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         Chile Indigenous Peoples:     more detail
  1. Chile's terror duplicity.(THE FRONT)(indigenous peoples): An article from: Multinational Monitor by Gretchen Gordon, 2005-05-01
  2. South American Explorer: Visitor's Map of Southern Chile and Argentina Including the Chilean Fjords by Nigel Sitwell, 2002-05-31
  3. Pobladoras, Indigenas, and the State: Difference, Equality, and Women's Rights in Chile by Patricia Richards, 2004-06
  4. Pobladoras, Indigenas, and the State: Conflicts Over Women's Rights in Chile by Patricia Richards, 2004-06
  5. Mapuche seek support for struggle in Chile.: An article from: Wind Speaker by Joan Taillon, 2000-04-01
  6. CHILE: MAPUCHE INDIANS DENOUNCE GOVERNMENT BEFORE U.N. AFTER VIOLENT PROTESTS.: An article from: NotiSur - South American Political and Economic Affairs by Eric P. Martin, 2001-08-17
  7. CHILE: MAPUCHE PROTEST AGAINST DAM CONTINUES.: An article from: NotiSur - South American Political and Economic Affairs
  8. Treasures of Jewish Art by Jacobo Furman, 1998-06-23
  9. Contemporary Perspectives on the Native Peoples of Pampa, Patagonia, and Tierra del Fuego: Living on the Edge by Claudia Luis Briones, Jose Lanata, 2002-02-28
  10. Archaeological and Anthropological Perspectives on the Native Peoples of Pampa, Patagonia, and Tierra del Fuego to the Nineteenth Century:
  11. Patagonia: Natural History, Prehistory and Ethnography at the Uttermost End of the Earth (Princeton Paperbacks)
  12. Shamans of the Foye Tree: Gender, Power, and Healing among Chilean Mapuche by Ana Mariella Bacigalupo, 2007-05-01
  13. Courage Tastes of Blood: The Mapuche Community of Nicolás Ailío and the Chilean State, 1906-2001 (Radical Perspectives) by Florencia Mallon, 2005-10
  14. When a Flower Is Reborn: The Life and Times of a Mapuche Feminist by Rosa Isolde Reuque Paillalef, Rosa Isolde Reuque Paillalef, 2002-09

61. The International Decade Of The World's Indigenous People - Indian And Northern
Over thousands of years, the world s indigenous peoples have developed their owndistinct in Kenya, the Anka Hill Tribe in Thailand, or the Mapuche in chile.
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The International Decade of the World's Indigenous People
November 1998
Over the past 20 years, Indigenous peoples around the world have organized themselves to make international bodies like the United Nations (UN) aware of their situation. As a result of their years of work, there is now a growing understanding in the international community of Indigenous peoples' values, traditional knowledge, special relationship to the Earth, and the vital importance of their ongoing contribution in the world. The situation of Indigenous peoples There are an estimated 300 million Indigenous people living in over 70 countries around the world. The word "Indigenous" means that they are the descendants of the original inhabitants of particular regions or territories. Over thousands of years, the world's Indigenous peoples have developed their own distinct cultures, religions and economic and social organizations. These cultures are as unique and various as the Aborigines in Australia, Inuit in the Canadian Arctic, the Masai in Kenya, the Anka Hill Tribe in Thailand, or the Mapuche in Chile. In nearly all the world's societies, Indigenous peoples often suffer from discrimination and are among the poorest of the poor. Their physical health is also at risk. According to the World Health Organization, Indigenous peoples have higher rates of infant mortality, lower life expectancy and more chronic illness than the non-Indigenous populations in their countries.

62. Introduction - The Human Rights Situation Of The Indigenous People In The Americ
and general reports on countries, dedicating special chapters to the situationof indigenous peoples (Colombia, Guatemala, Ecuador, chile, Bolivia, Suriname
To date, the rights of indigenous persons and peoples have not been specifically regulated in the basic instruments that govern the inter-American human rights system. In effect, neither the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man nor the American Convention on Human Rights and its additional protocols or other inter-American human rights treaties contain provisions that develop indigenous rights. Indeed it is unusualindeed inexplicableto note that the only international instruments (treaties) on indigenous rights that exist have been codified not by the international human rights organs, but specifically by the International Labor Organization (ILO). There are two relevant conventions: Convention 107 and Convention 169. Convention 107 concerning the Protection and Integration of Indigenous and Tribal Populations and other Tribal and Semi-tribal Populations in Independent Countries (1957); and Convention 169 on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries (1989). Convention 169 is a revision of Convention 107, with a much more progressive approach to the indigenous peoples, in which the value of that which is properly indigenous is accorded priority, setting forth provisions on the elimination of discrimination; respect for the culture and institutions of the indigenous peoples, including their forms of government and customary law, with special attention to the provisions of criminal law; indigenous territories and lands; and form of social investment in indigenous populations, work, health, education, and culture.

