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         Botswana Culture:     more books (25)
  1. Cultures of the World Group 25 (Cultures of the World) by Martha Kneib, Suzanne Levert, et all 2007-01-07
  2. Growing a research culture. (Shop Talk).(universities): An article from: Journal of Research Administration by Cliff Studman, 2003-04-01
  3. Law in Radically Different Cultures (American Casebook Series)
  4. Return to Nisa by Marjorie Shostak, 2002-03-01
  5. Bee keeping handbook by B Clauss, 1982
  6. Livestock management in Shoshong and Makwate (ATIP working paper) by Doyle Baker, 1988
  7. Chief of a heathen town: Kgosi Sechele and the arrival of Christianity among the Tswana by Stephen Volz, 2001
  8. Indigenous Peoples' Consultation - Held in Shakawe Botswana Sept 6 1998 - Report on an Indigenous Peoples' Conu on Empowerment, Culture & Spirituality in Community Development by KURU DEVELOPMENT TRUST, 1998
  9. Conflict and culture in Africa: Proceedings of an international symposium held at Grand Palm Hotel in Gaborone, Botswana, December 4-6, 1995
  10. Across African Sand: Journeys of a Witch-Doctor's Son-in-Law by Phil Deutschle, 2000-02-01
  11. Environment, Power, and Injustice: A South African History (Studies in Environment and History) by Nancy J. Jacobs, 2003-06-30

21. Botswana History & Botswana Culture | IExplore
Botswana History. 1980. Perhaps the most important event in Botswana smodern history was the discovery of diamonds in 1967. Diamond
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Botswana History
The nation was originally inhabited by the San people (also known as the Bushmen), then the Tswana, a Bantu group. In 1885, it became the British protectorate of Bechuanaland (mainly to ward off encroachment by the Germans from the west and Boers from the south). The struggle for independence, which was achieved in 1966, was largely peaceful and democratic. Seretse Khama III was elected the country's first president, a post he held until his death in 1980.
Perhaps the most important event in Botswana's modern history was the discovery of diamonds in 1967. Diamond wealth has enabled the country to build up foreign currency reserves and economic stability, though most of the population remains very poor. That stability, accompanied by true multiparty democracy, has served as a model for sub-Saharan Africa. Botswana's greatest problem today is AIDS: The country has one of the highest HIV infection rates in the world - some estimates say 1 in 3 people have the virus.
Botswana Trip Search See Trips to Botswana
Botswana Travel Experts
Meet our Botswana expert
Julie Larson Botswana Travelers' Reviews

22. Real World Holidays Search Engine: Botswana: Tourism, Holidays And Travel
night. Go horseriding with an experienced rider on any of 12 trainedmounts, and learn about the local botswana culture. (Added
Real World Holidays Search Engine: Botswana
Home Add a Site What's New What's Cool ... Search

23. Kids And Teens, School Time, Social Studies, World Cultures, Africa: Botswana
Botswana Map Overview of culture, history, economy, currency, government,people, education and languages. botswana culture for kids and teens.
Top Kids and Teens School Time Social Studies ...
  • Bartleby: Botswana - Includes maps; brief history; and information about geography, people, government, economy, transportation, and military. Botswana Map - Overview of culture, history, economy, currency, government, people, education and languages. CultureGrams: Botswana - Includes fun cultural facts, country flag and its symbolism, national anthem, and demographic data. Globaledge: Botswana - Includes statistics, history, economy and government.
Botswana culture for kids and teens Help build the largest human-edited directory on the web. Submit a Site Open Directory Project Become an Editor The directory is based on the Open Directory and has been modified and enhanced using our own technology. About ComboSE Download Combose Toolbar

