History Of Archery olympic history. archery events for men were held in the olympic Gamesin 1900, 1904, 1908, and 1920 and for women in 1904 and 1908. http://pages.britishlibrary.net/thirskbowmen/history.htm
Extractions: Olympic History From prehistoric times, the bow was a principal weapon of war and of the hunt throughout the world, except in Australia. Some authorities date the origin of archery as early as the Aurignacian period, about 25,000 years before the modern era. The earliest people known to have used the bow and arrow were the ancient Egyptians, who adopted the weapon at least 5000 years ago. In the time of the earliest pharaohs, the Egyptians practiced archery in hunting, as well as in warfare against the ancient Persians, who were then equipped only with spears and slingshots. Recreational archery was also practiced, among the ancient Egyptians and Greeks, one instance of the latter being the competition in which Odysseus won the hand of Penelope. Soon after, however, the bow and arrow was used extensively in the ancient world. The Assyrians and Babylonians depended on the weapon, and the Old Testament refers several times to archery as a characteristic skill of the ancient Hebrews. A.D. Military Usage
Extractions: Library and Museum The IISOH is seeking $1 million (one million Dollars) from a benefactor in order to establish an endowment for the sport of ARCHERY. This is a naming opportunity for the benefactor to have a perpetual identification with the sport of ARCHERY . The endowment would be named by the benefactor with the approval of the IISOH Board of Directors. The endowment becomes a permanent trust fund invested by the Institute with only the quarterly earned interest being used for development of the ARCHERY collections in both the Library and Museum.
Archery History Primary history Contributors Terry Martin archery equipment designer member ofthe International olympic Committee Record Holder and archery equipment designer http://www.archeryhistory.com/
Extractions: Welcome to our new archery website. This site is in the early stages, with basic framework for each section. We have a large library of information and photos to scan, as well as equipment we will be photographing. The site will include shooting tips along with video of well-known pro-shooter George Ryals IV. We look forward to your suggestions and would be glad to receive your ideas and information.
Amateur Athletic Foundation The AAF is a private nonprofit foundation dedicated to the development of youth sport. It also operates North America's largest sports library, possessing an exceptional collection of olympic take you directly to the subjects you want to research. II. history OF THE olympic GAMES is president of the International archery Federation. National olympic Committees (NOCs) are http://www.aafla.org/6oic/primer_frmst.htm
Extractions: and Olympic History Future spot for architect's drawing! The IISOH effectively has two divisions the Library and the Museum. The Board of Directors are seeking benefactor(s) to endow each division with a $25 million donation. An endowment will also be sought for the theatre in the amount of $25 million. The benefactor(s) will then be offered the opportunity to name the Library, Museum or theatre, subject to the final approval of the Board of Directors. Our plans are to construct facilities on a campus approximately 300 acres in size. This will allow us have room for expansion in the decades to come as we increase the endowment and add sports facilities to the educational program. Sports fields are desirable in order to teach through participation and play. If we have a baseball field we can teach the history of baseball by playing a game using 1860 rules for 3 innings, then playing by modern rules for 3 innings. In the basement of the Museum we could have a bowling alley from the 1800's where the pins have to be set by hand, and right next to it have a modern bowling alley that is fully automated. Our visitors can go bowling either way. Consider the possibilities for each and every sport this means a lot of space is needed.
Extractions: RULES IN BRIEF Archers must stand to shoot, according to the rule book. However, there have been two famous exceptions: Neroli Fairhall, a New Zealander paralysed from the waist down, made history by shooting from a wheelchair in 1984, while Paola Fantato, an Italian who was disabled by polio, repeated that stirring feat at the 1996 Games in Atlanta. Archers may wear protective equipment such as finger protectors, a glove on the bow hand and glasses. They must not wear anything that can be construed as giving them an advantage. Archers may use their own bows and arrows, providing they conform to certain specifications: Bows must weigh more than 22 kilograms for men's competition, more than 15kg for women's. Most strings are made of a hydrocarbon product, while some still are made of kevlar, the material used to make bulletproof vests. Arrows must have a maximum diameter of 11mm. Each arrow must be marked with the competitor's name or initials, while archers use distinctive colours and patterns on the arrow fletching to distinguish their arrows. An arrow is counted as a shot if it goes beyond the reach of the archer. If an arrow falls within the archer's reach, it may be shot again.
