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         Panama Indigenous Peoples:     more detail
  1. Indigenous Groups, Globalization, And Mexico's Plan Puebla Panama: Marriage or Miscarriage? by A. Imtiaz Hussain, 2006-09-30
  2. Genetic variation of the Y chromosome in Chibcha-speaking Amerindians of Costa Rica and Panama.: An article from: Human Biology by Edward A. Ruiz-Narvaez, Fabricio R. Santos, et all 2005-02-01
  3. The Curassow's Crest: Myths and Symbols in the Ceramics of Ancient Panama by MARY W. HELMS, 2000-03-25
  4. The Art of Being Kuna: Layers of Meaning Among the Kuna of Panama
  5. The Phantom Gringo Boat: Shamanic Discourse and Development in Panama (Smithsonian Series in Ethnographic Inquiry) by Stephanie C. Kane, 1994-11
  6. The Kuna Gathering: Contemporary Village Politics in Panama (Latin American Monographs, No 67) by James Howe, 1986-06
  7. Stories, Myths, Chants, and Songs of the Kuna Indians (LLILAS Translations from Latin America Series)
  8. Plants and Animals inthe Life of the Kuna (ILAS Translations from Latin America Series) by Jorge Ventocilla, Heraclio Herrera, et all 1995
  9. Magnificent Molas: The Art of the Kuna Indians by Michel Perrin, 2000-01-31

81. EPICA: Ecumenical Program In Central America And The Caribbean
In response to plans to build the highway through ancestral lands, the indigenouspeoples of panama founded the indigenous Pan_American Highway Commission in

Our Mission
History Our Values Strategic Plan ... Staff EPICA
1470 Irving St. NW, Washington, DC 20010
Fax(202)332-1184 Last Updated
Indigenous Communities in Panama Call for Solidarity
A Letter From the Darien Gap
The Darien Gap, internationally known as one of the most culturally and biologically diverse areas in the world, may be on the brink of dramatic change. In the last three years the Panamanian and Colombian governments have renewed pressure to build the final section of the Pan_American Highway through the region, an act that would link North and South America for the first time by road, but could also devastate the area's rain forests and indigenous cultures. In response to plans to build the highway through ancestral lands, the indigenous peoples of Panama founded the Indigenous Pan_American Highway Commission in October 1993, a coalition of grassroots indigenous groups that represent the Darien Gap's major indigenous congresses.
In April 1996, Panama authorized the United States to conduct military exercises in the Darien border region with Colombia, a further violation of indigenous autonomy. The following letter was written by representatives of indigenous communities in the Darien Gap area to the solidarity community of the United States.

82. Vista Mar - Panama - Luxury Homes At Yesterdays Prices
The government of panama protects all its indigenous people, protects theirhabitat and helps their indigenous people preserve their way of life. ,.
Ultra-Modern Panama City Minutes Away Is Taboga Island
Panama City has numerous fine restaurants, all manner of entertainment and is ultra-modern with fine shopping and an excellent business structure for running an international business. Panama has preferential banking laws, excellent corporate structure for those seeking to open a Panamanian corporation and has free trade zones that are intelligently integrated with shipping, rail and air freight. Panama can be viewed as the largest port in the world. It is the Hong Kong of the Americas and Panama City is its core and its hub. Yet, just minutes from Panama City in every direction one finds a pristine environment of waterfalls, lakes, islands and small picturesque towns and villages. Vista Mar is a perfect distance from Panama City. A modern two lane freeway connects Vista Mar with Panama City for easy access to the big city and easy escape back to the luxurious pleasures of Vista Mar.
As for Vista Mar there is a wide variety of homes, home sites and condominiums to choose from; one for every pocketbook. Yes, you can find what you want in Vista Mar for slightly over $100,000 but the sky is the limit. Vista Mar is designed with luxury living in mind and it is probable that you will discover the exact dream house you want in Vista Mar, with the exact design and the exact view you've longed for, which regardless of price will be significantly lower in price than anything else in Europe or the USA for the quality you will get.

