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         Burma History:     more books (100)
  1. A History of Modern Burma by John F. Cady, 1960
  2. A History of Modern Burma by John F. Cady, 1958
  3. Letters from Burma by Aung San Suu Kyi, 1998-01-01
  4. The Burma-Thailand Railway: Memory and History by Gavan McCormack, Hank Nelson, 1994-02
  5. Pagan: The Origins of Modern Burma by Michael Aung-Thwin, 1985-11
  6. A Year With the Baha'Is of India and Burma (Historical Reprint Series) by Sydney Sprague, Sidney Spraque, 1986-11
  7. The Rise and Fall of the Communist Party of Burma (Southeast Asia Program Series) (Southeast AsiaProgram Ser., : No. 6) by Bertil Lintner, 1990-08-01
  8. Burma retrospect and other sketches by C. J Richards, 1951
  9. Burma under British Rule - and before: Volume 1 by John Nisbet, 2004-01-15
  10. Central Burma, the U.s. Army Campaigns of World War II by John W. Mountcastle, 1995
  11. Irrigation in the Heartland of Burma: Foundations of the Pre-Colonial Burmese State (Occasional Paper Series, No 15) by Michael Aung-Thwin, 1990-01
  12. U Hla Pe's narrative of the Japanese occupation of Burma (Southeast Asia Program data paper) by Hla Pe, 1961
  13. The Burma-Thailand Frontier over Sixteen Decades: Three Descriptive Documents (Research in International Studies Southeast Asia Series) by Constance Wilson, Lucien Hanks, 1985-05
  14. Burma in the crucible by Maung Maung Pye, 1951

61. The Burma Shave Phenomenon
Brief history and links to other sites.
The Burma Shave Phenomenon
Most people of today's generation have never heard of Burma shave, but ask anyone who lived in America from the 1920s into the early sixties, and you will bring up an extraordinary fixture of their past.
Burma Shave was one of the world's first brushless shaving cream manufacturers and spawned heavy competition for their product, but this certain company had an upper hand in winning over customers. Burma Shave signs were the precursor to modern billboard signs on America's earliest roads. They were an interesting diversion from long drives and began to spring up all over the country throughout the mid-twentieth century. The signs were often humorous jingles that were placed at intervals along the road, each sign showing one line of the four-part rhyme until the last sign which concluded the clever advertising scheme with "Burma-Shave".
Some examples of Burma Shave rhymes: OUR FORTUNE

62. Burma
Allied forces in burma consisted of British and British Commonwealth forces. Theprimary source for this text is the US Army Center for Military history.
World War II History Home Page Pacific Theatre The Burma Road
In his new book, " The Burma Road ," Donovan Webster vividly recreates the missions and adventures of Vinegar Joe Stilwell and others who served in the China-India-Burma theater in World War II. It's a entertaining, informative read. Here's an excerpt
Japanese occupation of Burma in had cut off the last land route by which the Allies could deliver aid to the Chinese Government of Chiang Kai-shek. The only supply route available was the costly and dangerous "Hump" route for transport planes over the Himalayas. In the spring of the Allies were finally able to attempt the reconquest of Burma. A force under General Stilwell fought down the Hukawang Valley and reached the vicinity north of Myitkyina, a key communications center and Japanese stronghold, in May . Meanwhile, the 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional), a reinforced U.S. Army regiment better known as "Merrill's Marauders," had circled and was attacking Myitkyina from the south. Japanese resistance and the onset of the monsoon season in June delayed completion of the operation until August. As another phase of the spring offensive, a British force (the so-called "Chindits") under Maj. Gen. Orde C. Wingate had made a successful airdrop near Kotha in March and proceeded to disrupt Japanese communications in central Burma. At the same time, farther to the south, a British Commonwealth force inflicted a considerable defeat on Japanese forces defending against a drive on Akyab, a port of the Bay of Bengal.

63. History Of Burma Encyclopedia : Maps - Weather - Travel - History - Economy - Go
history of burma. The history of burma began in the 9th century whenthe Myamma or Bamar people migrated from the ChinaTibet border

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History of Burma
The history of Burma began in the 9th century when the Myamma or Bamar people migrated from the China-Tibet border region into the valley of the Irrawaddy
The Burmese Kingdom
The Burmese soon converted to Buddhism and created the state which in became the First Burmese Empire. The two names by which this people were known gave rise to the names Myanmar (in Burmese) and Burma (in English). After the devastating invasion by the Mongol army of Kublai Khan in , Burma broke up into several states. Ever since, the Burmese inhabitants of the Irrawaddy valley have sort to regain control of the neighbouring hill peoples such as the Shan and the Karen, but these peoples have usually maintained de facto independence. The Portuguese reached Burma in the late 15th century, and established trading posts, but their attempts to extend their control were repelled. This external threat galvanised the Burmese to establish a stronger state, and in King Aukhpetlan decisively defeated Portuguese attempts to take over Burma.

