Bolivia - Government And Politics that stabilized the economy and fundamentally transformed bolivia s development strategy. neededsupport for implementation of the government s economic policy http://countrystudies.us/bolivia/71.htm
Extractions: Government and Politics Bolivia Table of Contents IN 1989 VÍCTOR PAZ ESTENSSORO stepped down as president of Bolivia and on August 6 handed over power to the third democratically elected leader of the 1980s. Paz Estenssoro presided over four years of economic and political stability following two decades of military rule and nearly six years of a tumultuous transition to democracy. When Paz Estenssoro assumed office on August 6, 1985, he inherited a society besieged by the most profound political and economic crisis in its history. Years of military rule had destroyed the nation's political institutions and eroded democratic traditions. The economy, in turn, had experienced a catastrophic downturn owing to years of mismanagement, the exhaustion of a state-centered economic development strategy, and extreme dependence on a single export commoditytin. By 1985 inflation had reached 24,000 percent, and growth rates were declining steadily by over 10 percent annually. To revive an agonizing nation, Paz Estenssoro, the old politician who had led the 1952 Revolution, transcended electoral and party-based politics. To address the economic crisis, he commissioned a team of young technocrats. The resulting New Economic Policy imposed a severe austerity program that stabilized the economy and fundamentally transformed Bolivia's development strategy.
Extractions: US Demands Bolivian Government Be "Inflexible" in Coca Negotiations The people of Bolivia's Chapare region have been waiting anxiously as government and peasant leaders continue a tense standoff. At issue is the cocaleros' demand that each family be allowed to devote a minimum amount of their land to growing coca for legal uses. Coca is the plant from which the drug cocaine is derived, but has licit uses as well, including the popular soft drink Coca-Cola ( http://www.drcnet.org/wol/154.html#crisisbolivia and http://www.drcnet.org/wol/154.html#editorial According to NarcoNews.com, US Ambassador to Bolivia Manuel Rocha has demanded President Banzer be "inflexible" in demanding complete coca eradication. On Tuesday, October 10th, the government shut down phone service and electricity to the region, including the Radio Sovereignty radio station owned by the coca grower federations, and Banzer has threatened military action to clear the Cochabamba-Santa Cruz highway being blocked by the coca growers. The cocaleros refuse to back down from their demand of "one cato per family" and have declared the Chapare a "Free Trade Zone for coca" until the government is willing to negotiate. Congressman Evo Morales warned, "The decision by the rank-and-file is to continue the resistance including by offering our lives."
ZNet | Bolivia | Bolivian Government Falling Apart on October 13, Richard Boucher, US government spokesman, , said that, The Americanpeople and their government support bolivia s democratically elected http://www.zmag.org/content/showarticle.cfm?SectionID=52&ItemID=4365
Bolivia's Gas War Protests, By Benjamin Dangl Now is the time for the current government to listen to great majority of the of theexportation maintain that even if the gas remains in bolivia, there is not http://www.zmag.org/ZMagSite/Nov2003/dangl1103.html
Human Rights Watch: Americas : Bolivia Watch said today. The Bolivian government must ensure that restraintson the use of lethal force were followed. February 14, 2003 http://www.hrw.org/doc?t=americas&c=bolivi
Extractions: Human Rights Watch A reported twenty-seven people were killed and many more injured after protests degenerated into violent clashes in La Paz. The violence occurred when some 7,000 striking police officers and civilian protesters clashed with military troops, as protesters demanded that President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada rescind a new income tax. The violence was concentrated around the Plaza Murillo and neighboring streets. The striking police and military reportedly engaged in a gun battle for control of the area, with snipers also reported.
