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         Extinct Species Endangered & Threatened:     more detail
  1. Threatened, endangered, and extinct species of Michigan plants by David Good, 1978
  2. Endangered, threatened, and special status fishes of North America by Konrad Schmidt, 1996
  3. Animals recently extinct or threatened with extermination,: As represented in the collections of the U.S. National Museum by Frederic A Lucas, 1891
  4. The Lazarus effect: can the dynamics of extinct species lists tell us anything about the status of biodiversity? [An article from: Biological Conservation] by D.A. Keith, M.A. Burgman, 2004-05-01

21. Miami-Dade County - Ecosystems
several whale species were nearly extinct, a number of Many species continue to sufferhigh rates of Currently, Florida has 111 endangered and threatened plant
Ecosystems Search Using Our Site
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Select Item Coastal Construction (Class I) EEL Covenant Mangrove Trimming (Class I) Tree Removal Wetlands (Class IV) Endangered/ Threatened Species
Select Item American Crocodile Butterflies West Indian Manatee Sea Turtles Our Ecosystems Biscayne Bay Coastal Ecosystem Coastal Wetlands ... DERM Home Threatened and Endangered Species
An “endangered” species is one that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a large portion of its home range. A “threatened” species is one that is likely to become endangered in the near future.  Once a species is placed on the Federal List of endangered and protected animal and plant species with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the species can receive protection under the Endangered Species Act. All species of plants and animals, except pest insects, are eligible for the endangered or threatened list. As of August 31, 2002, 1,818 species are listed, with 1,260 being U.S. species. Groups with the most listed species, in order, are plants, mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and clams/mussels. The purpose of the Endangered Species Act is to protect and conserve these endangered and threatened species and the habitats that are essential to their survival. This means it is illegal to harrass, harm, pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, or attempt to engage in any such conduct with a listed species. The Fish and Wildlife Service in the Department of the Interior and the NOAA Fisheries Service in the Department of Commerce share responsibility for administration of the Endangered Species Act, which was passed in 1973 and has been amended several times, the most recent being in 1988.

22. Books On Endangered Species: Plants -
World Wildlife Fund Guide to extinct species; Atlas of endangered species Hundredsof endangered and threatened Plants of Ohio; endangered and threatened
Endangered Species will survive with YOUR help! The Endangered Species Bookstore Endangered Species Books: Plants Main Books Page General Marine Life Land Animals ... Geographic Regions Plants Birds and Fliers Miscellaneous Instructions for purchasing endangered species books

23. ThinkQuest : Library : Endangered & Extinct Species
ThinkQuest Internet Challenge; endangered Animals endangered and threatened and howdid they become nearly extinct? our generation help to save these species?

24. Endangered Species In Everglades National Park
threatened, endangered and extinct are words that have become all too common inour 20th century vocabulary. The natural process of species evolution, taking
Endangered Species
The mere physical boundaries of a National Park do not guarantee a species survival. Nowhere is man's impact on other species more evident than in south Florida. Threatened, endangered and extinct are words that have become all too common in our 20th century vocabulary. The natural process of species evolution, taking hundreds and thousands of years, has accelerated rapidly since the turn of the century. Today because of man's desire for land and raw materials, his continued pollution and indiscriminate hunting many plant and wildlife species are on the brink of extinction. Drainage of wetlands, alteration of overland water flow and hunting have all contributed to species decline. The Everglades, once known for its abundant bird life, has seen its wading bird population decline drastically since the turn of the century. The Florida Panther once common throughout the state, today is on the verge of extinction. Within the four National Park areas of Everglades National Park, Biscayne National Park, Big Cypress National Preserve and Fort Jefferson National Monument there are 16 endangered and 6 threatened wildlife species. The mere physical boundaries of a National Park do not guarantee a species survival. Maintaining harmony between "20th century progress" and wilderness areas requires research, legislation and public awareness. For the last decade the South Florida Research Center, Everglades National Park, has been studying how changes occurring outside the parks influence the fragile areas within their boundaries. Research going on today may lead to a brighter future for many species.

