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         Judo Olympic History:     more detail
  1. Olympic Judo: History and Techniques by Nicolas Soames, Roy Inman, 1991-05

1. Summer Olympics 2000 Olympic History -- Men's Judo
olympic history Men s judo Men s half lightweight olympics, Medal, Athlete,Country. Atlanta Korea. ALSO SEE olympic history Women s judo.
ESPN Keyword Search Search The Web ESPN Network: NASCAR ... U.S. Roster Olympic history Men's judo
Men's half lightweight
Olympics Medal Athlete Country
Atlanta '96 Gold
Udo Quellmalz
Yukimasa Nakamura
Henrique Guimares
Israel Hernandez Planas Germany
Cuba Barcelona '92 Gold Silver Bronze Rogerio Cardoso Jozsef Csak Udo Quellmalz Israel Hernandez Planas Brazil Hungary Germany Cuba Seoul '88 Gold Silver Bronze Kyung-Keuk Lee Janusz Pawlowski Bruno Carabetta Yosuke Yamamoto South Korea Poland France Japan Los Angeles '84 Gold Silver Bronze Yoshiyuki Matsuoka Jung-Oh Hwang Marc Alexandre Josef Reiter Japan South Korea France Austria Moscow '80 Gold Silver Bronze Nikolai Solodukhin Tsendying Damdin Ilian Nedkov Janusz Pawlowski Soviet Union Mongolia Bulgaria Poland Men's lightweight Olympics Medal Athlete Country Atlanta '96 Gold Silver Bronze Kenzo Nakamura Kwak Dae-sung Christophe Gagliano Jimmy Pedro Japan Korea France United States Barcelona '92 Gold Silver Bronze Toshihiko Koga Bertalan Hajtos Chung Hoon Shay Smadga Japan Hungary South Korea Israel Seoul '88 Gold Silver Bronze Marc Alexandre Sven Loll Michael Swain Gueorgui Tenadze France East Germany United States Soviet Union Los Angeles '84 Gold Silver Bronze Byeng-Keun Ahn Ezio Gamba Kerrith Brown Luis Onmura South Korea Italy Great Britain Brazil Moscow '80 Gold Silver Bronze Ezio Gamba Neil Adams Ravdan Davaadalai Karl-Heinz Lehman Italy Great Britain Mongolia East Germany Montreal '76 Gold Silver Bronze Hector Rodriguez Eunkung Chang

2. World Judo Champions
Information about world and olympic judo champions from the comprehensive and popular judo Information Site with complete references on judo history, principles, philosophy, tournaments, Medal Standings. Complete olympic Results and history. World and olympic judo Champions ( by name) World and olympic judo Champions ( by year
World and Olympic Judo Championships
Bob Willingham
2003 World Championship Results Analysis News Articles and Videos
2001 World Championships
2000 Olympic Results and Medal Standings
Complete Olympic Results and History
World and Olympic Judo Champions (by name)
World and Olympic Judo Champions (by year)
World and Olympic Judo Champions (by number of Gold Medals)
World and Olympic Judo Champions (by country)
IOC Country Codes
US Olympic Judo Teams (1964 to present)
Return to the Judo Information Site
This award winning Neil Ohlenkamp

3. Olympics Judo
Ronin judo Club is a registered member of judo Ontario, and judo Canada. Visit us for location of judo classes, times, news, info, history, and more. Some notable dates in judo's olympic history
When the Olympics were held in Japan in 1964, as the hosting country, Japan was allowed to choose a sport for the games; it chose Judo. It was a great success. Judo wasn’t included in the 1968 Mexico City Olympics; however, it came back permanently on the Olympic schedule in 1972. Some notable dates in Judo's Olympic history include 1988, when the open category was discontinued, and the Barcelona Games in 1992 marked the first time judo was open to women.
Canadian Olympic Judo
Since 1964, there have been of course, a few outstanding and even legendary Judo matches, and the Canadian team has won its share of hardware.
In the 1964 Olympics, Canadian Heavyweight Doug Rogers took the Silver in Tokyo, losing a close decision to the Great Japanese Champion, Isao Inokuma.
In 1984, Canadian Heavyweight Mark Berger won a bronze in Los Angeles.
In the 1992 Barcelona Games, Montreal’s Nicolas Gill won a bronze. He was eliminated early in 1996 in Atlanta (out of the medals,) but in 2000 in Sydney Nicolas Gill won the Silver Medal, losing the Gold Medal match to Kosei Inoue, of Japan.

