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         Panama Indigenous Peoples:     more detail
  1. Indigenous Groups, Globalization, And Mexico's Plan Puebla Panama: Marriage or Miscarriage? by A. Imtiaz Hussain, 2006-09-30
  2. Genetic variation of the Y chromosome in Chibcha-speaking Amerindians of Costa Rica and Panama.: An article from: Human Biology by Edward A. Ruiz-Narvaez, Fabricio R. Santos, et all 2005-02-01
  3. The Curassow's Crest: Myths and Symbols in the Ceramics of Ancient Panama by MARY W. HELMS, 2000-03-25
  4. The Art of Being Kuna: Layers of Meaning Among the Kuna of Panama
  5. The Phantom Gringo Boat: Shamanic Discourse and Development in Panama (Smithsonian Series in Ethnographic Inquiry) by Stephanie C. Kane, 1994-11
  6. The Kuna Gathering: Contemporary Village Politics in Panama (Latin American Monographs, No 67) by James Howe, 1986-06
  7. Stories, Myths, Chants, and Songs of the Kuna Indians (LLILAS Translations from Latin America Series)
  8. Plants and Animals inthe Life of the Kuna (ILAS Translations from Latin America Series) by Jorge Ventocilla, Heraclio Herrera, et all 1995
  9. Magnificent Molas: The Art of the Kuna Indians by Michel Perrin, 2000-01-31

61. Indigenous Peoples/
This book focuses on panama s indigenous Kuna people. The work, anenvironmental and artistic mosaic, is a collaboration among two
Native Peoples and Environmental Conservation
Reviews of Plants and Animals in the Life of the Kuna and Indigenous Peoples and the Future of Amazonia
by Ron Mader
November 1995 Site Map Events Amazon ... Book Reviews
What should books about indigenous peoples strive for - acceptance among academics or the native peoples themselves? If there is a way to strike a compromise, the authors of Plants and Animals in the Life of the Kuna , have found a way to bridge the gap. This book focuses on Panama's indigenous Kuna people. The work, an environmental and artistic mosaic, is a collaboration among two Kuna biologists and a Panamanian colleague. Illustrations by Kuna artists Ologuagdi and Enrique Tejada provide a clear portal for curious outsiders. The authors document a variety of factors that contribute to environmental degradation, including abuses of the market economy, population growth, and careless practices. Being native to a region does not imply omnipotence. "The Kuna, like the indigenous peoples of North America who enthusiastically killed beaver so that Europeans could wear tall hats, have been drawn into a system vastly larger and more powerful than their own society," writes James Howe in the book's forward. "If they are to survive as a people into the next century, they must reconcile the subsistence and market economies as well as protect the borers of their small enclave."
    The earth is the mother of all things, the Great Mother. She is the guardian who caringly watches over all that exists. She has burba and we live on her.

62. Indigenous Peoples & Globalization | IFG
has completed a map depicting the negative impacts of economic globalization on indigenouspeoples. in Nicaragua; ecotourism on Kuna land in panama; mining on
Go to: home about events programs news room book store analysis contact IFG join IFG
See Resources on Indigenous Peoples Issues Below
Indigenous peoples are on the cusp of the crisis in sustainable development. Their communities are concrete examples of sustainable societies, historically evolved in diverse ecosystems. Today, they face the challenges of extinction or survival and renewal in a globalized world. The impact of globalization is strongest on these populations perhaps more than any other because these communities have no voice and are therefore easily swept aside by the invisible hand of the market and its proponents. Globalization is not merely a question of marginalization for indigenous peoples it is a multi-pronged attack on the very foundation of their existence and livelihoods, for example:
  • Indigenous people throughout the world sit on the "frontlines" of globalization's expansion; they occupy the last pristine places on earth, where resources are still abundant: forests, minerals, water, and genetic diversity. All are ferociously sought by global corporations, trying to push traditional societies off their lands.
    New advances in technology, the reorientation toward export-led development, and the imperatives of pleasing global financial markets are all driving forces in the extermination of countless native communities which stand in their way.

