Extractions: Africa - The Birthplace of Modern Humans You either love it or hate it . . . Africa Map Click here to see large map Features of Africa Africa is the second-largest continent , after Asia, covering 30,330,000 sq km; about 22% of the total land area of the Earth. It measures about 8,000 km from north to south and about 7,360 km from east to west. The highest point on the continent is Mt. Kilimanjaro - Uhuru Point - (5,963 m/19,340 ft) in Tanzania. The lowest is Lake 'Asal (153 m/502 ft below sea level) in Djibouti. The Forests cover about one-fifth of the total land area of the continent. And the Deserts and their extended margins have the remaining two-fifths of African land. World's longest river : The River Nile drains north-eastern Africa, and, at 6,650 km (4,132 mi), is the longest river in the world. It is formed from the Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia, and the White Nile, which originates at Lake Victoria. World's second largest lake : Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the is the world's second-largest freshwater lake - covering an area of 69,490 sq km (26,830 sq mi) and lies 1,130 m (3,720 ft) above sea level. Its greatest known depth is 82 m (270 ft).
Chapter Eight The physical geography of africa is dominated by the continents percent), but other peoples include the luhya, Luo, Kalenjin and Belgims used the indigenous peoples as a laber pool http://www.accd.edu/sac/earthsci/sgirhard/1303.090/chap8.htm
Extractions: 1. The physical geography of Africa is dominated by the continents plateau character, variable rainfall, soils of low fertility and persistent environmental problems such as desertification. 2. The majority of Africas people remain dependent on farming for their livelihood. Urbanization is accelerating, but most countries population remain below 40 percent urban. 3. Its inhabitants continue to face a high incidence of disease, including malaria, sleeping sickness and river blindness, AIDS and eboli are relatively new and virulent diseases. 4. Most of Africas political boundaries were drawn during the colonial period without regard for the human and physical geography of the areas they divided. 5. Considerable economic development has occurred in many scattered areas of Africa but much of the realms population continues to have little access to the goods and services of the world economy. 6. The realm is rich in raw materials vital to industry and industrialized countries.
East Africa Living Encyclopedia of the Luo and the luhya. When Europeans began the Imperial British East africa Company, which had been the beginning, the indigenous peoples strongly resisted the imposition http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/NEH/khistory.htm
East Africa Living Encyclopedia of the politics of the Luo and the luhya. granted a royal charter to operate in East africa. From the beginning, the indigenous peoples strongly resisted the http://www.africa.upenn.edu/NEH/khistory.htm
East Africa Living Encyclopedia in areas where Kikuyu, Luo, and luhya predominated, some of which sought to combine Christian and indigenous beliefs. made up of Gallaspeaking peoples and the http://www.africa.upenn.edu/NEH/kreligion.htm
Africa A-F functional leadership in Ghana, africa.The premise is that leadership Growth, death, evangelism, indigenous, Kenya, leadership selection, luhya peoples of Kenya, migration http://www.fuller.edu/swm/abstracts/africa.html
Extractions: 30 Years of Mission Abstracts Africa Faculty Introduction How to use this volume Search Our Site Author: Addai, Joseph William Degree: Ph.D. ICS Title: Metaphors, Values, and Ethno-leadership: A Missiological Study with Implications for Christian Leaders in Ghana. (U.M. 9925349) 301 pp. Abstract This missiological research examines the problem of developing functional leadership in Ghana, Africa. The premise is that leadership values of any identifiable culture are reflected by their everyday metaphors, and than an understanding of those values is crucial to effective leadership in that context. Key Words African, Ashanti, Akan, biblical leadership, Ghana, Ghanaian, leader, leadership, culture context, world view, tradition, effective leadership, ethno-leadership, ethno-values, functional leadership, holistic leadership, leadership situations, African proverbs, symbols, stools, metaphor, assumptions, English influence, images Author: Adekeye, George Niyi
Africa Point: Kenya Travel Information Visas, Health, Tourist Attractions, Economy, Maps, peoples, History and other Useful Travel Info. Also Bookings for Safaris, Tours, Vacations, Hotels and Rental Cars in Kenya. 21% Kikuyu, 14% luhya, 13% Luo, 11 most of the indigenous Swahili trading towns http://www.africapoint.com/travel/kenyamore.htm