64. Myanmar Maps - Weather - History - Politics - Travel - Economy - Geography
Country code (Top level domain) MM (formerly BU). history of Myanmar (seealso history of burma); Geography of Myanmar; Demographics of Myanmar;

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Myanmar is a country in Southeast Asia , formerly known as Burma . The name of the country was changed in 1989, and this change of name has been officially recognized by the United Nations . But some states, such as the United States , do not recognize this change of name, since they do not recognize the military government which instituted it. Therefore, "Myanmar" - not Burma - is accepted by all other countries as well. Today, many people use Myanmar although they disapprove of the military governemt. Country code (Top level domain):
MM (formerly BU) Much of the material in these articles comes from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the 2003 U.S. Department of State website.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License This article courtesy of

65. Burma Project - History Of Distrust Puts Thai-Myanmar Ties On Brink
Scholars note that throughout burma s history, its kings had not always been successfulin exerting control over small independent centres, particularly in
History of Distrust Puts Thai-Myanmar Ties on Brink
Lee Kim Chew,The Straits Times, June 13, 2002
IN TIMES of emergency, blood inspires unity - this was the line a local Myanmar leader used at a rally to stir up patriotic fervour as tension with Thailand escalated.
The government-sponsored rally on June 2 in Taunggyi town marks a new stage in the deterioration of ties between the two neighbours.
As Myanmar's military regime steps up its war against Shan and Karen rebels along the border with Thailand, it also plays the nationalist card to rally the people and bolster its claim as the country's legitimate rulers.
The historical enmity between the two neighbours has been given a sting that will make it harder for Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra to improve ties with Yangon's generals.
Until recently, the junta had organised outdoor rallies to denounce internal enemies of the state. Now it organises them to condemn the Thais for conspiring with anti-Yangon insurgents to destabilise Myanmar.
In press conferences, Myanmar's military spokesmen call the Thais 'Yoda- ya', a historical name that harks back to 1767 when the Burmese army sacked the ancient Siamese capital Ayudhya.

66. - Image Gallery - Banknotes Of Burma
For newer bank notes of burma see Myanmar. CountryInfo Views of burma history of burma.
Banknotes of Burma Asia Index World Index Banknotes for Sale Consignment List ... Numismatic Books Cat # Description Image P-5 10 Rupees ND(1938) (KGVI, ox cart, dhow) Obverse Reverse P-9b 1 Cent ND(1942) Japanese Government P-10a 5 Cents ND(1942) Japanese Government P-11a 10 Cents ND(1942) Japanese Government P-12a 1/4 Rupee ND(1942) Japanese Government P-13b 1/2 Rupee ND(1942) (Ananda Temple) P-14 1 Rupee ND(1942) (Ananda Temple) P-15b 5 Rupees ND(1942-44) (Ananda Temple; palm trees) P-16 10 Rupees ND(1942-44) (Ananda Temple) P-17 100 Rupees ND(1944) (Ananda Temple) P-46 1 Kyat ND(1958) (Peacock, dhows) Obverse Reverse P-47 5 Kyats ND(1958) (Gen. Aung San, girl) P-48 10 Kyats ND(1958) (Peacock, elephant) Obverse Reverse P-50 50 Kyats ND(1958) (Mandalay Temple) Obverse Reverse P-51 100 Kyats ND(1958) (Worker with oxen) Obverse Reverse P-52 1 Kyat ND(1965) (fisherman in a boat) P-56 1 Kyat ND(1972) (General Aung San; wheel)

67. Burma Ruby: A History Of Mogok's Rubies
burma Ruby A history of Mogok’s Rubies from Antiquity to the Present By SK Samuels,254 pp., illus., publ. by SKS Enterprises, Tucson, AZ, 2003. US$45.00.
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By S.K. Samuels, 254 pp., illus., publ. by S.K.S. Enterprises, Tucson, AZ, 2003. US$45.00 The author, who was born in Burma, has used his wealth of personal experience in compiling this book. Dr. Samuels lived under the British rule of Burma and, later, its occupation by the Japanese during World War II. After the war, he earned a medical degree from the University of Rangoon and traveled around the Mogok district. In 1960, he emigrated to the United States, and did not return to Burma (now Myanmar) until more than 20 years later.
In Burma Ruby
. He is accurate in commenting that, while such terms are relics of the past, they carry a certain romanticism that is very important to gemstones.