HSP/D. Doc. 49 —Health of the indigenous peoples References. HSP/HSO. 33—Situación de Salud de los Pueblos Indígenas de chile. HSP/HSO Doc.
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64. GTZ - Indigenous Peoples - Service - GTZ-Material
nonindigenous population with the objective of strengthening and consolidatingprojects that benefit vulnerable groups like the indigenous peoples in chile.
Indigenous Peoples


German DC

Other donors

DC approaches



GTZ-Material TC Projects Glossary Contact Deutsch ... GTZ Home GTZ-Material on the subject Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean The following are a selection of GTZ publications on indigenous peoples which is constantly up-dated. Contact addresses are supplied for ordering publications. Unless otherwise indicated, material can be ordered at: Cross-project material
  • Indigenous Peoples and Biodiversity Conservation Workshop 7th - 11th July, 2002 International Academy for Nature Protection Vilm (Internationale Naturschutzakademie Vilm), CD Foro de Proyectos "Desarrollo Rural en Latinoamérica y Caribe" Grupo de Trabajo: "Desarrollo Rural y Pueblos Indígenas", Coloquio Taller: "Cooperación con Pueblos Indígenas", Adult Education in Africa and Latin America Intercultural Experiences in a Multicultural Encounter, GTZ, 2001

65. Indigenous Peoples Of Latin America
indigenous populations. Today, 40 million of indigenous peoples in Latin America(10% of the total population; 27% of the rural population). chile 450,000 (3%).
HUM 210 Winter 2003 Indigenous Peoples of Latin America Race: “The Floating Signifier” (Stuart Hall) Racial Hierarchies in Latin America : The Whitening Ideal Mestizaje in Latin America : Ideology and reality Indigenismo : Helped overcome scientific racism; sought the “incorporation” of the Indian into the “nation”; espoused a paternalistic and “essentialist” view of the Indian. (Diego Rivera, Manuel Gamio , Luis Valcárcel Ciro Alegría Indigenous populations Today, 40 million of Indigenous peoples in Latin America (10% of the total population; 27% of the rural population) Bolivia : 4.4 million Peru : 10 million Guatemala : 5 million Mexico: 30 million Ecuador : 3.5 million El Salvador Chile Costa Rica Indigenous diversity: More than 400 ethnic groups Languages: There are 56 language families, plus 73 “isolates” (languages without known relatives) [In Europe , there are 2 language families, Indo-European and Finno-Ugric, and 1 isolate, Basque] Brazil Peru Colombia Mexico Structural oppression and racism Excluded from citizenship rights Land deprivation (19 th century liberal laws, Conquest of the Desert, agrarian capitalism)

66. EO Newsroom: New Images - Pangue Dam, Bíobío River, Chile
of intense debate among chileans, and has been called chile’s “defining fromPangue, the Ralco, would require relocation of indigenous peoples who still

67. Texts - Crosses Of The Earth - Homage To Indigenous People
an adequate physical space the centre of chile, scene of the action of a lot ofIndigenous battles in questions and decisions concerning our peoples are taken
Crosses of the Earth
Museo de Arte Contemporaneo, Santiago, Chile, January 2000
A Networking Art Project in Homage to Indigenous People
Möörkenweg 18f, D - 21029 Hamburg, Germany
Crosses of the Earth Texts Installation MAC, Chile ... Some Contributions
About an encounter
The Indigenous cross is a symbol deep-rooted in the mind of every Native, since it is a symbolic representation of mysterious natural orderings: the four seasons of the year, the four elements, and therefore, it is in a certain way a schematic summery of the Indigenous cosmovision that contains essensial concepts, as the duality in equilibrium (day/night, darkness/light, man/woman, positive/negative, etc.). There is a harmony in maintaining a diversity that gives to each element, human being or nation an own space, the dialectic of contrary forces that are being confronted without being annihilated, the course of circular time that begins and ends to let other cycles begin again ,etc. Yet, they who are confronted finally transform each other and both of them obtain something of the opponent, in the same way that Christianity has been changed in America. Nothing can avoid the exchange of values which widens both visions of the world and, in this way, diversity is also enriched. Yet this complete devotion cannot be without any interest, since it must be adjusted to the Indigenous principle of reciprocity. The authors have acted with their almost anonymous contributions to a collective cause, as truly Indigenous; so their spirit is not anymore the same, they have got something, which added to the own force of the Indigenous Symbol that have emerged from their hands, make them not only artists paying but also receiving an homage. They are part of our prophecies that announce the flowering of our cultures that will do a great contribution to improve Humanity.