25. North Cascades National Park: Threatened And Endangered Species
The endangered species Act of 1973 defines an endangered species as any plant oranimal species that is extinct species are species that are gone forever.
North Cascades
Threatened and Endangered Species The Endangered Species Act
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) is a federal law designed to protect species in danger of extinction. The stated purposes of the Endangered Species Act are to "provide a means whereby the ecosystems upon which endangered species and threatened species depend may be conserved, (and) to provide a program for (their) conservation." Once a species is listed as endangered or threatened it is protected by a number of rules and regulations. Under the ESA, it is illegal to "harass, harm, pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, collect, or attempt to engage in any such conduct" with regard to an endangered or threatened species. In addition, the body parts and products of endangered or threatened species cannot be imported, exported, or sold. Threatened species have low or declining population numbers. Their populations are facing serious problems. The Endangered Species Act of 1973 defines a threatened species as one that is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range if factors contributing to their population decline or habitat degradation or loss continue. Endangered species are still alive today but exist in numbers so low or are decreasing so rapidly that they are in immediate danger of extinction. The Endangered Species Act of 1973 defines an

26. Endangered Species
What Does threatened And endangered Mean? endangered means that a speciesmay become extinct. A species is endangered when the number
Questions and Answers
Threatened and Endangered Species
What does threatened and endangered mean?
Lists of Species

Who decides what's threatened or endangered?

Why do we care?
What can we do?

What Does Threatened And Endangered Mean? Endangered
means that a species may become extinct.
A species is endangered when the number if individuals (called the "population") of a plant or animal species has gotten so low that we're concerned that soon there will be no more of that species left in the world. Threatened means that the species may become endangered in the near future.
A species is called "threatened" when the population has gotten low enough that it soon may be hard for the adults in the species to produce enough offspring to get the population back to healthy numbers. What's a healthy population size? Large enough to survive normal threats to a population like a drought or being killed by natural predators. Lists of Species
  • Species list of Texas threatened and endangered species, where they live, and some of the reasons why the populations numbers are going down.

27. Extinct Species
threatened species of United States extinct species endangered threatened speciesof Pennsylvania, PGC version (Comprehensive) endangered threatened
Extinct bird species of North America
At the hand of man
Lest we forget
  • Ivory-billed Woodpecker , extinct 1940s
  • Passenger Pigeon , last known individual, "Martha", died in September 1914 in the Cincinnati Zoo, Ohio. [ click here
  • Carolina Parakeet , last known individual died in September 1914 in the Cincinnati Zoo, Ohio. [ click here
  • Great Auk
  • Labrador Duck , last specimen taken in 1875
  • Heath Hen , extinct 1932
  • Bachman's Warbler , though not known for certain this species is probable to be extinct
My cynicism:

"Europe, so hard on men in uniform and women and children civilians, was easy on its birds. Through 2,000 years of settlement involving the wholesale conversion of primeval forest to farmland and cities, not a single species of bird was documented as lost to extinction. Soldiers fell by the million, but the endemic birds of England and the continent endured.
Across the Atlantic, the story was different. "In North America, within 200 years," writes John K. Terres in his Encyclopedia of North American Birds , "largely because of the growth of the human population, early market hunting of some species, and destruction of the environment, this continent compiled the worst record of any comparable land mass in the world for exterminating its birdlife."" -Edward Kanze, "

28. Endangered Species Resource Center And Linklog
about getting involved, extinct species, endangered species lists, and much The WWFendangered species page has endangered, threatened, and species of concern
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Stay Current
Subscribe to the About Animals / Wildlife newsletter. Search Animals / Wildlife Email to a friend Print this page Stay Current Subscribe to the About Animals / Wildlife newsletter. Organizations aimed at protecting endangered species US Fish and Wildlife Endangered Species Program European Center for Nature Conservation UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Resources at the World Wildlife Fund website World Wildlife Fund endangered species What can you do? Endangered species list Most Popular Animals of the Great Barrier Reef All about mammals Leopard (Panthera pardus) Endangered species resource center and linklog ... An online tour of zoology degrees What's Hot About - Animal encyclopedia About - Tiger Mammal classification: Understanding how mammals relate to o... Evolving reptiles ... Animal cells, tissues, organs and organ systems
Endangered species resource center and linklog
From Laura Klappenbach
Your Guide to Animals / Wildlife
Sign up for my Newsletter
What you can do to help threatened animals
In the midst of todays rapid depletion of habitat and strain on wild populations of many groups of animals, we find many species that are in threat of extinction. Explore these links to find out what's being done to save endangered speces and discover how you can help in these conservation efforts.

