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         Georgia Former Ussr Government:     more detail
  1. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia Country Studies (Area Handbook Series) by Glenn E. Curtis, 1995-11
  2. Understanding Post-Soviet Transitions: Corruption, Collusion and Clientelism (Euro-Asian Studies) by Christoph H. Stefes, 2006-12-12
  3. Pride of Small Nations: The Caucasus and Post-Soviet Disorder (Politics in Contemporary Asia) by Suzanne Goldenberg, 1994-09
  4. Wars of Eduard Shevardnadze. Second Edition, Revised & Updated by Melvin Goodman, Carolyn M. Ekedahl, 2001-10-15
  5. The New Cold War: Revolutions, Rigged Elections, and Pipeline Politics in the Former Soviet Union by Mark A. MacKinnon, 2007-10-04

1. CIA - The World Factbook -- Georgia
incorporated into the ussr until the Soviet Union georgia. local short form Sak'art'velo. former georgian Soviet Socialist Republic. local long form none. government type
Select a Country Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Arctic Ocean Argentina Armenia Aruba Ashmore and Cartier Islands Atlantic Ocean Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas, The Bahrain Baker Island Bangladesh Barbados Bassas da India Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory British Virgin Islands Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Clipperton Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Cook Islands Coral Sea Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Europa Island Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern and Antarctic Lands Gabon Gambia, The

2. WSWS : News & Analysis : Europe - Russia & The Former USSR
News and commentary on Russia and Easern Europe. Threat of civil war hangs over georgia. 5 March 2004. Latvian government collapses
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German French Italian Russian ... Indonesian LEAFLETS Download in PDF format HIGHLIGHTS Support the Socialist Equality Party in the 2004 US elections ... Europe 8 June 2004 New law on Russian referendums: crude attack on democratic rights 7 June 2004 Georgia sends troops to border with South Ossetia 5 June 2004 Trotskyism in postwar USSR: the record of an anti-Stalinist youth group in the early 1950s 22 May 2004 Georgia: Tensions increase between Abkhazia and Tbilisi 11 May 2004 Georgian authorities wrest back control of Adjaria 3 May 2004 Human rights violations in Chechnya and Ingushetia 23 April 2004 Divisions within ruling elite drive impeachment of Lithuanian president 16 April 2004 Threat of civil war hangs over Georgia Part Two 15 April 2004 Threat of civil war hangs over Georgia 5 March 2004 Latvian government collapses 1 March 2004 Russia: Putin sacks government on eve of presidential elections 24 February 2004 Russia: Behind the disappearance of presidential candidate Ivan Rybkin 12 January 2004 Georgian election worsens Russian-US tensions 30 December 2003 Georgia: "Rose revolution" destabilises southern Caucasus

3. Back In The (former) USSR
The Colby Reader. This past summer I had the opportunity to travel through georgia and Armenia, both former republics of the Soviet Union. over seventy years, the USSRs goal was to wipe a statecontrolled economy, government-owned businesses were to 99/russia article.htm
The Colby Reader This past summer I had the opportunity to travel through Georgia and Armenia, both former republics of the Soviet Union. What I learned there, was not how to buy the best Vodka in all of Eastern Europe or the finest caviar available. While buying vodka, however, I discovered that not all countries react the same way, when the shackles of communism are torn off. While both Georgia and Armenia have made great strides economically, socially and politically since the fall of communism, they still face tremendous hurdles. For over seventy years, the USSR’s goal was to wipe away any nationalistic sentiment among the populace of their various republics and replace it with a pseudo-form of allegiance, that proclaimed good in all things Russian. The interests of the state were held above all else. Towering monuments made by the Soviets, that include two-hundred-foot tall metal statues of Stalin and Lenin, are constant reminders of the legacy left behind in the wake of the fall of communism in Asia and Eastern Europe. Unfortunately, as I plodded through the streets of Tbilisi and Yerevan, the countries’ respective capitals, I realized that there are more important remnants of Soviet-style communism that have been left behind, other than ugly stone statues of dead soviet leaders. The most important legacy of communism can be found in the lack of modern technology such as computers and the existence of an underground economy which has mimicked, but failed to create a true capitalist and free economy. If these countries cannot effectively combat corruption, then foreign investment will dwindle and they will be left out of the information technology revolution and globalization will be something that they will read about in the newspapers—but never take part in.