Extractions: BOLIVIAN CONSULATE GETS A WETTING DOWN Media Release The Water Pressure Group Auckland New Zealand 13 April 2000 BOLIVIAN CONSULATE GETS A WETTING DOWN In a vigorous demonstration outside the Bolivian Consulate in Remuera, Auckland today, protestors made their point that the martial law being imposed throughout Bolivia in order to force privatisation of water services onto the people of Cochabamba City and surrounding districts, despite their general strike and civil disobediance, is totally opposed in New Zealand. The placards included one which said "Bolivia, el mundo les esta mirando" - (Bolivia, the world is watching you) The Water Pressure Group combined with several other groups to organise the picket (see names of groups on Open Letter following beneath this release). The participating groups pledged to give any practicable assistance they are able to the Bolivian people. BOLIVIAN CONSUL HOSED OFF As a high point of the protest action, the Water Pressure Group fire engine was used to hose high pressure water into the property of the Boilivian Consulate, over the firmly barred large wooden gates. This was a symbolic gesture of water being basic to all communities, and that the picket was to demonstrate contempt for the Bolivian Government and military authorities, while offering support to Bolivian citizens. Speakers made the point that while Bolivians are literally dying to get their water back, we in New Zealand are confronted by a growing menace of commercialisation and privatisation being introduced locally - promoted by big business interests, served by elected bodies who refuse to listen citizens' objections. INTERNATIONAL MESSAGES Several messages of support from overseas underscored this stand of international solidarity. They were read out the picket, including messages from Bolivia, Canada, Australia and Pakistan..Two of the messages read:: "We wish you a successful picketing to raise the level of awareness on the complexity of issues involved. It is heartening to learn that people do support those whom the mighty are trampling under their greedy feet. Development VISIONS Lahore-Pakistan." "We would be proud to be standing beside you in person but we are with you in spirit as are all those concerned to preserve the dignity and strength of the public. Justice Action sees the water issue as binding us individual humans at the molecular level in a fight for survival. Let governments and corporations know that they can't squeeze us any more. Brett Collins Justice Action -NSW, Australia" OPEN LETTER DELIVERED When nobody came from the Consulate property after an invitation by loudspeaker, the picket's open letter was posted into the consulate letterbox by a Auckland City councillor, Maire Leadbeater, Photos of the picket are attached, or can be seen on website
International Fact Sheet - ONDCP The government of bolivia intends to delay eradication efforts and to attemptto target illicit production through enhanced interdiction and alternative http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/international/factsht/bolivia.h
Extractions: Bolivia has achieved remarkable counternarcotics successes over the past half decade, including a 70 percent reduction in coca cultivation between 1995 and 2001. This achievement, which is the result of sustained eradication and law-enforcement efforts, reduced potential cocaine production in Bolivia from 240 metric tons in 1995 to 60 metric tons in 2001, a reduction of 75 percent. As of the end of 2001, only 4,000 hectares of coca cultivation were identified in the Chapare region - once one of the world's major suppliers of this illegal drug. The successful interdiction of many essential chemicals have raised the prices of these substances and forced Bolivian lab operators to use inferior substitutes and recycled solvents. The result has been radically diminished cocaine purity: a record low of 47 percent. This has all been achieved in spite of protests organized by radical groups opposing coca eradication. Bolivia, even considering some of its remaining challenges, has provided a model for successful supply reduction efforts in South America. The Importance of Maintaining Momentum: Although the progress made in the past 5 years in Bolivia has been dramatic, it is important that the Bolivian government remains focused on finishing the job. A limiting factor in Bolivia's continued success against illegal coca cultivation will be the government's ability to work with the coca producers in the Yungas region.
The EU's Relations With Bolivia - Overview The EU underlined European willingness to step up support to the government andpeople of bolivia and encouraged the government to consult widely on the PRSP http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/bolivia/intro/
Extractions: Bolivia: political, social and economic background Despite two decades of structural adjustment and 22 years of democracy, Bolivia is the second poorest country in South America with Gross National Income (GNI) per capita at US$900 per annum. Over 60% of Bolivians live below the poverty line and 30% live on less than US$ 1 per day. The majority of Bolivians are indigenous (mainly Aymara and Quechua), accounting for at least 60-70% of the population and for an even higher proportion of the rural population. The indigenous population constitutes the vast majority of the poor and extremely poor in Bolivia, and exclusion and discrimination remain widespread. Chronic social discontent permanently threatens the countrys stability with a heavy human and economic cost for the country (deaths and injuries during protests, damaged roads, adverse impact on trade and investment, and low ratings for the countrys long term debt instruments). Successive outbursts from 2000 onwards culminated in the convulsions of February and September-October 2003 which left a toll of over 100 dead and hundreds wounded and led to the ouster of ex-president
Extractions: Table of Contents Jinn Home Page Search Net-Links ... YO! Date: 04-12-00 Bolivia's government blamed violent protests here this past week on narcotraffickers. In fact, the real blame lies squarely with a multinational's efforts to wrest profits from supplying water. PNS commentator Jim Shultz, executive director of The Democracy Center (www.democracyctr.org) lives in Cochabamba, Bolivia. COCHABAMBA, BOLIVIA A week of enormous, often violent, civil uprisings here left at least seven people dead, more than a hundred others injured and flashed pictures of the nation abroad that made leaders here very nervous. The government was quick to blame. Spokesman Ronald MacLean told the few international reporters here after the first demonstration, "I want to denounce the subversive attitude absolutely politically financed by narcotraffickers." The recent demonstrations can come as no surprise to Bechtel executives or the Bolivian government. In January, general strikes shut Cochabambino down for four straight days. To end the protests, the Bolivian government promised to force rates down a promise broken within a few weeks. When thousands tried to march peacefully here on February 4th, President Hugo Banzer, called out police and hammered people with two days of tear gas, leaving 175 citizens injured and two youths blinded. In March, a survey of more than 60,000 residents found 90 percent saying the water system should be returned to public control. When residents staged a shutdown, the Bolivian government announced that the corporation must not leave.
