Mr Donn's Ancient History Page Modern Holidays (includes lesson plans) ancient Architecture Ziggurats, pyramids, temples, palaces SCORE ancient civ (MS), Awesome Library (K12). ancient egypt. http://members.aol.com/donnandlee/
Extractions: HOME Temples and Tombs Pyramids of Giza Thebes Valley of the Kings Egypt TEMPLES AND TOMBS A journey along the Nile The waters of the mighty Nile allowed the otherwise dry land of Egypt to become a cradle for one of the world's greatest ancient civilizations. From the start of the Old Kingdom around 2686 BC, an era of rule by pharaohs of more than 30 family dynasties continued almost unbroken for nearly 3000 years. After the glorious New Kingdom, the age of the Egyptian pharaohs ended with decline and rule by the Ptolemies. Today, we can travel along the Nile and explore a succession of old temples and tombs that are testimonies to the remarkable achievements of the people of ancient Egypt. The Old Kingdom: AGE OF THE PYRAMIDS The ancient Egyptian civilization of the Nile Valley came of age under Old Kingdom rulers of dynasties 3 to 6. Their greatest legacies are the huge Giza Pyramids, the results of a spectacular program of pyramid building. The Pyramids of Giza epitomize ancient Egypt, but they were the results of a short period of pyramid building during the Old Kingdom. The Giza Pyramids were built as tombs for the fourth dynasty kings Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure who ruled Egypt through 2589-2504 BC. The largest is the Great Pyramid of Khufu, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. But the ancient Egyptians did not think of the pyramids just as resting places for the dead. They believed their rulers were divine god-kings who would ascend from the pyramid to take their place among the gods in the afterlife.
Extractions: *** Select An Essay Topic *** - Personal Finance - Corporate Finance - Economics - Economic Theory - Economic History - International Economics - International Finance - Misc. Economic Issues Africa Anthropology Argumentative / Pro-Con Essays - Artists, Art Genre - Famous Works Of Art - Social Issues In Art - Political Issues In Art - Art From Ancient Cultures - Graphic Arts - Photography Asian Studies - The Phillipines - India - Miscellaneous Astronomy Biographies Black Studies - Black Social Issues - Black Politics - Black Philosophy - Racism - Historical Figures Business Management - Management Theory - Advertising Issues - Business Ethics - Human Resource Issues - Management Of Information Systems - International Business - Management Theory - Applied Operations Mgt.
Egypt Africa Ancient By Time Period History 5. ancient egypt British Museum Explores egyptian daily life, religion, pyramids and other buildings, and Rate ancient egypt - British Museum http://history.designerz.com/by-time-period-ancient-africa-egypt.php
The Pyramids Of Egypt - 2 that the more knowledge we gain about the pyramids and other elements surrounding More recent evidence suggests that the ancient Egyptians may have been http://www.crystalinks.com/pyramidegypt2.html
Extractions: THE FOUNDATION Most all of Egypt's best built monuments, the ones still around for us to see today, were somehow related to religion, and all construction of religious buildings in ancient Egypt began with ceremonies of very ancient origin. Today, we call these foundation rituals. The rituals involved leaving a foundation deposit buried not only under the corners of, for example, a temple, but sometimes at the apex and even at the corners of individual halls, courtyards and shrines as well as underneath pylons, columns and obelisks. They have been a valuable source of information for Egyptologist throughout the years. However, the foundation ceremony consisted of much more then leaving the foundation deposits. Comparison of text and other material indicates that the ceremony actually consisted of ten discrete rites. These were, in theory, personally conducted by the king himself assisted by various deities and part of the rites occurred at the beginning and end of construction. The rites included: Beginning the Construction 1. "Stretching the Cord", thereby fixing the plan of the building.
The Pyramids Of Egypt pyramids, unlike many other types of The primary theory of how the ancient Egyptians oriented most any building that had to conform to true primary http://www.crystalinks.com/pyramidegypt.html
Extractions: By the beginning of the First Dynasty, if not earlier, the mound of sand and rubble heaped on top of a grave, perhaps initially as a marker, had become associated with the primordial mound of creation. Out in the desert at Abydos, the first kings of Egypt were buried in deep brick-lined tombs topped with square or rectangular mounds of sand which Egyptologists call 'mastabas', due to their resemblance to the benches that once stood in front of modern Egyptian village homes. So important was the mound over these royal tombs, that by the middle of the First Dynasty, the builders constructed two of them. One was placed underground, supported by a retaining wall, directly over the stout roofing beams that covered the increasingly elaborate tombs. The second mastaba, encased in a mud-brick wall, was placed above ground, directly over the first. Clearly the early kings had come to see that various chaotic forces, such as rain or flash-floods and wind storms, could destroy the burial mound and interrupt resurrection much in the same way they feared chaos could interfere with the actual cycle of cosmic creation. The upper mastaba was designed to protect the lower mastaba and doubled the chances of survival in this world and the next. This reinforcement and multiplication of the mound later played a part in the genesis of the pyramid.