4. History Of Judo
The history of judo. The Kodokan was founded in 1882 by the late judo became an official event in the. olympic Games of 1964, backed by judo fans
The History of Judo The Kodokan was founded in 1882 by the late Prof. Kano who himself had established Judo. Judo was derived from Jujitsu which had many names and schools. Jujitsu is an art for either attacking others or defending oneself with nothing but one's own body. Prof. Kano adopted the superlative parts of all the Jujitsu schools, got rid of precarious parts, and established the new Kodokan Judo based on his own insight and arrangement. It started with only nine disciples and a twelve-mat dojo. The Kodokan Judo was recognized in a few years to be excellent since its students overwhelmed the Jujitsu athletes at the Police Bujitsu Contest. This really was the first step for its future rapid progress. Prof. Kano promoted judo as a physical exercise from a wide national point of view. Proceeding with the organization of the Kodokan and enacting the regulations of Judo, he became the first Asian member of the International Olympic Committee in 1909 and worked for the spread of Judo world-wide.

5. International Institute For Sport And Olympic History
Nonprofit educational corporation, 501c3, IISOH, Library, Museum, olympic Games, history of Sport, Physical Education, Wrestling, Fencing, Gymnastics, Sports Athletics, Dance, Recreation International Institute for Sport. and olympic history. The following subject areas are suggested areas of interest for Jogging (see Running) judo. Kites and kite flying
International Institute for Sport
and Olympic History
The following subject areas are suggested areas of interest for named endowments.
You can see the broad scope of the Institute's collecting goals from this list.
Additional subjects may be added at any time by the Board of Directors or suggested by Benefactors. Subjects in BOLD are on the program of the Modern Olympic Games and are the primary areas of interest in seeking endowments. Some subjects have links to a more detailed page on that subject to give you more information.
  • Adapted physical education
  • Air Sports
  • Alpine skiing (see skiing)
  • Ancient / Antiquities (Greece, Rome, etc)
  • Aquatics (see Water sports)
  • Archery
  • Architecture (sports stadiums and facilities)
  • Arts (see Sport in Art: coins, medals, posters)
  • Association football (see soccer)
  • Athletic injuries (see sports medicine)
  • Backgammon
  • Baseball
  • Badminton
  • Basketball
  • Biathlon
  • Bibliography
  • Bicycling (see cycling
  • Billiards
  • Biomechanics
  • Blacks in Sport
  • Canoeing, Rowing, Yachting
  • Bobsleigh (see Winter Sports)
  • Bowling
  • Boxing
  • Business (see Sport and Business)
  • Canoeing
  • Cars and car racing (See Automobiles)
  • Cards
  • Checkers
  • Cheerleading
  • Chess
  • Children and Physical Education
  • Coaching (19th century)
  • College Athletics
  • Cricket
  • Croquet
  • Curling
  • Cycling
  • Dance
  • Diving (See
  • Dressage (See Equestrian Sports
  • Drugs and sport (See Sports medicine)
  • Equestrian Sports
  • Exercise
  • Facilities (see sports stadiums and facilities)
  • Falconry
  • Fencing
  • Field Hockey
  • Figure skating (see Skating)
  • Fitness (See Physical Fitness)
  • Football (American)
  • Football (British, see Soccer)

6. The Decathlon In Olympic History - DECA, The Decathlon Association
history of the Decathlon as an olympic event, from Ancient Greece to the New Millenium. The Middle Ages. Early olympic history. The PostWar Era He was also a national class judo competitor
Sponsored by The Decathlon in Olympic History Table of Contents: The Jim Thorpe Story When King Gustav V of Sweden presented awards at the 1912 Olympic Games of Stockholm, he proclaimed to the decathlon winner, an American Indian named Jim Thorpe, as the world's top athlete. "You sir, are the world's greatest athlete." Incidentally, Jim is purported to have replied, "Thanks, King" to the Swedish monarch, a story, true or not, which itself has become part of the Thorpe saga. Ever since, the Olympic decathlon champion or world record holder has been dubbed "the World's Greatest Athlete." And rightly so, since the decathlon is the only objective test of all around athletic ability. Decathletes must contest ten separate events and have those performances tallied on a standard scoring table. The decathlon measures basic sporting ability like jumping, sprinting and throwing. Within the backdrop and rules of track and field, decathlon champions must exhibit, the 4 S's: speed, spring, strength and stamina. Since 1912 great decathlon champions like Bob Mathias, Rafer Johnson, Bruce Jenner and Daley Thompson and others have become household names. But they all owe much to the legend of Thorpe.