Extractions: There has rarely been a clean-sweep like it in sport; in 1908, British women took the first 22 places in the archery competition at the Olympic Games in London. Truth be known, Britain was the only nation to field any female archers at that Games. Nonetheless, the hearts of Robin Hood and his Merry Men would surely have swelled with pride. For in a sport that has held competitions since medieval times and whose basic principles remain the same despite the advance of technology, the outlaw who lived in Sherwood Forest in the 12th Century is still honoured; a "Robin Hood" in the modern sport represents the splitting of the shaft of an arrow already in the target by another arrow, supposedly in recognition of the legendary Mr Hood's ability to do just that. The bow and arrow was used for hunting and as a weapon of war long before Robin Hood championed the poor in their struggle against the tax demands of the Sheriff of Nottingham. Their first recorded use appears in ancient Egyptian drawings that date back 5,000 years, though historians estimate that the invention of the bow and arrow goes back 25,000 years.
Harvey Abrams - BOOKS, Olympic Games & Sport History Bookdealer, olympic historian, researcher, writer, consultant specializing in the olympic Games, history of Sport, Physical Education, Wrestling, Fencing, Sports Athletics, World's Fairs and International Institute for Sport and olympic history (IISOH) (scroll down) Ancient Roman Sport Dance Endowment. archery Endowment. Athletics or Track Field Endowment http://www.harveyabramsbooks.com/index2.html
Extractions: Incorporated March 19, 2001 in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as a non-profit educational, literary and research corporation under section 501(c)3 of the Internal Revenue Code in order to operate a Library and Museum devoted to the History of Sport, Physical Education, Recreation, Dance, Sport in Art and the Olympic Games.
USA Archery - About USA Archery had its origin as a result of just such a turn in our own country s history. In buttshooting, the ancestor of olympic target archery, bowmen aimed at http://www.usarchery.org/about/History.htm
Extractions: History Archery is one of the oldest arts of ancient times which is still practiced today. From its first development until the 1500s, the bow was man's constant companion and has been the most widely used of all weapons in recorded history. The bow allowed the prehistoric human to become the most efficient hunter on earth, providing him safety, food and raw materials such as bone, sinew and hide. From that time on, archery has played an important role in many of the world's civilizations. Starting with the reign of William the Conqueror, the bow was England's principal weapon of national defense for several centuries. Around the year 1200, Genghis Khan and his Mongol hordes conquered much of the known world employing short, powerful bows. For Native Americans, archery was the means of subsistence and existence during the days of English and later American colonization. Finally, after the bow's replacement by firearms as a weapon of war, archery became a favored sport, thus securing its continuous practice throughout history. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, archery's importance as a cultural advance ranks with the development of speed and the art of making fire. The use of the bow appears in
Extractions: Competing in his third Olympic Games, he won a gold medal as part of the U.S. team at the 1996 Games in Atlanta. Individually, he finished 18th at the '92 Barcelona Games and 11th in '96. Johnson currently holds world records for Olympic Round Match 18 arrows (179), 36-arrow Finals Total (344) and indoor 12-arrow match (a perfect 120). Accomplishments:
USA Archery - About USA Archery history of demonstrated coaching experience; · Work history pertinent to developmentof olympic athletes; · Educational background; · archery experience and http://www.usarchery.org/about/employment/national coach.htm
Extractions: The National Archery Coach is responsible for the long range planning, development and execution of all facets of the national archery program. This includes coaching the technical aspects of international level archery skills as well as the related areas of physical training, mental training and other athlete management. QUALIFICATIONS: Bachelor's degree or equivalent in Education or related field. Background should include 3-5 years experience in management of organized archery programs, experience in coaching elite-level athletes, and knowledge of the technical, physiological and psychological needs of elite-level athletes in archery required. Knowledge of budgeting is necessary. High-level competitive archery experience required. Ability to instruct elite archers, work with boards and committees and effectively communicate with large groups. Financial management and planning management skills required.