Extractions: Africa Point: Kenya Travel Information Visas, Health, Tourist Attractions, Economy, Maps, Peoples, History and other Useful Travel Info. Also Bookings for Safaris, Tours, Vacations, Hotels and Rental Cars in Kenya. Hotels Cars Tours, Safaris and Vacations Kenya Newspapers ... Kenya Map Kenya: Travel Basics Destination Facts Activities Reading ... l Nature and Attractions Nature On Africa's east Coast, Kenya straddles the equator and shares a border with Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania. Its coast is lapped by the Indian Ocean and it shares the vast waters of Lake Victoria with its western neighbours. The Rift Valley and central highlands area form the backbone of the country, and this is where Kenya's scenery is at its most spectacular. The humid coastal belt includes the Tana River estuary and a string of good beaches. Western Kenya takes in the fertile fringes of Lake Victoria and some prime game parks. The vast, arid north-eastern region is where Kenya is at its wildest and most untouched by the modern world. Kenya's flora and fauna defies easy description. The vast plains of the south are dotted with flat-topped acacia trees, thorn bushes and the distinctive bottle-shaped baobab tree. On the rarified slopes of Mt Elgon and Mt Kenya, bamboo forests sprout and even higher up is the bizarre groundsel tree, with its huge cabbage-like flowers, and giant lobelias with long spikes. If you're more into fur and feathers, then head for the teeming game parks. Lions, buffalos, elephants, leopards and rhinos all cavort openly in at least two of the major parks. Endangered animals such as the black rhino are slowly making a comeback and sanctuaries for these creatures can be visited in Tsavo and Lake Nakuru national parks.
AFRICA! For Girl Scouts JUMP to peoples of africa. OAU ( Organization for african Unity Kikuyu 22%, luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba People (World Fact Book) indigenous african tribes 95% (including http://coy.ne.client2.attbi.com/AFRICA-GS.html
Sponsor A Missionary In Africa An index page for the official website of Christian Aid Mission, U.S.A. Your daily guide to prayer for indigenous missions All rights reserved. africa. Kenya Evangelism Team farmers, coming form Sabaots, luhya, Turkana and Sebei peoples. Joseph N http://www.christianaid.org/sponsor/sponmiss-500.htm
Section By 1993, Human Rights Watch/africa estimated that 1,500 Luo and, to a lesser extent, luhya, at both opposition plots to eliminate the indigenous peoples of the http://www.db.idpproject.org/Sites/idpSurvey.nsf/wViewCountries/7FEC147EDB860BEA
Extractions: The majority of the displaced came from the ethnic groups associated with the political opposition (e.g. Luo, Luhya, and Kikuyu) Competing land claims were used to inflame violence among certain ethnic groups People displaced as armed "Kalenjin warriors" attacked Luo, Luhya, and Kikuyu farms Most attacks carried out by organised groups As the campaign for multiparty democracy gained strength [during 1991] and then developed into a full election campaign, violence broke out between different ethnic groups, particularly in the Rift Valley, Western and Nyanza provinces, the heart of the 'white highlands' during colonial times. The 'tribal clashes,' as they became known, first broke out in October 1991 on the border of the three provinces, and rapidly spread to neighboring districts. By December 1991, when parliament repealed the section of the constitution making Kenya a one-party state, large areas of western Kenya had been affected as tens of thousands were displaced from their land. Kalenjin and Maasai politicians opportunistically revived the idea of majimboism, ethnic regionalism, championed by KADU at independence. KANU politicians close to Moi revived the calls for majimboism as a way of countering the demand for multipartyism in Kenya. Under the cover of a call for regional autonomy, prominent politicians demanded the forcible expulsion of all ethnic groups from the Rift Valley, except for those pastoral groups-Kalenjins, Maasai, Turkana and Samburu-that were on the land before colonialism. A number of majimbo rallies were held calling for 'outsiders' in the Rift Valley to return to their 'motherland,' or for 'true' Rift Valley residents to defend themselves from opposition plots to eliminate the indigenous peoples of the valley. While many Kenyans have no quarrel with the concept of regionalism
Kenya - History And Politics tribes dominated by the Kikuyu, luhya and Luo. the concession and declared the East africa Protectorate of subjugating the local indigenous peoples to colonial http://www.iss.co.za/AF/profiles/Kenya/Politics.html
Extractions: International criticism of government behaviour developed into suspension of aid and support to Kenya. Within the state lawyers, religious groups and political leadership began to co-operate in demanding multi-party democracy. The combined pressures resulted in 1991 in the repeal by parliament of the constitutional clause making Kenya a one party state. The elections in 1992 saw opposition parties winning 88 of the 200 seats in parliament. The government continued to divide the opposition, to deploy state assets to promote its own party political agenda and to play the ethnic/regional division card to keep control. By the time of the 1997 elections the opposition had increased its share of the seats to 109 out of 222 seats, but remained hopelessly divided. Current Political Situation, 2001
Bfree African Mission! - BE The Kingdom! to these distinctive differences of indigenous peoples we clearly a conference with Bfree africa mission leaders. groups Maasai, Kikuyu, luhya, Luo, Kalenjin http://www.bfree.org/missions/bottom.htm
Extractions: NEW FRIEND DOES A. Pick your new friend from the Africans highlighted on the top of this website. B. Commit to pay all or part of the tuition each month to send your new friend to computer school. C. Correspond with your new friend by email! A. Provide the school. B. Field the candidates. C. Obtain funding from you. F. Facilitate communication between you and your new African friend. D. Train the student. E. Seek employment for the student at graduation. B. Hopes someone will care.