The infrastructure development, for instance, under Plan panama has destroyed ceremonialand sacred sites of indigenous peoples in the six States of Southern
THE INTERNATIONAL CANCUN DECLARATION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES th WTO Ministerial Conference - Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico, 12 September 2003 We, the international representatives of Indigenous Peoples gathered here during the 5 th WTO Ministerial Conference in Cancun, Mexico from 10-14 September 2003 wish to extend our thanks to the Indigenous Peoples of Mexico, particularly the Mayan Indigenous Peoples of Quintana Roo, for welcoming us. We share the concerns of our Indigenous brothers and sisters, as expressed in the Congreso Nacional Indigena Declaration of Cancun. We join our voices to this CNI Declaration and its conclusions and recommendations. We wish to especially recognize and honor the sacrifice of our Korean brother, Mr. Lee-Kyung-Hae, made here in Cancun. His act of self-immolation was a dignified cultural expression profoundly reflecting the daily reality of the effects of Globalization and liberalized trade on peasants and Indigenous Peoples throughout the world. We have come to Cancun to address critical issues and negative impacts of the WTO Trade Negotiations on our families, communities and nations. With the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and with the continuing imposition of the structural adjustment policies of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, our situation, as Indigenous Peoples, has turned from bad to worse. Corporations are given more rights and privileges at the expense of our rights. Our right to self-determination, which is to freely determine our political status and pursue our own economic, social and cultural development, and our rights to our territories and resources, to our indigenous knowledge, cultures and identities are grossly violated. Some of the prime examples of the adverse impacts of the WTO Agreements on us are the following:

64. Indigenous_people_seattle
of The Nanhu, Mexico; Debra Harry, indigenous peoples Council on Priscilla Settee,indigenous Women s Network, USA/Canada; Movimiento de la Juventad Kuna, panama;
Remember the arrests in Seattle? They still got it done. Indigenous Peoples' Seattle Declaration On the occasion of the Third Ministerial Meeting of the World Trade Organization November 30-December 3, 1999. We, the Indigenous Peoples from various regions of the world, have come to Seattle to express our great concern over how the World Trade Organization is destroying Mother Earth and the cultural and biological diversity of which we are a part. Trade liberalization and export-oriented development, which are the overriding principles and policies pushed by the WTO, are creating the most adverse impacts on the lives of Indigenous Peoples. Our inherent right to self-determination, our sovereignty as nations, and treaties and other constructive agreements which Indigenous nations and Peoples have negotiated with other nation-states, are undermined by most of the WTO Agreements. The disproportionate impact of these Agreements on our communities, whether through environmental degradation or the militarization and violence that often accompanies development projects, is serious and therefore should be addressed immediately. The WTO Agreement on Agriculture (AOA), which promotes export competition and import liberalization, has allowed the entry of cheap agricultural products into our communities. It is causing the destruction of ecologically rational and sustainable agricultural practices of Indigenous Peoples.

65. Document/Essai - Protecting Indigenous Women's Intellectual Property - Backgroun
The text of Act 20 of the Republic of panama Concerning the special system forregistering the collective rights of indigenous peoples, for the protection
Indigenous Women’s Continental Network
Protecting Indigenous Women's Intellectual Property
Tools for thought and action with regard to protecting the traditional designs and patterns of indigenous women
On a daily basis, Indigenous women in Latin America find, in craft markets, t-shirts made halfway around the world that reproduce their peoples’ traditional designs. Last year, a famous New York fashion designer sent a crew to tour the Canadian Arctic to find "design ideas" to inspire her winter collection. When the Pauktuutit Association of Inuit Women found out, it immediately contacted the designer’s lawyers to make it clear that the designs of Inuit artists should not be copied or adapted, since they constitute their heritage. In France, the head of a small business decided to give classes in making "Molas", the embroidery designs of the Kuna women of Panama. The business woman appropriated the Kuna women’s techniques and designs to launch her own line of clothing, as well as a specialized magazine to teach the French to reproduce traditional Panamanian embroidery. Indigenous women who are struggling to overcome poverty are deeply concerned and upset to see "designers" steal their traditional designs and patterns. Not only are these designs and patterns one of their few sources of income, they also symbolize their cultural identity.