68. World Rivers Review, June 1997
Ralco Dam has become a rallying cry for chile s indigenous movement, because ifthe the rights to land, water, and resources of indigenous peoples will be
Volume 12, Number 3 / June 1997 Juan Pablo Orrego
When IRN spoke with Orrego by phone, he had just returned from the streets of Santiago where he and at least 1,000 indigenous Mapuche people (the larger group to which the Pehuenche belong) were protesting the continuing efforts by the Chilean government to deny them their fundamental rights as guaranteed under Chilean law. Ralco Dam has become a rallying cry for Chile's indigenous movement, because if the dam is approved, the national Indigenous Law - designed to protect the rights to land, water, and resources of indigenous peoples - will be meaningless. Juan Pablo Orrego. Photo by IRN

An Interview with Juan Pablo Orrego by Aleta Brown

I thought that it would be a straightforward campaign. I thought that all we needed to do was expose the fascist nature of Endesa and the government would see how harmful the project was. What I didn't expect to find was the total approval of the Pangue project by the government.
IRN: What was your background before GABB?
JPO: I was born and raised in Santiago. After graduating from high school I went to New York and worked in a flower shop, selling flowers on the streets of Manhattan to save for an electric guitar and a bass. After a year I went back to Santiago and studied biology for a couple of years. I was also in a group called Los Blots. I ended up quiting school to become a professional musician. Our songs usually had either an ecological theme or questioned the paradigms of the time and we were quite popular. You wouldn't believe it, but sometimes I still hear one of our songs being played on the radio.

69. August 22, 1998 Letter From The Pehuenche To Chile's Human Rights Commission
President, in spite of this situation, we have observed a move forward in relationto the handling of indigenous peoples rights by the state of chile, as in
Mr. Sergio Ojeda
Human Rights President
House of Representatives On our behalf: Receive our respectful greetings from the Mapuche-Pehuenche families from the communities of Quepuca Ralco and Ralco Lepoy, we who oppose the construction of Endesa's Ralco Hydroelectric Project. Our objective is to bring to your attention the unjust situation incurred by the transnational company Endesa, of which for years we have fallen victim. We, the Mapuche-Pehuenche are the keepers of knowledge about Itrofil Mongen (biodiversity), which allows the preservation of ecosystems, and which is the source of ideological and cultural inspiration for us, because in it, we perceive the natural events and its connection with being Mapuche, and our place of origin, called Tuwan in our language. In our ancestral Mapuche-Pehuenche lands abundant biodiversity is found. This is an essential element for the life of the Mapuche-Pehuenche, Chileans, and for all of humanity, and for those of us who live in Mapuche territory, which is today being invaded by multinational companies acting under the protection of the government in turn, and whose purpose is to take our remaining lands. The consequences of the institutional and military imposition of the Chilean national state upon our culture and lands, have been the gradual reduction, usurpation, plundering and exploitation of our lands and territory, which are the basic pillars for the development, support and future of our Mapuche-Pehuenche ancestral memories.

70. Health Of Indigenous People: A Challenge For Public Health
chile, Ecuador, Panama, Honduras, and Brazil have units responsible for indigenous andHonduras have published documents on the health of indigenous peoples.
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Health of indigenous people: a challenge for public health
Washington, DC, August 15, 2002 (PAHO) Although the term indigenous people in the Americas is widely used, that generalization encompasses more than 400 different ethnic groups, with different beliefs and different health practices. This diversity presents a challenge for public health in the Americas, where indigenous peoples are among the most excluded. The response of the Pan American Health Organization is its Health of Indigenous Peoples Initiative, started in 1993, which signifies a commitment by PAHO and its Member States to work with indigenous peoples to improve their health and well being. It is also a recognition of the value and need to conserve indigenous cultural heritage and knowledge. Photos

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Serious health and social problems still exist for the estimated forty-three million indigenous peoples living in the Americas. Recent studies have indicated that these peoples are among the most poor and disadvantaged, and each of the more than 400 ethnic groups "has its own beliefs and practices with regard to health, as well as their own community resources for health promotion, disease prevention or cure of common ills," explains Dr. Sandra Land, PAHO's regional adviser in local health services. The initiative for health of indigenous peoples was launched due to the inequalities that existed in health status and in access to basic services between those communities and other social groups. Indigenous communities have higher rates of avoidable mortality and morbidity and lower life expectancy at birth, and many of them do not have regular access to essential health care due to economic, geographical, or cultural barriers.