Kenya - Africa in areas where Kikuyu, Luo, and luhya predominated, some largely made up of Gallaspeaking peoples and the has become the most extended indigenous language in http://www.iol.ie/~vmmeurgo/kenya.html
Extractions: Teachers, Pharmacists, Horticulturists , Doctors, Nurses, Capenters, Bricklayers, etc Government Population Economy Language ... Religion The first of many footprints to be stamped on Kenyan soil were left way back in 2000 BC by nomadic tribes from Ethiopia. A second group followed around 1000 BC and occupied much of central Kenya. The rest of the ancestors of the country's medley of tribes arrived from all over the continent between 500 BC and 500 AD. The Bantu-speaking people (such as the Gusii, Kikuyu, Akamba and Meru) arrived from West Africa while the Nilotic speakers (Maasai, Luo, Samburu and Turkana) came from the Nile Valley in southern Sudan. As tribes migrated throughout the interior, Muslims from the Arabian Peninsula and Shirazis from Persia (now Iran) settled along the East African coast from the 8th century AD onwards. Drawn by the whiff of spices and money, the Portuguese started sniffing around in the 15th century. After venturing further and further down the western coast of Africa, Vasco da Gama finally rounded the Cape of Good Hope and headed up the continent's eastern coast in 1498. Seven years later, the Portuguese onslaught on the region began. By the 16th century, most of the indigenous Swahili trading towns, including Mombasa, had been either sacked or occupied by the Portuguese - marking the end of the Arab monopoly of Indian Ocean trade. The Portuguese settled in for a long period of harsh colonial rule, playing one sultan off against another. But their grip on the coast was always tenuous because their outposts had to be supplied from Goa in India. The Arabs won control of the coast back in 1720.
Extractions: Environmental Justice Case Study: Maasai Land Rights in Kenya and Tanzania By: Julie Narimatsu Table of Contents Problem Background Key Actors Demographics ... Back to EJ Case Studies Homepage PROBLEM While many people perceive the term eco-tourism to mean a more friendly, sustainable kind of tourism, most are not aware of the negative impacts that result from this type of tourism. Most of what goes on is what is considered "nature tourism." It is based on the use of natural resources in an undeveloped state. Therefore, when tourists engage in "nature tourism," they are seeing the wilds of Africa, South America and Australia, among other destinations, free of human interaction or disruption. To distinguish among the many types of tourism, we will define the more idealistic eco-tourism as "progressive, educational travel, which conserves the environment and benefits the locals (Schaller, 2)." In Africa, the Maasai tribes of Kenya and Tanzania have endured a long history of colonization by the British. The value of the natural resources in these areas became apparent from the very beginning, when the British perceived the pastoralist Maasai and other tribes to be incompatible with the wildlife that inhabited the area. With this separation of people and nature, national parks in Kenya were created without any consideration for the local communities (Cheeseman, 2). Today, these problems have escalated as more and more parks and reserves are being created by the government without the participation or consent of the indigenous people. The indigenous people consider development, whether it is through tourism or other government projects, to only benefit others and not their own situations (Kipuri, 2). Over the course of their existence, Maasai land has been taken away from them repeatedly, and after many broken promises of compensation and participation, the Maasai have started to fight for their land rights. Says Edward ole Mbarnoti, a Maasai leader
Flag Description Major peoples Kikuyu 22%, luhya 14%, Luo 13 Principal Languages English, Kiswahili, numerous indigenous languages. The Nilotic peoples began to enter from the http://www.gateway-africa.com/countries/kenya.html
Extractions: Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania Geographic coordinates: 1 00 N, 38 00 E Climate: varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior Independence: 12 December 1963 (from UK) Nationality: Kenyan(s) Capital City: Nairobi Population: Head of State: President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI (since 14 October 1978) Area: 582,650 sq km Type of Government: republic Currency: 1 Kenyan shilling (KSh) = 100 cents Major peoples: Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1% Religion: Protestant 38%, Roman Catholic 28%, indigenous beliefs 26%, Muslim 7%, other 1% Official Language: English, Kiswahili Principal Languages: English, Kiswahili, numerous indigenous languages Major Exports: tea, coffee, horticultural products, petroleum products