66. Document/Essai - Republic Of Panama, Act No. 20: Special System For Registering
customs law, of nonoriginal products that imitate, in whole or in part, the workmanshipof the traditional dress of the indigenous peoples of panama, as well
ACT No. 20
On the 26 th day of the month of June of the year 2000
(Published in Gaceta Oficial (Official Gazette) No. 24,083 of June 27, 2000)
The Spanish version of this law is the official version
Concerning the Special System for Registering the Collective Rights of Indigenous Peoples, for the Protection and Defense of their Cultural Identity and Traditional Knowledge, and Setting out other Provisions
Chapter I
Article 1. The purpose of this Act is to protect the collective intellectual property rights and traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples over their creations, such as inventions, models, drawings and designs, innovations contained in the images, figures, symbols, graphics, stone carvings and other details; as well as the cultural elements of their history, music, art and traditional forms of artistic expression susceptible to commercial use, via a special system to register, promote and market their rights, in order to highlight the sociocultural values of indigenous cultures and render social justice unto them. Article 2.

67. GTZ - Indigenous Peoples - Service - Links
Translate this page of the TC with the focus on indigenous peoples in Latin de Chiriquí Waterand Sanitation) of the indigenous Population in
Indigenous Peoples


German DC

Other donors

DC approaches



... GTZ-Material TC Projects Glossary Contact Deutsch Themes ... GTZ Home Programs and projects of the TC with the focus on Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean The following compilation does not claim to be complete and is continually up-dated. Bolivia
  • Reform in education - Project Formation of High School Teacher in Intercultural, Bilingual Education Reform in education - intercultural, bilingual education in countries of the Andes Support of the Indigenous Fund Programa Desarrollo Rural en Zonas Secas del Sur
top Brazil
  • Projetos Demonstrativos Integrated management of natural forests
top Chile
  • Proencuentro - Programa de encuentro Intercultural de la region Metropolitan
top Columbia
  • National forestry programme Programa Forestal Nacional
top Costa Rica

68. - Venezuela
to Lempa on the SalvadoranHonduran border to Bocana de Paiwas in Nicaragua and downinto the Darien Gap in panama. indigenous peoples Such authoritarian and

and suspension of mining and ecotourism projects which infringe and degrade thelands, biodiversity and natural resources of the indigenous peoples of panama;.
Third Conference
Resolution on Panama
The Third International Conference of the International Alliance of Indigenous-Tribal Peoples of the Tropical Forests, convened in Nagpur, India, from 3 to 8 March 1997
CONSIDERING that the Government of Panama, headed by Dr Ernesto Perez Balladares, has systematically increased the application of neoliberal policies to indigenous territories, to the detriment of the democratic structures of the General Congresses;
CONSIDERING that these neoliberal models have proposed projects in eco-tourism, mining and naval bases, which infringe the integrity of indigenous territories, their natural resources and their biodiversity;
CONSIDERING that the communities of Embera-Waunan which remain outside the area of the Comarca are calling on the national government to demarcate their collective territories;
Hereby RESOLVES to
CONDEMN the neoliberal policies and their economic models which are driving the government of Dr. Ernesto Pérez Balladares to invade indigenous territories, which creates division and lack of respect for the General Congresses;
DEMAND the cancellation and suspension of mining and eco-tourism projects which infringe and degrade the lands, biodiversity and natural resources of the Indigenous Peoples of Panama;