83. Colombian Indigenous People Killed Opposing Dam | 10/2/1999
The Embera indigenous people live in the Darien Gap region of panama andin northern Colombia much as they have for centuries. International
Colombian Indigenous People Killed Opposing Dam more lecture:
BOGOTA, Colombia, February 10, 1999 (ENS) - Amnesty International has issued an urgent alert claiming that paramilitary forces have killed six indigenous people of the Embera Katio community who are protesting the construction of a hydroelectric dam on the Sinu River. Ten others have been abducted, Amnesty International representatives say. 350 MW Urra dam under construction (Photo courtesy Consultoria Colombiana S.A.) Those killed on January 29 and December 24 are: Alejandro Domico, Argemiro Domico, Euclides Domico, Abelardo Bailarin, Pedro Luis Bailarin and Guillermo Bailarin.v On January 29, a paramilitary force entered the Embera Katio community of Kipardo in the Resguardo Karagabi, Karagabi indigenous reserve, forcing families to leave their homes and warning that the region could no longer escape the counter-insurgency war. On January 31, the paramilitary group set up a checkpoint on the river Sinu, which runs through the reserve, in Cordoba department, and apparently abducted 10 members of the community, whose whereabouts are now unknown. The names of those who have disappeared are: Gabriel Domico, Solangel Arias Domico, Eugenio Domico, Lubertin Cabrera, Luz Marina Domico, Antonio Domico, William Domico, Libardo Domico, Micaela Domico and Ana Luz Guasaruca.

84. The Bayano Hydroelectric Dam In Panama
with the affected indigenous people at the time of construction and those negotiatedsince that time. Among the violations are the failure by panama to provide
The Bayano Hydroelectric Dam in Panama
Bayano Hydroelectric Project

Interamerican Association for Environmental Defense (AIDA)
Construction of the Bayano Dam in Panama in the 1970s flooded more than 350 km of pristine and highly biodiverse tropical forest, and forced the relocation of 2,000 Kuna and 500 Embera indigenous people from their traditional territories. Because access roads to the dam site were constructed, the area was opened to colonization by outsiders. Although the World Bank provided most of the capital for the Bayano dam ($42 million), the Bank did nothing to guarantee that the affected indigenous peoples would be appropriately resettled or that their rights would be protected. Consultation and participatory decision making processes were woefully inadequate. The territories on which the Kuna and Embera were resettled were far less fertile and productive than the valuable ecosystems in which they lived prior to the creation of the reservoir. Environmental degradation since construction of the dam has further reduced the value of these lands. The Panamanian government has systematically violated both the agreements made with the affected indigenous people at the time of construction and those negotiated since that time. Among the violations are the failure by Panama to provide the Embera and Kuna with adequate compensation for their traditional territories and legal title to the new lands.

85. American Ethnologist - Online Book Reviews
a Navy cruiser and, with a selfrighteousness extraordinary considering the US government’srecord with its own indigenous people, forcing panama to accept a

Project Descriptors mining development, legislation, indigenous Afroamericanpeoples, mining policy, participatory research, indigenous policy, panama.

87. Voice Of Indigenous Peoples - A Book Review By Scott London
behalf of native people. For instance, Marcial Arias Garcia, a Kuna Indian from Panamaand the director of the Continental Coordinating Committee of indigenous
Native People Address the United Nations
Edited by Alexander Ewen
Clear Light Publishers, 1994, 176 pages In their own way, each of the book's sections shed light on the global nature of the plight facing indigenous people: the disappearance of diversity and traditional ways of life, ecological degradation, repression of native rights movements, and the loss of vital knowledge about how to live in harmony with the environment. The statements made by the nineteen indigenous representatives describe these issues with examples drawn from their own cultures. Anderson Muutang Urud of the Kelabit tribe of Sarawak, Malaysia, points out that his people have lost their native forest lands to logging companies. "Our lives are threatened by company goons," he says. "Our women are being raped by loggers who invade our villages. While the companies get rich from our forests, we are condemned to live in poverty and eventual genocide." Davi Yanomami of the Yanomami tribe of the Amazon Valley describes the invasion of garimpeiros (gold miners) who not only ravage their lands but exploit his people and spread disease. Thomas Banyacya, a Native American Hopi elder, talks about the costs to his people of the Navajo-Hopi Land Settlement Act of 1974 which mandated the removal of Navajos and Hopis from their native lands, ostensibly to resolve conflicting claims to land between the two groups, but largely as a result of pressure by mining and energy industries.