68. Recent Mon History
Recent Mon history. burma has been racked by civil war ever sinceits independence, over 40 years ago. The Mon people, as well as
Recent Mon history
Burma has been racked by civil war ever since its independence, over 40 years ago. The Mon people, as well as other ethnic minorities such as the Karen and Shan, have suffered greatly during this period. Burma gained independence from Britain in 1948, and it has been ruled by military dictators since then. The current rulers are the SLORC (State Law and Order Restoration Council), who took power in a 1988 coup, suspending the legislature and the judiciary. One of the most notorious actions of the military regime in Burma was the Aug. 8, 1988 massacre of thousands of students engaged in peaceful protests against the government. Follow this link for photos from the 1988 massacre The current Burmese government has received world-wide condemnation for its human-rights violations, and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, a Burmese political prisoner, received the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts to bring international attention to the grave conditions in Burma. Following this link for more information on Aung San Suu Kyi The U.S. State Department, in its 1994 report on human rights in Burma, wrote

69. An Introduction To Myanmar
In 1600, a Portuguese cabinboy named Philip de Brito y Nicote came to Myanmar,beginning one of the most legendary tales in burma s history.
Myanmar Adventure in Myanmar Asia Homepage The World Myanmar, or Burma as it is still more familiarly known in the West, is a country where magnificent and ancient Buddhist temples gaze out serenely over a nation restless for change. Myanmar has plenty of wonders for the eye sinuous, life-giving rivers, lush mountain forests, and intricately-drawn citiesbut it can also trouble the soul. For the last 30 years, its people have been ruled by a notoriously repressive military government, the tatmadaw. Travel to Myanmar is as a result a rather vexed moral question, as the bulk of tourist revenue falls into the government's coffers. Against this coldly financial argument, however, is the notion that interaction with Myanmar's people and culture helps to encourage change. Both perspectives have their defenders; we at Interknowledge leave the decision to you. Location, Geography, Climate The vast majority of Myanmar's people live in the lowland regions of this river valley, in the Irrawaddy basin. This fertile expanse, which sits within the tropical monsoon belt, is one of the world's great rice-growing regions. Myanmar's population includes dozens of different racial and ethnic groups, including the Mon, Burmans, Kachins, Chins, Shans, Rakhine, and Karens, each of which have historically dominated a particular area of the country. Although Burmese is the major and official language, more than a hundred local and regional dialects are spoken throughout Myanmar.

70. Der Buddhismus In Asien
Translate this page Coalition Homepage Political Resources on the Net - burma Landschaft und Kulturburmas Asiatour / Willkommen in Myanmar Myanmar (burma) - history Pegu, burma
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71. World Jewish Congress
burma (Myanmar). GP 45,555,000 ~ JP 20. history and Community. A relations.Aliya Since 1948, 751 Jews from burma have immigrated to Israel.

Burma (Myanmar)
GP 45,555,000 ~ JP 20
History and Community
A tiny community which claims descent from the tribe of Menashe in its prayer house, 1987 Jews from Iraq and elsewhere in the Middle East first settled in Yangon (Rangoon) early in the 18th century and established a Sephardi community there. In 1896, they erected the Musameah Yeshua Synagogue on land donated by the government. By the outbreak of World War II, there were over 2,000 Jews in the country. The great majority fled in advance of the Japanese assault and were evacuated to Britain, India and a number of other countries. Only a small number returned after the country was liberated. Over the years, due to emigration and assimilation, the remaining Jewish population dwindled, and today the community is on the verge of extinction.
Israel Israel and Myanmar have full diplomatic relations. Aliya- Since 1948, 751 Jews from Burma have immigrated to Israel.