4. Aquaculture Development Trends In The Countries Of The Former USSR Area
countries of the former ussr area (Armenia, Azerbaijan, georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the sector enjoyed government support, directly through subsidies and
Aquaculture Development Trends
in the Countries of the
Former USSR Area
Laszlo Varadi , Sergey Blokhin , Ferenc Pekar
Istvan Szucs and Imre Csavas
Fish Culture Research Institute, P.O. Box 47
H-5541 Szarvas, Hungary
ABSTRACT: KEY WORDS: Former USSR, Aquaculture, Fish Farming, Development, Aquatic Production.
It is within this context of dramatic social and economic change within a large region, that the development and contribution of aquaculture in the countries of the former USSR area is made.

Analysis of production, demand and consumption trends
Statistical data indicate a significant and unfortunate decrease in fish consumption in the countries of the former USSR area during recent years. Annual fish consumption was at its highest level, 30 kg/caput, in the mid-1980s, but has shown a gradual decrease since that time. Average fish consumption was 33 percent lower during the period 1991-1995 than for 1986-1990, compared to a reduction of 8 percent for meat. Recent information indicates that the negative trend has halted and even been reversed, resulting in an increase (FAO, 2000a).

5. ANALYSIS: The Government-criminal Alliance (01/13/02)
Members of parliament in georgia have demanded the resignation of the internal affairs Canthe criminal/government alliance in the former ussr be defeated?
ANALYSIS The government-criminal alliance by Roman Kupchinsky
RFE/RL Crime, Corruption and Terrorism Watch The fight against organized crime is inseparably linked to the question of high-level government corruption. When a corrupt government forms an alliance with organized crime, domestic law-enforcement agencies become cops on the beat - chasing down muggers and pickpockets - while aiding, and benefiting from, major criminal activity. Only when the government/criminal alliance is destroyed can the rule of law return. In the former USSR such a situation exists today. The examples are numerous and brazen. The head of the department in charge of battling corruption at the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) recently fled abroad, fearing arrest for selling protection to criminal groups. The head of Ukraine's Internal Affairs Ministry was fired by the president, and both are suspected of complicity in the murder of a journalist. Members of parliament in Georgia have demanded the resignation of the internal affairs minister and the procurator general for corruption. A Korean businessman recently confessed to having given the president of Kazakstan a bribe of $10 million. Can the criminal/government alliance in the former USSR be defeated? If so, by whom?

decides to sort out former ussr citizens Valentina premier of the Russian government,said that Vakhtang Kutateladze On Wednesday georgia s President Eduard
Oct, 31 2001 In Russian Em Portugues Russia World ... About Pravda.RU:Former USSR
Russia, Belarus Hold Consultations On European Security And OSCE
Russia and Belarus emphasize their readiness to actively cooperate in coordinating draft documents of the Council of the OSCE foreign minsters which is going to hold a meeting in Bucharest, on December 3-4.
More details
Alexander Gorobets: Ukraine needles Russia to please Washington
11 months have passed since the Ukrainian parliament declared the involvement of the top officials to the disappearance of an opposition-oriented journalist. This was actually a break in the official relations between Kiev and Washington
More details
Russia, Turkmenistan In Talks On Draft Gas Partnership Agreement
Russian-Turkmen negotiations are through another round to draft a long-term agreement for gas industrial partnership, the Turkmen cabinet reports from Ashgabat.
More details
Yuri Razgulyayev: Kyrghyzstan’s illegal Islamists operate in concert with Taliban
The Kyrghyz underground religious political party Khizbut Takhrir is connected with the Taliban movement, according to the National Security Service of this former Soviet Central-Asian republic located in the scenic Ala Tau mountains. The sources report that the illegal organization numbers as little as some 4,000 members.
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Russian Border-Guards Prevent Armed Smugglers From Crossing Tajik Border
Russian border-guards have prevented armed smugglers from crossing the Tajik-Afghan border. According to the Russian border guards' press service, the incident took place on Wednesday at a stretch of the border guarded by the Moskovsky detachment.