88. International Decade Of The World's Indigenous People: Symposium On Indigenous I
management of hazardous wastes on indigenous people s lands. Transmission of indigenousCultures it is from our Reuter Orán, Kuna author (panama) Means of
Cultural Policy Resources Issues on Culture and
From Diversity to Pluralism ... United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO Sitemap Glossary Links News and Events ... Search Languages English Français Español Publications Statutory Texts Write to us Frequently Asked Questions About Culture Anniversaries, Days and Decades Fellowships Funding and Patronage Prizes Recruitment and Internships Who's Who?
International Decade of the World's Indigenous People Symposium on "Indigenous Identities: Oral, Written Expressions and New Technologies"
UNESCO, 15-18 May 2001
Entrance at 125 avenue de Suffren, Paris 75007 Programme The first part of the Symposium (15-16 May) explored the interaction and complementarities of the oral and written, as well as the role of traditional or modern supports in the safeguard and transmission of indigenous cultural values. The second part of the Symposium (17-18 May) focused on the impact of new technologies (multimedia, Internet) on research and teaching in anthropology, museology and current protocols for the re-appropriation of the tangible and intellectual cultural property of indigenous peoples.

89. University Of Minnesota Human Rights Library
9. Concern is expressed that some groups living in panama, such as indigenous peopleand members of the black and Asian minorities, do not fully benefit from
Conclusions and recommendations of the Committee on the Elimination of
Racial Discrimination, Panama, U.N. Doc. CERD/C/304/Add.32 (1997).
Fiftieth session
Concluding observations of the Committee on the
Elimination of Racial Discrimination
1. The Committee considered the tenth, twelfth, thirteenth and fourteenth periodic reports of Panama, submitted in a single document (CERD/C/299/Add.1), at its 1208th meeting (CERD/C/SR.1208), on 18 March 1997. At its 1213th meeting, held on 21 March 1997, it adopted the following concluding observations. A. Introduction 2. The Committee notes with appreciation the State party's willingness to re-establish a dialogue with the Committee by sending a high-level delegation to present the report, which indicates the importance attached by the Government of Panama to its obligations under the Convention. The Committee regrets, however, that no report was submitted between 1986 and 1996 and that the report submitted does not cover adequately all the rights recognized under articles 2 to 7 of the Convention. The Committee nevertheless expresses its appreciation for the frank dialogue with a competent delegation and for the answers given orally to the wide range of questions asked by its members.

90. - United States - New - Library - Society - Community & Cultures - Indi
org/indigenous/kuna/kuna.htm Look at a photo gallery of this panama indigenous group,read an overview of the people, and visit other Central American groups.