71. Business & Human Rights : Indigenous Peoples
Issues Groups indigenous peoples. the threat of military intervention looming,indigenous leaders said agua a una comunidad indígena chile. Claudia López
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NGOs Condemn BHP Billiton´s Human Rights Abuses In Colombia Mineral Policy Institute 04 Jun 2004 [Colombia]: The Mineral Policy Institute, Friends of the Earth Australia and United States NGO PressurePoint strongly condemn BHP Billiton’s conduct in operating its Cerrejón Norte coal mine...BHP Billiton is co-owner and operator with Anglo American and Glencore since April 2002, when the majority ownership was sold by ExxonMobil. Related topics ... ES Argentina.- La Justicia argentina falla a favor de Benetton en su disputa con los mapuches por terrenos en la Patagonia Europa Press 1 junio 2004 La Justicia argentina falló anoche a favor de la multinacional textil italiana Benetton en su disputa con un matrimonio mapuche por la propiedad de 500 hectáreas de terreno en la Patagonia [se refiere a Compañía de Tierras (parte de Benetton)] Related topics ...

72. Aboriginal Planet - IT And Indigenous Peoples Of The Americas
the first time, participants from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, chile, Columbia, Dominica radiohave contributed to the assimilation of indigenous peoples, but we

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IT and Indigenous Peoples of the Americas
shares his experience at the Forum The event attracted the attention of the United Nations. Fortunato Turpo Choquehuanca and Marcos Matias Alonso, two of the members of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues participated in the international session, noting how the issue of IT and Connectivity meshes with the economic and social development goals of the UN. Alain Clerc, from the UN World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS. see ) spoke of the importance that the WSIS attaches to participation by Aboriginal peoples in the Summit, which will take place in Geneva in December 2003. He invited Aboriginal peoples from Canada, the Americas, and around the world, to participate in the WSIS and help shape the coming Information society.
Mr. Tony Belcourt, President of the Metis Nation of Ontario, speaks in the Overview Panel of the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas: Connecting and Networking Workshop. credit: Institute for the Connectivity in the Americas' (ICA) Latin American participants attended panels and workshops on the Canadian Aboriginal experience in areas such as Infrastructure, E-skills, Digital Content, and On-line economic development. But they also brought their own experiences to share.

73. Fight For Identity, Justice The Indigenous Peoples Of Ecuador Are
Elsewhere, in Colombia, Venezuela, Guatemala, Honduras, chile and Brazil, indigenouspeoples are struggling mostly by peaceful means to defend their
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E-Mail This Article Published on Monday, February 21, 2000 in the St Petersburg Times

Fight For Identity, Justice: The Indigenous Peoples Of Ecuador Are United In Their Fight by David Adams LATACUNGA, Ecuador While produce is abundant, shoppers are scarce at the Saturday fair in this bustling town in the central Andean highlands of Ecuador. Market women in felt hats, from the indigenous Indian communities of Cotopaxi province, come here three times a week to sell their vegetables. They struggle to make a living at the best of times, but lately the women complain they have never had it so bad. "No one has any money. If this goes on, we are all going to die of hunger," said Laura Espin, a 55-year-old Quichua Indian selling parsley and coriander for 1,000 sucres (four cents) per bunch. Last month, thousands of indigenous men and women in traditional dress many carrying small children on their backs marched 55 miles across the sierra from Latacunga to the capital, Quito, to demand political and economic reforms. The government fell and the country's Harvard-educated president, Jamil Mahuad, was ousted from office.