7. Trafficking Women From The Former USSR
citizens of the former ussr was confirmed by the Resolution of the RF government No. 290 of not under control of the georgia government). According to some estimates, there
823 UN Plaza Suite 717
New York, NY 10017
Tel: 212-661-0480
Fax: 212-661-0416

Compliance of the Russian Federation with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
The second draft
General preliminary remarks.
1) The role of government in creating the problems of racial discrimination.
In contemporary Russia the most important are the cases of discrimination, resulting from action or inaction of public authorities, their organs or officials. Racial discrimination in private sector, particularly, in the sphere of housing and employment is not perceived either by public opinion or by academic experts as a significant problem, and actually remains unanalysed. 2) The role of the federative system. The federative structure of the Russian Federation is a source of a number of problems relating to human rights and observance of the law. Organs of the state power of the constituent units (subjects of the federation) systematically violate the Constitution, federal laws and international obligations of the country; regional authorities create most of the problems, relating to racial discrimination. The federal state power bodies in practice have limited opportunities of influencing the subjects of the federation, and even these opportunities actually are not been used. Regional branches of the federal governmental agencies become subordinate to the regional governments, and the federal authorities do not undertake all necessary measures to make these branches observe the federal legislation. In many cases the federal organs of state power not only neglect violations of the law by the regional authorities, but demonstrate solidarity with such actions as well.

8. Georgia, Georgia Geography, Georgia People, Georgia Government, Georgia Economy,
former georgian Soviet georgia was absorbed ussr until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Ethnic separation in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, poor governance, and Russian military bases

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I need your help! I had heart surgery, and my wife had three surgeries for a bleeding polyp. This has put us $23,335.12 in debt! If you have used the Atlas, please give a dollar or two to help out. If every one who uses the Atlas gave just a dollar, this debt would be gone in a month. Just click on the "Click to Give" button to donate. My wife and I thank you!
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former: Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
Background: Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Ethnic separation in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, poor governance, and Russian military bases deny the government effective control over the entirety of the state's internationally recognized territory. Despite myriad problems, progress on market reforms and democratization support the country's goal of greater integration with Western political, economic, and security institutions. TOP OF PAGE
Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

9. CIA Maps & Publications - USSR (Former) 
France. French Polynesia. Gaza. georgia. Germany. Ghana. Greece. Guam United States government. Uruguay. ussr (former) Uzbekistan. Vanuatu. Venezuela

Purchasing Information
Publications Page Publications Page
USSR (Former)
Description Publication/Map Number NTIS Number Price
Former Soviet Union Comparative Ethnic Groups Map #737771 PB-96-928308
Russia 1995, State Duma Elections: A Regional Perspective PB-96-928102
Caucasus and Central Asia Map #802410 PB-95-928322
Causasus Region Ethnolinguistic Groups Map #734538 PB-95-928305
Selected Estimates of the Soviet Union, 1950-1959 PB-93-928112
The States of the Former Soviet Union: An Updated Overview OSE 92-10017 PB-93-928103
OECD Trade with the USSR and Eastern EuropeA Reference Aid PB-92-928014
Republics of the Former Soviet Union and the Baltic States: An OverviewA Reference Aid PB-92-928105
USSR and the Baltic States: Leading Economic PlayersA Reference Aid PB-92-928106
USSR Cabinet of Ministers LDA 91-12531 PB-91-928103
USSR and The Baltic States: Leading Economic Players LDA 91-16344 PB-92-928106
USSR: Street Map of Kiev Map #503913 PB-91-928355
Selected Countries Trade with the USSR and Eastern Europe IR 90-10008RTT 90-10008 PB-90-928008
The USSR Presidency LDA 90-12598 PB-90-928104
USSR: Council of Ministers

10. Bodyguard Services International Ltd
basis. BSI have now expanded into georgia (former ussr) georgian supplyingspecialist government training and services. Bodyguard
Bodyguard Services International Ltd (BSI) ocusing on conflict resolution on an emergency, standby or contract basis
BSI have now expanded into Georgia (former USSR) Georgian supplying specialist Government training and services.
Bodyguard Services International Limited - a high risk security solutions provider with branches in the US, Africa, and Southeast Asia has now expanded into Georgia. The international expertise and training background of BSI will bring the needed professionalism to Georgia and corporate security market. I n the next year BSI hopes to expand to cover the entire Caucasus Region. BSI new training facility in Scotland . Taking bookings for Spring courses. BSI operate on a global capacity and can respond to a pending or immediate crisis situation with the expertise and resources necessary to resolve any situation. Terrorism permeates every strata of our life; it has left its indelible mark on people in a way that will never be erased. The blatant horror of recent acts committed on the 11th September 2001 and the most recent Bali Bombing has left an element of fear in most people, a sense of " it could happen to me ."