29. 2000 IUCN Red List Of Threatened Species - Confirming The Global Extinction Cris
into one of eight categories extinct, extinct in the A species is classed as threatenedif it falls in the Critically endangered, endangered or Vulnerable
News release
  • Species
  • Background
  • FAQ ... Partners News Release Confirming the Global Extinction Crisis
    A call for international action as the most authoritative global assessment of species loss is released London, Washington, Geneva, Ottawa
    Thursday, 28 September 2000
    Embargoed 17.00h GMT
    The global extinction crisis is as bad or worse than believed, with dramatic declines in populations of many species, including reptiles and primates, according to the 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, released today. Since the last assessment in 1996, Critically Endangered primates increased from 13 to 19, and the number of threatened albatross species has increased from three to 16 due to long-line fisheries. Freshwater turtles, heavily exploited for food and medicinal use in Asia, went from 10 to 24 Critically Endangered species in just four years. These are among the alarming facts announced by the world's largest international conservation organisation, with the publication of the Red List, the most authoritative and comprehensive status assessment of global biodiversity. The release comes a week before the second World Conservation Congress in Amman, Jordan, where members of IUCN - The World Conservation Union will meet to define global conservation policy for the next four years, including ways of addressing the growing extinction crisis.
  • 30. Other Endangered Species Hotlinks
    United States. threatened Animals of the World list of threatened,extinct and endangered species in the world. endangered species
    Other Great Endangered Species Websites: ThinkQuest Endangered Species Websites Intereactive websites created for students and published by students - Highly recommended. Endangered Species and Habitats : published by National Wildlife Federation: Links inlcude Learning About Endangered Species, Endangered Species Fact Sheet Sites, Issues, Endangered Habitat news, etc. ENDANGERED! Exploring a World at Risk : (c) 1996 American Museum of Natural History, an exhibition tour of the world of endangered species. Find out what it means to be endangered by reading the "The Legend of the Meeps Island Flying Frog". Featuring the following endangered species: Bengal Tiger, Asian Elephants, Northern Spotted Owl, Karner Blue Butterfly, American Burying Beetle, Goliath Frog, Cheetah, Whooping Cran, American Peregrine Falcon, Bald Eagle, California Condor, Black Rhinoceros, African Wild Dog, Gray Wolf, American Bison, Gila Monster, Queen Conch, Delhi Sands Fly, Woodland Caribou and etc. Abundant information, so don't miss this tour. The Wild Ones : (c) Wildlife Preservation Trust International, This site is especially unique because it features scientists that students may write to for information. It features projects that teachers may join, and it also features endangered animals such as the Mauritius Kestrel, Pink pigeon, Asian Elephants, Aye-aye, and etc.

    31. Florida Forestry Information - Threatened And Endangered Species
    An endangered species is one in danger of becoming extinct. Currently, Florida hasover 100 plant and animal species listed as either threatened or endangered.
    Florida Forestry Information Threatened and Endangered Species Species judged as threatened or endangered are listed by state, federal, and international agencies as well as by some private organizations. Threatened and endangered species reach their status because of one or more of five factors:
    Natural Causes Extinction is recognized as a natural biological process consistent with the concepts of evolution. Based on fossil records, birds have a mean species lifespan of about 2 million years, while mammals have a mean species lifespan of about 600,000 years. Extinction by natural causes may mean the actual death of a species or the evolution of the species into one or more new forms. Overspecialization, competition, sudden climatic change, or catastrophic events such as earthquakes or volcanic eruptions are natural causes of species' death. Introduced Exotic Predators Introduction of exotic species to ecosystems often disrupts natural systems, especially when a predator is introduced. Native species are seldom adapted to handle these often devastating components of their environment. Sometimes predators are introduced to control another exotic species, thus compounding the biological effects on the system. Exotic predators will inevitably turn to native fauna or flora in search of food. Nonpredatory Exotics Nonpredatory exotics are often agents of competition and/or disease. Other effects may also be attributed to their introduction.