74. Indigenous Resistance To Deforestation Occurs In Chile
In this case, by the Mapuche indigenous peoples. During February and March, thesouth of chile witnessed a number of confrontations resulting from the
Indigenous Resistance to Deforestation Occurs in Chile
Title: Indigenous Resistance to Deforestation Occurs in Chile
Source: World Rainforest Movement Bulletin 21
Date: April 5, 1999
Chile: the forestry model in big trouble The Chilean forestry model
has been publicized as an example of modern forestry development and
has been exported as such to the countries of the region. However,
such forestry development style, implemented during the military
dictatorship and resulting in economic concentration, the
displacement of thousands of peasants and indigenous people and negative environmental impacts is now being severely challenged- through direct actions-by those affected. In this case, by the Mapuche indigenous peoples. During February and March, the south of Chile witnessed a number of confrontations resulting from the Mapuche's struggle for the recognition of their territorial rights. With the exception of the metropolitan area of the country's capital city Santiago, this is where the majority of this indigenous nation lives, totalling a

75. Case Study
the new chilean Environmental and indigenous peoples Laws and prior agreements betweenENDESA and the World Bank. The Pehuenche of chile and environmentalists
ICE Case Studies
The Bio-Bio River Case, Chile
    1. Abstract
    This project is seen by the Pehuenche and environmentalists as a violation of the new Environmental and Indigenous laws. According to the Indigenous Law, Pehuenches cannot be forced to relocate from their land. On June 10, 1997 a group of Pehuenches occupied Chile's Indigenous Affairs Bureau and Environmental Protection Board to protest the licensing of the Ralco Dam saying "The Chilean government has once again shown its colonizing mentality by not respecting our people or the law." ENDESA, the powerful utility company that has expanded to Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, and Peru, says that it can challenge the law in court.
    2. Description
    Since ENDESA, Chile's biggest and most powerful electrical company, began planning the construction of six interdependent hydroelectric power plants on the Biobio River in the 1960's, the Ralco power plant has been considered the "key component" of this ambitious hydroelectric project. In 1992, ENDESA begin construction on the Pangue Dam, the first major dam built on the Bio-Bio. Pangue is now 70% completed. The arm of the World Bank which funds private sector projects, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), provided a $70 million loan for the dam. The IFC brokered an additional $28 million from the Swedish board for Industrial and Technical Cooperation (BITS), $14 million from the Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation (NORAD), and $100 million from ten European banks. In response to concerns voiced by these agencies regarding the environmental impacts of a series of dams the IFC asserted that Pangue was the only dam planned for the river despite information that Pangue was designed to work in conjunction with a large reservoir dam upstream, Ralco.
  • 76. Cabot, Penny. A Dam Of Destruction. (Biobio) Resurgence 181.
    The 1994 indigenous Law of chile states that these indigenous people havethe right to remain on their land and may not be forcibly removed.
    Building a new dam on the great river,
    Biobjo, in southern Chile will destroy the culture and
    livelihood of thousands of indigenous people. T HE TRAGEDY happening in southern Chile is a stark example of misguided economic development policies. The people who would be displaced by the mega-dam planned for the Biobio River have been very vocal in their opposition to this project. But who is listening? The 1994 Indigenous Law of Chile states that these indigenous people have the right to remain on their land and may not be forcibly removed. Yet, it seems clear that the government of President Eduardo Frei is determined that this project go ahead There is every indication that the government will decide that the 1982 Law of Electrical Services, enacted under Pinochet, overrules the Indigenous Law, weakening the rights of indigenous peoples and undermining the power of the fragile new democracy. In the rugged foothills of the Chilean Andes, 500 kilometres south of Santiago, the great River Biobio rushes by on its 380 kilometre journey to the Pacific Ocean, a journey that began 10,000 feet up in the glacial waters of Lake Galletue near the Argentinian border. The river runs down through a green panorama sprinkled with rare and endangered plant and animal species. Forests of protected araucaria or monkey-puzzle trees interrupt the line of the horizon. Rising above are the snow-capped, seismically active, peaks of Calliqui and Lonquimay. This is the second most seismically active region in the world.

    77. Indigenous Peoples' Literature
    Site Contents Indigenous Peoples Survival Foundation Indigenous Nations Native American Art What Is Unique to This Site Discovering What Has Always Been There Choose from Site Index Root Directory Site Index (with music) Site Map (Graphical) What Was New in 1999 What Was New in 1998 What Was New in 1997 What Was New in 1996 Chiapas Menu Indigenous Peoples of Mexico Aztecs Huichol Kiliwa Mayas Native Nations/Languages of Mexico Purepecha Tarahumara Tlahui Yaqui Zapoteco Mexican Stories Bridging Worlds Garbage People Husband/Wife Team Heal Spirit Lost In Mexico Maya Indians No Longer Hide Faith Mexico Honors Indians of the Past? Mexico's Indigenous Peoples United Mexico's Indigenous Peoples Expanding Millennium of the Chile Not All Mexicans Speak Spanish Running for Peace and Dignity Six Racers: Running for Their Lives Soy Indio Tarahumara Victim Treaty of Guadalupe We Smell a Stereotypical Rat Zapatistas Inspire Grassroots Java Menu Text Menu The Americas Artists Columbus 1492 Daily Inspirational Words Europe, Asia, Africa, and Oceania