Extractions: Survive 2012 - The Book The Bast Theory Why 2012? Nazca Lines Pole Shifts Pyramids How to Survive a Doomsday Coming Soon Scientific Evidence Cosmic Rays Ancient Sites Coming Soon Ancient Myths Dragons Ancient Hi-Tech Piri Reis Map News 2012 Weblog Books to Get Cataclysm Atlantis Ancient Society Ancient Maya Ancient Egypt Evolution Cosmic Worries Summaries Fiction Coming soon Research Tools Search Engines Maps My Other Sites Searchenginez This Site Home About Robert Bast Contact Me Site Map 4. Asia and Pacific As with other continents, the mounds and pyramids of North America vary greatly. It could be that humankind has a primal need to build fake mountains, and that there are absolutely no connections between these sites. Or perhaps size and shape are irrelevant, and location is everything, and the guidelines for their placement was once universally known. Monks Mound at Cahokia, USA
Extractions: Tell us about the mummification. 6th Grade Student, Natrona, PA, USA Mummification was only practiced in a few societies, with Egypt being the most prominent. In pre-dynastic times, the deceased were placed in shallow graves, in the fetal position. Burial in the desert conditions resulted in natural mummification. Once they started the new practice of constructing formal tombs for burial, some form of artificial mummification was needed. Mummification was highly developed, by Old Kingdom times. It became very elaborate by the late New Kingdom. It then required some seventy days to complete the process. Many of the best preserved royal mummies date from the New Kingdom. Less complex mummification versions were performed on ordinary citizens. John Anthony West described in his book, The Travelers Key to Ancient Egypt , the process of a royal mummification as follows: (1) The brain extracted through the nostrils. (2) Removal of the viscera through an incision in the flank. (3) Sterilization of body cavity and viscera. (4) Viscera cleaned, treated, dehydrated, anointed, and coated with molten resin. (5) Body packed temporarily with natron (a naturally occurring mixture of carbonate, bicarbonate, chloride and sulphate of sodium, an effective dehydrating and preserving agent). (6) Body packed in natron for forty days. (7) Temporary packing materials removed. (8) Subcutaneous packing of limbs with sand, clay or other earthy material. (9) Body packed with resin-soaked linens, and fragrances such as myrrh and cinnamon. (10) Anointing with unguents. (11) Final treating and anointing of the body surfaces. (12) Elaborate wrapping in fine linen gauze, with innumerable amulets, magic symbols, and jewelry included in the wrapping.
Egypt ancient egypt was very rich because of the many ships they other reasons that I think egypt was very important The pyramids also are amazing because they still http://www.adelante.rcsd.k12.ca.us/classrooms/trabajoalumnos/95-04/techproject/g
Extractions: Welcome to my Ancient Civilization of Egypt By: Gloria Adelante School Room:21 Esther Vives, Oscar Zarate, Antonio Perez TABLE OF CONTENTS Map Timeline Stable Food Supply Spacialization of Labor ... Back to Class Page Map This map shows you all the ancient places of the ancient kings or pharaohs and it has all the names of the ancient places of ancient Egypt. This map of ancient Egypt shows you lower Egypt, middle Egypt, Upper Egypt, and the kings and queens favorite plces. Back to top Timeline Ancient Egypt lasted 4,350 years. Egyptian civilization began with the union of Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt. The first pyramid in ancient Egypt was built around 2,650 B.C. for king Zoser. It rises about 200 feet and is called a step pyramid. The old kingndom was a period known for the construction of the great pyramids. Ancient Egypt existed about 6,,352 years ago, and ended because a Roman fleet crushed an Egyptian force in the battle of Actium, leaving Rome to take over Egypt.
Egypt pharaoh Menes who united upper and lower egypt for the One of the greatest cities of the ancient world, it But apart from the royal pyramids and other tombs of http://www.shunya.net/Pictures/Egypt/Egypt.htm
Extractions: Egypt The Western Desert and the Oases Memphis and Cairo Thebes and Luxor Aswan and Abu Simbel ... The Western Desert and the Oases 'There and deserts and there are deserts', the explorer Ralph Bagnold famously said. But the Western Desert, a vast expanse that starts at the western banks of the Nile and continues well into Libya, is the desert of deserts. Covering a total of 2.8 million sq km and bordered by Libya in the west, Sudan in the south and the Mediterranean in the north, it is a world of desolation and beauty and one of the few places in Egypt where you can go for days at a time without seeing a soul. Five isolated but thriving oases dot this otherwise uninhabited expanse: Kharga, Dakhla, Farafra, Bahariyya, and to the north-west of these, Siwa. ( from Lonely Planet, Egypt The White Desert Desertscape Evening glow Sahara Sunrise Giant mushrooms Campsite The White House On a hunk of chalk Desertscape Golden boulders Another mushroom Sunset more pictures?