    32. Threatened And Endangered Species And The Private Landowner
    of species would have been extinct today if information regarding the location ofspecies out of role in the management of threatened and endangered species.
    H ave you ever asked one of these questions about threatened and endangered species?
    What are threatened and endangered species? I wouldn't know an endangered species if I stepped on one; how am I supposed to know if I have one on my property? Isn't the process of extinction natural? How can I enhance my property to support an endangered or threatened species? Will management of my property be regulated if I have an endangered species on it? What is the roll of Federal and State Agencies in the management of threatened and endangered species? What can I do to help? What is an endangered or threatened species?
    The Endangered Species Act of 1973 defines "endangered" as "any species which is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range." "Threatened" is defined as "any species which is likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
    Why do species become endangered?

    33. SchoolWorld Endangered Species Project: Tasmanian Tiger
    A SchoolWorld Internet Education Project endangered/threatened species Report. SolutionsIt was put in captivity before they were declared extinct.
    A SchoolWorld Internet Education Project
    Endangered/Threatened Species Report

    Humpybong State School
    Redcliffe, Queensland, Australia
    Tasmanian Tiger
    Tasmanian Tiger

    Source Unknown
    Photographer Unknown
    The height of a Tasmanian Tiger is 60cm and 125cm long .It's tail is 50cm long. The Tasmanian Tiger's weight is 30kg . It's shape is half dog and half wolf. It's colour is a yellowish - brown fur with black stripes along its back. The Tasmanian Tiger eats small birds and mammals and can also eat rubbish left by humans. The Tasmanian Tiger drinks fresh and clean water.
    The Tasmanian Tiger lives in the forests of Tasmania. They live in dens and roam the forests and grassland.
    People shot the Tasmanian Tiger because they ate the sheep and chickens. They were killed by the settlers to Tasmania.
    It was put in captivity before they were declared extinct. There have been reported sightings of the Tasmanian Tiger but none of these have been proven. If The Tasmanian Tiger is ever found it should be placed in a zoo.

    34. Western Pennsylvania: Endangered/Extinct/Threatened Species
    endangered/extinct/threatened species. endangered, Eskimo Curlew Kirtland sWarbler Least Tern Peregrine Falcon. threatened, Bald Eagle

    35. Ohio: Endangered/Extinct/Threatened Species
    endangered/extinct/threatened species. endangered, Brown Pelican GreaterprairieChicken Kirtland s Warbler Least Tern Piping Plover

    36. Endangered Species
    more than 100 animals in the state as endangered, threatened, or species of specialconcern. Each of these species is in danger of becoming extinct unless the
    Wetlands support many of Florida's most popular and endangered species. The Southwest Florida Water Management District has acquired several tracts of wetlands in order to preserve them. Imagine travelling back in time a few hundred years and visualize the area where you live. What do you see there? No houses or cars, buildings or streets. Instead you see mostly marshes and grasslands, swamps and forests-hardly touched by humans. What animals might you see there? In wild grasslands, you might see a red wolf stalking its prey. In an estuary, you might see a West Indian monk seal sunning itself in the warm water. In a large open plain, you might even see a small herd of roaming buffalo. Florida still has millions of acres of wetlands and wilderness where a variety of animals den and nest, eat and are eaten. However, some animals are missing from the Florida landscape. The wolf, monk seal and buffalo among many others have all disappeared from Florida -they have become extinct. The Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission currently lists more than 100 animals in the state as endangered, threatened, or species of special concern. Each of these species is in danger of becoming extinct unless the harmful factors affecting their habitats cease. Animals in Florida can become extinct for a number of reasons, ranging from loss of habitat to overhunting, from pesticides to vehicle collisions. Some species have become so fragile that a hurricane or viral infection can cause their extinction. Once a species becomes extinct, it is gone forever. Many of Florida's most popular animals including the panther, manatee and our national symbol, the bald eagle face the risk of becoming extinct - unless people act in order to save them. Fortunately, people today care now more than ever and are willing to act, brightening the future of many of the animals currently listed as endangered species.