11. Russia Maps From Omni Resources, World Leader In Map Supply.
this catalog has additional listings for the Ukraine, georgia, Estonia, and Tajikistan, among others Set of Western former ussr. 1200 000. Soviet government. 19611992; most
Omni Resources -
We have kept a single file of the Russia and ex-USSR listings. Those covering just Russia are listed as Russia; those covering the former USSR are listed as USSR or Soviet Union. As new maps become available for the individual republics, they are listed under their appropriate republic headings. For example, this catalog has additional listings for the Ukraine, Georgia, Estonia, and Tajikistan, among others.
  • Russian Flags ...
  • Map Pins, Map Tacks, Map Flags. Great marker pins, pennants, and flags for marking locations on maps. Multiple colors, numbered also.
  • Gifts for the Map Enthusiast.
    [TOP] Russia Atlases
    Cultural Atlas of Russia and the Former Soviet Union (revised edition). Checkmark Books. 0-8160-3815-5. Encompassing the onslaught of changes brought on by the dissolution of the Soviet Union and by other current events, this long-awaited revision provides a spectacular re-creation of a historical culture through a dazzling interplay of text, maps and illustrations. Linking geography, history, archaeology, antrhopology and the arts, this volume presents a captivating survey of Russian civilization from prehistory to the present day - one that reveals Russia in all its variety and uniqueness. Hardcover. Atlas
    [TOP] Russia Topographic Maps
    ex-Soviet Union 1:200,000 Topographic Quadrangle Map Set of Western Former USSR.
  • 12. Ukraine - Atlapedia Online
    troops were being deployed in Ukraine, georgia, Armenia and the bitter dispute overthe former ussr s Black Sea right for a confidence vote in the government.
    OFFICIAL NAME: Ukraine
    CAPITAL: Kiev
    SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT: Multiparty Republic
    AREA: 603,700 Sq Km (233,100 Sq Mi)
    ESTIMATED 2000 POPULATION: LOCATION AND GEOGRAPHY: Ukraine is located in East Europe and is a former republic of the USSR. It is bound by Belarus to the north, Russia to the north and east, the Black Sea to the south, Moldova and Romania to the southwest as well as Poland, Hungary and Slovakia to the west. The country is a vast undulating plain bound by the Carpathian Mountains to the southwest and the Black Sea to the south. The Carpathian Mountain region is heavily forested while the undulating plain is sparsely wooded and the Black Sea Lowlands are completely flat consisting of steppe. In the northwest the country extends into the Great Pripet Marshes and the country's principal rivers are the Bug, Dnepr, Donets, Dnestr, Prut and Tisza. Major Cities (pop. est.); Kiev 2,645,000, Kharkiv 1,599,000, Dnipropetrovsk 1,176,000, Donetsk 1,114,000, Odessa 1,073,000 (1994). Land Use; forested 17%, pastures 12%, agricultural-cultivated 57%, other 14% (1993). CLIMATE: Ukraine has a continental climate with hot summers and long cold winters. Average annual precipitation varies from 300 mm (12 inches) in the south to 600 mm (24 inches) in the northwest and increases to more than 750 mm (30 inches) in the mountains. Average temperature ranges in the northeast are from -8 degrees Celsius (18 degrees Fahrenheit) in January to 29 degrees Celsius (85 degrees Fahrenheit) in July while in the south they range from -2 degrees Celsius (28 degrees Fahrenheit) in January to 32 degrees Celsius (90 degrees Fahrenheit) in July.