Discus Zodiac, Pyramids, Ancient Egyptian that there was an architectural symbolism in ancient egypt. Applying this to the pyramids is no problem There are other examples of architectural symbolism, eg http://egyptologist.org/discus/messages/32/2209.html?1081930899
Extractions: Ancient Egyptian temples, particularly in their fully developed state, became complex structures with many different architectural elements. Many people who visit ancient Egyptian temples will simply think of the massive pylon gateways as the temple entrance. Yet this is not really the case, and in fact the pylons were usually located well within the structure. The actual elements of the temples entrance usually included the landing quays, kiosks, gates and processional ways that preceded the temple's outer enclosure walls, which finally led to the pylon gateways themselves. Ancient Egyptian Temple Elements Part II: The Outer Courtyards by Mark Andrews In what Egyptologists might refer to as more or less the "standard temple", for their design could vary considerably, there was usually a courtyard after the massive pylon gateway. In fact, in some huge complexes there could end up being pylon followed by courtyard in repetitions. It should be noted that there were indeed many variances in temples, and for example, private mortuary temples, while they did usually have a courtyard, functioned somewhat differently than other temple complexes. Also over time, temples did of course evolve. We are most familiar with the New Kingdom temples as the fully evolved complex.
Extractions: Historical Egyptian Sites - Pharaonic Tombs other than Pyramids While most Egyptian pyramids are considered tombs, they are covered in our list and special section on pyramids . Also, while most royal tombs had mortuary and sometimes valley temple associated with them, most of these are covered in our special section on temples and our temple list ), though the temples associated with pyramids are covered in the section on pyramids . Finally, we also have a list of other monuments not specific to pyramids, temples or tombs. For additional comprehensive information see Monuments in Egypt Abydos by Marie Parsons Abydos, or Abjdu, lies in the eight nome of Upper Egypt, about 300 miles south of Cairo, on the western side of the Nile and about 9.5 miles from the river. It spreads over 5 square miles and contains archaeological remains from all periods of ancient Egyptian history. It was significant in historical times as the main cult center of Osiris, the lord of the netherworld. At the mouth of the canyon at Abydos, which the Egyptians believed to be the entrance to the underworld, one of the tombs of the 1st dynasty kings was mistaken for the tomb of Osiris, a thousand years later, and pilgrims would leave offerings to the god for another thousand years. The area is thus now called Umm el Qaab, "Mother of Pots."
Cary Academy Library - Pathfinders - Egypt egyptian archeological sites, learn about the pyramids, kings and Includes the History of ancient egypt from the Early complete list of links to other sites on http://web1.caryacademy.org/library/pathfinders/egypt.htm
Extractions: Back to Library Home Art and Literature Government and Politics ... Daily Life Art and Literature Art of Ancient Egypt Tour around the Cairo Egyptian Museum and discover incredible art and artifacts. Art of Ancient Egypt A huge collection housed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Pottery of Ancient Egypt Pottery, stoneware, and ceramics of ancient Egypt. Photos of Egyptian Monuments and other Art Photos and sketches of famous monuments, architectural details, wall paintings, and even furniture and artifacts from Tutankhamons tomb. Animated Creation Myth Learn about the creation of Egypt through animated graphics. Gallery of Mythology Read the Osiris Legend, creation myths, the battles of Horus and Seth, the Legend of Ra and Hathor, and much more about Egyptian gods and goddesses.
WKRAC - Art World / Egypt The mortuary structures, on the other hand, were egyptian pyramids. However, throughout ancient egypt, archaeologists have about eighty more pyramids built in http://www.wkrac.org/artworld/egypt/ancient/art2.html
Extractions: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts Egyptian art descibed the joyous lifestyle of a prosperous civilization. Celebrations and rituals were represented in detail. The Ancient Egyptians took note of life's goodness and bounty, and anticipated death as a continuation of the pleasures that they had known in their mortal lives. Without their appreciation of the domesticities and pastimes on earth, Egyptians would have never made such elaborate preparations to take their comforts into eternity. Sculpture was created for permanence; therefore granite - which was plentiful - was a popular medium. Other stones that were used include quartzite, diroite, alabaster and limestone. Wood and occasionally metal were also sculpted. Figures were formed to receive the spirits of the deceased, if anything were to happen to the mummified remains of that person. The depictions of kings were very elaborately decorated, and followed prescribed sculptural formulas. Figures might be shown seated or standing, paired together as husband and wife, or in groups of family members. These forms were painted, and the eyes were usually inlaid in other materials, such as rock crystal or glass, to seem more life-like. Statuette of Thoth
IExplore | Egypt Hits itineraries are 3040% less than other fully customizable Every child we know is fascinated by ancient egypt from its pyramids and hieroglyphics to http://www.iexplore.com/trip/egypt.jhtml?activity=Cultural+Exploration&destinati
G. 6 Ancient Egypt And Mesopotamia AD/ACE; simple timeline of Mesopotamia and ancient egypt). sciences, key documents, and other important artifacts (eg, Hammurabi s code, pyramids). http://www.liverpool.k12.ny.us/standards/lstandards/curriculum/socst/g6/g6accurr
Extractions: 3.2.4 interpret geographic information by synthesizing data and developing conclusions and generalizations about geographic issues and problems. Objective use selected physical and climatic maps to identify a given list of physical features of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. Themes: World in Spatial Terms Content Content Understandings with content to teach