24. News Letter - 2000 Vol. VIII - Art And Craft Of Botswana - Sudha Satyawadi
clearly reflected in museum collections. Ethnic groups and their cultureare dynamic force in the evolution of botswana culture.
RESEARCH [ARTICLE] Newsletter List of Newsletter Art and Craft of Botswana Sudha Satyawadi Freelance artist, reseacher and author working on ancient Indian art for the last thirty years. Placed by UNESCO, Paris as a specialist of intangible cultural heritage, she has worked on comparative study of rock and folk art focussing on paintings of India, Australia and South Africa. She is currently preparing a compendium of ancient art motifs, their origin, evolution and movement with regard to ancient art motifs of some of the European, African and Asian countries. Bushmen are born artists. Art is in their blood, but they need modern techniques and material. Kalahari desert in Botswana, the native land of Bushmen, is full of bushes. This barren land is of great credit to the hunters and gatherers, who have produced items of daily use and objects of art with limited, locally available material and resources. Photographs given in the article speak for themselves. The objects in the photographs are old and are drawn from the permanent collection of Ethnology department of National Museum and Art Gallery, Gaborone, Botswana. History of human race begins with the people of the region, now called Southern Africa. Trails from north and south, marked only by mysterious rock paintings and skeletal remains of 50,000 years ago, all converge into the Kalahari desert, now Botswana.

25. Botswana Essential Information, Explanation, Recent Texts
of Botswana Economy Main article Economy of Botswana Demographics Main articleDemographics of botswana culture Main article Culture of Botswana See also
refined Botswana
The Republic of Botswana is a landlocked nation of southern Africa . Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent on September 30 . It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Namibia to the west, Zambia to the north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. The economy, closely tied to South Africa's, is dominated by cattle raising and mining. The capital is Gaborone In Detail Full size ) National motto : Pula Languages English (official), Setswana Capital Gaborone President ... Area - Total - % water Ranked 44th Population - Total ( Density Ranked 144th Independence - DateFrom UK September 30 Currency Pula (BWP) Time zone UTC National anthem Fatshe leno la rona (Blessed Be This Noble Land) Internet TLD .bw Calling Code Table of contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 History 2 Politics 3 Districts 4 Geography ... 10 Miscellaneous topics History Main article: History of Botswana Politics Main article: Politics of Botswana Districts Main article: Districts of Botswana Botswana is divided into 10 districts: Geography Main article: Geography of Botswana Economy Main article: Economy of Botswana Demographics Main article: Demographics of Botswana Culture Main article: Culture of Botswana See also: List of writers from Botswana Holidays DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarks January 1 New Year's Day January 2 Public Holiday Second Friday of April Good Friday Second Monday of April Easter Monday May 20 Ascension Day ... July 1 Sir Seretse Khama

26. Hoppa - Culture In Botswana
Culture in Botswana. Mmegi. Botswana, News, Newspapers Latest News Republicof Botswana. Botswana, News, Government Latest news concerning
Culture in Botswana
Logged in as Logout Mail Add Link ... Add Link
Links 3 links Mmegi Mmegi Latest News - Republic of Botswana Latest News - Republic of Botswana ... Botswana Gazette, The See also: Culture in Africa Everything in Botswana Everything Culture Media the World Africa Botswana Roberto Bourgonjen Created on May 30 2004 05:12 CAT

27. Botswana Internet Directory
Cultural Sites(5). Preserve botswana culture Heritage good site fora noble cause MaitisongAnnual cultural show music, drama and etc..

IT Services


Real Estate

Botswana Government
[the best]
All the Web



... [bookmark this page
I am looking for... - News - Banking - Realestate - Investment - IT Services - Botswana Government - Tourism information - Conservation projects - NGOs - Education - Business Services - Entertainment Cultrual Sites in Botswana Cultural Sites(5) Preserve Botswana Culture Heritage good site for a noble cause Maitisong Annual cultural show music, drama and etc.. Society for the Promotion of Ikalanga Lnaguage : French culture centre in Gaborone Okavango Delta Peoples of Botswana Beza's Guide to the Net Business

28. The Salt Lake Tribune -- Utah's Statewide Newspaper
force the Botswana agency to abandon its effective ABC program, based on abstinence,being faithful and condom use. In the botswana culture, sexual activity
May 07, 2004 Quick Search
Commentary Columnists Commentary Public Forum Utah Politics ... Bagley Gallery How to submit a public forum letter:
Public Forum
Salt Lake Tribune
P.O.Box 867
Salt Lake City,
Utah 84111
E- mail:
(NO attachments)
Fax: Click for guidelines, tips and how to submit editorials... News Contents Past Editions ... Privacy Policy Strings attached Generations of missionaries of many denominations have tried to "spread God's word" in Africa. Their failed efforts to dramatically change the cultures of African nations don't seem to have impressed the current administration, which is doing its own sort of proselytizing, with potentially dire consequences. The Bush administration requires that 33 percent of U.S. funds to fight AIDS must be spent on abstinence-only programs. But preaching sexual abstinence without also teaching sexually active people the importance of using condoms is not helping countries such as Botswana to fight the scourge that is ravaging much of Africa. In sub-Saharan Africa, 8,000 people die every day from AIDS and 1,000 more are infected.

