News staff writer University of Utah Professor Larry Gerlach freely admits he knows less about the Paralympic movement than he should as organizer of a lecture series on the topic.
Lucky for Gerlach he found Gundrun Doll-Tepper, a Berlin-educated doctor who has dedicated most of her life to the furthering of disabled athletic competition.
In fact, U. health professor John M. Dunn credits Doll-Tepper for spearheading the effort to hold the Paralympics in the same city as the Olympics, which has happened regularly since the 1988 Summer Games in Seoul and continues for Salt Lake's Winter Games.
It was Doll-Tepper, then, whose Tuesday lecture traced the Paralympic movement's struggle to gain legitimacy from its infancy at the end of World War II.
At the first disabled games, in 1948, at Stoke Mandeville, England, winter sports officials in Switzerland and Austria refused to condone the competition. It wasn't until 1960 in Rome that the first "Olympic style" disabled summer games were held and even then the word "Paralympics" hadn't been invented.
The first winter version of these Games in1976 was dubbed The Winter Olympic Games for the Disabled, then The World Winter Games for Physically Disabled Persons and finally the Paralympics.

84. Sports, Events: Olympics
are held, the ancient games and World olympic Records, paralympics. Austrian olympicHistory Historical results of Austrian athletes competing at Summer and
Top Sports Events Olympics ... Weightlifting Related links of interest:

85. Lukol Directory - Sports Events Olympics
the competitions are held, the ancient games and World olympic Records, paralympics. olympicHistory from Buffalo and Western New York Highlights of olympic

Lukol Directory -
Sports Events Olympics ... International Olympic Committee
[Official site] A variety of information involving the candidate and host cities, events, IOC policies, international sports federations, national Olympic committees, and Olympic museum. [Site in French and English]
Around the Rings Online

News and photos about the business and politics of the Olympic movement worldwide. Edited by Ed Hula, a radio correspondent for Radio 2UE in Australia and KSL Newsradio in Salt Lake City.
International Olympic Numismatic Federation

Official site featuring the collection and study of coins, bank notes, medals and tokens. Contains event information, collector resources and a photo gallery.
Olympic Truce
Describes the history of the concept of world peace through sports, description of the foundation and news items. US Anti-Doping Agency USADA, the independent agency, is responsible for managing the testing for U.S. Olympic, Pan Am, and Paralympic athletes, and for preserving the integrity of sport through research initiatives and educational programs.

86. 2010 PyeongChang
definition, paralympics are the Olympics games held exclusively for the physicallydisabled people shortly after the Olympics. The history of the paralympics.
Origin of Olympic Winter Games History of Olympic Winter Games Winter Olympic Sports Skiing Skating Ice Hockey Biathlon ... Paralympics Paralympics
The Underlying Principles The origin of the word "Paralympics" The History of the Paralympics
The original Paralympics date back to Hippocrates (460-377BC), the famous ancient Greek doctor, who used sporting activities as a means of medical treatment. After World War II, a giant stride was made in the development of Paralympics when the Stoke Mandeville Hospital in UK introduced sports as a significant part of the total rehabilitation of persons with a disability. Dr. Ludwig Guttmann of the Stoke Mandeville Hospital founded the Stoke Mandeville Games for people with spinal disability in 1948, which was held every year in the UK. In 1952, the games expanded into Germany, Sweden and Norway, which ultimately led to the establishment of the International Stoke Mandeville Games Committee (ISMGF). S

87. Homework Helpers - Sydney Olympic Games
Sydney 2000 paralympics http//; olympicsHistory Ancient olympics http//; First olympic Games
Sydney 2000 Olympic Games Subject Headings
Shelf Numbers

Web Sites

Subject Headings Also see under Olympic sports, eg Athletics, Swimming, Boxing etc
Also see under the names of Australian athletes, eg. Fraser, Dawn; Freeman, Cathy etc Shelf Numbers For those who like to browse around the shelves, you could try around these Dewey numbers:

88. ATHENS 2004 Olympic Games
For the first time in the history of the olympic Games, all the Aquatics events willbe held in one venue, at the Athens olympic Sports Complex OAKA olympic
11 June 2004 63 days left... The official website of the ATHENS 2004 Olympic and Paralympic Games Fran§ais
Olympic Games Paralympic Games ...
Key Dates
09 July 2004
The Olympic flame returns to Greece
Athens Guide
Torch Relay Tickets Sport Events ...
ATHENS 2004 Olympic Torch Relay