    78. World Trade Organization And Indigenous Peoples
    No to patenting of life! indigenous peoples' statement on the traderelated aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPS) of the WTO agreement World Trade Organization. and. indigenous peoples .
    Dec. 1999 Analyses World Trade Organization
    Indigenous Peoples.
    WTO Meeting in Seattle, Washington : November 29 - December 3, 1999

    79. Indigenous People Face Destruction Of Land And Resettlement In Chile
    Date Wed, 25 Jun 97 141139 CDT From (SAIIC) SubjectUA/chile indigenous People Face Destruction of Land and Resettlement
    Date: Wed, 25 Jun 97 14:11:39 CDT
    From: (SAIIC)
    Subject: UA/Chile: Indigenous People Face Destruction of Land and Resettlement
    Indigenous People Face Destruction of Land and Resettlement in Chile
    South and Meso American Indian Rights Center (SAIIC). 24 June, 1997
    The Pehuenche of Chile and environmentalists are struggling against a dam project on the B oB o river that will force 700 Pehuenche off their ancestral land and flood 9,000 acres of farmland and rare temperate rainforest in Southern Chile. On June 6, the $600 million Ralco dam project was approved by the Chilean government's environmental office. ENDESA, the private public utility company claims that this dam, and 10 more dams its size between now and 2013 are needed to satisfy the energy demands of the Chilean economy. This project is seen by the Pehuenche and environmentalists as a violation of the new Environmental and Indigenous laws. According to the Indigenous Law, Pehuenches cannot be forced to relocate from their land. On June 10, a group of Pehuenches occupied the Chile's Indigenous Affairs Bureau and Environmental Protection Board to protest the licensing of the Ralco Dam saying "The Chilean government has once again shown its colonizing mentality by not respecting our people or the law." ENDESA, the powerful utility company that has expanded to Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, and Peru, says that it can challenge the law in court. This dam project will have severe social and environmental consequences. Displacement of indigenous people from their ancestral land has been shown to break up communities and undermine cultural conservation efforts. The seven Pehuenche communities affected by the dam project have formed a coalition against the dam and have been fighting since 1989 to prevent its implementation. They suggest the development of alternatives to the dam project to satisfy the local demands for power that will not violate indigenous lands .

    80. Protecting Indigenous Peoples' Privacy From "Eyes In The Sky"
    Protecting indigenous peoples' Privacy. from "Eyes in the Sky" Wayne Madsen. Lead Scientist. Computer Sciences Corporation. Integrated Systems Division. Falls Church, Virginia. Abstract Mapuches
    Protecting Indigenous Peoples' Privacy
    from "Eyes in the Sky"
    Wayne Madsen
    Lead Scientist
    Computer Sciences Corporation
    Integrated Systems Division
    Falls Church, Virginia Abstract 1. Introduction In his famous dissenting opinion in Olmstead v. U.S., 277 U.S. 438 (1928) , Justice Louis Brandeis called the right to be let alone "the most comprehensive of rights and the right most cherished by civilized men." Justice Brandeis's ruling could just as easily apply to the right of indigenous peoples to be let alone from intrusive central government "development" and surveillance programs. The increasing use of satellites to survey lands and oceans for natural resources comes at the expense of many indigenous peoples to freely conduct various activities on their ancestral lands. Many indigenous tribes maintain a certain kinship with the territory upon which they live. This kinship runs deep and in some cases has an important religious significance for the people concerned. 2. Geographic Information Systems (GISs) and Indigenous Lands Indian leaders contend that those who operate GISs must be sensitive to the traditions surrounding their lands. Many Indian tribes feel that certain data must remain private and not be released to the general public. Data security and privacy controls therefore become problematic. Tribal officials such as the Colville Confederacy leadership feel that certain data cannot be treated as regular data. Information on hunting and gathering areas has a spiritual significance for the Indians that is perhaps unappreciated by statisticians in cold, gray and distant computer rooms (Marchand and Winchell, 1994, 51).

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