The History & Sport Of Archery There are many occasions when archery has changed the course of history.Not many olympic sports can claim this grand heritage! http://www.seed.slb.com/en/watch/archery/
Extractions: Humans have used archery since the dawn of history, first for hunting, warfare, and in modern times for sport. Stone arrowheads over 50,000 years old have been found in Africa, and archery has been used by nearly every society on the earth. There are many occasions when archery has changed the course of history. Not many Olympic sports can claim this grand heritage! Pauline Edwards The earliest bows were probably short bows, used for hunting in the woods. Bows were used in this way by the American Indians, across Europe, and in the East. The Egyptians were the first to develop composite bows (bows made from several different materials), stretching the intestines of sheep to make the bow string. Egyptian archers rode on the back of chariots and must have been an amazing sight as they hurtled across the deserts around the sides of the enemy armies. Images courtesy of
HickokSports.com - History - Olympic Archery This document lists all olympic archery champions. It is a page in the history sectionof HickokSports.com, the largest collection of sports information on the http://www.hickoksports.com/history/olarchery.shtml
Extractions: Alpha Index Index by Sport History Bits Forum ... Search Team Medalists Discontinued Events Other Resources Various kinds of archery competition were on the Olympic program from 1900 through 1920. The exact type of competition depended on the host country. England, in 1900, and the United States, in 1908, favored target archery. Countries on the European continent, though, favored more exotic kinds of competition, usually more closely associated with hunting. After 1920, the International Olympic Committee took control of medal sports and archery was dropped because there were no standardized international rules. An international governing body was finally organized in 1931 to standardize rules and oversee competition, but target archery wasn't restored to the Olympics until 1972. From 1972 through 1988, standings were based on cumulative scores. Since 1992, competition has been based on a single-elimination tournament. The scores shown for those Olympics are for the gold medal contest between two archers. Top of page Year Gold Pts Silver Pts Bronze Pts John Williams, USA
HickokSports.com - History - Archery This document is a history of archery, including lists of all US, world,and olympic champions. It is a page in the history section http://www.hickoksports.com/history/archery.shtml
Extractions: Alpha Index Index by Sport History Bits Forum ... Search Table of Contents Archery is one of the most ancient of sports. During the paleolithic era (35,000 to 8,000 B.C.), the use of bow and arrow for hunting probably developed independently in many places throughout the world. By definition, there's no documentary evidence of archery competitions during the prehistoric era. But certainly, during that long expanse of time, now and then some ancient hunter who boasted about his skill with the bow must have been challenged to a contest by someone equally proud of his skill. There probably wasn't much to brag about. While an arrow can be launched by a bow with greater speed than any missile can be thrown, primitive bows are not very accurate. Western movies greatly exaggerated the skill of Native American bowmen; their hunting ability was based much more on skill and stealth in tracking than on marksmanship. The bow first entered military history in 2,340 B.C., when Sargon of Akkad in northern Babylonia conquered the Sumerians of southern Babylonia with an infantry made up mostly of archers. From that time on, many ancient peoples used archery in warfare in varying ways and with varying degrees of success.
ThinkQuest : Library : Archery: Sport Of Champions Click on a Following Topic to See Summary. I. Early Bows. II. Ancient Middle East.III. Europe in the Middle Ages. IV. Early American history. V. olympic archery. http://library.thinkquest.org/27344/history.htm
Extractions: Index "Archery: Sport of Champions" comprehensively examines this ancient sport. The main feature of this page is the physics of archery: and what factors are involved in using a bow and arrow. Included are the parts of a bow and arrow, types of bows and arrows, and the rules. Also included are the history of archery, the basis of scoring , and much more. A simulation of firing a bow and arrow adds to your interactivity with the site. Visit Site 1999 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge Languages English Students Ching-Huai Chantilly High School, Centreville, VA, United States Alexander Chantilly High School, Chantilly, VA, United States Mary Faith Fellowship Academy, Cocoa, FL, United States Coaches Sandra Fairfax County Public Schools, Springfield, VA, United States Bryce Soho Soho Ltd, Dunedin, New Zealand Richard United Space Alliance, Cocoa, FL, United States Want to build a ThinkQuest site? The ThinkQuest site above is one of thousands of educational web sites built by students from around the world. Click here to learn how you can build a ThinkQuest site.
Archery History 2000 AD Australian olympic archery Team named Simon Fairweather, Matthew Gray,Scott 2000 Simon Fairweather of Australia made history by winning the Gold http://www.centenaryarchers.gil.com.au/history.htm
Extractions: The shape of the earliest bows can only be guessed at, as broken or worn out bows would probably end up on the cooking fire , reshaped into different tools or just thrown away. Back to Top Fire hardened points used on the arrows. Flint arrowheads shaped to a point and inserted into a slot and tied with sinew to the front of the arrow. Feathers were glued and tied with sinew to the arrow shafts. Back to Top 18,000 - 9,000 BC