70. Travel - Fashions Many Tourists Like
Clothing tourists may encounter. panama s indigenous peoples developed theirtypical needle crafts for their own use, to suit their own tastes.
Clothing tourists may encounter
Panama's indigenous peoples developed their typical needle crafts for their own use, to suit their own tastes. To the dismay of some traditionalists, these arts aren't static - the only cultures that don't change are dead ones, and Kuna molas aren't what they used to be in the same sense that Parisian fashions aren't stuck in the past either.
And yet, the art forms and fundamental features that make Panama's indigenous fashions indigenous remain recognizable as such, even when these fashions are made by people who are not themselves descended from the Americas' first nations.
Above we have an application of an art that was developed by the Kunas, done by Yolanda Lam, who isn't herself Kuna. Her mola-style ties draw interest from Kunas and sell well to both Panamanians and foreigners, and, because she designs things that other people then cut and sew, also give Kuna women work and income.
Below we see the needlework of Ngobe women by the side of the Pan-American Highway near Tole. Notice that some of the dresses for women and girls have the wide collars and puffy sleeves traditionally worn by the Ngobe, while others have neither collars nor sleeves. The latter dresses are unmistakeably Ngobe, but are in the international style more often preferred by non-indigenous people.
This is the season when the most foreign visitors come to Panama, and it should be no surprise that it's also a time of the year when practitioners of the country's indigenous needle crafts make a lot of their sales.

71. Y&G - Prepacks
The First Millennium Conference of indigenous peoples has been organised by panama sNapguana ( core of the earth , in the Kuna language) Association, and


PANAMA CITY, May 8 (IPS) - Indigenous leaders from around the world are gathered this week in the Panamanian capital, where they have launched a global appeal to defend their traditions against the imposition of mass culture they contend is inherent in the globalisation process.
Delegates to the First Millennium Conference of Indigenous Peoples discussed in the Monday plenary session the progress their communities have made in development since 1994, the year marking the start of the International Decade of the World's Indigenous Peoples, declared by the United Nations.
The approximately 200 native leaders also deliberated the creation of a Permanent Forum on Indigenous Peoples within the UN system, as well as the economic and cultural impacts of globalisation in their communities, and mechanisms to ensure respect for indigenous rights.
Tuesday saw the reinforcement of the common stance the world's native peoples will take at the UN World Conference against Racism and Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, to take place this September in Durban, South Africa.

72. Valuing Diversity In Sustainable Development - IFAD Experience With Indigenous P
communities. In the Ngöbe project in panama, the steering committeehas 50% representation of indigenous peoples. Moreover, in
Home About IFAD Operations Evaluation ... Contact Us document.write(document.title) forthcoming events
president speeches

ifad 25th anniversary

scaling up poverty reduction
ifad past events

Parallel Event to the World Summit on Sustainable Development
Indigenous Peoples: Valuing Diverstiy for Sustainable Development ( PDF Version Jointly organized by IFAD, Popular Coalition to Eradicate Hunger and Poverty and Indigenous Peoples Coordination Committee 28 August 2002 at 13:00 pm in Randburg Tower Conference Centre, Johannesburg
Table of Contents List of Acronyms Preface I. Introduction II. Why Focus on Indigenous Peoples? ... Annex - Important Milestones Related to Indigenous Issues
List of Acronyms ADSDPP Ancestral Domain Sustainable Development and Protection Plans APPTDP Andhra Pradesh Participatory Tribal Development Project APTDP Andhra Pradesh Tribal Development Project ASOCUCH Association of Cuchumatanes Organizations CARC Upper Basin of the Cañar River Rural Development Project CDC Community Development Committee CHARM Cordillera Highland Agricultural Resource Management Project CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research CISP Oudomxai Community Initiative Support Project FEAS Promotion of Technology Transfer Project to Peasant Communities in the Highlands

73. (wto) No To TRIPS Of WTO Say Indigenous People's In Geneva, July 99
de la Juventud Kuna (MJK) panama 25. Loyal David Hauheng Bawm indigenous peoplesÝOrganization Hkun Okker PaO peoples Liberation Organization Thailand 30.
Date Prev Date Next Thread Prev Thread Next ... Thread Index
(wto) No to TRIPS of WTO say Indigenous People's in Geneva, July 99 FOR MULTIPLE COPIES CONTACT PUBLIC CITIZEN 202-588-1000 OR GO TO