Follow the Olympic flame on its global journey, which will last 36 days and will pass through 34 cities, uniting all five continents for the first time.
International Swimming Meeting The International Swimming Meeting is held from 9 to 12 June 2004 at the Olympic Aquatic Centre.
 The third day of the Sport Event started at 09:00 International Track Open 2004 The Cycling Sport Event is taking place between 9 and 12 June 2004 at the Olympic Velodrome.
 The third day of the Sport Event starts at 16:35
Press Releases
10 June 2004
The Olympic flame in New Delhi
10 June 2004 DRYMONAKOS makes it to the top with a new pan-Hellenic record 10 June 2004 Greek cyclists win two medals
Latest Added Info
Olympic Venues The sliding of the arc of the Ol. Stadium roof was completed. Watch the video Paralympic Torch Relay On 9th September 2004, the Paralympic flame will be lit in Athens

89. Olympic Studies Centre: Olympics By Subject > History & Modern Olympic Games
Journal of olympic history http// Journalpublished 3 times per year by International Society of olympic Historians.
More Internet resources Olympic movement General overview IOC Olympic Museum Lausanne National Olympic Committees ... International Sports Federations History Ancient Olympic Games Modern Olympic Games Past Olympic Games Future Olympic Games ... Politics Economics Economic impact Marketing and sponsorship Culture Education Communication Olympic symbols Media Internet Volunteers ... Gender Paralympics and adapted sport Paralympic games Adapted sport Environment Urban planning Modern Olympic Games In this section: Selected resources available on the Internet on the history of the Olympic Games, both Modern and Ancient, and more specific resources on the Modern Olympiads. Resources are classified alphabetically by title. ONLINE DOCUMENTS BIBLIOGRAPHIES

90. AOL Canada Search: Search Results
are held, the ancient games and World olympic Records, paralympics. Austrian olympicHistory Historical results of Austrian athletes competing at Summer and

91. The Aij
history of the paralympics. and one of the largest sporting events in the world bigger competitions than the Commonwealth Games and the Winter Olympics.

op Stories: Features: Opinion: ... Contact the editors: History of the Paralympics The Paralympic Games is the premier international event for elite athletes with disabilities and one of the largest sporting events in the world - bigger competitions than the Commonwealth Games and the Winter Olympics. They focus on the athletic achievements of participants, rather than their disabilities and the title 'Paralympic' is derived from the word 'parallel', as the games are conducted parallel to the Olympic Games. Athletes include those blind and partially sighted, amputees, with cerebral palsy, paraplegics, tetraplegics, wheelchair athletes and those with an intellectual disability. The Paralympic Games grew from the work of Dr Ludwig Guttman, a German-born neurosurgeon who established the National Spine Injury Centre at Stoke Mandeville Hospital in England in 1944. He first introduced competitive sport to rehabilitate soldiers with spinal cord injuries sustained in World War II.

92. Montgomery Ready To Make Canadian Olympic History
SEARCH 2000 Games. Thursday, July 13, 2000. PROFILE Carol Montgomery. Montgomeryready to make Canadian olympic history. By DONNA SPENCER Canadian Press.
Inside CANOE.CA SLAM! Sports Jam! Showbiz CANOE Travel CNEWS CANOE Money C-Health LIFEWISE AUTONET Newsstand WHAM! gaming AllPop Search Find Old Friends Free E-Mail CareerConnection Classified Extra Obituaries Today Restaurants Hotels Weather Horoscopes Lotteries Crossword Scoreboard News Ticker Sports Ticker TV Listings Movie Listings CLIVE Concerts Mutual Funds Stocks Feedback Index
SPORT INDEX Pick a sport Archery Badminton Baseball Basketball Boxing Canoe/Kayak Cycling Diving Equestrian Fencing Field Hockey Gymnastics Handball Judo Pentathlon Rowing Sailing Shooting Soccer Softball Swimming Synchro Table Tennis Taekwondo Tennis Triathlon Volleyball B.Volleyball Water Polo Weightlifting Wrestling Team Canada
What Canada Did



SEARCH 2000 Games
Thursday, July 13, 2000 PROFILE: Carol Montgomery Montgomery ready to make Canadian Olympic history
Canadian Press
Carol Montgomery's heart has always been in running.
She may be a medal threat in the women's Olympic triathlon in Sydney, but it's her 10,000-metre race on the track 11 days later that really has her pumped. "I don't have much chance of making the 10,000 final as a runner, but that's what I'm looking forward to almost more so than the triathlon," said the 34-year-old, who will be the first Canadian to compete in two different sports at the same Olympics.