7. Summer Olympics 2000 Olympic History -- Women's Judo
olympic history Women s judo Women s half lightweight olympics, Medal,Athlete, Country. Atlanta France. ALSO SEE olympic history Men s judo.
ESPN Keyword Search Search The Web ESPN Network: NASCAR ... U.S. Roster Olympic history Women's judo
Women's half lightweight
Olympics Medal Athlete Country
Atlanta '96 Gold
Marie-Claire Restoux
Hyun Sook-hee
Legna Verdecia
Noriko Sagawara France
Japan Barcelona '92 Gold Silver Bronze Almudena Martinez Noriko Mizoguchi Li Zhongyun Sharon Rendle Spain Japan China Great Britain Women's extra lightweight Olympics Medal Athlete Country Atlanta '96 Gold Silver Bronze Kye Sun Ryoko Tamura Amarilis Savon Yolanda Soler North Korea Japan Cuba Spain Barcelona '92 Gold Silver Bronze Cecile Nowak Ryoko Tamura Hulya Senyurt Amarilis Savon Carmenaty France Japan Turkey Cuba Women's lightweight Olympics Medal Athlete Country Atlanta '96 Gold Silver Bronze Driulis Gonzalez Jung Sun-Yong Isabelle Fernandez Marisbell Lomba Cuba Korea Spain Belgium Barcelona '92 Gold Silver Bronze Miriam Blasco Soto Nicola Fairbrother Chiyori Tateno Driulis Gonzalez Spain Great Britain Japan Cuba Women's half middleweight Olympics Medal Athlete Country Atlanta '96 Gold Silver Bronze Cho Min-sun Aneta Szczepanska Wang Xianbo Claudia Zwiers Korea Poland China Netherlands Barcelona '92 Gold Silver Bronze Catherine Fleury Yael Arad Zhang Di Elena Petrova France Israel China Russia Women's middleweight Olympics Medal Athlete Country Atlanta '96 Gold Silver Bronze Yuko Emoto Gella van de Caveye Jenny Gal Jung Sung-sook Japan Belguim Netherlands Korea Barcelona '92 Gold Silver Bronze Odalis Reve Jimenez Emanuela Pierantozzi Heidi Rakels Kate Howey

8. Judo – News Reports, Sydney Results, Ancient Origins, Olympic History, Atlanta
judo is the only sport Japan has given to the Games titles in the 1990s but lost thelast two olympic finals. in one of the biggest upsets in the history of the

Sunday, September 17 Tiny hero wins nation's heart
From John Goodbody in Sydney The female icon of Japanese sport has done it at last by winning the Olympic title for the country that invented judo and regards it as their own. If Ian Thorpe’s gold medals were greeted with a mixture of delight and relief by Australia, then the victory of Ryoko Tamura generated similar emotions in Japan. Her triumph was headline news in Tokyo yesterday, as newspapers and television stations greeted her win with uncharacteristic fervor. The 10,000-capacity judo hall was packed with seemingly every Japanese person in the southern hemisphere, as spectators and more than 150 television cameramen and photographers struggled for access. Judo is the only sport Japan has given to the Games, according it special status in that country. However, Tamura’s fame is founded on a newspaper cartoon strip, “Yawara-chan”, based partly on her life, in which a tiny girl once beat up thugs on the streets. As a teenager, Tamura, her pig-tails kept in place by red bows, once routed five boys in a fracas. The cartoon is a curious interweaving of fact and fantasy.