74. PANAMA: Indigenous People Fear Genetic Slavery
panama indigenous People Fear Genetic Slavery. by Silvio Hernándezpanama CITY, Dec 17 (IPS) The lack of protection for the human
IPS news reports appear daily in English, German, Finnish, Norwegian, Spanish and Swedish.
To subscribe , please contact us at: Africa Asia Caribbean Europe ... North America
PANAMA: Indigenous People Fear Genetic Slavery
by Silvio Hernández PANAMA CITY, Dec 17 (IPS) - The lack of protection for the human and cultural rights of the indigenous Central Americans has awoken their fears of being submitted to genetic slavery by unscrupulous scientists. The first alarm was sounded several years ago when the genes of a Panamanian Ngobe-Bugle woman were patented in the United States as a scientific discovery by two US researchers. The woman, resident in the Caribbean province of Bocas del Toro and whose name was reserved to protect her identity, was carrier of the HLV2 virus, similar to that which produces AIDS. Kuna indigenous leader Atencio Lopez, who has been running an international campaign against the ''stealing'' of genes from native peoples for the last four years, told IPS the genes were taken from the woman by foreign researchers with the help of local doctors who extracted the blood. The ngobe-bugle are carriers of HLV2 but do not develop the illnesses associated with this as they have antibodies which protect them.

panama indigenous PEOPLE RAISE ALARMS ABOUT OTC 19.12.97 0247panama CITY, (Dec. 17) IPS indigenous leaders are again raising
OTC 19.12.97 02:47
PANAMA CITY, (Dec. 17) IPS - Indigenous leaders are again raising an alarm against gene robbery by unscrupulous scientists among their people, a practice they say is money-motivated and exempt from international agreements on human rights.
The first alarm was sounded several years ago when the genes of a Panamanian Ngobe-Bugle woman were patented in the United States as a scientific discovery by two U.S. researchers.
The woman, whose name was withheld, was a resident in the Caribbean province of Bocas del Toro. She was a carrier of the HLV2 virus, which is similar to the virus that produces AIDS.
Kuna indigenous leader Atencio Lopez has run an international campaign against the "stealing" of genes from native peoples for the last four years. He told IPS the genes were taken from the woman by foreign researchers with the help of local doctors who extracted the blood.
The Ngobe-Bugle are carriers of HLV2 but they do not develop the associated illnesses, as they have antibodies which protect them.
Lopez explained that as AIDS "is like El Dorado" for the big pharmaceutical transnationals, anything close to the virus "makes them crazy and they will stop at nothing to get hold of and control their formulas."

COLOMBIA/panama indigenous PEOPLE. Worldwide distribution via the APC networks.Title COLOMBIA/panama indigenous PEOPLE ACCUSE GOVERNMENTS OF NEGLECT.
Debra Guzman
Fri, 3 Sep 1993 11:14:00 PDT
/* Written 10:33 am Sep 3, 1993 by in igc:ips.english */
Worldwide distribution via the APC networks.
panama city, aug 31 (ips) - leaders of the dule-kuna indigenous
tribes, living near the panama-colombia border, on tuesday
accused the governments of these nations of inaction and neglect.
the charges came during a meeting between representatives of
colombia's antioquia indigenous organisation and panama's general
congress of kuna people, who consider themselves part of the dule
culture which dominated the region before the european arrival. abadio green, president of the antioquian delegation, said the region's indigenous people have been abandonded ''due to negligence by the governments.''