Bolivia Country Analysis Brief bolivias government also plans to send a new law to Congress that would allowYPFB to participate once again in the country s natural gas sector. http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/bolivia.html
Extractions: With the second-largest natural gas reserves in South America, Bolivia has the potential to become a natural gas hub for the Southern Cone, as well as a major exporter of liquefied natural gas to Mexico and the United States. Note: Information contained in this report is the best available as of October 2003 and can change. BACKGROUND After nearly 15 months in office, Bolivian President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada resigned on October 17, 2003 after anti-government protests forced him from power. On the same day, the Bolivian Congress designated Vice President Carlos Mesa to take over the presidency and to serve out Sanchez de Lozadas term until 2007. Since coming to power in August 2002, Sanchez de Lozada had been trying to reinvigorate the economy through public job creation programs, promotion of free trade agreements, energy exports and market liberalization. These policies, along with a U.S.- backed coca eradication, were, however, unpopular with a majority of Bolivias population. Many peasant farmers, for instance, blame the drug eradication policy for deepening their poverty. Bolivia's main hope for future economic growth will likely hinge on increasing natural gas exports and becoming a major energy hub for South America's Southern Cone in coming years. Possible markets for Bolivian natural gas include Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, and the United States. The decision whether to export liquefied natural gas
Extractions: Quick Reference Guides on Bolivia - Government: National holiday (Facts About Bolivia) Top: Bolivia: Government: National holiday Introduction Background Geography Location Geographic coordinates Map references Area ... Geography - note People Population Age structure Population growth rate Birth rate ... Literacy Government Country name Government type Capital Administrative divisions ... Flag description Economy Economy - overview GDP GDP - real growth rate GDP - per capita ... Fiscal year Communications Telephones - main lines in use Telephones - mobile cellular Telephone system Radio broadcast stations ... Internet users Transportation Railways Highways Waterways Pipelines ... Airports - with unpaved runways Military Military branches Military manpower - military age Military manpower - availability Military manpower - fit for military service ... Military expenditures - percent of GDP Transnational Issues Disputes - international Illicit drugs Bolivia: Government: National holiday Independence Day, 6 August (1825)
Bolivia - Government long form Republic of bolivia conventional short form bolivia local short formbolivia local long form Republica de bolivia. government type republic. http://www.exxun.com/Bolivia/d_gv.html
Extractions: local long form: Republica de Bolivia Government type: republic Capital: La Paz (seat of government); Sucre (legal capital and seat of judiciary) Administrative divisions: 9 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Beni, La Paz, Oruro, Pando, Potosi, Santa Cruz, Tarija Independence: 6 August 1825 (from Spain) National holiday: Independence Day, 6 August (1825) Constitution: 2 February 1967; revised in August 1994 Legal system: based on Spanish law and Napoleonic Code; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal and compulsory (married); 21 years of age, universal and compulsory (single) Executive branch: chief of state: President Carlos Diego MESA Gisbert (since 17 October 2003); Vice President (vacant); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
CNN.com - Bolivia May Legalize Coca - Feb. 22, 2003 bolivia s government plans to conduct a sixmonth study to determine the size ofthe nation s limited legal coca market, which is now restricted to some 30,000 http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/americas/02/22/bolivia.cocaine.ap/
Extractions: The Web CNN.com Home Page World U.S. Weather ... Special Reports SERVICES Video E-Mail Services CNNtoGO SEARCH Web CNN.com Story Tools LA PAZ, Bolivia (AP) The president of Bolivia is considering a plan to resume cultivation of the raw ingredient in cocaine in a remote jungle basin a move the U.S. government fears would undermine what is viewed as its most successful anti-drug program in South America. President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada is studying a proposal to allow cultivation of coca in the Chapare region of central Bolivia to help calm unrest among growers who have blockaded major highways and put their support behind his political rival. "We've begun serious dialogues with coca growers with the aim of combating drug trafficking and maintaining social tranquility," Ernesto Justiniano, the vice minister of social defense, said in an interview with The Associated Press on Friday. Justiniano said the program would hurt drug traffickers by giving the government more control over what is now a clandestine industry in the jungle lowlands. U.S. officials staunchly oppose the proposal to allow each grower in the area to plant one-fifth of an acre of coca, saying it would undermine the $1.3 billion effort to eradicate coca plantations from the region over the last six years.