9. - History - Olympic Judo Medalists
history. judo became an olympic sport for men in 1964 and women s judo was a demonstrationsport in 1988, preparatory to its being added to the olympic program
Sports History
Alpha Index Index by Sport History Bits Forum ... Search
Olympic Judo Medalists
Table of Contents
Judo became an Olympic sport for men in 1964 and women's judo was a demonstration sport in 1988, preparatory to its being added to the Olympic program in 1992. In Olympic judo competition, there are two pools, each with its own single-elimination tournament. The two pool winners compete for the gold medal, with the loser winning the silver medal. In each pool, the competitors who lost to pool winner enter a repechage round for another single-elimination tournament. The winners of the repechage pools are awarded bronze medals. Weight limits have changed through the years. The limits shown are those used at the 2000 Olympics. Top of page History Biography Glossaries Calendar Quotations ... Directory
Men's Extra Lightweight
(60 kg/132 lb)
Year Gold Silver Bronze Thierry Rey, FRA Shinji Hosokawa, JPN Kim Jae-Yup, KOR Kim Jae-Yup, KOR Kevin Asano, USA

10. - History - Index By Sport
Horse Racing history; Index. Horseback Riding; see see Ice Yachting; Ice Dancingolympic Medalists. Ice Jogging/Running; Journalism. Jousting; judo olympic Medalists;
Sports History
Alpha Index Index by Sport History Bits Forum Links Search
Index by Sport
Choose the first letter of the sport:
A B C D ... Y
History Biography Glossaries Calendar Quotations ... Directory A

11. - Olympic Sports - U.S. Olympic Judo Team - Wednesday September 06, 20
Weight Class 63kg olympic history Competing in her second olympics. She was captainof the US judo Team at the 1996 Atlanta Games. Back to the top. Amy Tong.


Sportsman of the Year

Heisman Trophy

Swimsuit 2001

Fantasy Central

Inside Game

Multimedia Central

Work in Sports GROUP Sports Illustrated Life of Reilly Television SI Women ... CNN Languages COMMERCE SI Customer Service SI Media Kits Get into College Sports Memorabilia ... TeamStore
U.S. Judo Team
Men: Brandan Greczkowski Ato Hand Brian Olson Alex Ottiano ... Jimmy Pedro Women: Sandra Bacher Lauren Meece Colleen Rosensteel Celita Schutz ... Hillary Wolf MEN Brandan Greczkowski Age: Height: Weight: Birthdate: July 18, 1977 Hometown: Colorado Springs, Colo. Weight Class: Olympic History: Competing in his first Olympics Back to the top Ato Hand Age: Height: Weight: Birthdate: June 30, 1975 Hometown: Tallahassee, Fla. Weight Class: Olympic History: Competing in his first Olympics. He was second alternate for the U.S. Team at the 1996 Atlanta Games Back to the top Brian Olson Age: Height: Weight: Birthdate: March 6, 1973 Hometown: Woodville, Fla. Weight Class: Olympic History: Competing in his second Olympics. He also competed in the 1996 Atlanta Games.

12. Summer Olympics 2000 Olympic History -- Swimming
Fan Guide history U.S. Roster. olympic history Swimming Handball. Water Polo. judo/Taekwondo. Weightlifting. Modern Pentathlon. Wrestling
ESPN Keyword Search Search The Web ESPN Network: NASCAR ... U.S. Roster Olympic history Swimming
  • 50 freestyle
  • 50 freestyle
  • 100 freestyle
  • 100 freestyle ... Wrestling
  • 13. Judo Ontario: A History Of Judo
    of the records related to the early history of judo judo developed slowly in the UnitedStates, with dojos the US in 1932 while attending the olympic Games and
    Home Upcoming Events Articles Shiai Results Player Profile Sensei's Corner IJF Pic of the Month Club Directory Guestbook Contact Us Links Membership Form
    A History of Judo: From the Meiji to the Present
    The Meiji Period (1868-1912) of Japanese history was an era of immense change. Japan had closed its doors to the West some two centuries earlier under the power of the ruling Shogunate, causing Japan to remain virtually unchanged during this period both politically and industrially. However, after numerous unsuccessful attempts to establish trade with the Japanese throughout the mid-nineteenth century by a number of Western nations, the United States finally managed to establish a foothold at the Dutch-maintained trading post of Deshima in Nagasaki. This occurred as a result of two notable expeditions. The first was led by Commodore James Biddle in 1846, and the second by Commodore James Glynn in 1849. Although it was the arrival of Commodore Matthew Perry in 1853, that permanently set the wheels of change in motion. Perry brought word from then U.S. President, Millard Fillmore, demanding that Japan establish trading and diplomatic relations between the two nations. Fillmore also threatened the use of force if these terms were not met. As a result, a treaty of amity was signed by the following year between the U.S. and Japan. This effectively ended the isolation from the West that had lasted since 1639. Similar treaties followed with Britain, France, Russia, and the Netherlands, thus beginning Japan's rapid modernization.