29. Mogwana Dance Troupe
Mogwana Dance Troupe. Apart from offering our services, we aim to provide informationabout traditional botswana culture and snapshots of our performance.
Mogwana Dance Troupe Apart from offering our services, we aim to provide information about traditional Botswana culture and snapshots of our performance. If you have any comments or questions, please don't hesitate to contact us by sending email to " This page was last updated on document.write(document.lastModified); About Us Performance Sub-Sahara Wildlife Language ... Contact Us Who are we? The word "Mogwana" is pronounced as 'mo-hwa-na' in our native language Setswana. We are a group of professional artistes based in Gaborone, Botswana. We specialise in traditional music, song and dance of indegenious ethnic groups of Botswana and the southern Africa in general. Given the opportunity, we also perform outside Botswana either for non-profit purposes such as cultural exchange, or for paid performances. Our group started out as a project in 1991 to promote traditional culture on the occasion of Botswana's Silver Jubilee independence celebration. The Mogwana project is the brainchild of Mr. Abram Spuna Kesupile, who also served as its chief instructor. Our motto is "

30. BOTSWANA Culture Under Threat - Special Report On The San Bushmen
botswana culture under threat Special Report on the San Bushmen (II). © SurvivalInternational. San children - among the poorest of the poor in Botswana.

31. BOTSWANA Culture Under Threat - Special Report On The San Bushmen
botswana culture under threat Special Report on the San Bushmen(I). © Survival International. The San have lived in Southern

32. Ministry Of Labour And Home Affairs - Index Of Ministries - Republic Of Botswana
The Government of botswana Web Site the official botswana place on the Web. The botswana Government and Index of Ministries one guides cultural policy matters namely culture and Youth; National
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Ministry of State President The Parliament Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of Trade, Industry, Wildlife and Tourism Ministry of Education Ministry of Finance and Development Planning Ministry of Health Ministry of Labour and Home Affairs Ministry of Lands and Housing Ministry of Local Government Ministry of Minerals, Energy and Water Affairs Ministry of Works, Transport and Communications Ministry of Foreign Affairs Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime Independent Electoral Commission Attorney General's Chambers Office of The Auditor General please select ministry T he overall objective of the Ministry is to create and maintain national harmony, welfare and justice and to preserve and promote national culture as an essential background for national unity, democracy and socio-economic development.

33. Botswana - Guide To Internet Resources
An annotated guide to internet resources on botswana for students, faculty, librarians, teachers, journalists, businesspeople and others. Describes their work in botswana, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of Congo (former an independent organization dedicated to the preservation of botswana's culture and heritage
Countries : Botswana Search: Countries Topics Africa Guide Suggest a Site ... Africa Home See also: Botswana News
Africa Inter Mennonite Mission
"Organized as the Congo Inland Mission in 1912, AIMM currently has missionaries in six areas of Africa working among various ethnic and language groups." Based in Elkhart, Indiana. Describes their work in Botswana, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire), Lesotho, Senegal, South Africa . Has full text articles from their journal, Messenger .
Has an e-mail list . For other Mennonite sources see: MennoLink - Mennonite Information Center -
African Internet Connectivity- Mike Jensen
Current information on internet service providers, telecommunications, networking in Botswana . Excellent source maintained by Mike Jensen.
Ananzi Search Engine
Search engine which searches South African web sites. Enter a search query for Botswana or use the advanced search. By IS-Commercial of The Internet Solution Group.