    37. Illinois Natural History Survey Endangered & Threatened Species Research Guide
    the Biology Library. Beacham s International threatened, endangered,and extinct species CDROM (1995). Very informative resource
    INHS Library Home INHS LIBRARY About the Library New at the Library Library Services Info for INHS Staff ONLINE CATALOGS UIUC Library ILCSO Libraries Other Libraries JOURNAL RESOURCES Full Text E-Journals Article Databases INHS Journals INHS Library Citation Databases INTERLIBRARY LOAN Loan Requests WorldCat Database INHS Copy Service E-RESOURCES UIUC References Electronic Maps Electronic Books INHS Resources ... UIUC Dept Libraries HOW TO Renew Materials Find articles Find books Find dissertations ... INHS Home
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    Books ... Endangered Species in Illinois
    The Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973 is "one of the most comprehensive wildlife conservation laws in the world." Its' purpose is "to conserve the ecosystems upon which endangered and threatened species depend and to conserve and recover listed species. To find more information about the ESA, go to

    38. Best Endangered Species And Threatened Plants Websites
    animal species. Search their comprehensive database of extinct, criticallyendangered and threatened species. The Marine Mammal

    MyAccount Login Home ... Eco-Info Endangered Species

    Action Center


    Animal Rights

    Bee Keeping
    provides information and resources for individuals to become more knowledgeable about endangered animals, and to make a difference.
    The International Fund for Animal Welfare
    mounts rescue and relief operations to help animals in distress, The site is an outstanding resource for breaking news on animal welfare, plus information on how you can help.
    Recommended by Care2 Staff Animals of the World in Danger collects photos and descriptions of endangered animals and organizes them by region. provides information and resources for learning more about endangered animals, and helping them. Bushmeat Project was established to develop and support community based partnerships that will help the people of Central Africa to develop alternatives to hunting the Great Apes. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is the UN secretariat that oversees the international agreement to protect endangered species. Defenders of Wildlife is dedicated to the protection of all native wild animals and plants in their natural communities. They focus on the accelerating rate of extinction of species and the associated loss of biological diversity, and habitat alteration and destruction.

    39. Plant Survey Reveals Many Species Threatened With Extinction
    it has been maintaining and adding to its Red List of threatened species. speciessuspected of having recently become extinct; endangered species, those likely
    The New York Times
    April 9, 1998
    Page A-1
    Plant Survey Reveals Many Species Threatened With Extinction
    By WILLIAM K. STEVENS At least one of every eight plant species in the world and nearly one of three in the United States is under threat of extinction, according to the first comprehensive worldwide assessment of plant endangerment. Plants in Trouble Imperiled Species Percent of Total Species United States Australia South Africa Turkey Mexico Brazil Panama India Spain Peru Cuba Ecuador Jamaica Colombia Japan Source: The World Conservation Union The assessment, which required more than 20 years of work by botanists and conservationists around the globe, added nearly 34,000 plant species to the World Conservation Union's growing Red List of imperiled organisms. The survey was made public Wednesday in Washington. Among the plants most at risk, the survey found, are 14 percent of rose species, 32 percent of lilies, 32 percent of irises, 14 percent of cherry species and 29 percent of palms. Coniferous trees as a group, and many species found in island nations, were also judged especially vulnerable. While endangered mammals and birds have commanded more public attention, it is plants, scientists say, that are more fundamental to nature's functioning. They undergird most of the rest of life, including human life, by converting sunlight into food. They provide the raw material for many medicines and the genetic stock from which agricultural strains of plants are developed. And they constitute the very warp and woof of the natural landscape, the framework within which everything else happens.

    40. Threatened Species - Number Of Extinct, Endangered And Vulnerable Species And Ec
    inclusion of extinct species in the endangered category of reptiles and amphibiansin the 2000 Schedules (only nationally threatened species were included
    No. of Extinct, Endangered and Vulnerable Species and Ecological Communities
    Regionally Threatened Species
    Nationally Threatened Species Occurring in South Australia Non-Vascular Plants and Invertebrates Nationally Threatened Ecological Communities ... In the Regions
    In South Australia 1041 of the approximately 4350 species recorded in the State (or 24%) are listed as threatened at the State level: 785 plants, 88 mammals, 127 birds, 39 reptiles and 2 amphibians (Table 5.25). It is known that 23 mammals, 2 birds and 26 plants are presumed to have become extinct in South Australia since European settlement. A review of the official listing of threatened species in South Australia (the Threatened Species Schedules of the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 ) was completed in 2000, the first review since 1991. This review has resulted in an increase in the total number of threatened species occurring in South Australia from 778 in 1991 to 1041 in 2000.1 The 2000 Schedule has undergone review and updated schedules will be in place by 2004. Freshwater fish have been included in the schedules for the first time. Table 5.25: Species listed as threatened in South Australia - 2000

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