    14. Judo Book Review - Olympic Judo, History And Techniques
    This book sets out to provide a complete history of olympic judo, from its tentativebeginnings as an option sport to the demonstration of a women s category
    Home Reviews Printer Friendly
    Olympic Judo
    History and Techniques
    Author: Nicolas Soames and Roy Inman
    Pub: 1990 by The Crowood Press Ltd.
    Pages: 253
    Out of Print:
    This surprising book has an absolute wealth of data on Olympic Judo from 1964 to 1988. The photos are first rate, with many excellent examples of dynamic Judo being shown. Each chapter covers a different Olympic year... with detailed coverage of the more interesting matches. Who was favored, and why... what the upsets were, and reasons for various rule changes down through the years. In the appendix, it gives the results of each and every match. This book is historically valuable. I think that it is out-of-print, but as it's fairly recent, you should still be able to find a copy at a low price. For those interested in the historical development of Olympic Judo, and how it changed Judo worldwide, this book would be invaluable. Get it!
    Contents Acknowledgements 6 The Path to the Olympics 7 Tokyo 1964 14 Munich 1972 33 Montreal 1976 49 Moscow 1980 63 Los Angeles 1984 91 Seoul 1988 130 Appendix 216 Index 251 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
    Many people contributed to this book. Some helped with written material, some with memories and some even with demonstrations. Tony Sweeney (The Budokwai), Syd Hoare (London Judo Society), George Kerr (The Edinburgh Club), John Cornish (The Budokwai), Colin McIver (Scottish Judo Federation) and Charles Palmer (President of the British Judo Association) all helped with verbal and written material.

    15. SJSU Judo - History
    SJSU judo history. judo CO. In 1964, judo became recognized as an olympicsport and Yosh Uchida became the first US olympic judo Coach.
    In 1937, the Police School at San Jose State University saw the advantages of Judo and added the sport to their curriculum. In 1940 they asked Yosh Uchida to teach the class as a student coach. Uchida taught for 2 years before entering the Service in 1942. Upon his return in 1946, he resumed his teaching career at San Jose State on a part-time basis, while pursuing his degree in biology.
    In 1964, Judo became recognized as an Olympic sport and Yosh Uchida became the first U.S. Olympic Judo Coach. Two of the four U.S. Olympic Team Members, Ben Nighthorse Campbell and Paul Maruyama, were coached by Uchida at San Jose State. Ben Nighthorse Campbell is now a U.S. Senator representing the state of Colorado. Paul Maruyama is now a retired Air Force Colonel and coached the 1980 and 1984 U.S. Olympic Judo Teams
    In 1975, women were added to the Judo program. As a team, the men and women at San Jose State University have set the pace for U.S. Judo and have become a leader in the sport both nationally and internationally. Coach Yosh Uchida's collegiate record is phenomenal. The San Jose State University Judo Team has won 36 out of 39 National Collegiate Team Titles. At the international scene, San Jose State University judokas have gained more medals (Olympic, World Championship, World University Game and Pan American Game Medals) than the rest of the United States.

    16. The History Of The Olympic Games
    The history of the olympic Games. The first olympic Games were held at Olympia in 776 BC Handball. Hockey. judo. Modern Pentathlon. Rowing. Sailing. Shooting. Softball

    17. Olympics Accommodations & Hotels, Judo - Ano Liossia Olympic Hall - Athens 2004
    August 2004 for fans of judo olympic Events. Venues Ancient olympics history - Modernolympics history - Modern Winter olympics - The olympic Ideal