34. Okavango Delta Peoples Of Botswana
The Okavango Delta Peoples their history and culture, and the challenges they face due to rapid economic development and social change.
The Okavango Delta Peoples of Botswana
The Bugakwe, Dxeriku, Hambukushu, Wayeyi, and Xanekwe Peoples
The Okavango Delta of the Republic of Botswana is a large wetland surrounded by the Kalahari desert . The Okavango is a unique ecosystem and has large populations of African mammals, birds, and other animals. Conservationists have taken a great interest in the preservation of the Delta. Of less interest have been the 100,000 people who call the Delta home. This site is dedicated to the dissemination of information concerning the Okavango Delta Peoples.
Who are the Okavango Delta Peoples?
The Okavango Delta peoples consist of five ethnic groups, each with its own ethnic identity and language. They are Hambukushu (also known as Mbukushu, Bukushu, Bukusu, Mbukuschu, Ghuva, Haghuva), Dxeriku (Dceriku, Diriku, Gciriku, Gceriku, Giriku, Niriku), Wayeyi (Bayei, Bayeyi, Yei), Bugakwe (Kxoe, Khwe, Kwengo, Barakwena, G/anda) and Xanekwe (Gxanekwe, //tanekwe, River Bushmen, Swamp Bushmen, G//ani, //ani). The Hambukushu, Dxeriku, and Wayeyi are all Bantus who have traditionally engaged in mixed economies of millet/sorghum agriculture; fishing, hunting, and the collection of wild plant foods; and pastoralism. The Bugakwe and Xanekwe are Bushmen who have traditionally practiced fishing, hunting, and the collection of wild plant foods; Bugakwe utilized both forest and riverine resources while the Xanekwe mostly focused on riverine resources. The Hambukushu, Dxeriku, and Bugakwe are present along the

35. BW Online | August 26, 2002 | 14: Lessons From The Fastest-Growing Nation: Botsw
highest grossdomestic-product growth since 1966 is botswana, a landlocked nation in southern Africa that's two But here again, botswana's culture of prudent management is crucial
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36. Culture
culture. botswana s early tribal religions were primarily cults in which ancestorsdirected family matters from their underworld domain and were contactable
CULTURE Home AboutUs ContactUs Profile ... High Commission Botswana's early tribal religions were primarily cults in which ancestors directed family matters from their underworld domain and were contactable only through the heads of family groups. Religious rites included male and female initiation ceremonies and rain-making rituals. Polygamy was practised, and a man's estate was inherited by the children of his head wife. San folklore is rich with supernatural explanations of natural events, orchestrated by N!odima, the good guy, and Gcawama, the mischievous trickster. Missionaries dislodged nearly all the traditional practices, and Christianity is currently the prevailing belief system in Botswana. English is the official language of Botswana, but the most common language is Setswana, a Bantu language understood by over 90% of the population. The original Botswana artists were everyday craftspeople who injected individual aesthetics into utilitarian implements such as pottery, fabrics and tools. Botswana's baskets are exquisite, employing designs with such evocative names as Tears of the Giraffe, Urine Trail of the Bull and Forehead of the Zebra. Because indigenous languages have only been written since the coming of the Christian missionaries, Botswana doesn't have much of a literary tradition. All that survives of the ancient myths and praise poetry of the native peoples has been handed down orally and only recently transcribed. Botswana's most famous modern literary figure was South African-born Bessie Head, who settled in Serowe and wrote of the harshness and beauty of village life.

37. Botswana Travel | Lonely Planet World Guide
Facts and information about the country and its environment, history, economy, culture, and attractions.
home search help worldguide ... Related Weblinks
Botswana Beyond the narrow eastern corridor where the majority of population is concentrated, Botswana is a largely roadless wilderness of savannas, deserts, wetlands and salt pans. Skinflints and softies beware: This remains a destination for the intrepid, well-heeled traveller. Botswana is an African success story. It achieved independence from Britain in 1966 and immediately thereafter, in a mad stroke of luck, discovered three of the world's richest diamond mines. Today it enjoys a relatively enlightened government, and good health, educational and economic standards. To ensure the country's natural assets are preserved, Botswana's government has embraced a policy of courting primarily high-cost, low-impact tourism, although recent years have seen options for independent, budget-minded travellers grow. Full country name: Republic of Botswana Area: 600,370 sq km Population: 1.6 million People: Batswana 60%, Bakalanga, Basarwa, Bakgalagadi Language: English, Setswana