    13. A2.15 Unacceptable Travel Documents
    are unacceptable to the New Zealand government for the service and standard passportswith the former ussr symbol issued in georgia (however, these
    A2.15 Unacceptable travel documents
    See Effective 05/06/2000
    See Effective 26/07/1999 If necessary, a visa or immigration officer may seek advice from the Border and Investigations branch regarding a person who holds an unacceptable travel document and applies for a visa.
  • Unless otherwise specified, any travel documents issued by the countries or sources listed in this section are unacceptable and visas or permits must not be endorsed in them.
  • A2.15.1 Countries not recognised by the New Zealand Government Travel documents from the following countries are unacceptable because they are issued by regimes that the New Zealand Government does not recognise:
    • Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Taiwan: diplomatic and official passports (but see
    A2.15.5 Unofficial sources of issue The following is a non-exhaustive list of travel documents that are unacceptable because they have been issued by an unofficial source:
    • 'World Service Authority' 'Maori Kingdom of Tetiti Islands'.
    A2.15.10 Yugoslavian collective passports The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) is issuing a collective passport for up to 50 people which does not meet the requirements of the Immigration Act 1987 and is therefore unacceptable.

    14. ThinkQuest : Library : A Taste Of History: Food Through The Ages
    He collectivized farming under the totalitarian government. The countries of georgia,Azerbaijan, and Armenia northern regions of the former ussr reside many
    Index Foods
    A Taste of History: Food Through the Ages
    This site explains the influence of food on cultures throughout history and its effect on historical events. Topics include 22 different major civilizations from prehistory to the future. In addition to this wide array of information, the site includes authentic recipes, actual historic languages, a game, a crossword puzzle, a message board, and is also available in Spanish and German. Visit Site 2000 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge Languages Spanish German Students Alexander Neenah High School, Neenah, WI, United States Jonas Shattuck Middle School, Neenah, WI, United States Johnny Neenah High School, Neenah, WI, United States Coaches Ulrike J.R. Gerrits Middle School, Neenah, WI, United States Want to build a ThinkQuest site? The ThinkQuest site above is one of thousands of educational web sites built by students from around the world. Click here to learn how you can build a ThinkQuest site. Privacy Policy

    15. About Some Principal Causes Of Establishing The International Council For Friend
    under their control the whole government and the left public and Komsomol organizationsof the former ussr. congresses of the people of georgia, where Appeals
    About some principal causes of establishing the International Council for Friendship and Solidarity with Soviet People
    Vice Chairman of the Georgian Association of Friendship with People Due to the fact that the 4 member Georgian delegation was not able to obtain Canadian visas, they were not present at the World Congress. Only now have we managed to receive their report that they were to make at the Congress. Below we publish this report. "Dear delegates and Guests of the Congress: Helen Blau Perhaps I could begin by saying that at this significant international event, our delegation represents the People’s Patriotic Union (PPU) of Georgia, which was established in September of 1998 on the initiative of the United Communist Party of Georgia (UCPG). Its chairman is a retired Major-General Panteleimon I. Georgadze. Its vice-chairman is Avtandil G. Maruashvili. A co-founder of the PPU of Georgia is the Georgian Association of Friendship with People (a public organization) that signed the Call for the establishment of the International Council. The other principal constituent members of the Union are: The Soviets of the Working People ( a public and political organization)

    16. PLS 201 American Government - Assignment 2
    believe state of New Kranie (of the former ussr ) initiates a US Representative (Republican),Bob Barr, former US Congressmen for georgia and served
    Political Science (PLS) 201: Introduction to American Government
    Assignment 2 Home Page Class Contract Class Syllabus Assign. 1 ...
    Confidence Terms

    This assignment is presented here in THREE Parts. Part 1: Standards for Grading Written Assignment
    POINTS STANDARDS APPLIED TO ESSAY ON "CONSTANT COMBATANTS" VIDEO- viewed in class. Clear, concise statement of whether to support or NOT support the President's position.. (Is this a public relations problem or is it a legal, constitutional problem?) Support your position with a BRIEF description of what the "President" did or authorized others to do. A number of actions occur. You need to select those that are most important. Support for your position using references from Burns, the US Constitution, case law, positions reflected in the film, statutory law, the Internet, and the Federalist (e.g. Hamilton/Madison) Credit will be given based on the number of sources you can bring to bear on your position. Clear, concise, conclusion based on your analysis.