91. Subject Panamanian Copper Protest (fwd)
in cdppn.alerts ** Minewatch Urgent Action 10th December 1996 panamanian copperprotest Six members of the indigenous NgobeBugle people of panama have been
Subject: Panamanian Copper Protest (fwd)
Date: Wed, 11 Dec 1996 11:07:33 -0500
To: Multiple recipients of list NATIVE-L
Original Sender: (Carol Liu)
Mailing List: NATIVE-L (
Date: Tue, 10 Dec 1996 17:40:37 -0600 (CST)
From: rich%pencil@YaleVM.CIS.Yale.Edu (Rich Winkel)
Subject: Panamanian Copper Protest
Organization: PACH /** pn.alerts: 46.0 **/ ** Topic: Panamanian Copper Protest ** ** Written 2:35 PM Dec 10, 1996 by gn:minewatch in cdp:pn.alerts ** Minewatch Urgent Action 10th December 1996: Panamanian copper protest Six members of the indigenous Ngobe-Bugle people of Panama have been on hunger strike since 26 November in protest against a vast copper development threatening their territory. They and the 126,000 strong community have been campaigning for land rights for the last 23 years. On 13 October 1996 members of the community took part in a 440 kilometre march to the capital, Panama City. This marked the 504th anniversary after the "black day" of the Ngobe-Bugles' first contact with Europe. Since its discovery in 1932, Cerro Colorado has been known as the one of the world's largest copper deposits. Situated in the west of Panama, in the province of Chiriqui, it allegedly has reserves that could transform it into the 12th largest copper mine in the world, on the same scale as the Ok Tedi and Grasberg deposits in Papua New Guinea.

92. WRP Panama Project
for future similar projects among people, indigenous and otherwise projects that couldhelp these people attain greater drilling rig and ship it down to panama.
Panama Project
Safe Water for the Epera Indians,
Southern Darien Province, Panama
Funded by Lifewater International and private contributions
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Campana
New! Report on May 2000 Panama Trip
In March 1999, at the invitation of the Epera (formerly known as "Embera") Indians, Dr. M. E. Campana conducted a water resources survey trip as a volunteer for Lifewater International ( ) a Christian, tax-exempt, private voluntary organization (PVO), to Area Two of the Epera Indian comarca (reservation) in the southern Darien Province of Panama. (Click here to see an index map of the study area and a detailed map of the Comarca Area Two.) On the comarca, which is in the Rio Sambu drainage basin, there are over 2,200 Epera Indians, who live in 12 major villages and other small settlements. The Epera are one of two groups in the Choco tribe (total: 40,000 individuals) of Panama and Colombia. They receive little help and sorely need reliable supplies of potable water. In addition, there are more Epera living off the comarca who have similar water needs. Dr. Campana tested existing water supplies surface water and water from primitive, unsanitary dug wells and found that while the overall chemical quality is good, the threat of fecal contamination is present (all PathoScreen tests were positive, indicating a high potential for fecal contamination from unsanitary practices and poor source protection).

93. NATIVE_NEWS: WTO Indigenous Peoples Declaration
Chronological Find Thread
NATIVE_NEWS: WTO Indigenous Peoples Declaration

94. Minorities At Risk (MAR)
The Bokota, the Terraba and the Bribri all are smaller groups of indigenouspeoples scattered throughout the interior of panama.
Native Peoples of Panama
Total Population: 21,483,000 (1995 UN population projection)
Total Native Population: 315,815 (1992 survey by the Central Statistical and Data Processing Office OCEI). Based on information from the Summer Institute in Linguistics (SIL), there are approximately 70 - 80,000 Wayuu-speakers, 13 - 16,000 Piaroa-speakers, 20 - 25,000 Warao-speakers, and 13 - 15,000 Yanomami-speakers, with approximately 45 - 50,000 speaking some 25 other indigenous languages.
The Minorities Project 1995 Population Estimate
Ethnic group Population percent of Total
Mestizo 14,600,000 67%
White 4,390,000 21%
Black 2,150,000 10%
Indigenous 340,000 2%
TOTAL 21,480,000 100%
Click here to view General Chronology
Risk Assessment Indigenous people in Panama face discrimination, poor health and low literacy levels (ECOSTR99 = 6). However, any risk assessment must address the three main indigenous groups separately as each is faced with a different set of problems and policies (POLSTAT = 4). The Guaymi, while the largest group, has the least political leverage of the three because of their loose organization. Most Guaymi are simple pastoralists who live in their traditionally small tribal settings in the jungle; they identify with their communities, not with ethnicity. While they have recently been granted their own cormarca (reservation), it remains to be seen whether the government will live up to its promises and respect the autonomy of the area. Given their recent success, it seems likely that the Guaymi would react to any government failures with renewed protests and international litigation, and potentially greater violence.

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