38. Atlas - Botswana Map
Overview of culture, history, economy, currency, government, people, education and languages.

People History Culture ... Disputes
Botswana Introduction Back to Top Republic of Botswana, formerly Bechuanaland, country in the centre of southern Africa. It has an area of 224,607 square miles (581,730 square kilometres). The territory is roughly square approximately 600 miles from north to south and 600 miles from east to west with its eastern side protruding into a sharp point. Its eastern and southern borders are marked by river courses and an old wagon road; its western borders are lines of longitude and latitude through the Kalahari, and its northern borders combine straight lines with a river course. The capital is Gaborone (until 1969 spelled Gaberones i.e., Gaborone's town), a new city founded in 1964. Official Name- Republic of Botswana
Capital City -Gaborone
Population- 1.482,000
Languages- English (official), and Setswana
Official Currency -Pula
Religions- Traditional beliefs, Christian
Land Area -566,730 sq km (218,814 sq miles)
Botswana Provinces Back to Top
Central, Chobe, Francistown*, Gaborone*, Ghanzi, Kgalagadi, Kgatleng, Kweneng, Lobatse*, Ngamiland, North-East, Selebi-Pikwe*, South-East, Southern. Botswana People Back to Top The Tawana state of northwestern Botswana can be seen as the least successful in incorporating other ethnic groups. Most of its population is Yei and Mbukushu by origin, related to riverine peoples in the Caprivi Strip, Angola, and Zambia to the north. Smaller numbers of Mbanderu and Herero have greater numbers of close relatives across the border in Namibia. The Subiya along the Chobe, closely related to people in the Caprivi Strip and Zambia, were excluded from the Tawana tribal reserve by the British.

39. CULTUREFOCUS Travel Photos. Pictures From Egypt, Syria, Jordan, India, Nepal, Gu
Provides travel photos taken in Egypt, Syria, Jordan, India, Nepal, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, and on safaris in Africa (Kenya, Tanzania, botswana, Namibia). Includes pictures, culture, and history.
World Travel Photos: Pictures of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, India, Nepal, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru and Africa (Kenya, Tanzania, Namibia).
A personal collection of travel photos featuring pictures from around the world. Sorry, this page uses frames, but your browser doesn't support them. However, you can click on the links below or click here to enter my site. Photos of Nepal. Nepal pictures including Kathmandu temples, Bodhnath, Swayambhunath, and a trek near Mount Everest in the Himalaya. India pictures featuring Varanasi on the Ganges, the Taj Mahal and the Temples of Khajuraho. Egypt pictures . Photos of some wonders of ancient Egypt including the Great Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx, Luxor, Karnak and Abu Simbel. More about the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt including photos of the Great Pyramid of Khafre. More about Luxor and Karnak Temples, the temples of ancient Thebes in Egypt. More about the Valley of the Kings , tombs for Egyptian pharaohs with illustrations of Egyptian gods. Photos of Syria and Jordan featuring Palmyra and Petra.

40. Botswana -- Culture Overview
botswana culture Overview. The nation of botswana occupies largetracts of desert that have been crossed by many African peoples.
Botswana - Culture Overview The nation of Botswana occupies large tracts of desert that have been crossed by many African peoples. Inhabited by the San since prehistoric times, the area also became the site of towns organized around Tswana chieftaincies. Though many of these towns were militarily powerful, they were open to the influence of Christian missionaries who came mostly from Great Britain. Though Bechuanaland, as it was then known, became a British protectorate in the 19th century, official interest was never great and the local peoples remained in control of most social and cultural developments.
The Setswana word for the most important social grouping is morafe, meaning the people who give allegiance to a certain chief. There are eight morafes in Botswana: the Bangwato, Bakwena, Bangwaketse, Batawana, Bakgatla, Bamalete, Barolong, and Batlokwa. The chiefs of all eight groupings are from the Tswana ethnic group, but the people of the morafes include other such ethnicities as Kalanga, Kgalagadi, Herero, Mbukushu, Subiya, Yei, and Ndebele, all of which are Bantu. Thus, ethnicity and social groups are not the same. There are also San groups and small minorities of European and Asian descent. English is the official language, but Setswana is the national language. Although Christianity has become familiar to many Batswana, traditional animist beliefs remain important both for respecting ancestors and for rain-making ceremonies that remain important in this desert nation.

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