93. AnsMe Directory - Sports > Events > Olympics
are held, the ancient games and World olympic Records, paralympics. 6. Austrian olympicHistory Historical results of Austrian athletes competing at Summer and
Search: Web Sites Dictionary - Define Dictionary - Sounds Like Dictionary - Relations Dictionary - Rhymes Dictionary - Translate Domains - WHOIS Sponsors
Web Directory Olympics
Web Directory Sports Events
Category Description Sites about the Olympic Games in general, including the history of the Games.
Sub Directories Alpine Skiing Ancient Athens 2004 Baseball ... Winter Games
Newsgroups relating to this Category Google Groups
Related Categories Sports > Disabled > Mentally_Challenged > Special_Olympics
This category in other languages Dutch French German Italian ... Turkish
Web sites
2002 Winter Olympics

Provides a listing of medals received by country, historical facts, articles about various sports, and athlete biographies. A Journey Through: The Olympics An interactive site about Olympics, the IOC, how the competitions are held, the ancient games and World Olympic Records, Paralympics. Includes also message boards to voice out opinions on olympic issues, interactive puzzles and quizzes.

94. CBC News.Real
6. Some argue that the paralympics are closer to the true spirit of the Olympicgames as “amateur athletes” compete. TEACHING history (145).

95. Canadian Women At The 2000 Olympics In Sydney, Australia
olympic history.
By Sport. Archery Badminton Basketball Canoe/Kayaking Cycling Diving Equestrian Fencing Gymnastics Judo Modern Pent. Paralympics Rowing Sailing Shooting Softball Swimming Table Tennis Tae Kwon Do Tennis Triathlon Trampoline Volleyball Water polo Weight Lifting Wheelchair Bball Windsurfing Wrestling Who has Qualified The Way to Sydney Olympic History New Sports ... Back to CAAWS updated: 11/06/2000 Paralympics on CBC
Television coverage of the Paralympics Games is upcoming on the CBC. In addition to the highlight package that the CBC made available each day during the Games (and was picked up by TSN Sportsdesk, Headline Sports, CTV Sportsnet and numerous national and regional TV stations), the network will be airing further Paralympic coverage in the coming weeks. - November 6, 2000 Golden Paralympics finish
Canada capped the Paralympic Games yesterday with gold medals in goalball and the wheelchair marathon. Canada finished fifth in the medal standings with 96 38 gold, 33 silver and 25 bronze. Host Australia finished on top of the medal table with 149, followed by Britain with 131, the United States at 109 and Spain with 107. - October 30

96. History Human Experience - Olympics International Events - Sports Recreation
materials here that concentrate on the history of the Winter Olympics, includingprofiles variety of resources on the International paralympics, which is a
Home Web Directory What's the Buzz? Escape Hatch ... Free Email Friday, June 11, 2004 3:56:19 AM DIRECTORY VISITOR POLL Reality Rockers
Are you sick of reality TV?

FEATURED AUTHORS Donnell Carlisle During my eclectic career life I have been a nurse, dental technician, dental assistant, deputy sheriff, design... Prerna Salla Although I have a degree in English Literature (B.A), I still feel I have a long way to go from here... Thanks to my... sanjay Moreland I'm Jess. I don't sit back and wait for life I snatch it up. I've done a few crazy things, and if you stick around... Chapter Quicklink What's the Buzz Escape Hatch: Open Mic
History and the Human Experience
The Olympic Games originated in ancient Greece as a salute to mythological gods. The Games eventually evolved into a group of sporting events that take place every fourth summer and winter seasons and involve athletes from most countries throughout the world. Although the games were eliminated during the early Christian era, they were resurrected in 1896 and have been staged for 2 weeks every fourth year since then. The modern Olympic Games have adhered to this agenda, except during times of such international conflicts as World War I and II. This section focuses on the history of the Olympic Games. olympics history human experience of the olympics international events history human experience of international events ... sports olympics history Get more exposure, list your site

97. BBC SPORT | PARALYMPICS | Paralympics Powers Forward
Full BBC Olympics coverage as 10,000 competitors chase 180 gold medals in 28 sports with latest news, results and an interactive guide to Sydney
feedback low graphics version You are in: Paralympics Front Page


Wednesday, 11 October, 2000, 12:17 GMT 13:17 UK Paralympics powers forward
The Paralympics have grown into a huge event
The Paralympics have come a long way from its humble beginnings as a rehabilitation programme for British war veterans with spinal injuries as BBC Sport Online discovers. Back in 1948, Sir Ludwig Guttman, a neurologist who was working with World War II veterans with spinal injuries at Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Aylesbury, began using sport as part of the rehabilitation programmes of his patients. He set up a competition with other hospitals to coincide with the London Olympics in that year. Over the next decade Guttman's care plan was adopted by other spinal injury units in Britain and competition grew. In 1960, the Olympics were held in Rome, and Guttmann brought 400 wheelchair athletes to the Olympic city to compete. The modern Parallel Olympics (or "Paralympics") were born First gold Britain's first ever gold medal was won by Margaret Maughan that year in archery - the first sport to be included in Guttman's treatment plans.

98. High Performance Sailing
Games. Information relating to the 2004 Games, along with a little Olympichistory. ISAF World Sailing Championships 2003. more. paralympics.,High Performance Sailin

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