    17. Indiana University Bloomington Libraries Green Box Reference Sources: Georgia
    an emphasis on law and government Background Information USA BISNIS Commercial Overviewof georgia from the Handbook States of the former ussr, HA1444.S72
    Map of Georgia
    General Information Sources in GIMSS
    The Europa World Year Book , JN1.E89 (GIMSS reference desk)
    The Statesman's Year-Book , AY754.S7 (GIMSS reference desk)
    The World Factbook , PrEx3.15: (GIMSS reference desk)
    The World Factbook
    World Development Indicators , HC59.69.W68 (GIMSS reference desk)
    World Development Indicators , HC59.69.W682 (high-use CD Roms; inquire at desk)
    WDI Online [see Library's Find Information pgae; available to authorized IUB users only]
    Portals to the World [from LC]
    Nations of the World [from the Law Library of Congress; links to many types of resources, with an emphasis on law and government]
    Background Information on Countries of the World [from the State Dept., permanent electronic archive, through 1/20/2001]
    Country Information [from the State Dept. Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, 1/20/2001-]
    Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia: Country Studies , D101.22: 550-111 (SuDocs reference)
    Georgia: A Country Study
    International Data Base (IDB) (population statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau)
    National Population Policies , HB849.1.P67 (LC reference)

    18. Georgia
    georgia is pinning its hopes for recovery on The government began a tenuous programin 1994 aiming Agriculture accounted for 97% of former ussr citrus fruits

    19. Library Of Congress / Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handboo
    government, 61, 62, 62. Commodity, Armenia, Azerbaijan, georgia. information from WorldBank, Food and Agricultural Policy Reforms in the former ussr, Washington, 1992
    Appendix A. Tables
    Table 1. Metric Conversion Coofficients and Factors
    When you kow Multiply by To find Millimeters inches Centimeters inches Meters feet Kilometers miles Hectares acres Square kilometers square miles Cubic meters cubic feet Liters gallons Kilograms pounds Metric tons long tons short tons pounds Degrees Celsius (Centigrade) 1.8 and add 32 degrees Fahrenheit
    Table 2. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Selected Health and Health Care Statistics, 1989, 1990, and 1991
    Armenia Azerbaijan Georgia Disease diagnosis Tuberculosis Viral hepatitis Cancer Hospital beds Doctors Pharmacists Infant mortality For tuberculosis and cancer, first diagnoses per 100,000 population in 1990; for viral hepatitis, registered cases per 100,000 population in 1989.
    Per 10,000 population: in 1990 for Georgia, in 1991 for Armenia and Azerbaijan.
    Per 10,000 population in 1989.
    Per 1,000 live births: in 1990 for Georgia, in 1991 for Armenia and Azerbaijan. Source: Based on information from Christopher M. Davis, "Health Care Crisis: The Former Soviet Union," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 40, October 8, 1993, 36.

    20. The CIS And The Caucasus
    a viable postCommunist society and government while also eg between Russia and georgia,are reportedly The transformation of the former ussr s border regions
    Number 90, November 1996
    The CIS and the Caucasus
    by Edward Marks Conclusions
    • Russia initially viewed the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) as an artificial organization. But, since 1993, elements of the Russian government have tried to use the CIS as a vehicle for the voluntary reintegration of the former Soviet republics. Moscow is promoting the CIS as a regional peacekeeping organization, seeking recognition as a UN Chapter VIII Regional Organization, similar to the Organization of American States. International acceptance of the CIS as a regional organization has been hampered by Russia's dominance of the organization. The CIS is seen as a cover for Moscow's imperial intentions. International recognition of the CIS is also hampered by the fact that most of its member states are still struggling to establish their sovereignty. Until more CIS member states are viable, the international character of the organization will be questioned. The states of the Caucasus region have different views regarding membership in a regional organization. Armenia and Georgia are favorably disposed, in prinicple, towards membership, but they have discrete reservations about their relationship with the CIS. Azerbaijan, on the other hand, anticipates its oil riches will allow it to return to its former golden days and has reservations about joining any regional organization. All the states of the Caucasus are suspicious of Moscow's intentions towards the region. Commonwealth or Empire

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