    Check Availability Browse Accommodations Buy Olympic Event Tickets ... Submit A Special Request (Please Click on picture for a Map of Olympic Athens) Athens Housing is your accommodations connection for hotels and private residence short-term rentals near the Ano Liossia Olympic Hall in Athens in 2004. The Ano Liossia Olympic Hall of Athens is located in the Athens suburb of Ano Liosia and it is where all the judo events are going to take place during the Athens 2004 Olympic Games. We, at Athens Housing, are making every effort to secure affordable hotel and private accommodations in Athens for August 2004 for fans of Judo Olympic Events. Please feel free to browse through our our accommodations section to find something appropriate. If you see that there is no availability, please submit a form and one of our representatives will contact you as soon as possible to discuss private accommodations and hotel options for you. Athens 2004 Sport Events Tickets Olympic Games Events Schedule List of Olympic Sports - List of Olympic Venues - Ancient Olympics History - Modern Olympics History - Modern Winter Olympics - - Athens City Information - Guide to the Greek Islands The Sporades Islands The Ionian Islands (Eptanisa) The Dodecanese Islands ... Crete - Greece Sightseeing - Best of Greece - Greek History - Greek Boating - Foreign Embassies in Athens Foreign Consulates in Athens Athens 2004 Merchandise - Official Olympic Games Merchandise -

    18. Athens Olympics - Venues And Seating
    Liossia olympic Hall – 2 areas – judo, 8,000 seats Ancient olympics history Modern olympics history - Modern Winter olympics - The olympic Ideal

    Check Availability Browse Accommodations Buy Olympic Event Tickets ... Submit A Special Request Olympic Venues and Seating The Olympic Village - located at the base of Mount Parnitha, will house all athletes participating in the Olympic Games.
    The ATHENS 2004 Olympic Games will focus on three principle Olympic areas – Athens Olympic Sports Complex (AOSC), Faliro Coastal Zone Complex (FOSC), and Helliniko Olympic Complex (HOSC). Of the 28 sports on the Olympic Games Program,17 will occur in these three main Olympic venue areas. (AOSC)
    The Athens Olympic Sports Complex Olympic Stadium
    – 75,000 seats – Athletic events and opening and closing ceremonies
    Olympic Tennis Center
    main court – 8,000 seats
    semi-finals courts – 4,000 and 2,000 seats
    13 other courts with 200 seats each Olympic Indoor Hall – 15,000 seats – Gymnastics and Basketball
    Olympic Aquatic Center – 11,000 seats – Swimming, Diving, Water Polo, and Synchronized Swimming Olympic Velodrome – 5,000 seats – cycling events
    20 miles south of the Olympic Village Peace and Friendship Stadium –
    14,000 seats – Volleyball

    19. History Of Judo
    Many articles have been written about the history of judo, and theoretical) aboutKano s approach concerning the inclusion of judo into the olympic Games.
    By Sensei Yonah Melnik and Dr. M. Schwartz Background - The Martial Arts Jigoro Kano The Personality of Jigoro Kano ... Posthumous… Many articles have been written about the history of judo, and the reader is welcome to browse. It is not our intention to repeat what have already been said, but rather to point out the emphases from our point of view. Background - The Martial Arts
    Judo has one, clearly identified founding father - Jigoro Kano, and it's birth date is also clear - 1882. But the dynasty of judo is long and expansive and is related to the dynasty of the martial art in Japan and China, which has been in existence for thousands of years.
    The number of martial arts that have existed over the years is tremendous, and if we take into account the fact that these arts were passed from teacher to pupil, and thus divided into infinite schools, their number can be counted in the hundreds.
    The general name for many of these schools was and remain "Jujutsu", which means martial art. The goal of jujutsu was one: the decisive subduing of the opponent, sometimes meaning his death.

    20. The History Of Judo
    is now known around the world as an olympic sport judo was established in 1882 bycombining jujitsu, a form of in sumo, which has a long, long history; sumo is
    The History of Judo
    Judo is a martial art that was born in Japan, and it is now known around the world as an Olympic sport. Judo was established in 1882 by combining jujitsu, a form of wrestling, with mental discipline. The roots of jujitsu lie in sumo , which has a long, long history; sumo is mentioned in the Nihon shoki (Chronicle of Japan), a document from 720 that describes the history of Japan from the mythical age of the gods until the time of Empress Jito, who reigned from 686 to 697. From the twelfth to the nineteenth century Japan was ruled by the samurai, a class of professional soldiers. This provided fertile ground for various martial arts to develop. In addition to fighting with swords and bows and arrows, the samurai developed jujitsu to fight enemies at close quarters on the battlefield. Several different styles of jujitsu evolved, and hand-to-hand combat spread as an important form of military training. The era of samurai rule came to an end with the Meiji Restoration of 1868, and Western culture began filtering in into Japanese society.

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