Background Notes Archive - Africa groups AfricanKikuyu 21 percent, luhya 14 percent Religions indigenous beliefs 24 percent, Protestant 40 franca for trade between the different peoples. http://dosfan.lib.uic.edu/ERC/bgnotes/af/kenya9607.html
Africa Point: Kenya Destination Facts Towns Mombasa, Kisumu, Nakuru, Eldoret; peoples Kikuyu (21%), luhya (14%), Luo Language English, Swahili indigenous languages; Religion Christian (54 http://www.africapoint.com/Newsletters/kenya/destination-facts.htm
Minorities At Risk (MAR) Migrations of various peoples to the territory that settlers forcibly evicted the indigenous African pastoralists Others including the luhya, Kisii, and Luo http://www.cidcm.umd.edu/inscr/mar/data/kenluhya.htm
Extractions: There is only one factor that increases the chances of future protest actions by the Luhya: significant political restrictions that include limits on free movement, voting, and recruitment to the police, military, and high political office. Low-level protest by group members only emerged in the late 1990s. The elections to choose a successor to Moi, scheduled for late 2002, will likely influence the group's political prospects. More than forty ethnic groups comprise Kenya's population. While no single group forms a majority, the Luhya (14%) are the second largest group after the Kikuyu (22%). Other significant populations include the Luo (13%), Kalenjin (12%), and Kisii (6%) along with smaller groups of indigenous peoples such as the Somalis, Maasai, and Turkana. The term Luhya was first introduced during the colonial era to refer to a linguistic grouping that consists of fifteen different peoples (LANG = 1). They are the Bukusu, Dakho, Kabras, Khayo, Kisa, Marachi, Maragoli, Marama, Nyala, Nyole, Samia, Tachoni, Tiriki, Tsotso, and Wanga. The Luhya follow the same customs as the country's larger groups (CUSTOM = 0). Group members primarily live in the Western Province and adjacent areas of the Rift Valley Province. There has been little group movement across the country's regions (MIGRANT = 1).
Africa Access Review Of Children's Materials, Ed. Brenda Randolph UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA africaN STUDIES CENTER. africa Access Review Of Children's Materials, ed. Brenda Randolph. Introduction. AUTHOR TITLE africaN AMERICAN LITERATURE VOICES IN A TRADITION. selections by some of africa's most outstanding writers the 20th century. africa's peoples and history are secondary and use patterns among indigenous South africans prior to http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Proceedings_Rev/afrik_access.html
Extractions: UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA - AFRICAN STUDIES CENTER ed. Brenda Randolph ISBN: 0-03-047424 Subjects: Africa/Literature/African Americans/Diaspora Review: This textbook on African American literature includes selections by some of Africa's most outstanding writers. Claude Ake, Buchi Emecheta, Ngugi wa Thiong'o, Leopold Senghor, and Amos Tutuloa are among the writers included. In addition, there are two works from the past, a poem by Pharoah Akhenaton, and an excerpt from Olaudah Equiano's famous narrative on his capture and enslavement in the 1700s. These selections and others in the text are preceded by background notes and information on the literary form being highlighted. At the conclusion of each offering, a "Responding to the Selection" section provides a review of the material covered. Additional features include a map of Africa which shows the birthplaces of the contributors, a pronunciation guide for Igbo words, and splendid photographs, many of which are in color. This outstanding collection is a must purchase for all schools. (Brenda Randolph) Subjects: Folklore/Mpongwe/West Africa Subjects: Ethiopia/ East Africa Review: This book portrays contemporary Ethiopian life in most of its vital aspects. Unfortunately, much has changed that raise question marks, for example, Lenin's statue in Addis Ababa which was toppled with the fall of the Mengistu government. However, for the curious young reader that should not be a problem; helped by a knowledgeable teacher, the rest of the pictures can fill in some gap in the knowledge of young students about Africa. (Bereket Habte Selassie)