72. History Of The Mergui Region: Burma Myanmar
Map. The Mergui Archipelago region has been inaccessible since Burmagained its independence from the British Empire in 1948. Tenasserim
Ecoswiss and Marinasia Nature and Wildlife Geography and Population Eco-Volunteer Cruises ... Home
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Map of Mergui Harbor
circa 1680)
The Mergui Archipelago - 17th Century Map
The Mergui Archipelago region has been inaccessible since Burma gained its independence from the British Empire in 1948. Tenasserim was an important seaport at the turn of the century when trade between India and the Far East - China and Japan, avoided the treacherous Malacca Straits due to pirates, storms and the Portuguese. Small ships could navigate the Tenasserim River and their wares were transshipped over the hills to the Gulf of Thailand. Little is known of that route which is now covered in deep forests. Trade flourished when Siam owned both coasts during the 16th and 17th centuries. War elephants, china and local porcelain, spices and silk were exported and the port of Mergui on the coast could accommodate larger ships. During the period an Englishman became Shabandar (harbormaster), the French were interested in the region and then the times of freebooters and pirates followed. Finally the Siamese massacred the foreign traders and closed their borders to foreigners.

73. Family History In India
Welcome to the website for people tracing their British, European and AngloIndianfamily history in India, burma, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Home Beginners Cemeteries People ... Other Sources
To support this site, please consider joining by clicking on the above link. Should you choose to sign up for access to over 100 million records related to UK ancestry, then the Family History in India site will receive a commission. Welcome to the website for people tracing their British, European and Anglo-Indian family history in India, Burma, Pakistan and Bangladesh. This website was created by Cathy Day of Canberra, Australia.
*** The COMPLETE index to Bengal marriages 1855-1896 is now available ***
*** The total number of names on this site is now over 234,000 ***

Pages last updated on 15th May, 2004. Recent changes are :
To search for any words in this site, including the names of about 234,000 Europeans and Anglo-Indians resident in India during the colonial period, please use this search engine. This will search for words in the

74. Thailand's History
Information such as minor sites location, site history as well as regional historical Therest of SE Asia was 100% colonies British ruled burma Malaysia
Thailand ( Siam ) History as understood by a Farang. Below is a short 'synopsis interpretation' of the Thai historical events listed in this Thai History Timeline Chart Lore of Thai Kings and Burmese Princes settling national disputes through Elephant Jousting in The Warriors and Builders are both well represented in Thai history. Archeology ( not the usual well embellished politically motivated folk tale ) is the true historical record. "What is history but a fable agreed upon?" ~ Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) Thailand has a well preserved archeological record dating back to pre iron age nomadic hunter and gatherers. There is archeological record to document that the worlds first bronze age culture, as well as the worlds first rice farmer, was in Issan of eastern Thailand.
  • Pottery shards bearing the imprint of both grains and husks of rice were discovered at Non Nok Tha near Korat dating from at least 4000 B.C.
    • The world's first domestic cultivation of rice was in Issan near today's Korat.

75. SCBF - Sacred Cat Of Burma Fanciers - Birman History - Scbf
take your time with a virtual walk through the pages of Birman history and development. alwaysand forever the heart of the Sacred Cat of burma Fanciers Club
Harriet's History Corner
A Brief History of SCBF
    On March 12, 1972, a group of Birman breeders and lovers met in York, PA with the purpose of forming a Birman Club. A Constitution was drawn up, officers were elected and the group applied to become a member club with CFA. The Sacred Cat of Burma Fanciers club was officially accepted on April 18, 1972. Elections were held to replace the temporary officers with permanent ones. Frances Price became the first elected President, George Wehnau the Vice President and Ed Rindfleisch assumed the job of Secretary/Treasurer. Jerry Bartko took on the publication of a newsletter which became Harriet Rindfleisch's job in October, 1972. According to Harriet's records, the first charter members of the Club consisted of her family along with the Barkto family. Dues were set at $5.00 per year and a treasury slowly started to build up, with the goal of producing a show. Being composed of members who may have lived some distance apart, the SCBF newsletter was the tie that held everything together, much as it does today. The first issue was sent in May, 1972. The original By-Laws state that since the Club had no treasury to speak of, the cost of producing the newsletter would be covered by Ed and Harriet until such time as the finances of the organization would permit spending money for one. Harriet's love for the publication from 1972 until she resigned as editor in March,1983 was obvious to all who received it. It was full of information sent to her by breeders and owners of Birmans from all over the world plus had many tidbits gleaned from her own daily experiences with her Birmans. During the 11 years that she was editor, the quarterly issues of the Newsletter were typed onto a stencil on her old typewriter and printed on a mimeograph machine, a far cry from today's computer-generated and commercially printed issues.