77. LookSmart - Directory - Indigenous People Kuna
Kuna indigenous People Look at a photo gallery of this panama indigenous group,read an overview of the people, and visit other Central American groups.
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Indigenous People Kuna - Study the history, view art, read poems, and stories of the Dule people of Panama.
Directory Listings About
  • Kuna Yala o Dulenega
    View an illustration of the culture, literature, art and spirituality of the Dule people of Panama. Includes stories and poems in Spanish and English.
    Native Planet - Kuna Indigenous People

    Look at a photo gallery of this Panama indigenous group, read an overview of the people, and visit other Central American groups.
    NMAI Conexus - The Art of Being Kuna

    View Panama area pieces from a collection of the National Museum of the American Indian. Includes descriptions, and meanings with presentation.
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    78. Panama Travel | Lonely Planet World Guide
    name Republic of panama Area 78,200 sq km Population 3 million People 65% mestizo,14% African descent, 10% Spanish descent, 5% indigenous Language English
    home search help worldguide ... Postcards
    Panama While Panama is known mostly for its famous canal, the country's natural attractions offer an irresistible lure to far-sighted travellers. This overlooked country offers some of the finest birding, snorkelling and deep-sea fishing in the Americas. It is a proud nation that offers astounding wildlife adventures, that respects its seven indigenous peoples and that celebrates its Spanish heritage with frequent and colourful festivals. There's an inescapable feeling that you're in on a secret the rest of the travelling world has yet to discover. The country's indigenous name means 'abundance of fish'. Rafters can ride 20 sets of rapids in a single day, wildlife abounds in the scarcely-visited national parks, and a person can snorkel in the Caribbean Sea and swim in the Pacific Ocean...on the same day! It's no wonder the locals boast that Panama has much more to offer than nearby, traveller-soaked Costa Rica.
    The area of Dari©n Province between Yaviza and the Colombian border along the upper Tuira River is unsafe due to the presence of smugglers, bandits and Colombian guerrillas and paramilitary forces. However, the vast majority of Dari©n National Park is relatively safe, although there is risk of contracting dengue and malaria so take appropriate pre-travel precautions and cover up as much as possible while you're there. It's highly advisable to visit the park with a guide, if only due to the inherent risks of travel in remote jungle with ill-defined trails. Keep your ear close to the ground when traveling close to the Colombian border, where the rule is the closer you are to the border, the higher your security risk.

    79. Newsletter For Indigenous People - Vol. 1, Ed. 1, June 2003: Healing Our Spirit
    network in order to share experiences that contribute to the wellbeing of the indigenouspeoples of Abya Yala (name given by the Kuna people of panama to all
    Homepage About PAHO Data Topics ... Search
    Volume 1, Edition 1 June 2003
    Healing Our Spirit WorldWide
    Use the
    link to
    the full text
    of this document:

    (in PDF -

    • Editorial Healing Our Spirit Worldwide IV Conference: A Summary Of Our Experience Alcohol And Other Substance Abuse Among Indigenous Peoples Indigenous Youth Voices Winds Of America: Activities And Event Schedule
    Editorial It is an honor to present the first edition of this Bulletin produced as a joint effort of the participants who represented Latin America in the "IV Healing our Spirit Worldwide Global Conference". We have adopted the conference’s title as the Bulletin’s name. As a quarterly publication, the main objective will be to create a network in order to share experiences that contribute to the well-being of the indigenous peoples of Abya Yala (name given by the Kuna people of Panama to all the American Hemisphere), and of the rest of the world. We believe that all of us share the same spirit granted by our Pacha Mama, our Mother Earth. Each edition of this Bulletin will be a shared responsibility of a country or a group of countries. The persons who represented Panama at the Conference edited this First Issue of the Bulletin. We hope this initiative will contribute to the formation of a Unique, United and Strong People.

    80. Indigenous Peoples Frame PAGE
    Our Expedition will cover subjects as various as rainforest, environment and indigenouspeople issues, cultures and lifestyles, adventure and challenges
    This page uses frames, but your browser doesn't support them. We have many pages you can access without frames. The main pages you might be interested in are toc.htm, our table of contents from which you can open other non-frame pages, and photos.htm which will open all our photo galleries. Our Expedition will cover subjects as various as rainforest, environment and indigenous people issues, cultures and lifestyles, adventure and challenges including activities such as survival, kayaking, diving, fishing, cuisine and outdoor cooking, latin america and much more. See our table of contents at

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