76. History News Service
burma s Hope Imprisoned. By Ralph E. Luker history News Service. RalphE. Luker. The detention of a private citizen in a Third World
Burma's Hope Imprisoned
By Ralph E. Luker
History News Service
The detention of a private citizen in a Third World country would not ordinarily get much attention elsewhere. But when Burma's Aung San Suu Kyi was imprisoned on two weeks ago, world attention turned to the embattled hope for democracy in the impoverished southeast Asian country. Americans may remember Burma because of the controversy over its name. In 1989, Burma's military rulers appealed to nationalist sentiment by adopting the name "Myanmar" for their nation. It's a name adapted from local usage, but it hasn't won international recognition because the regime is an international outlaw in flagrant violation of human rights. There was a time, in 1948, when Americans knew Burma as a newly independent British colony in southeast Asia, fully hopeful of joining the world community of free and independent nations. Burma is little known to us now because it fell under military rule shortly after independence and became isolated. In 1990, Burma's 40 million people could hope that the long delayed promise of freedom was theirs. In the nation's first free elections in decades, they voted overwhelmingly for the National League for Democracy, whose leader few Americans had heard of: Aung San Suu Kyi. Burma's military rulers reneged on the promise of free elections, however, and placed Suu Kyi under house arrest. In 1991, her long struggle to bring freedom and democracy to Burma won the Nobel Prize.

began the overland journey through the jungles and mountains of burma to Kunming Mosthistorians agree that the most pivotal event in Scottish history is the
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78. HyperWar: The U.S. Army Campaigns Of World War II: Central Burma
A brief illustrated history of US Army operations in burma in 1945.
Central Burma The U.S. Army Campaigns
of World War II

Mule skinners and pack animals of the M ARS Task Force plod through the hills toward the Burma Road, January 1945. (National Archives)
World War II was the largest and most violent armed conflict in the history of mankind. However, the half century that now separates us from that conflict has exacted its toll on our collective knowledge. While World War II continues to absorb the interest of military scholars and historians, as well as its veterans, a generation of Americans has grown to maturity largely unaware of the political, social, and military implications of a war that, more than any other, united us as a people with a common purpose. Highly relevant today, World War II has much to teach us, not only about the profession of arms, but also about military preparedness, global strategy, and combined operations in the coalition war against fascism. To commemorate the nation's 50th anniversary of World War II, the U.S. Army has published a variety of materials to help educate Americans about that momentous experience. These works provide great opportunities to learn about and renew pride in an Army that fought so magnificently in what has been called "the mighty endeavor." World War II was waged on land, on sea, and in the air over several diverse theaters of operation for approximately six years. The following essay is one of a series of campaign studies highlighting those struggles that, with their accompanying suggestions for further reading, are designed to introduce you to one of the Army's significant military feats from that war.

79. Burma's Martyr To Freedom
burma s Martyr to Freedom By Ralph Luker Mr. Luker, an Atlanta historian, is theauthor of The Social Gospel in He is a writer for the history News Service.
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6-17-03: News Abroad Burma's Martyr to Freedom
By Ralph Luker
Mr. Luker, an Atlanta historian, is the author of The Social Gospel in Black and White: American Racial Reform, 1885-1912 and co-editor of the first two volumes of The Papers of Martin Luther King. He is a writer for the History News Service Click here for his blog on HNN. HNN FUND RAISING DRIVE
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The detention of a private citizen in a Third World country would not ordinarily get much attention elsewhere. But when Burma's Aung San Suu Kyi was imprisoned two weeks ago, world attention turned to the embattled hope for democracy in the impoverished southeast Asian country. Americans may remember Burma because of the controversy over its name. In 1989, Burma's military rulers appealed to nationalist sentiment by adopting the name "Myanmar" for their nation. It's a name adapted from local usage, but it hasn't won world recognition because the regime is an international outlaw in flagrant violation of human rights. There was a time, in 1948, when Americans knew Burma as a newly independent British colony in southeast Asia, fully hopeful of joining the world community of free and independent nations. Burma is little known to us now because it fell under military rule shortly after independence and became isolated.

80. Northern Thailand History
The title means Land of a million rice fields . The rich culture and historyowe much to the influence of burma and, to a certain extent Laos.
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A Brief History
Back Local family circa 1900 Lanna or Lannathai is the given name of a prosperous self ruling kingdom, once the power base of the whole of Northern Thailand as well as parts of present day Burma (Myanmar) & Laos. The title means "Land of a million rice fields'. The rich culture and history owe much to the influence of Burma and, to a certain extent Laos. Still found in northern temples is the script of Lanna, which is probably the original Thai script and thought to be based on Mon. A similar script is still in use today by the Shan people.

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